1
vote
1answer
102 views

Which country in the world was the first to govern by Democracy? [closed]

Which country in the world was the first to govern its people by a system known as Democracy?
1
vote
3answers
226 views

Did medieval commanders exchange words before battle?

Random question for anyone who reads accounts of medieval battles. Was it customary for European medieval commanders to exchange words before battle, not merely for diplomatic reasons but more out of ...
3
votes
1answer
65 views

When did people first started to consider lead poisoning as a possible problem?

In our modern view lead poisoning is very bad for cognitive development and might even bring people to commit more crimes. When in history did people first started to see lead as a possible problem?
1
vote
1answer
143 views

axis intelligence WW2

Most of us would be aware of multiple allied intelligence victories in WW2. But no such thing about axis? Were they that inefficient? I have read various theories how Abwehr members were themselves ...
28
votes
5answers
8k views

Why did trench warfare accept deadlocks?

As someone who has never studied military history or strategy I find it very hard to understand how and why both sides got locked into relatively short lines of heavily defended trench warfare with ...
5
votes
2answers
2k views

What did this WWII combat medic insignia represent?

Regarding the arm patch on the combat medic, I've been unable to find its meaning online. Could someone help me identify this? I'm 99% sure the person (who is actually in the Air Force) is dressed as ...
3
votes
1answer
145 views

How did the French and English forces “stack up” toward the end of the Hundred Years' War?

I am of the opinion that Joan of Arc, an "amateur" general, started France on the road to winning the war because she understood something that the "professionals" did not; that is, that the French ...
1
vote
2answers
175 views

Has anyone survived triggering a bounding landmine?

I just watched an episode of the television series Flashpoint, where a member of the police force steps on the trigger of a "CR38 bounding mine." Has anyone survived triggering a bounding mine in ...
-13
votes
1answer
163 views

Did nobody at Nuremberg admit to the holocaust? [closed]

None of the defendants at Nuremberg admitted to any part of the holocaust or any direct knowledge of the holocaust, and only one, Ernst Kaltenbrunner, head of the Reich Security Main Office, was ...
0
votes
1answer
116 views

is this a correct ottoman map in year 1803m

I found this map on the internet .. in the comments many people said it might be wrong. 1-The name of the countries are wrong with wrong border. 2-Its too accurate. 3-Its not arabic ...
0
votes
0answers
87 views

What was the name of the man who was beaten by a crowd for tearing up a war poster during WWI?

I remember learning in high school about an incident occurring I think in America during World War I in which a foreign man (I remember as Turkish) who did not read English, having seen a war poster ...
1
vote
1answer
88 views

Accurate predictions of scientific breakthroughs [closed]

We know that in 1939 Szilárd accurately predicted possibility of achieving nuclear chain reaction in "immediate future". This seems to be an outlier: it looks like predictions like that usually fail; ...
3
votes
1answer
137 views

How quickly did the term “nuclear fission” spread?

In The Nuclear Express by Thomas C. Reed and Danny B. Stillman, they explain that the term "nuclear fission" was first used in Physics by Lisa Meitner in a letter to Otto Hahn on December 19, 1938. ...
2
votes
1answer
202 views

Did other countries stop recognizing Austria, after the German annexation?

In World War II, Germany annexed Austria, thereby jeopardizing the lives of many Jews, including Lisa Meitner. According to The Nuclear Express by Thomas C. Reed and Danny B. Stillman, Lisa Meitner ...
0
votes
7answers
281 views

What is a good way to summarize Mussolini's role in World War 2? [closed]

I would want to know how I could summarize Mussolini's role in World War 2 in a paragraph or so. By this I don't mean that people start listing out all his military conquests etc. but the role he had ...
10
votes
2answers
5k views

Is it true that Hitler led to the invention of the Atomic Bomb by the Americans?

I am reading The Nuclear Express by Thomas C. Reed and Danny B. Stillman and on page 8, it describes the forced immigration of Jewish scientists involved in "Jewish Physics" to the United States and ...
6
votes
2answers
206 views

How dependent were the Germans on horse transport in their invasion of the Soviet Union?

The Germans were very sophisticated in "combined" operations, that is, in using airpower and tanks to attack behind the Soviet lines. That's what gave them the advantage in the early part of the war. ...
6
votes
5answers
421 views

How Did The Mongol Empire Get So BIG?

Undoubtedly, the largest empire in the existence of human history was the Mongol Empire, once a hodgepodge of warring nomadic tribes from Central Asia before banding together under the banner of ...
2
votes
2answers
110 views

Smallpox blankets before Germ Theory

How did Americans know that Native Americans would be infected with smallpox, from smallpox infected blankets, hundreds of years before germ theory?
34
votes
6answers
7k views

Why were women targeted as witches?

I think that a few men, but many more women were convicted of using magic in Europe mostly during the years in between 1400 and 1800 and I think it became much more prevalent after the Protestant ...
0
votes
2answers
127 views

Is this article on Nero even remotely accurate?

Weev's livejournal Some of the problems in this article is that while Nero was blond and blue eyed it ignored that he was spotted and potbellied not to mention a known sexual deviant. The claims in ...
-1
votes
2answers
234 views

How did Sweden come out so unscathed physically and morally from WW2? [closed]

How did Sweden manage to support the Nazis with iron ore for their war machine, which kept Sweden "Neutral" and still retain good relations with the Allies post WW2? Does doing trade with an enemy in ...
8
votes
4answers
538 views

Why did the German air force lose experienced pilots faster than the Allies, even though they were defending their home airspace?

During the 1940 Battle of Britain, German and British planes shot down each other at roughly a one to one rate. This gave an advantage to the British because all of the surviving German pilots shot ...
4
votes
3answers
175 views

How was the Spanish Armada coordinated?

We know that the Spanish Armada was composed of over 200 ships. How did the Duke of Medina exercise any sort of control over a fleet this big with only 16th century technology? Do we know how the ...
1
vote
0answers
28 views

How do you trace a service record during WW2 in South Africa?

I'm looking to trace a few of my family who where on active duty during the second world war.
1
vote
2answers
183 views

How much were builders of Colosseum paid?

I am currently doing a project on Ancient Rome and was wondering how much the builders of the Colosseum got paid? I understand they were mostly slaves, but were they given anything? Did they also ...
1
vote
2answers
219 views

Why was there never a tachanka-style cannon or crossbow?

There seems to be a clear line of progression for many weapons. For example, in the west, crossbows were mounted on carts by the Roman empire, while in the east, they were mounted on camels. The ...
5
votes
3answers
338 views

Origin/reason for reversed flag on right shoulder?

Virtually any time the American flag is depicted or flown, it has the orientation seen in the following image, with the stars in the upper hoist (left) quarter of the flag: However, when the flag ...
1
vote
1answer
75 views

Long time to reach news in Thirty Years' War

The Thirty Years' War broke out with the Bohemian Revolt in May 1618. Spain was being ruled by Habsburgs, and it was involved in the politics of HRE. Once the news of the revolt reached Spain, they ...
3
votes
1answer
144 views

Why haven't bankers gained as much power in China as the Medici got in Europe during their height? [closed]

While the monotheist religions had bans on loaning money, Buddhism doesn't. Why didn't bankers manage to consolidate power in China during the Middle Ages?
0
votes
1answer
65 views

Australian Head of State [closed]

Under the Australian Constitution, who will become Australia's Head of State if the British monarchy is suddenly dissolved or overthrown and Britain becomes a republic?
4
votes
0answers
144 views

When was the name of the Mexican war changed to Mexican-American war?

I learned recently (by having an answer marked wrong in Pub Quiz) that the conflict which was called the Mexican War when I was in school is now called the Mexican-American War. My question: When, ...
7
votes
0answers
139 views

Language used on a dagger hilt, supposedly of Persian provenance, ca. 1700-1750

Could anyone guess what language is used in the sign made on this dagger hilt, supposedly of Persian provenance, and dated approx. 1700-1750? A fellow translator asked if I knew, and naturally I ...
13
votes
3answers
3k views

Are there military commanders other than Khalid ibn al-Walid who have never been defeated?

I was reading about Khalid ibn al-Walid, a commander in the Muslim's era. What is interesting about him is that he was never been defeated in any of the hundred battles that he encountered. Are there ...
2
votes
1answer
138 views

The Mystery of the Native American Cities [closed]

When we hear the term "Native American", cities don't usually come at the top of our minds. Nevertheless, we have found Native American cities that collapsed before the 15th century. Cahokia ...
45
votes
3answers
13k views

Did Albert Einstein really receive this rejection letter from the University of Bern?

I saw this image on Facebook and I usually take what's posted there with a grain of salt. I have reversed image searched and googled, but with no luck. I'm curious about the authenticity surrounding ...
3
votes
3answers
323 views

The fate of children fathered by US Soldiers in the UK during WW2

As allied nations speaking a common tongue, I imagine there were a great number of liaisons between British women and American soldiers, airmen and sailors. Most British men were serving overseas. ...
5
votes
2answers
424 views

How much contact did Sub-Saharan Africa actually have with the rest of the world since the beginning of civilization?

The book 'Guns, germs and steel' introduced me to the fact that the Sahara desert actually isolated Sub-Saharan Africa from the developments elsewhere since the beginning of civilization until ...
2
votes
1answer
227 views

Why did it take Rome so long to supress the Spartacus Revolt?

I've been thinking and why did it take Rome so long to suppress the Spartacus Revolt, and what did Marcus Licinius Crassus do differently than other Roman Generals, as he was able to defeat Spartacus &...
2
votes
3answers
233 views

Did Sturmabteilung (SA) commit serious crimes before 1933?

Wikipedia says: Their primary purposes were providing protection for Nazi rallies and assemblies, disrupting the meetings of opposing parties, fighting against the paramilitary units of the ...
2
votes
0answers
125 views

When and how (why) did the idea that gender is not biological start [closed]

In my understanding the gender originally was based on the organs, there was cross dressing but it was considered a man dressing as a woman. And latter this changed and gender became something ...
-2
votes
2answers
421 views

Historiography of the black death [closed]

Most of the primary sources from that time attributed it to Jewish well poisoining. When did the currently popular theory of the black death develop?
30
votes
11answers
7k views

Lost battles - under which conditions does the losing party actively commemorate a battle?

I am trying to understand under which conditions battles are predominantly remembered and commemorated by the losing party (who acknowledge their defeat), not the victors. This is not who gets to ...
3
votes
0answers
113 views

The trial of Socrates

I have stumbled upon I.F Stone's book "The Trial of Socrates" at a huge discount, and as someone who developed an interest in history and philosophy I took it. When I came home and read some reviews ...
6
votes
2answers
189 views

What were the factors behind the lowest AAA corporate interest rate in U.S bond history during 1946?

https://www.quandl.com/data/MOODY/AAAYLD-Aaa-Corporate-Bond-Yield The lowest AAA corporate bond yield in U.S history happened in 1946 based on the quandl chart above. Amazingly, it was even lower ...
3
votes
2answers
114 views

Tocqueville and the phrase “The great experiment”

The line "The great experiment" has become famous for being used by Tocqueville for describing the birth of modern democracy in America. It is supposed to be in the last paragraph of the first chapter ...
6
votes
5answers
299 views

Non Altered European Castles

I recently paid a visit to Leed's castle, and was disappointed by the extent to which the manor had been refurbished and modernized. Importantly: What castles in Europe are accessible to the public ...
1
vote
1answer
146 views

What is the name of the king whose brother has been raised as a girl?

i remember reading about a prince (probably french) who has been raised as a girl to avoid him fighting against his brother for the throne, a few years ago. To be honest, the story seems intriguing ...
-2
votes
1answer
82 views

GDR citizens stood to be executed as they made their vain bids for western freedom [closed]

Does "western freedom" in the following context mean "to free up the western Germany" or "freedom in the style of western countries"? Which historical event is it referring to when it says "GDR ...
0
votes
0answers
26 views

Were there ever Taoist missionaries?

Taoism is not generally known as a proselytizing religion these days, but was there ever a time when Taoist missionaries were found?

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