7
votes
4answers
530 views

Was the Battle of Trafalgar strategically pointless?

On a tactical level, the Battle of Trafalgar is one of the most analysed naval battles in history and there are many books and papers covering the battle itself. Most of the strategic analysis covers ...
1
vote
3answers
170 views

Was the Abolition of Slavery in the United States perceived and advertised as an effort to improve race relations or as an improvement to labour laws?

Firstly, a note: This is a genuine question born of real curiosity, and not an attempt to belittle either the modern socialist cause or the difficulties faced by non-Caucasians in the pre-Abolition ...
1
vote
3answers
2k views

On Washington's Farewell Address

Here is a question from CollegeBoard's practice APUSH exam... I'm having trouble answering it. Washington's Farewell warned against the dangers of international alliances and the formation of ...
10
votes
2answers
1k views

Where are the ancient books now?

How did books like Gorgias or Republic survive to these days? Where were they found or how were they preserved so well for the centuries when antique philosophers were rejected as atheists? And are ...
10
votes
5answers
1k views

Spanish-American war from Spain's perspective?

What did the Spanish-American war look like from Spain's perspective? Did the general population support the war? What were the reasons why Spain lost, was the general public aware of these reasons ...
5
votes
3answers
196 views

In XIXth century lower classes families, was it common for kids to witness their parent's intercourse?

It was common for lower classes families in the XIX century to have families of 6-10 children living in an extremely small flat, having only one bedroom for the whole family, and usually only one bed ...
2
votes
0answers
100 views

Where can I get information used to make soviet economic plans?

One of the information used by Gosplan to create plans was a list of commodities and relationships between them, i.e. what things were required to produce other things. I managed to find higher level ...
5
votes
2answers
231 views

Why did Russian Federation declare independence from Soviet Union? [closed]

In June 12th 1990, the Russian Federation declared its independence from the Soviet Union, effectively ending the Soviet Union. While I understand that other parts of the former Soviet Union like ...
1
vote
3answers
286 views

Why did we never found any elephant skeletons in the Western Alps?

It is widely assumed that the carthaginian general Hannibal Barcas crossed the Western Alps some 2200 Years ago with an army of men, horses and elephants in direction of Italy and the Roman Republic. ...
10
votes
2answers
482 views

How widespread was the notion that space travel was impossible prior to the successful launch of Sputnik 1?

Prior to the successful launch of Sputnik 1, there were some who believed that space travel was impossible. I would like to know how widespread this notion was, particularly "in scientific and ...
13
votes
7answers
33k views

Why have officers in the U.S. army tended to “top out” at the level of Major?

In the U.S. army, something like 75%-80% of newly-commissioned Second Lieutenants are promoted to First Lieutenant (around age 25), perhaps 75%-80% of First Lieutenants are promoted to Captain (ages ...
23
votes
4answers
1k views

Why did modern “Romania” remain the most “Roman” part of the Balkans?

The so-called "Romanians" are the Vlachs who inhabited the territory just north of the Danube in Roman times, and today. Wallachia (home of the Vlachs), represented the outer limit or Roman expansion. ...
25
votes
5answers
3k views

Why does Romanian culture have Latin influences?

Romania is located between Bulgaria, Serbia on one side and Ukraine/many Slavic countries on the other. Romanian is however a Romance (Latin) language, and not Slavic. They don't use the Cyrillic ...
0
votes
0answers
66 views

Abraham Lincoln Quote Background

I recently ran across a quote attributed to Abraham Lincoln, "All that I am, or hope to be, I owe to my angel mother" I was wondering what the context of this quote is. Specifically was he speaking ...
0
votes
1answer
94 views

Was the U.S. Civil War unique regarding its relation to slavery? (people fighting for the freedom of a goup they were not part of) [closed]

Although the U.S. Civil War had multiple and complex causes, the question of slavery was a very important factor. As slavery was part of most civilizations on all continents (especially before the ...
3
votes
2answers
232 views

In Europe, why were hereditary dynasties more prevalent in the medieval world than in the ancient world? [closed]

I know that at least in Western Europe, the various dynasties that held the title of Holy Roman Emperor claimed descent from Charlemagne. In France, the Capetians were the first to call themselves ...
3
votes
1answer
136 views

Who is speaking here?

Our English teacher gave us an exercise to do: We got different texts what people could have said and our task now is to find out: Who said it and when? Our current topic is "The early years of the ...
5
votes
1answer
879 views

Pigs in ancient Israel

(all Bible citations are from KJV) [Leviticus, chapter 11] Whatsoever parteth the hoof, and is clovenfooted, and cheweth the cud, among the beasts, that shall ye eat. Nevertheless these shall ye ...
2
votes
2answers
194 views

Why were the some “New Deal” programs cancelled in the beginning of WWII?

I was reading a textbook on U.S and the time period of WWII. I have read that the New Deal programs like Works Progress Administration, Civilian Conservation Corps, National Youth Administration. The ...
14
votes
6answers
16k views

What does the skull and crossbones on the Nazi uniform represent?

I was watching The Boy in Striped Pyjamas, and I saw this skull and crossbones on this Nazi's cap. Why is it there? (That is, what does this represent?)
8
votes
5answers
249 views

When and how did the West lose its dependency on the USSR for Titanium?

This question was prompted by another one. A long time ago, before I well-documented my internet research, I looked into the history of Titanium, its procurement, refinement, and work-ability. I ...
13
votes
3answers
3k views

What was unreasonable about Austria's ultimatum to Serbia?

There are actually three questions. First Question: It is often stated, especially in English-speaking media, that the terms of the Austrian ultimatum to Serbia 1914 were unreasonable. Sometimes the ...
9
votes
4answers
305 views

Did the British Army burn any capitals other than Washington?

It has been written that the British invasion of Washington, and the burning of the Capitol, White House, and other public buildings, was in retaliation for American raids in Canada which caused the ...
8
votes
1answer
247 views

Did Soviet Republics like Kazakstan and Azerbaijan have their own military units?

Were Soviet units typically separated by national origin or were all men from all Soviet nations mixed together in divisions? I'm not talking just through World War II, but from the 1940s all the way ...
2
votes
0answers
76 views

Who participated in the Gran Sasso raid/Operation Eiche?

I am looking for a list of all soldiers who participated in the Gran Sasso raid/Operation Eiche. The Wikipedia list only the 4 who received Knight's Cross, and the 9 with German Cross in Gold. But ...
4
votes
1answer
186 views

Why were Roman gladiators “expensive”?

For a long time I knew that gladiators were slaves and they were killed on the arena all the time. But since we got Internet and History channel I learnt that gladiators did not die all the time and ...
65
votes
2answers
7k views

Why were ships-of-the line not supposed to open fire on frigates during fleet actions?

Found this passage in the book Patrick O'Brian's Navy (p. 57) In the era of fighting sail there was an unspoken convention that line-of-battle ships did not fire on frigates during any fleet ...
0
votes
1answer
165 views

Which country/empire was the dominant hegemon for the longest time? [closed]

Say the USA has been the worlds most dominant power for 75 years. Before that one could argue the British Empire during the Victorian era, approx 1810 to 1915, was the world dominant power. Other ...
11
votes
3answers
207 views

Were major foreign films allowed in the USSR?

I'm thinking of really major films that came from Hollywood, like Star Wars, Back to the Future, Planet of the Apes, etc. Were these allowed to be shown in the USSR? Did they have to wait for ...
2
votes
2answers
171 views

Is it possible to find out on what Roman day of the week Jesus resurrected? [closed]

According to the bible Jesus resurrected at the first day of the week. Nowadays we would call that day Sunday. But the first day of the week is based on the Hebrew calendar. In those days the Jews ...
6
votes
1answer
141 views

What time was it in Dawson Creek, BC at 1900-01-01 00:00:00 +0000?

I tried to Google this but I couldn't find a definitive answer. Dawson Creek has its own timezone. My timezone database tells me that on 14-Apr-1918 @ 10:00am UTC its timezone became PDT (and then ...
5
votes
1answer
204 views

What are the top 5 bloodiest battles in terms of British casualties?

I have done a bit of research and it seems the Somme, Towton and maybe Bannockburn are up there? Any more to throw into the mix? Great site by the way!
6
votes
1answer
201 views

Who created the Korean Unification Flag?

Wikipedia: The Unification Flag is a flag designed to represent all of Korea when North and South Korea participate as one team in sporting events. Still according to Wikipedia, in recent years the ...
5
votes
3answers
209 views

Were concentration camp guards allowed to talk about their work at home?

In a forum a holocaust survivor reckoned that most Germans did not know about the killing of Jews and others in concentration camps. Others objected and said that people at least knew that Jews were ...
0
votes
1answer
56 views

In this scene what are the names of the kind of workers and the object they are propeling?

This goes back early 1900s I imagine. In this NYTimes video https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tly8abRH4ws (2'05'') there are five men on a railroad equipment. I tried looking for pictures and on ...
13
votes
6answers
8k views

Why did Spain not participate in World War I?

Spain was losing influence in America for the previous 100 years, and there was a recent Spanish-American war. So how could have Spain remained neutral? Why could Spain not find a place in the ...
17
votes
3answers
3k views

What is the reason that not all roman emperors named a month after them?

As far as I know, Julius Caesar and Augustus named the fifth and the sixth months, respectively, after themselves, but why didn't Tiberius, Caligula, Claudius, and Nero do the same while there were ...
-1
votes
0answers
29 views

Which cabinet-industry companies employed immigrant workers in Milwaukee in the 1920s? [closed]

Which cabinet companies in Milwaukee in the 1920's employed the largest number of (German) immigrant wood finishers? Approximately how many wood finishers were in Milwaukee? What is the statistical ...
4
votes
1answer
83 views

When did the trademark symbol come into use?

Trademarks existed and were recognized before the Trademark symbol was used. When did we start using the ™ and ® symbols?
13
votes
2answers
795 views

In post-WW2 Soviet Union, did most people have bank accounts?

Did most citizens in the USSR have bank accounts? How did they work? Plain checking accounts, or was credit allowed? Were banks open 7 days a week like non-religious government is supposed to? Did ...
3
votes
2answers
96 views

Why was Oslo I Accord so harsh or controversial?

The Oslo I Accord was an attempt in 1993 to set up a framework that would lead to the resolution of the ongoing Israeli–Palestinian conflict. It was the first face-to-face agreement between the ...
5
votes
0answers
64 views

Muslims swearing by “the beard of the Prophet” - is it historical?

In Western historical fictions, Muslims (from the Middle East) are often depicted to swear by "the beard of the Prophet". "By the beard of the prophet, we will not offend you; but unless you ...
-2
votes
1answer
46 views

LBJ and black Democratic voters [closed]

Did Lyndon Johnson say "I'll have those niggers voting Democrat for two-hundred years."?
24
votes
6answers
26k views

Why did so many Italians emigrate to Argentina?

On 13th of March, 2013, archbishop of Buenos Aires, Jorge Mario Bergoglio, became new pope of Catholic Church. He was born and raised in Argentina with Italian origins. There are more than 24 ...
12
votes
2answers
2k views

Did the Tamil People discover that the earth was round 2000 years ago?

I heard "Tamil People found that the earth was round 2000 years ago. They named the planets 2000 years ago." Is this true? The Tamil poet Manikkavachakar wrote about the earth in Tiruvacakam: By ...
2
votes
1answer
68 views

Governors' veto power

If I'm not mistaken, governors in the thirteen colonies, appointed by the king, had veto power over acts of colonial legislatures. In 1996, I was living in North Carolina. At that time NC was the ...
1
vote
0answers
31 views

What was the role of quality in early manufacturing facilities?

We all know that quality is a very important thing in todays industry. But was it always like that? What was the role of production quality before we had Shewhart, Deming and so on? Did companies and ...
5
votes
0answers
82 views

What is the oldest authentic example of people complaining about modern times and the young?

There are quotes, attributed to a king of Mesopotamia, attributed to Socrates and Hesiod, about how lazy the youth are, and how things were better when they were kids. Unfortunately, the veracity of ...
11
votes
3answers
547 views

Is it true that slavery was banned from discussion on the Senate and/or House floor before the American Civil War?

In one of the latter years of my undergraduate program I read/heard from one of my classes that discussing the slave trade/slavery on either the Senate and/or House floor (I forget which) was banned. ...
0
votes
0answers
57 views

Is there any evidence of racism from the US Supreme Court Justices who decided Plessy v. Ferguson (1896)?

I am trying to know more about the personal lives of the 8 Justices engaged in Plessy v. Ferguson (1896), and whether personal opinions (e.g. racism) might have affected their decision. I did ...

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