9
votes
2answers
350 views

What kind of armor did the soldiers use in pre-gunpowder Southeast Asia?

The tropical Southeast Asia (especially the Malay world, e.g. Malaysia/Indonesia) are very hot, and apparently wearing European-style full armor is very uncomfortable in hot climates. What kind of ...
5
votes
3answers
451 views

How do modern historians evaluate Sherman's “Total War”?

A major element of Sherman's march to the sea was his army's burning southern farms and cities. The rationale for what Sherman called "Total War," approved by Grant and Lincoln, was that it would ...
3
votes
1answer
97 views

4th of July and Tchaikovsky

This question Why do the Japanese sing Ode to Joy during the Japanese New Year? brings another similar one. I live in a small US Midwest town, and every year they celebrate the Independence day (4th ...
15
votes
3answers
811 views

How much is known about the Punic language (of classical Carthage)?

How much is known of the Carthaginian language, which as I understand it is called Punic and descended from Phoenician? Google searches show some sketches of alphabet characters and such, but do we ...
9
votes
3answers
172 views

How did the Alien and Sedition acts pass?

The Alien and Sedition acts, passed in 1798, are said to have been an attempt by the Federalist Party to suppress opposition. In Chapter 74 Section 2, the law seems to put restrictions on freedom of ...
7
votes
4answers
354 views

Why did Hideyoshi invade Korea?

Hideyoshi launched the invasion of Korea in 1592, with the aim of conquering Korea first and using it as a base for eventual conquest of China. As things turned out, although the superior Japanese ...
4
votes
1answer
136 views

Did Portuguese and Spanish have slaves on European soil working for them?

I know Portuguese and Spanish had slaves working for them on the colonies but what about on their own soil in Europe?
-1
votes
0answers
94 views

Which WWI generals wanted to be involved in close fighting but were forbidden?

The following originates from the transcript for a video under point 6 of this BBC article: This goes against the ideas of generals sitting out the war safely behind the frontline. In fact, so ...
7
votes
4answers
1k views

Why did Hitler not order the use of poison gas in combat?

From what I know, Hitler wanted Germans to fight, quite literally, to the last, and he wouldn't have minded terribly if every last German died fighting the enemy. So why did he never use poison gas ...
16
votes
6answers
2k views

How did the Nazis plan to defeat America during World War II?

Yamamoto famously advised against a war with the United States, because he could tell how powerful they would be once they got going. The Nazis, however, declared war on the United States of their ...
3
votes
2answers
53 views

Why was Mexico's former ruling party named the *Institutional* Revolutionary Party?

The party was founded in 1929, but its current name was given in 1946. What does the word institutional mean in its name? Does it mean 'revolutionise the institutions'? Or does it mean 'the ...
1
vote
1answer
105 views

Does any evidence exist that suggests Hitler’s primary reason for declaring war on America was an attempt to draw Japan into his war with Russia?

During the first few months of the Nazi invasion of Russia, Stalin feared a Japanese attack from the east would create a two front war. In August, he was finally convinced by intelligence reports that ...
2
votes
5answers
251 views

Effects of the successful defense of the Soviet Union against Germany on the opening of the western front in WW2

I remember reading somewhere that the Allies (USA/UK) was not really keen on opening a second front to help the Soviet Union until the Soviets started to make progress in defeating Germany around ...
7
votes
2answers
450 views

What were the six Mubarak assassination attempts?

Today there's a story about Mubarak in the hospital. He ruled Egypt since 1981 but was overthrown in 2011. Wikipedia says he survived six assassination attempts during that 30-year period, however it ...
0
votes
0answers
44 views

Why didn't Germans use chemical warfare during WW2? [duplicate]

(I have read this discussion but I feel it does not answer completely) Why haven't Germans massively use chemical warfare during WW2? The Wikipedia has a text, but for me the reasons are weak: ...
5
votes
3answers
1k views

Roman gladiator games

So I am watching Mankind the Story of All of Us, and in the 3rd episode it describes Roman gladiatorial games. The documentary claims that the Gladiatorial games were free for everyone to watch. It ...
6
votes
2answers
186 views

Why was Japan not colonized? [closed]

Why was Japan NOT colonised by any of the European countries when practically all of the Asian countries were being colonised by a European nation? Why did no army even clash against the Japanese ...
11
votes
2answers
331 views

History of the Wehrmacht after the surrender

Wikipedia tells us, that: Following the unconditional surrender of the Wehrmacht, which went into effect on 8 May 1945, some Wehrmacht units remained active, either independently (e.g. in ...
5
votes
2answers
194 views

Why, and how, did chain stores come into being?

Why did chain stores come into being? What social purposes were they initially used for? How did chain stores come into being? What business practices, social and economic contexts allowed early ...
11
votes
1answer
135 views

How did people and goods move between East Pakistan and West Pakistan?

Prior to Bangladeshi independence in 1971, what routes did people and goods take to move between East Pakistan and West Pakistan? Obviously, they couldn't have gone straight through India. I imagine ...
8
votes
4answers
850 views

Why didn't “Europe” support the Byzantine Empire against the Turks?

Why didn't Catholic Europe support the Byzantine empire against the Turks? Or did they? How? Yes, there were some differences between the Catholic and Orthodox interpretation of christianity but the ...
16
votes
1answer
2k views

How did the Allies communicate during World War II?

I was wondering how the allied (America and England, since France was occupied by the Nazis) communicated securely with each other in 1943. I know that the SIGSALY existed, but I am most interested in ...
3
votes
1answer
92 views

How common is nostalgia for the colonial perod in countries which gained independence in the 20th century? [closed]

Having spent most of my life in Eastern Europe, I observe that a lot of people have at least some nostalgic feelings toward the era of Soviet occupation. Of course, personal freedom, free speech etc. ...
5
votes
2answers
79 views

What type of ferry boats were used in England in the early 19th century?

In 1800-1820, what sort of ferry boats were used by the general public in England and how were they powered? In particular I am interested in ferries used to access the Isle of Wight, and also ...
1
vote
2answers
103 views

What's the origin of Crespi plates? [closed]

I've found this article about The Mysterious Crespi Collection & The Metal Library And there is a picture of The enigmatic Crespi plate: And it's said: The age and origin of these items is ...
0
votes
1answer
84 views

When did hunting from trains stop? [closed]

You know how in an earlier time passengers used to get bored crossing the empty expense separating Pacific states from the rest of civilization (the first trains took a bit longer than ours) and they ...
6
votes
4answers
219 views

What is the oldest musical composition that can still be listened to today?

What is the oldest musical composition that exists both as verifiable historical notation (or some other primary source) and as available recording on CD (or better e.g. on YouTube)? For instance, ...
9
votes
3answers
409 views

Did Mussolini know that Hitler was going to attack Poland?

Did Hitler inform Mussolini of his decision to attack Poland in advance? Was Mussolini in favour?
1
vote
1answer
122 views

How do historians decide who to refer to as 'the allies?'

In many major wars one side has been branded collectively as the allies. In WWI and WWII we refer to the American/British coalition as the allies. I have heard Rome both fighting against the 'allies' ...
14
votes
4answers
828 views

Size of Viking armies and raiding parties in 9th-10th centuries?

I am watching the Vikings series, and although I don't consider it a historically accurate series, I noticed somethings that I am curious about. The series takes place in the late 8th century, ...
2
votes
0answers
40 views

How did the Railway Engines get to the Rainhill Trials?

The five locomotives that took part in the Rainhill Trials came from all over the UK. How were they transported to Rainhill? The rail network was pretty much non-existent, so presumably by road. I ...
0
votes
0answers
58 views

Did the rebels in the War of American Independence acknowledge the English Civil War rebels as an influence on their thinking?

I asked before about Cromwell, who it seems was viewed negatively. What about the ideas of people like the Levellers, or more general republican ideas that existed in England at that time?
8
votes
2answers
1k views

Did Gandhi ever make a comment about Islam?

Gandhi famously said about Christians: I like your Christ, I do not like your Christians. Your Christians are so unlike your Christ. I realise that in his time the Indian subcontinent was being ...
9
votes
2answers
1k views

Which city was attacked by Nazi-German war flights in India during WW2?

Nazi-Germany ran a bombing raid over India, in WW2. Which city was bombed, and what effect did it have? i.e how many casualties, or was transport closed down.
13
votes
3answers
5k views

Economic effects of the Cuban Revolution

What were the economic effects of the Cuban Revolution? Were living conditions improved for the average Cuban? I'm looking for objective criteria like average income, wealth distribution, life ...
13
votes
5answers
2k views

How compare the rights and conditions of the American slaves to those of Russian serfs?

How compare the rights and conditions of the 19-th century American slaves to those of the 19-th century Russian serfs?
4
votes
2answers
159 views

Did early nineteenth century commoners know their royalty?

I'm wondering if European commoners in the early nineteenth century knew who their royalty was. I'm sure not all of them would have recognized them face to face because there may have been little ...
6
votes
2answers
198 views

Where can I find more information on the Katyn massacre?

I want to research the Katyn massacre; I've reviewed the Memo from Beria to Stalin, proposing execution of Polish officers. Are other documents (e.g. protocols of NKVD, logistics) available? Why are ...
60
votes
12answers
16k views

Why didn't Imperial Japan attack the Soviet Union during World War 2?

Japan and the Soviet Union shared a common border in Manchuria and the German invasion of the Soviet Union weakened the Soviets greatly. In view of the advantages to Japan in seeing the Soviet Union ...
65
votes
9answers
14k views

Why did archery not make a comeback when armor was phased out in the 18th century?

Even if we account for the argument that it is much more tedious to train a man to use a bow than a musket, why then did the arbalest not make a comeback? Its effective range - reportedly at 300m, is ...
3
votes
2answers
72 views

Which culture first referenced bigfoot?

Bigfoot and Sasquatch have a lot of tales and history in different regions. What was the first point of reference for these stories/sightings. Also to make this a little clearer. Can we just throw ...
18
votes
4answers
850 views

Did Arab policymakers have plans for the Jewish population, in case of victory in 1948 War?

Presumably the Arab goal in the 1948 Arab-Israeli war was to defeat Israel. Total victory would probably mean the total control of the whole Mandatory Palestine, which at this point already contained ...
1
vote
2answers
90 views

Did the University of California and University of Geneva award honorary degrees to Inazo Nitobe?

According to Inazo Nitobe (author of "Bushido: The Soul of Japan") timelines written in Japanese, he was awarded honorary degrees from "University of California" (Kariforunia Daigaku, カリフォルニア大学) in ...
1
vote
1answer
169 views

What does the phrase “Vietnam, the mixture of up and down” mean?

I bought this lighter today and it's supposed to be in the style of what soldiers fighting in Vietnam carried. I don't understand the quote on the back, though.
15
votes
3answers
787 views

Why did the French nobility adopt Calvinism?

The Wikipedia article on the French Wars of Religion says that the Calvinist form of Protestantism, in particular, spread into the nobility. Now, I'd like to know why is that, and not Lutheranism for ...
4
votes
0answers
95 views

Can anyone identify this sword guard?

I dug this sword guard while I was metal detecting at a Revolutionary War site. I have been researching for days and asking for assistance on other forums but I have not had any success. I would ...
8
votes
1answer
1k views

First US police officer killed in the line of duty

Who was the first US police officer killed in the line of duty? When and where did it take place? By US police officer, I mean any active-duty police officer working for any force in the US ...
-1
votes
0answers
68 views

Identification of a 1900s-1910s building

This post card reminds me of a military school like West Point or maybe a 19th century prison. It looks familiar so I feel it might be well known to the general population. It was found in an antique ...
10
votes
4answers
460 views

How to validate a historical source

You can learn and understand history various ways such as learning in a university, reading books, being taught by someone with a background in history, watching TV, browsing the internet, or, in my ...
8
votes
2answers
2k views

Why didn't China try to explore or colonize the Americas? [closed]

The Ming Dynasty had, reportedly, one of the largest navies in the world during the 15th and 16th centuries, which is when the "New World" was being "discovered" by Europeans. They also had made ...

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