3
votes
0answers
38 views

Counter-reformation opposing “subservience of Church to State?”

The Catholic Encyclopedia's entry on the Counter-Reformation contains the following, which I found provocative: For the principles of the Protestant Reformation are to Catholics principles leading ...
3
votes
0answers
82 views

Are there any extant original first-century manuscripts of any of Josephus' works?

It has been claimed that there are no surviving originals of any of Josephus' works. I have not found any help through Google, and so I wonder if anyone can give me any information about this, along ...
3
votes
0answers
167 views

What preparations went into the Tehran Conference of 1943?

The Tehran Conference during World War 2 was a hugely important meeting, and perhaps more importantly, a hugely dangerous proposition. Having all those leaders together in one place risked utter ...
3
votes
0answers
45 views

How did people dress at the Jesuit missions to the Hurons?

The Jesuits established a number of missions among the Huron people of what is today Ontario during the 1600s. Unlike many other proselytizing groups of that era, the Jesuits were known for ...
3
votes
0answers
131 views

Is this character based on a real person?

In the 2014 historical novel Natchez Burning, by Greg Iles, chapter 29: A black Mississippian who left his native state in the early 1950s to go to law school, Quentin Avery fought on the front ...
3
votes
0answers
246 views

What was the lena River Delta U-boat base in the Soviet Arctic used for?

In 1963 the body of a German navy NCO was found in Neelova Gulf with the remnants of his uniform and rifle ammunition. In 1985 Soviet helicopter pilot Peter Statsyukom discovered a small complex of ...
3
votes
0answers
85 views

On the epistemological repercussions of 1492

Lecture 11 of Yuval Harari's online course A brief history of humankind is titled "The discovery of ignorance." In it he presents the thesis that by arriving at a land mass entirely different from ...
3
votes
0answers
62 views

How were FDR's economic policies as Governor of New York contradictory?

I have read in a number of Roosevelt's biographies that as Governor of New York, Roosevelt was not so aware of how economics works. He recognized that radical change was needed to respond to the Great ...
3
votes
0answers
42 views

Security of war documents/letters during revolutionary war?

I was wondering the security of such documents. Documents like letters written by the British generals to each other communicating about their next battle tactic against the Americans. See this link: ...
3
votes
0answers
151 views

Harvard Architecture: How did Harvard Mark I separate data and instruction?

How did Harvard Mark I separate data and instruction? I have read the article in Wikipedia but I didn't understand how data and instruction was separated using a punched paper tape. It said ...
3
votes
0answers
42 views

Are “I, II, III, …” versions of archaeological versioning of layers unique to Troy?

When reading about archaeological research of Troy, one can see that archeologist distinguish between different discrete numbered layers (Troy I => Troy IX). Is that a standard approach in archeology ...
3
votes
0answers
64 views

What was Vyshinsky's position about extrajudical repressions in the USSR?

Vyshinsky was the prosecutor-general of the USSR who is mosly known for his participation in the Moscow show trials of the 1930s. But what was his position regarding the extrajudical repressions?
3
votes
0answers
87 views

Farmstead Inventory

I'm looking for an inventory of the principal goods, buildings, livestock, and workers of a European farmstead; preferably before 1000 AD. I know I've seen a primary source document like this before. ...
3
votes
0answers
136 views

Is there any speech dialogue on record on Palestine independence day given by the Great Britain Prime minister?

Is there any speech dialogue on record on Palestine independence day on 1988 given by the Great Britain Prime minister? I know that Great Britain was once a proud supporter of Palestine.
2
votes
0answers
32 views

Why did Uesugi Kenshin never marry? Was it common practice for Japanese Buddhists of the time?

It seems that the famed Sengoku-era lord Uesugi Kenshin never married anybody in his life because he was a devout Buddhist. This seems highly unusual, considering Japanese Buddhists at that time seem ...
2
votes
0answers
49 views

Did any Antarctic expeditions use coal?

During the "Heroic Age" of Antarctic exploration (roughly 1890 to 1920), did any expeditions use coal as a fuel or heat source? I'm not just asking what they carried while walking in the interior, ...
2
votes
0answers
51 views

Is there any evidence for the Egyptians using pyramids for storage and protection against Arab raiders before the 1900s?

In the autobiography 'A Fortunate Life' ('War', ch. 51, 'Before the Storm', pp. 314 & 315), the author, A.B. Facey, wrote that when he was in Egypt before he went to Gallipoli in World War I, a ...
2
votes
0answers
49 views

What was the contemporary popular opinion of the Anglo-Irish Treaty?

After the Irish War of Independence (also known as The [Black and] Tan War), the Irish and British signed a treaty in 1921, which created the Irish Free State and started the process of gradual ...
2
votes
0answers
117 views

How Widespread Was Dueling In The United States from its formation to 1860?

I saw a different question that sparked my interest in this subject. Several important people in American history have died dueling, so my question is how widespread was dueling in the U.S until 1860? ...
2
votes
0answers
31 views

Which Canadian universities required Ancient Greek and Latin? From when to when?

I limit this question to universities in Canada. 1. What rough percentage of universities required Ancient Greek and Latin, for admission? 2. Then what about after admission, during university? ...
2
votes
0answers
62 views

What is the explanation of the flag of Prague?

Wikipedia's flag for Prague shows red and yellow. I already think that the red comes from flag of Bohemia and yellow from flag of Habsburgs. But that is just a hypothesis.
2
votes
0answers
96 views

What were the names of the weapon manufacturers in France in the late 1700's

What were the names of the companies that manufactured hand weapons in France in the late 1700's and who were the most productive.
2
votes
0answers
85 views

What was the first broadcast television programme?

Was it the Queen's Messenger or The Man with the Flower in his Mouth? IMDB claims that Queen's Messenger was the first, I've always understood The Man with the Flower in his Mouth. So which was it? ...
2
votes
0answers
48 views

How did the Railway Engines get to the Rainhill Trials?

The five locomotives that took part in the Rainhill Trials came from all over the UK. How were they transported to Rainhill? The rail network was pretty much non-existent, so presumably by road. I ...
2
votes
0answers
114 views

Sloop of War Hand

It was recorded in our family history by a R.N.Lt that a John Chandler (who had prepared charts of the North Sea) died when in 179? the sloop of War "Hand" foundered in the North Sea with all hands. I ...
2
votes
0answers
53 views

What is the usage of a small wash-house in Versailles during Louis XIV times?

I was searching for the usage of a small construction on the edge of the Versailles Castle gardens (the stone thing on the left on the picture below, one of the gates (Saint-Antoine) is on the right): ...
2
votes
0answers
95 views

Have there ever been maximum age limits for public office in the United States?

In doing some research, I came across this obituary in "The Sabbath Recorder" At his residence in Hopkinton, R. I., Sept. 18th, Deacon Daniel Babcock, in his 85th year of his age, and the 59th ...
2
votes
0answers
109 views

Which Field Marshal famously used to fire Staff Officers if they could not write orders within two pages?

I recall a military anecdote which described a Field Marshal who considered Officers ineffectual if they were unable to write concisely. I believe the standard applied was that all plans or orders ...
2
votes
0answers
59 views

Napoleon's role in serfdom abolition

It is known that Napoleon has given constitutions to a set of countries. The constitutions were written in the style of the French one. How many of those napoleonic constitutions have played a role ...
2
votes
0answers
108 views

What was the prevalence of ethnic minorities in 15th century Bohemia?

What was the prevalence of what we in contemporary western culture would consider "ethnic minorities" (Africans, East Asians, South Asians, Latinos, etc) in the population of early 15th century ...
2
votes
0answers
57 views

Copper and Bronze Age Burials in Western Europe

Can anyone estimate the number of high-prestige burials that have been found in France, Spain or Portugal which date from, say, 3000 BC to 1000 BC/ For example, supposing that there were 2000 persons ...
2
votes
0answers
70 views

Was malaria worse on Hainan Island than elsewhere in south China?

I’m reading William Skinner’s “Chinese Society in Thailand” (1957). He notes that of the various speech-groups from different parts of south China that came to live in Siam, the Hainanese were one of ...
2
votes
0answers
50 views

How did the progressive politics of the early 20th century affect the American political parties?

EDIT: Tried tightening question to be less broad. In the post Civil War era, I see the Republican Party and Democratic Party basically retreading the old questions of early republic political ...
2
votes
0answers
117 views

Christian hangmen in Islamic countries?

In an interview a senior researcher at Amnesty International explained that as far as I know certainly in Punjab and Sind provinces, the two largest provinces by population, the hangmen ...
2
votes
0answers
66 views

What were the board dimensions of the Viking era bed finds?

While some boards were lost or too deteriorated to get exact dimensions, the reproduction of the Oseberg and Goteland beds had to be based on something. The most I've been able to find were the ...
2
votes
0answers
90 views

Dimensions and parts of Fort Douglas, Winnipeg Canada

I am having troubles estimating the dimensions of Fort Douglas that WAS in Winnipeg Canada. Fort Douglas (from what I understand, correct me if I'm wrong) was the stage of the battle of Seven Oaks. I ...
2
votes
0answers
137 views

Was it controversial when Parliament restricted the suffrage to the Forty Shilling Freeholders in 1430?

According to this House of Commons Library research paper, suffrage in the county constituencies was initially open to every man who was head of a household, or at least that's my understanding of the ...
2
votes
0answers
71 views

Did any European/American settlements in the Ohio Country survive the French and Indian War?

The Ohio Company was formed in 1748 to bring English settlement to the Ohio Country. At that time, the Ohio Country was largely uninhabited, as the Iroquois had driven out or exterminated the tribes ...
2
votes
0answers
148 views

How many people survived the Titanic?

How many people survived the Titanic? Was it 706, 706 or 705 or can we only say it was between 705 and 713 ? Where do these various number come from?
2
votes
0answers
62 views

Does non-post-modern historiography posit objective grand narratives?

Ghasemi "Revisiting History in Hayden White's Philosophy" Sage Open DOI:10.1177/2158244014542585 (Open Access) asserts strongly that non-post-modern historiography attempts objective grand narratives. ...
2
votes
0answers
40 views

Where any other members of the Kennedy (Political) family affected by Addison's disease?

Besides JFK, are there any known Addison's sufferers in the Kennedy political family?
2
votes
0answers
61 views

What is known about the Antiu?

According to the Wikipedia page, the Antiu were desert dwellers who were in constant war with the early pharaohs of Egypt. Is this the extent of our knowledge about them? For instance, do we know ...
2
votes
0answers
93 views

How close did the French come to digging a canal across the Isthmus of Kra in the 1880s?

Ferdinand de Lesseps is known to history as the man who pushed through the construction of the Suez Canal in the 1860s. Later (from 1880 onward) he led an attempt to dig a canal through Panama, but ...
2
votes
0answers
43 views

Etymology of Pine Street in San Francisco

In San Francisco, California, what is Pine Street named after? Wikipedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Etymologies_of_place_names_in_San_Francisco and other internet sources about SF street naming do ...
2
votes
0answers
145 views

Which is the Historical Khorasan

The word Khorasan finds mention in many ancient texts pointing to a place in Middle east to Afghanistan . The question is what were the boundaries of the historical Khorasan which parts of the middle ...
2
votes
0answers
157 views

Am I imagining this or did I just found one of the oldest “hidden” erotic artworks ever?

I was just wiki-walking around my country's (Netherlands) history when I stumbled upon this topic: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ger%C3%B0r She is the wife of the god Freyr, whom apparently the ...
2
votes
0answers
26 views

Land concentration in Columbia

I am looking for elaboration for the following passage, which I found in Wikipedia: "In 1968 and 1969 alone, the INCORA issued more than 60,000 land titles to farmers and workers. Despite this, ...
2
votes
0answers
270 views

First-hand sources for medieval urban life in central Europe

I am a teacher and I would like to do an exercise with my students concerning the urban life in the Middle Ages. I am looking for original, first-hand sources who describe urban life from the 11th ...
2
votes
0answers
181 views

What happened to the overseas wealth of the Holocaust Jews?

Hitler confiscated the wealth of Jews in his conquered territories. But what happened to the overseas wealth of the Holocaust Jews? Were they swallowed conveniently by foreign banks/countries ...
2
votes
0answers
152 views

Are Shi’i imams really directly related to the Prophet Muhammad?

Do written (or at least oral) records that show that the Shi’i imams are directly related to the Prophet Muhammad?

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