-1
votes
0answers
165 views

Why didn't Pomerania and Lower Silesia remain at least partially Polish ethnically? [closed]

At the beginning of the 10th century, the western border of Poland was very close to the current border The German-Polish linguistic and political border has progressively shifted eastwards, and only ...
15
votes
1answer
311 views

What did Vikings wear in cold wet conditions at sea?

As you can see from this BBC documentary, the crew of this 2009 summertime journey from Denmark to Ireland in a Viking longship suffered from hypothermia (approx 00:20:00 into the video), even though ...
10
votes
3answers
708 views

Why did Xerxes need a canal across Mount Athos peninsula?

As a preparation to his invasion of Greece, Xerxes ordered to dig a canal across Mount Athos peninsula. Digging this canal took 3 years. When I look at the map I see that this peninsula is a part of ...
4
votes
2answers
197 views

Were there more than 4 River Valley Civilizations? [closed]

If you graduated U.S. Public School education system(k-12), you might have learned about the 4 great River Valley Civilizations: Indus, HuangHe, Nile, Euphrates. They were basically the birthing ...
0
votes
0answers
74 views

What, if anything, did Native Americans know about the rest of the world? [duplicate]

Did the indigenous tribes of North America know anything at all about civilization outside the continent before the fifteenth century? If so, how much did they know, and what international relations ...
8
votes
1answer
355 views

What happened to the German WW II debt?

During WW II German and Czech banks were forced to buy the German war bonds. What happened with these bonds? Were they ever paid?
2
votes
1answer
93 views

Why were the Malinta Tunnels built?

I understand that their function was for munitions storage, but according to Wikipedia, the Army Corps of Engineers just up and started building the Manlinta Tunnels in 1922. What was happening in ...
12
votes
7answers
2k views

Were there any westerners who entered the soviet bloc to escape capitalism? [closed]

It is a well known fact that many people from the soviet bloc fled to the west to escape communism, and that during the entire soviet time frame, from the beginning of the Russian civil war in 1918 ...
12
votes
3answers
2k views

Did Peter the Great promote rights for women? If so, how?

I read somewhere that Peter the Great wanted that women participated more actively in the society. But I can not find a reliable source to confirm this, nor why or how he did this. I think this is ...
12
votes
2answers
387 views

Was Mohammed known and respected in seventeenth-century Europe?

I’m reading Andrew Pettigree’s fascinating book, The Invention of News: How the world came to know about itself. In the early days of newsprint, many felt that only people who actually needed to know ...
-1
votes
2answers
181 views

Why couldn't Germans and Finns capture Leningrad? [closed]

The Siege of Leningrad lasted for about 2,5 years. And Germans cooperated with Finns during the siege. As we know Wehrmacht dominated the battlefield in 1941 and 1942. So why couldn't they capture ...
5
votes
1answer
149 views

Why was the Cornish Militia stationed in Devon in late 18th Century?

On Genealogy & Family History SE, I asked a question about Finding late 18th Century service record of Francis Green in Cornish Militia?, and it looks like it will need a degree of luck to find ...
11
votes
1answer
70 views

How were Mesoamerican inks produced?

One thing that always strikes me when the long progression of wikipedia-clicks takes me from something like 'Tumulus' all the way to 'Mixtec writing' or, more specifically, 'Codex Zouche-Nuttall' is ...
6
votes
1answer
123 views

Contracted Trade in the 18th century

I'm trying to get an understanding of how trade worked in the 18th century. I'm trying to learn how trade was conducted so I can make a realistic game. I'm struggling to find a good source for the ...
7
votes
2answers
328 views

Why some sections of Great Wall of China seem to be bidirectional?

Official historiography says that Great Wall of China is built "across the historical northern borders of China to protect the Chinese states and empires against the raids and invasions of the various ...
-2
votes
1answer
119 views

Who developed the Nazi psychology techniques?

Who developed all those Nazi tricks, such as Ordering the victims to bring possessions with them Selecting only the tall ones one day and only the short ones the other day so to make impression it ...
1
vote
0answers
33 views

Where can I find an English translation of 'Il Fioretto della Bibbia'?

I am currently reading The Cheese and the Worms, in which the author (Carlo Ginzburg) frequently cites a works of the apocryphal gospels titled Il Fioretto della Bibbia, an italian translation of a ...
0
votes
2answers
114 views

How frequently were heated metal torture implements used?

There is a fairly widespread stereotype that throughout history, it was common to torture someone by heating some metal implement in coal or fire, and use the hot metal tool for torture (heat only, or ...
1
vote
0answers
69 views

Did unmarried Spartan women have longer hair than men?

I understand that in ancient Sparta, men wore their hair long whereas married women cut theirs short. However, in the brief mentions I've read about this (such as in one answer to "When and why did ...
3
votes
3answers
166 views

Has there been any culture where men typically have longer hair than women?

Most discussions of gender differences in hair length seem to argue that men have had "long" hair in many cultures (such as the answers to "When and why did having long hair become associated with ...
1
vote
0answers
30 views

Was there ever simultaneously plague and witch hunts in Hungary during the 15th century? [closed]

Was there ever simultaneously plague and witch hunts in Hungary during the 15th century? I'm writing a book which is happening in Hungary and adventurers are escaping plague and witch hunters.
-4
votes
1answer
73 views

Which were the most important ghettos during Holocaust? [closed]

I have to make a project about ghettos during Holocaust and I was thinking of focusing in some ghettos as there are so many in Wikipedia at this link ...
15
votes
1answer
1k views

Why does Edinburgh Castle's one o'clock gun fire at 1pm instead of, say, noon?

Curious to know if there is a specific reason they fire it at 1pm. Noon would make more sense to me!
6
votes
1answer
109 views

Did the Portuguese build any settlement around the Cape of Good Hope?

The Portuguese were the first Europeans to go around the Cape of Good Hope and build several outposts, later turned into large colonies, at Angola and Moçambique, on both sides of the Cape, but none ...
1
vote
1answer
98 views

What did US Supreme Court Justice Potter Stewart study as an undergraduate?

Potter Stewart graduated as an undergraduate in 1937 from Yale University, and then served a Fellowship of one year at Cambridge University; but in what subjects did he major or specialise? I am ...
7
votes
3answers
348 views

How did destroyers protecting convoys operate in bad weather during WWII?

Remembering the scene where the U-Boat meets the destroyer during the hunt in "Das Boot": Destroyers have a low gauge (2.5-5m) and are very top-heavy (all those guns and waterbombs over the waterline ...
7
votes
3answers
377 views

How much of “Russia” was actually occupied by the Germans in World War II?

I am well aware that the German invasion of the Soviet Union, as depicted on maps like these, showed large German gains in 1941, and subsequently on the road to Stalingrad in 1942. My understanding, ...
4
votes
1answer
87 views

First Advert with Santa Claus

I am trying to find the first use of Santa Claus in an advert. I have found one from 1868 on Wikimedia, but I could not find anything to say that that was the earliest occurrence. Are they any older ...
3
votes
0answers
147 views

Were Americans concerned about “Overlord” code words in Daily Telegraph crosswords?

The attached Wikipedia article describes how key D-Day Code words - Gold, Juno, Sword, Omaha, Utah, Mulberry, Overlord suddenly appeared in the Daily Telegraph crosswords in the weeks prior to the ...
2
votes
1answer
347 views

What are Gottfried Juch Ferlach guns?

I have came into possession of a double barrel firearm, apparently for hunting. The only inscription it has is Gottfried Juch Ferlach. It is quite interesting, since it has some really beautiful ...
4
votes
1answer
179 views

Scandal at Annapolis in 1934

According to the Wikipedia article on Peyton Magruder he "resigned during his senior year of 1934 partially due to a scandal which has now become a part of Naval Academy lore." What was this scandal?
4
votes
1answer
110 views

Age of Finnish soldiers in Winter War and Continuation War

During World War 2, A. By what ages where men/women allowed to voluntarily join the Finnish army (upper and lower bounds if there was any, differences between men and women)? B. By what ages was ...
3
votes
0answers
103 views

Was Australia ever attacked during WW2? [closed]

Being European, I know history of World War II from Europe's perspective (and mainly with focus on Czechoslovakia). So: Was a land belonging to Australia ever attacked during WW2? For scope of ...
-2
votes
1answer
116 views

What is the Earliest account in human history when man added pure sea salt to his diet by choice? [closed]

I have found that the early Neolithic cultures of the world harvested and consumed pure sea salt by choice around 12,500 b.c.https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Neolithic_Revolution The systematic mining, ...
8
votes
1answer
157 views

Identification of location of ship yard or naval base

I need help in identifying the location of this ship yard or naval base.
-2
votes
2answers
170 views

Did the atomic bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki contribute to Japan's surrender?

Even before the atomic bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, the war situation had developed not necessarily to Japan's advantage. Allied forces had been taking island after island, and were firebombing ...
3
votes
1answer
77 views

What percentage of NAACP in the 1910s was Jewish? [closed]

However, by the mid-1910s, the NAACP had several prominent Jewish members. Brothers Joel and Arthur Spingarn served as board chairman and chief legal counsel, respectively. Herbert Lehman served on ...
9
votes
3answers
260 views

Why is rum naval?

Rum is closely associated with naval and pirate traditions, as seen with many naval-branded rums (Captain Morgan, Kraken) and the famous Pirates of the Caribbean line "Why is the rum always gone? ...
15
votes
1answer
782 views

Why is the leap day on February 29th?

Every four years, besides some certain years, we have a leap year, where a 29th day is added to February in the Gregorian calendar, making the year 366 days long, rather than 365. This is to make up ...
19
votes
3answers
2k views

Why didn't the participants of the Korean War also fight in the Vietnam War?

In the Korean war from 1950 to 1953, a lot of countries including the U.S., the U.K., France, Canada, Australia, and even Colombia, the Philippines and Ethiopia participated in the war under the U.N. ...
5
votes
0answers
54 views

Why didn't Emperor Gaozu of Tang let Crown Prince Li Jiancheng command battles more often?

When Emperor Gaozhu of Tang (唐高祖) was reigning, there were a number of battles that were helmed by his second son, Li Shimin(李世民) instead of the crown prince Li Jiancheng(太子李建成), such as: The ...
5
votes
1answer
186 views

Why was Turkey neutral during WWII?

After loosing a large part of its land on the Balkans and in the Middle East the newly found in 1923 successor of the Ottoman Empire had every reason to try and take back some of the lost nearby ...
1
vote
2answers
80 views

Is the expression “Seal of” on the Seal of the POTUS redundant? [closed]

Is the expression "Seal of" on the Seal of the President of the United States redundant, or does it bear some historical heritage of some sort? To me, it's like writing "Flag of the United States" ...
-2
votes
1answer
103 views

Why is the Ku Klux Clan an Christian terrorism organisation? [closed]

the wikipdeia article of the Ku Klux Clan says Though members of the KKK swore to uphold American values and Christian morality, virtually every Christian denomination officially denounced ...
2
votes
3answers
248 views

Free states and slave states - how did that work?

Accounts of the build-up to the American Civil War put a lot of weight on the concept of balance between the number of free states and slave states in the union, and various complicated wrangling that ...
11
votes
3answers
368 views

Why did the US insist on invading Japan instead of blockading it in WWII?

One of the reasons often used to justify the use of nuclear weapons is that the alternative strategy, firebombing and invasion of Japan, would have caused much more death and destruction for both ...
1
vote
1answer
87 views

What was the meaning of Auguste Delfosse's statement “La liberté française pour faire le tour du monde n'a pas besoin de passer en Belgique!”

Auguste Delfosse, a Belgian politician, is said to have given this statement in the Belgian House of Representatives on March 1, 1848: La liberté française pour faire le tour du monde n'a pas ...
15
votes
2answers
1k views

Post-war indictment of ex-Confederates in the Confederate States of America

Why was the Confederate president, Jefferson Davis, or any other Confederate soldier, not tried for high treason?
6
votes
1answer
210 views

What does it mean: “French was a lingua franca in the Ottoman caliphal court?”

According to the Economist: The Ottoman caliphate: Straddling two worlds Ruling from Istanbul, the caliphs kept polyglot courts, reflecting the multiple religions and races represented there. ...
5
votes
2answers
167 views

Why did Virginia let Kentucky become a separate state?

Much later, West Virginia broke off from Virginia as a result of the Civil War. Earlier than that, Maine became "independent" from Massachusetts as part of the Missouri Compromise. But during and ...

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