0
votes
2answers
106 views

Why did human and civil rights gain a foothold at the time they did? [closed]

Even though the idea of human equal rights has a rather long history, it wasn't a reality up until the late 18th century. Nobles still had more or less absolute power over the lower classes. The lower ...
-1
votes
0answers
50 views

GNP during the napoleonic era

It's hard for me to find information about "gross domestic product" and populations in the 18th and 19th century. Especially I would like to know the greatest economic powers in about year 1750 and ...
3
votes
1answer
169 views

Did the Byzantine Empire use Roman numerals?

Wikipedia says about Byzantine emperor Heraclius that he was responsible for "introducing Greek as the Eastern Empire's official language". If so, is it right to assume that Byzantines used Roman ...
27
votes
8answers
10k views

Has there ever been a battle with only a single survivor?

Do we have record of any large scale battle (for example more than 1000 combatants) where only one person survived? I just thought of it randomly and wondered whether it may have ever happened.
1
vote
1answer
112 views

Was Caligula popular with the general Roman population?

Was Caligula, the Roman Emperor, popular with the general Roman population after his illness a few months into his reign?
4
votes
1answer
117 views

Did Cahokia have any communication with Mexica or Mayan civilization?

It's roughly 2,000 kilometers from St. Louis to modern Mexico city, as the crow flies; a little farther to the Yucatan. The Mississippi river and the Gulf of Mexico provide reasonably direct water ...
12
votes
1answer
199 views

What happened to Muslim spouses who converted to Christianity during the 1923 Graeco-Turkish population exchange?

The Greek - Turkish Population Exchange Convention was signed on 30 January 1923. The population exchange was based on religious identity - involving denaturalization of the Orthodox Christian ...
8
votes
0answers
164 views

Is Lady Arabella Stuart wearing a Jewish symbol?

In this portrait, Lady Arabella Stuart, a member of the Tudor royal court, is shown wearing a hexagram, presently known as the Star of David. It is unclear from the highest resolution photograph ...
0
votes
0answers
36 views

Clay Bulla token/coin identification needed

What type of bulla is this? This was givin to me with no information, I can only say it might be clay and copper.
2
votes
1answer
57 views

What was considered an epoch by the Phoenicians?

The Phoenicians used a lunisolar calendar similar to the Hebrew calendar. Do we have any idea about what Phoenicians considered as an epoch for their calendar, or at least about the nature of the said ...
0
votes
2answers
161 views

Could some of the Titanic passengers have climbed on the iceberg to survive? [closed]

If the iceberg was large enough and not far away so that after the disaster that is was photographed, maybe some passengers could have climbed onto it in an effort to survive?
2
votes
0answers
39 views

Are there any sources which talk about the experience of attending a 15th/16th century fencing school?

I'm interested to know of any material which describes the experience of being a student at a medieval period fencing school e.g. once which may have been run by a Master teaching in the Lichtenauer ...
6
votes
3answers
301 views

Why didn't Native Americans have big sailing ships?

Many European and East Asian powers had very large sailing ships: clippers, junks and the like. Polynesians had sailing capacity, although theirs ships weren't as large. Why didn't Native Americans ...
-1
votes
2answers
91 views

How efficient was the (Cold War) Red Scare? [closed]

How many spies were really caught in the Red Scare? We all know about the Red Scare and how damaging it was to many Americans and their families. However, given that the Cold War was so filled to the ...
33
votes
3answers
5k views

Was there a plan to use nuclear weapons for terrain modification in North America?

I remember reading a story once about a plan to build a seaport and modify a significant amount of the coastline at once by using a nuclear explosion. I can't find anything about it now when I try ...
7
votes
1answer
166 views

What were the requirements in order for a man to become a burgher (or citizen) in German cities in the middle ages?

I really need some help answering this question. Could a man who lived in another town or part of Germany, for example East Frisia, about 1500 AD, go to Bremen for example and become a burgher there? ...
4
votes
1answer
70 views

How did Nansen plan to get home from the Fram expedition?

In 1893, the famed explorer Fridtjof Nansen set out on an expedition to reach the North Pole. The plan was to sail a sturdy wooden ship, the Fram, into the ice north of Siberia, then drift, frozen in ...
8
votes
1answer
251 views

What was happening to bank deposits during WW2

I'm curious what was happening with people's money in banks in countries involved in World War Two. Were they frozen, lost or banks were functioning no matter who was currently controlling territory? ...
5
votes
0answers
137 views

What evidence is there that Alfred paid the Danes to leave Wessex in 876?

The Danes struck at Wareham in 876. Alfred made peace there with Guthrum, and there was an exchange of hostages. However, the Danes broke the peace and during the night they killed the hostages and ...
3
votes
1answer
86 views

What made Cicero so fascinating to Petrarch?

Petrarch was apparently fascinated throughout his whole life by Cicero, in a way that his contemporaries apparently weren't. He even wrote letters to Cicero. But these letters don't mean much to me, ...
3
votes
1answer
80 views

How accurate is the respresentation of York/Jórvík in the manga Vinland Saga?

In the manga Vinland Saga, the heroes arrive at "York". Clearly, it should have been called Jórvík but let's forgive them that for now. Below is how the manga shows the city from the sky. Comparing ...
6
votes
1answer
135 views

What did the Scott expedition feed their ponies?

During Robert Scott's British Antarctic Expedition (1910-1913), they used ponies in many cases to haul supplies across the ice. What exactly did the ponies eat? I've found many references to the ...
1
vote
1answer
95 views

How did ancient Dravidians tell the time?

Before the invention of clocks people used devices such as sundials, sandclock etc to know the time. Wikipedia gives you the measurements once used by south Indians (time,area, weight). My doubt is ...
-1
votes
3answers
302 views

What's the last record of pagan believers in Europe?

When was the last group of pagans wiped out? I'm interested in mainland Europe and the British isles, not fringe areas like Greenland. Edit: I am talking about authentic, contiguous, non Abrahamic ...
2
votes
4answers
152 views

Did Roman statutory law in the 1st century allow for crucifixion of non slaves?

Did Roman statutory law in the 1st century allow for crucifixion of non slaves? I knew a Roman law scholar who claimed it did not, ergo Christ could not have been crucified but must have been ...
11
votes
5answers
1k views

Why did Stalin push for the Great Purge against the Red Army in 1936?

From what we now know of Stalin, he seemed to believe in the basics of Marxist-Leninism. As a communist, didn't he fear that killing his own military's leadership would seriously endanger the world's ...
15
votes
1answer
320 views

What did Vikings wear in cold wet conditions at sea?

As you can see from this BBC documentary, the crew of this 2009 summertime journey from Denmark to Ireland in a Viking longship suffered from hypothermia (approx 00:20:00 into the video), even though ...
10
votes
3answers
713 views

Why did Xerxes need a canal across Mount Athos peninsula?

As a preparation to his invasion of Greece, Xerxes ordered to dig a canal across Mount Athos peninsula. Digging this canal took 3 years. When I look at the map I see that this peninsula is a part of ...
4
votes
2answers
199 views

Were there more than 4 River Valley Civilizations? [closed]

If you graduated U.S. Public School education system(k-12), you might have learned about the 4 great River Valley Civilizations: Indus, HuangHe, Nile, Euphrates. They were basically the birthing ...
0
votes
0answers
74 views

What, if anything, did Native Americans know about the rest of the world? [duplicate]

Did the indigenous tribes of North America know anything at all about civilization outside the continent before the fifteenth century? If so, how much did they know, and what international relations ...
8
votes
1answer
359 views

What happened to the German WW II debt?

During WW II German and Czech banks were forced to buy the German war bonds. What happened with these bonds? Were they ever paid?
2
votes
1answer
93 views

Why were the Malinta Tunnels built?

I understand that their function was for munitions storage, but according to Wikipedia, the Army Corps of Engineers just up and started building the Manlinta Tunnels in 1922. What was happening in ...
12
votes
7answers
2k views

Were there any westerners who entered the soviet bloc to escape capitalism? [closed]

It is a well known fact that many people from the soviet bloc fled to the west to escape communism, and that during the entire soviet time frame, from the beginning of the Russian civil war in 1918 ...
12
votes
3answers
2k views

Did Peter the Great promote rights for women? If so, how?

I read somewhere that Peter the Great wanted that women participated more actively in the society. But I can not find a reliable source to confirm this, nor why or how he did this. I think this is ...
12
votes
2answers
389 views

Was Mohammed known and respected in seventeenth-century Europe?

I’m reading Andrew Pettigree’s fascinating book, The Invention of News: How the world came to know about itself. In the early days of newsprint, many felt that only people who actually needed to know ...
-1
votes
2answers
193 views

Why couldn't Germans and Finns capture Leningrad? [closed]

The Siege of Leningrad lasted for about 2,5 years. And Germans cooperated with Finns during the siege. As we know Wehrmacht dominated the battlefield in 1941 and 1942. So why couldn't they capture ...
5
votes
1answer
150 views

Why was the Cornish Militia stationed in Devon in late 18th Century?

On Genealogy & Family History SE, I asked a question about Finding late 18th Century service record of Francis Green in Cornish Militia?, and it looks like it will need a degree of luck to find ...
11
votes
1answer
70 views

How were Mesoamerican inks produced?

One thing that always strikes me when the long progression of wikipedia-clicks takes me from something like 'Tumulus' all the way to 'Mixtec writing' or, more specifically, 'Codex Zouche-Nuttall' is ...
6
votes
1answer
123 views

Contracted Trade in the 18th century

I'm trying to get an understanding of how trade worked in the 18th century. I'm trying to learn how trade was conducted so I can make a realistic game. I'm struggling to find a good source for the ...
7
votes
2answers
332 views

Why some sections of Great Wall of China seem to be bidirectional?

Official historiography says that Great Wall of China is built "across the historical northern borders of China to protect the Chinese states and empires against the raids and invasions of the various ...
-2
votes
1answer
120 views

Who developed the Nazi psychology techniques?

Who developed all those Nazi tricks, such as Ordering the victims to bring possessions with them Selecting only the tall ones one day and only the short ones the other day so to make impression it ...
1
vote
0answers
34 views

Where can I find an English translation of 'Il Fioretto della Bibbia'?

I am currently reading The Cheese and the Worms, in which the author (Carlo Ginzburg) frequently cites a works of the apocryphal gospels titled Il Fioretto della Bibbia, an italian translation of a ...
0
votes
2answers
114 views

How frequently were heated metal torture implements used?

There is a fairly widespread stereotype that throughout history, it was common to torture someone by heating some metal implement in coal or fire, and use the hot metal tool for torture (heat only, or ...
1
vote
0answers
71 views

Did unmarried Spartan women have longer hair than men?

I understand that in ancient Sparta, men wore their hair long whereas married women cut theirs short. However, in the brief mentions I've read about this (such as in one answer to "When and why did ...
3
votes
3answers
171 views

Has there been any culture where men typically have longer hair than women?

Most discussions of gender differences in hair length seem to argue that men have had "long" hair in many cultures (such as the answers to "When and why did having long hair become associated with ...
1
vote
0answers
31 views

Was there ever simultaneously plague and witch hunts in Hungary during the 15th century? [closed]

Was there ever simultaneously plague and witch hunts in Hungary during the 15th century? I'm writing a book which is happening in Hungary and adventurers are escaping plague and witch hunters.
-4
votes
1answer
74 views

Which were the most important ghettos during Holocaust? [closed]

I have to make a project about ghettos during Holocaust and I was thinking of focusing in some ghettos as there are so many in Wikipedia at this link ...
15
votes
1answer
1k views

Why does Edinburgh Castle's one o'clock gun fire at 1pm instead of, say, noon?

Curious to know if there is a specific reason they fire it at 1pm. Noon would make more sense to me!
6
votes
1answer
110 views

Did the Portuguese build any settlement around the Cape of Good Hope?

The Portuguese were the first Europeans to go around the Cape of Good Hope and build several outposts, later turned into large colonies, at Angola and Moçambique, on both sides of the Cape, but none ...
1
vote
1answer
98 views

What did US Supreme Court Justice Potter Stewart study as an undergraduate?

Potter Stewart graduated as an undergraduate in 1937 from Yale University, and then served a Fellowship of one year at Cambridge University; but in what subjects did he major or specialise? I am ...

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