All Questions

3
votes
0answers
48 views

Are there any extant original first-century manuscripts of any of Josephus' works?

It has been claimed that there are no surviving originals of any of Josephus' works. I have not found any help through Google, and so I wonder if anyone can give me any information about this, along ...
8
votes
7answers
531 views

How close were the living standards of India compared to England during the medieval period?

India, China and the African continent today are mostly associated with poverty in Europe, the US and so on. Looking at India specifically, did it during the medieval era share a similar standard of ...
8
votes
5answers
4k views

Why was 19th-century Japan able to modernize and not China?

At the start of the 19th century, Asian countries had militaries less effective than Western nations. In 1853, the US Navy forced Japan to enter into trade with the United States. The Japanese ...
13
votes
1answer
260 views

What did Mesopotamian beehives look like?

Do we still know what beehives looked like in ancient Mesopotamia? Are there any contemporary images or descriptions? I'm looking for anything from before 500 BC. I've found an image of ancient ...
2
votes
3answers
394 views

Was there discrimination against Jewish people at the entrance exams to the most prestigious universities in the USSR?

The most prestigious universities in the USSR discriminated against Jewish applicants. Tanya Khovanova (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA) wrote: This is a special ...
4
votes
1answer
215 views

U.S. biplane Identification

Recently acquired at an antique store without any information. Full size photo is at my Flickr site: https://www.flickr.com/photos/photolibrarian/13429182134/
5
votes
2answers
156 views

Where is the Nemesis?

Where is the Nemesis today? Is it simply 'lost at sea', at a museum somewhere, or more likely (as it was an EIC vessel), was it sold for scrap? I did a brief search (of the web), but couldnt find ...
8
votes
3answers
179 views

What were the individual soldiers motivated by during World War 1?

A history book will tell you that the First World War was started due to the assassination of the Archduke Franz Ferdinand, and a tangled mess of alliances and defensive treaties criss-crossing ...
5
votes
2answers
211 views

Were there many instances when an “overaged” commander was at odds with a much younger second in command?

I can think of two. The first was at Stirling Bridge, in 1297 when the English outnumbered the Scots some 4 to 1, but the 72-year old English commander, John Warrenne, Earl of Surrey was not keen on ...
-2
votes
1answer
57 views

What ideas diffused into China via the trade route established by emperor Han Wudi with the area around Persia? [closed]

China was relatively isolated in the far east, but suddenly the situation changed as emperor Han Wudi, famous for his vital foreign politics established economic relations with Bactria and Iran.
1
vote
1answer
57 views

Did the University of California and University of Geneva award honorary degrees to Inazo Nitobe?

According to Inazo Nitobe (author of "Bushido: The Soul of Japan") timelines written in Japanese, he was awarded honorary degrees from "University of California" (Kariforunia Daigaku, カリフォルニア大学) in ...
7
votes
5answers
221 views

How come every culture on the Planet has a different calendar, yet follow the same system for a week?

I know it sounds a bit like a silly question. Every culture in the world follow a different Calendar, for instance: Christians follow a solar calendar following the birth of Jesus Christ (2014. AD ...
2
votes
3answers
137 views

Why does Latin America has a higher number of surviving Native Americans than North America?

Despite having the same disease susceptibility and technological inferiority against the Europeans, it seems that Native Americans have much more surviving descendants in Latin America compared to ...
2
votes
1answer
98 views

How were Chinese Dynasties named?

What were the rules or conventions for choosing the name of a new dynasty chosen? Was there a single method for naming all of the Chinese dynasties?
3
votes
0answers
95 views

What relief efforts did the Japanese attempt after the atomic bombings?

Obviously, once the atomic bombs dropped in 1945, the war was almost over. There wasn't much time to rebuild, or even offer aid, to the cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki before the Japanese ...
11
votes
3answers
339 views

What was the size of surface of a cereal crop needed per man per year during the Dark Ages in Western Europe?

If I'm a peasant during the dark ages, what surface (in meters (<- I am in advance on my time)) I need to farm to get enough cereal (for bread and brew) ? how many cereals (in kg (<- again, I'm ...
4
votes
3answers
326 views

Early modern vs late modern vs post modern?

I frequently come across these three terms, but I haven't been able to find a source that explains the difference between all three of them precisely. Here's what I think I know now: The early ...
5
votes
2answers
383 views

Why did silver gain prominence in trade over gold in Early Medieval Europe?

After the Roman Empire's slow decline, and its withdrawal from much of northern Europe (France, Germany, Britain), gold coin use seems to have declined to the point where it would be a rare to see ...
21
votes
5answers
19k views

Why did Italy abandon its alliance with Germany in WW1 and join the Allied side?

Before WW1 Italy was part of an alliance with Germany and Austria-Hungary, yet it didn't join them when the war started and it even joined the Allied side later during the war. Why did Italy do this? ...
3
votes
1answer
126 views

When did waving become a part of human interaction?

When did waving to others to say hello or goodbye first enter the historical record as part of a culturally accepted form of human interaction?
23
votes
5answers
10k views

When and how did the USA and the UK become allies?

So, you may remember that the United States and Great Britain had a minor spat in 1776, which shall we say, did not put them on the friendliest of terms. In 1812, while Britain was focused on its war ...
0
votes
1answer
75 views

Could the UK have ended slavery earlier? If not, why not? [closed]

This Wikipedia timeline shows that the UK is one of the first (Please edit this if it's wrong) developed countries to abolish slavery, but could they've done so before 1843 (This Act was passed in ...
-1
votes
2answers
128 views

What steps were taken at the end of WW2 to prevent a WW3? [closed]

I've heard a lot of unofficial stories regarding various steps that were taken at the end of WW2 to prevent a WW3. What were these steps? Did they work? Or is America's status as a superpower a ...
33
votes
4answers
18k views

Why is Christopher Columbus credited for “discovering” America?

Even if we ignore the millions of native Americans who lived in the continent before Columbus "discovered" it, even if we ignore other civilizations (eg: Polynesians, Phoenicians, Chinese, Arabs, ...
4
votes
1answer
265 views

Which side of the Atlantic does the jack-o'-lantern come from?

There is an often-repeated 'fact' that although the pumpkin is an American plant, the Jack-o-Lantern tradition is an older Irish tradition (e.g., in today's Washington Post) in which turnips were ...
1
vote
1answer
59 views

Did the indigenous inhabitants of Micronesia, Melanesia and Polynesia originate from the same diaspora? [closed]

Pacific settlement is spread over a very wide area, grouped into three common ethic or geographic groupings: Did the indigenous inhabitants of these regions originate from the same diaspora?
1
vote
0answers
44 views

What were the cultures of peasants in China during the Hundred Schools period (600-221BCE)?

During the Hundred Schools period (600-221 BCE) Chinese cultures changed significantly as ideas were contested amongst the ruling elite. What do we know of peasant cultures in China during this ...
12
votes
6answers
453 views

Is there any country(former colony) in the world that obtained independence and then again tried to join its colonist ruler?

Is there any country(former colony) in the world that fought for/obtained independence and then again tried to join its colonist ruler? I guess an African country did so. Can anyone tell me?
-1
votes
0answers
25 views

What methods and processes historians use to evaluate the authenticity of a historic source? [duplicate]

How do historians do the first steps, that separates their conclusions,claims,theories on historic matters from history crackpots, who read some wiki articles, saw some history channel documentaries ...
1
vote
0answers
59 views

Origins of the term “Moderate Islam” [closed]

The term "moderate Islam" or "moderate Muslim" seems to be more common than "moderate Christianity" or "moderate Judaism", based on Google ngrams. How did the term originate, who created the term, ...
-3
votes
2answers
83 views

Are there historical sources from Chinese travelers about Europe? [closed]

I am referring to Ahmed Ibn Fadlan, who traveled in the 10th century around europe, as far as the European part of Russia. It is frequently mentioned that China was far more isolated, but I do not ...
0
votes
4answers
345 views

Why some monarchs are sent to exile after a country is declared a republic?

Personally, I like monarchy. Monarchs are symbols of national unity and rich heritage. Just look at British monarchy. It is a matter of their pride. And, I also think that countries like France, ...
5
votes
1answer
435 views

What is the origin of the black/devil riders?

From what I understand, the black/devil riders were a group of German soldiers or mercenaries who were famous for using black painted armor. They developed various techniques for fighting on ...
-1
votes
0answers
75 views

What is the controversy about Kim Il-Sung's early political career?

While reading the Wikipedia article on Kim Il-Sung it states Several sources indicate that the Kim Il-sung name had previously been used by a prominent early leader of the Korean resistance, Kim ...
13
votes
3answers
215 views

What is the last historical mention of people worshipping the Roman gods?

Today, there are many polytheists and neopagans who worship the ancient Roman gods. They are, however, a very new development, and not the descendants of an unbroken line stretching back to the Roman ...
2
votes
1answer
122 views

Is there an equivalent in chinese history to the spartans?

One thing the spartans are known for is their militaristically flavored way of life. Militaristic Decisions about their further life started as soon as childbirth, when it was decided whether to keep ...
13
votes
1answer
311 views

Why was Queretaro chosen as a fail-safe capital of Mexico?

According to this article on a person's experience in the country of Mexico, Querétaro was used as a temporary capital city of the Mexican Republic three times. What I am having trouble finding out ...
2
votes
1answer
108 views

What was the available level of agricultural technology in late 2nd century China?

How would you characterize the situation of the agricultural technology around the time of the Yellow Turban rebellion (A.D. 184-205), when technological breakthroughs were yet about to come?
4
votes
2answers
300 views

Where the did the concept of “smear campaigns” originate?

In the US political system there have been campaigns against and for certain candidates, and this goes back to the first Presidential Elections, where both sides used to have editors of newspapers ...
16
votes
11answers
6k views

What was the ratio of German to Soviet losses on eastern front during different stages of the war?

I've read somewhere that the ratio of Soviet to German casualties on the eastern front was 1.4 for the whole war. But what about data for different stages of the war? (this ratio wasn't constant after ...
0
votes
0answers
65 views

Why did Hitler hate Jews? [duplicate]

why hitler and his Nazis and germans hates the Jews, Why hitler has provoked people to hate (if he really provokes) jews. And why did he spend lot of time and money to kill the jews instead of doing ...
6
votes
1answer
93 views

When did the Great Purge start?

In what month of what year did the Great Purge begin in the Soviet Union? Wikipedia's individual page says it it started in 1934, but if I Google search for "Great Purge" and "1934," nothing much ...
6
votes
1answer
147 views

When did private fighting become a capital offense in Japan?

In "Might Makes Right: Just war and just warfare in early medieval Japan", Karl Friday mentions that bushi (warriors) who violated decrees banning fighting were exiled or imprisoned under pre-Edo ...
18
votes
5answers
363 views

Were there any conquests that Ancient Rome undertook explicitly to gain control of a natural resource?

Was there ever a case when Rome conquered a territory solely for the purpose of gaining control of a specific resource (spice, ore, timber, etc....)? I'm looking for something backed up by historical ...
4
votes
0answers
59 views

What mechanisms made Stalinism triumphant in Russia? [closed]

What mechanisms would you guys think made Stalinism triumphant? Firstly, what do you guys think, was Stalinism totalitarian? Was Stalin the absolute ruler over the totality of society and politics? ...
1
vote
0answers
95 views

What preparations went into the Tehran Conference of 1943?

The Tehran Conference during World War 2 was a hugely important meeting, and perhaps more importantly, a hugely dangerous proposition. Having all those leaders together in one place risked utter ...
-2
votes
1answer
49 views
-4
votes
1answer
80 views

When became turks finns? [closed]

As you know turkish language is similar to turkish language, because finnish language derived from turkish, but changed a little so turks can nowadays only understand about 20 percent of finnish. What ...
5
votes
1answer
201 views

What toilet facilities were available at large formal gatherings in 19th century America?

I have seen many woodcuts and engravings of large groups of 19th century partygoers dressed in their finery enjoying themselves at parties or balls. Sooner or later in any gathering, nature calls. ...
4
votes
1answer
539 views

When were domesticated animals tethered on a pole with a rope?

Domestication of plants and animals are thought to have happened during the neolithic period, roughly between 13000-7000 years ago. Now I'm interested of the history of using rope and central pole to ...

15 30 50 per page