1
vote
1answer
81 views

Why does Northern Ireland not include the counties Donnegal, Monaghan and Cavan?

Did not the entire province of Ulster vote to stay in the Union? If so, why was it partitioned? Esepecially Donnegal which relied heavily on Belfast for its economy, I don't see a good reason why ...
9
votes
2answers
138 views

Colonies in Machiavelli's age

In Chapter 3 of the Prince Machiavelli offers this advice to the prince who would hold a newly acquired territory: [T]o send colonies to one or two places, which may be as keys to that state, ...
2
votes
1answer
113 views

How did Native Americans defend militarily? [closed]

I've seen Native Americans as great warriors who charged armies and raided settlements but I haven't heard much about their defensive capabilities. When they were attacked, did they have set up any ...
6
votes
1answer
135 views

Where and when did Nietzsche's sister meet Hitler?

It is well-known that Nietzsche’s sister, Elisabeth Foerster-Nietzsche, was a nationalist and anti-semite who took control of her brother’s papers on his death and propagated a distorted version of ...
3
votes
0answers
43 views

The average price of Škoda Favorit in Poland around 1991

I am looking for average price of Škoda Favorit in Poland around 1991 (1992 would be appreciated as well) I cannot find this information online anywhere. I have found price of this car and other cars ...
4
votes
2answers
118 views

Travel time for African Slave trade

What was the average travel time for African slaves being moved from the interior of Africa to the coast for export? Also, how long did they tend to wait on the coast until they were exported? I ...
1
vote
0answers
35 views

Iran and the point four program and the mutual defense act of 1949?

What were the US's and Iran's terms in these agreements? What was the total amount of aid Iran recieved from the US during this time?
1
vote
0answers
46 views

Ethnic composition of antebellum Massachusetts

What was the ethnic composition of Massachusetts in the decades before the Civil War? I am particularly interested in knowing what percentage of the population claimed English, Scottish, North Irish, ...
5
votes
1answer
112 views

Why was the Hexamillion wall incapable of preventing invasion?

The Hexamillion wall was created to fortify the only land route into the Peloponnese peninsula ~ but throughout it's history (450-1460 AD) it failed to prevent multiple invasions, acting only as a ...
2
votes
1answer
90 views

I'm Looking for a picture of a 5 masted sailing ship called Capitan Hilgendorf. (Barquentine)?

The Germans trained sailors and Navy Infantrymen on this ship. I have looked at several sites with numerous information and listings. Can anyone steer me in the right direction? I know that most all ...
2
votes
0answers
82 views

What was the first broadcast television programme?

Was it the Queen's Messenger or The Man with the Flower in his Mouth? IMDB claims that Queen's Messenger was the first, I've always understood The Man with the Flower in his Mouth. So which was it? ...
8
votes
1answer
118 views

How big was the IMF loan Britain received in the 1970's?

During the turbulent times of the 1970's, the United Kingdom had to ask the International Monetary Fund (IMF) for a loan to meet its obligations. The National Archives state that in September 1976, a ...
6
votes
2answers
106 views

Estimating gross domestic product in ancient times

I would like to estimate, to what extent the Roman republic (or different parts of it) were "agricultural". Today, a common measure to the "agricultural-ness" of an economy is the gross domestic ...
5
votes
2answers
531 views

What does a slitterman do?

On my Great-Uncle's Naval Entry Form, it says: Occupation upon entry: Slitterman (paper) I found this article, which says a slitterman is: A representative for the Travellers Aid Society ...
13
votes
1answer
319 views

What was the political consciousness of a 15th century English peasant?

How did they feel about the monarchy and living under lords? Were they are aware of alternative political structures? Did they believe their lives were fair?
2
votes
1answer
76 views

Other possible inventors of the Transistor?

From Wikipedia's Article on the History of the Transistor: The Bell Labs work on the transistor emerged from war-time efforts to produce extremely pure germanium "crystal" mixer diodes, used in ...
0
votes
1answer
54 views

Did ancient peoples apply starch to clothing?

Source: See p 6 of 10 of the PDFs, first leftward para. Beware that p 6 of the PDF is labelled as p 18 on the document itself. The English name of starch, as well as its equivalent in German, ...
6
votes
1answer
104 views

Why are the Rohingya not recognized in Myanmar (Burma), amongst the other 135 ethnic groups?

The government of Myanmar (Burma) officially recognizes 135 ethnic groups (Wikipedia). This sounds, to use a technical term, 'a lot'. It would seem thus that they tried to be pretty inclusive, at ...
12
votes
3answers
359 views

How were the holes for the guns in battleships' turrets protected?

I'm interested in knowing how the guns' holes in battleships' turrets protected, if and when they were, and how was that protection designed and arranged, specially in relation to the guns' elevation ...
2
votes
1answer
73 views

Were people in the Neo-Assyrian or Achaemenid Empire aware of the empires before them?

The history of ancient civilizations in Mesopotamia has been a complex one, with several empires spanning a couple of millennia. Were the people from latter empires, say Neo-Assyrian or Achaemenid ...
11
votes
4answers
161 views

From what part(s) of Germany were the majority of Texas immigrants in the mid-19th century?

A large number of the immigrants into Texas in the middle of the 19th century were from what is today Germany. However, the people were "German" more by language than nationality; the German ...
-1
votes
2answers
133 views

how could japan recover very fast their economy eventhough the two bombs were dropped? [closed]

I tried to search for this question alot but I didn"t find anything so I said to ask my question here maybe someone knows how to answer it!!
15
votes
3answers
399 views

Did people use to marry much younger during the last millennium?

I've frequently heard it stated that "people used to marry at much younger ages" historically. Recently, these kinds of statements have tended to show up in sociological discussions about young ...
10
votes
1answer
144 views

What were the conditions of joining or leaving the Holy Roman Empire?

Seeing as several countries in Europe are regularly rethinking whether to join or leave the European Union, I wonder how did countries join or leave the Holy Roman Empire, which was also more like a ...
2
votes
2answers
191 views

Why weren't North American Indians considered to be property yet to be acquired (slaves)?

When White men came to mainland North America, there were an indigenous population already here. I will refer to that population as North American Indians. Africans were brought to the Americas ...
7
votes
4answers
155 views

What changes happened in law enforcement and criminal trials during the Nazi era in Germany?

How, if at all, did the Nazis change the approach taken to everyday crime in the time they were in power? I'm referring to 'normal' crime. I'm not talking about the many crimes that the Nazis ...
-1
votes
1answer
124 views

Why did wheat become the dominant food culture? [closed]

Growing wheat, rice and other cereals is very labor-intensive. Wheat has very small edible mass compared to the other tissues. Wheat is very weather-dependent. Why were other cultures not used ...
6
votes
2answers
614 views

When did husbands & wives start sharing bedrooms?

In a lot of period movies the husband & wife are shown to be retiring to different bedrooms at night. e.g. most movies about 1800's Britain or even pre WW-II. Or even War & Peace or Pride ...
1
vote
1answer
112 views

Info about frigates crossing the Atlantic in 1650.

I'm writing a book and need help with trading frigates crossing the Atlantic in 1650 to the West Indies and American colonies. How many men would be on a ship and were there stairs or ladders leading ...
4
votes
1answer
42 views

The region of Viceroy Toledo's Reductions (Reducciones)?

I'm trying to find the geographic boundaries for the native resettlement implemented by Toledo, Viceroy of Peru, as a part of his Toledo reforms. This resettlement is distinct from the later Jesuit ...
6
votes
1answer
94 views

Which was the earliest book of names for naming babies?

Nowadays one finds books and online websites that help you to name babies. What are the earliest instances of these? I would assume that these would be in Europe, China or the Middle East, but if ...
-6
votes
1answer
60 views

When Indonesia was named so and why? [closed]

Where the country's name come from and when the country got this name, "Indonesia"? Was in given in 20th century?
4
votes
2answers
407 views

Were crossbows used by the Japanese?

Were crossbows used in any significant way by the Japanese? If so, what period and how were they fielded? I found some very brief references: Jonathan Clements' "A Brief History of the Samurai" ...
0
votes
1answer
92 views

What was housing like in early Medieval Scotland?

I've read detailed social history on Scotland which goes back to about the 16th century, and it would seem like some of the poorest Scots of that era sometimes lived in housing which was as modest as ...
0
votes
0answers
78 views

Was the money requested by the French for the XYZ affair really a bribe?

I know that in history classes, and the American version of the XYZ affair, that before the French would even sit down to the table with the Americans in order to discuss, basically, the piracy ...
7
votes
3answers
246 views

Why weren't Australian Aborigines enslaved?

While there are many articles discussing the Australian Aborigines' de facto legalized slavery, or essentially free labor, the fact seems to be that they were never de jure slaves, as Africans were. ...
4
votes
0answers
69 views

Did the Zapatistas actually kill anyone?

The armed Zapatista movement started in 1994 as an armed revolution and spanned more than 20 years. Disambiguation- this is the 1983/1994 movement, not the 1910 movement. It is surprising to note ...
11
votes
2answers
706 views

What was the official currency used in North Carolina in 1814?

I was surprised to find it stated in the Laws of North Carolina, 1814, Chapter V, Section IX that: a tax to the State of ten pounds shall be paid Does this refer to British pounds? I would have ...
5
votes
0answers
115 views

Why have some territorial annexations been rejected by the international community? [closed]

The annexation of Kuwait by Iraq, the annexation of the Golan Heights by Israel, and the annexation of Crimea by Russia are examples of recent territorial annexations that have been rejected by the ...
19
votes
5answers
3k views

How common was smoking in first half of the 20th century?

When watching movies that were made in first half of the 20th century, one can see many people are smoking (cigarettes), but it is not they smoke all time long. I refer to the movies, because they ...
2
votes
1answer
74 views

Help to identify old Firefighter badge

arge metal badge with enamel logo, with five birds on it
0
votes
1answer
143 views

What did Cyrus the great look like?

Some people think that ancient Iranians (unlike Iranians today) were white and had green/blue eyes and blonde hair. I am myself an Iranian and I do not look white; I do not have blue/green eyes and ...
1
vote
0answers
65 views

Lusatia oath from 1422

Citizens of Lusatia are claimed to have been made to take an oath in 1422, starting with the following words Die Ketzer und in dem christlichen Glauben irresame Leute zu tilgen und zu verderben ...
3
votes
2answers
252 views

Was the Night of the Long Knives principally a means to obtain loyalty of the German military leadership?

Two History professors in my school say that Hitler had to execute the leaders of the SA principally because the generals of the German army asked him to do it: The generals were Teutonic nobility; ...
1
vote
0answers
92 views

How close to the “free zone” did slaves get (excluding escapees and those with owner permission to go there (i.e. temporarily, just passing through))? [closed]

A slave must've lived in sight of the "free zone" (evidence: http://www.slate.com/blogs/the_vault/2013/09/04/abraham_lincoln_the_president_used_this_map_to_see_where_slavery_was_strongest.html the ...
5
votes
1answer
108 views

Why did Mozi's philosophy die out in China?

Today in my Social Studies class we learned about Mozi by reading the material he wrote in translation. According to my teacher, despite enormous initial influence Mohism, the philosophy developed by ...
10
votes
2answers
337 views

What changed Japanese attitude to POWs in inter-war period?

I have read this excellent answer in which @Semaphore provides sources confirming that German defenders of Tsingtao were treated very well during World War I, which even lead to some tradition in ...
10
votes
1answer
795 views

Why did The Crown give assent to Apartheid legislation during the 1950s?

Why did The Crown give assent to Apartheid legislation during the 1950s? For example, the Reservation of Separate Amenities Act, Act No 49 of 1953 was assented to by the crown. The relevant law in ...
-2
votes
1answer
107 views

What was the main role of alcoholic drinks in ancient to medieval times? [closed]

I assume that alcoholic drinks served two main purposes in centuries gone by: To purify water for consumption Drunkenness I'm not clear on number one being the case, and if it is I'm not sure ...
14
votes
3answers
4k views

Did a Japanese medieval castle withstand US battleship fire during the Pacific War?

I have overheard the story from an US soldier that during the Pacific War the Japanese mounted a defense in an old medieval castle. The Americans asked for support from a battleship. The battleship ...

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