0
votes
2answers
181 views

How many words were written before Gutenberg [closed]

Suppose there was a library containing all books ever written before Gutenberg. I exclude books that have been lost, but include books that have survived only in copy. How many total words were in ...
9
votes
1answer
351 views

Who was Balavignus?

I was reading up on some history on the Black Death and came across the name "Balavignus". He was a Jewish doctor who urged people to apply hygienic measures, based on some biblical verses in ...
4
votes
1answer
171 views

Identification of Aircraft, Weimar, Germany, May, 1945

Identification of Aircraft, Weimar, Germany, May, 1945. ck.imgur.com/S83TI.jpg
6
votes
1answer
192 views

Are there any known instances of sub-Saharan African democracy before European colonialism?

I've been reading up on pre-Athenian democracy (sometimes referred to as primitive or tribal democracy) where leaders were selected by some or most members of a group and were subject to established ...
33
votes
4answers
4k views

Which year in history had the highest ratio of non-natural deaths?

A silly question maybe but wondering which year in history was the bloodiest? Is it one of the last two years of WWII? Or are there any other such bloody time in history? I only wish to include ...
3
votes
0answers
109 views

India and Egypt: What enables a culture to endure? [closed]

What traits exist in Indian Hindu culture to allow it to persevere to the present day that did not exist in Egypt from ~3100 BCE to ~30 BCE? EDIT by Alex: What destroyed Egyptian civilization? ...
10
votes
1answer
173 views

In Canada, is it true that when Mormons first arrived (1887) they weren't allowed to settle within 50km of Lethbridge?

In 1886, a Mormon named Charles Card was directed by the then President on the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, John Taylor, to go north and find a suitable settlement site in Canada. In ...
7
votes
4answers
2k views

If the heir to a Kingdom is called Crown Prince, what is the heir to a Duchy called?

Just like the title said. What a heir to a hereditary Duchy is called? (as opposed to someone appointed by a King). I mean a Duchy where the Duke inherited his title to his son/daughter. Since the ...
1
vote
0answers
103 views

Is there a process name for islanders becoming unisolated?

Basically I would like to know if there is an official term for the process which an independent island would undertake once reaching the point in societal/technological development to travel to other ...
-2
votes
0answers
135 views

Is there any evidence for mass conversion to either the Greek or Roman religion? [closed]

Christianity is a proselytizing religion. Is there any evidence that the Romans or Greeks sent out missionaries? Is there any evidence of mass conversions after either the Romans or Greeks conquered ...
4
votes
1answer
180 views

Why have North and South Korea stopped marching together at the Olympics?

In the 2000 Sydney Olympics, we saw the teams of North and South Korea marching together. This was repeated for the 2004 and 2006 (Winter) Olympics. This didn't happen in 2008 (and we can understand ...
2
votes
1answer
100 views

Why was the British University Grants Committee abolished in 1988?

Wikipedia says that: The UGC was wound up on 1 April 1989, with its powers transferred to a new body, the Universities Funding Council, which was directly responsible to Parliament. But it's ...
1
vote
0answers
43 views

Pow Wow's in North America -

Were there great pow wows that brought together Aztec-Yaqui -Tarahumara with those of the northern tribes like the Zuni -Hopi -Navajo ?
3
votes
0answers
75 views

What distinguishes the mesolithic period from neolithic and paleolithic

It seems like neolithic is distinguishable by the fact that it involves the development of agriculture and all of the advancements that came with that. Paleolithic is a very long period that ...
2
votes
1answer
114 views

Why did Bierut threaten to murder families of those who did not join him?

My knowledge is very small on this. Boleslaw Bierut was a Polish Communist leader who became the President of Poland after the Soviet takeover of the country, in the aftermath of WW2 as Wikipedia ...
2
votes
3answers
292 views

Did medieval guards wear heavy armor for long periods of time?

We've all seen guards in movies walking around with full plate mail, clunking with each step. Now, I know that plate mail was much more mobile, and much less heavy, than movies and literature imply. ...
8
votes
2answers
330 views

When did “whites only” signs (racial segregation) become illegal in the USA?

I'm trying to find out when racial segregation and specifically "whites only" signs became illegal in the USA. Researching Wikipedia has not led me to a clear conclusion. It seems like segregation ...
0
votes
3answers
159 views

The taboo of premarital sex for women [closed]

It seems historically in almost all societies and cultures, premarital sex for women of high standing has been frowned upon. Only in Western societies after the 1960s did it become acceptable and the ...
-2
votes
1answer
168 views

Why did the Arab spring and Iranian Green movement failed for the most part, but the European revolution did not? [closed]

Why did the Arab spring back a few years ago failed for the most part, the Iranian green movement didn't get the result it wanted, but the European revolutions (such as the French revolution, ...
4
votes
2answers
110 views

Were any of the historical figures of the American Civil War close at West Point?

I know many of them went to West Point around the same time. Do we know about their collegiate interactions with each other? Were Lee and Grant friends? Did Stonewall ever prank Custer?
2
votes
0answers
80 views

Why was “Belgium” Anglicized as such? [closed]

The country of Belgium derives its name from Gallia Belgica, the Roman province. This led to "België" in Dutch, "Belgique" in French, and "Belgium" in English. Why was the Latin word Anglicized this ...
5
votes
2answers
374 views

Where did Metternich say the Balkans began?

Statesman and politician of Austrian Empire, Klemens von Metternich made somewhere his famous remark that "Balkan already begins on some road south from Vienna". Does anybody knows where was that ...
1
vote
0answers
66 views

Historical use of air guns in major battle?

In the 18 century some armies of Europe had air guns to their disposal. I remember that during some major battle sharpshooters from Tirol used air guns with deadly effect on troops from opponent side, ...
4
votes
1answer
89 views

Street Team Games played by boys in Balkans of early 20th Century

In today's world, probably the most typical neighborhood game played in teams by boys in most countries is football (soccer). I would like to ask what were the team Games played by boys (let's say ...
10
votes
2answers
268 views

When and how did the presidents of states became governors in the U.S.A?

In the earliest days of the U.S.A., the heads of the governments of some of the states were called governors and those of some states were called presidents (hence the U.S. Constitution refers to the ...
6
votes
2answers
165 views

How did people count before Fibonacci published Liber Abbaci?

Counting as we know it, including zero as a number, was brought to the traders and merchants of Europe by Leonardo of Pisa (whom we now know as Fibonacci) by his book "Liber Abbaci" in 1202. This ...
0
votes
1answer
70 views

Trying to identify this famous person. Young Johnny Unitas?

I was told by a friend that it looked like a young Johnny Unitas
-2
votes
1answer
94 views

Were there established “denominations” for coins of different metals in ancient times? [closed]

Nowadays, the value of a coin doesn't really have any relation to the value of its metal content. However, the earliest metal coins were presumably used because of their inherent value, being made of ...
3
votes
0answers
87 views

When Were Morions Last Worn By Spanish Soldiers?

Around when were morions last worn by Spanish soldiers, particularly in the Western Hemisphere? I can't find much about this online. I'm also wondering what they were replaced with at the time.
7
votes
3answers
255 views

When did last names start being used, and who introduced the concept?

It's interesting that people from long ago were often only known for their only name, such as Socrates, Jesus, and Constantine I. But in our current society, almost everyone has a first name and a ...
1
vote
0answers
94 views

When and where first it became usual that the ID Card holder signed his card?

Just to explain how this question came into my mind: There's a common joke which I read on Moroccan Website which goes like this: A man hit his wife because when he saw her ID-Card he found the ...
3
votes
0answers
116 views

Did some Roman/Pompeiian houses have atria for slaves?

According to Wikipedia (https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/House_of_the_Vettii) the House of the Vettii brothers had two atria, one specifically for slaves. Servants' quarters are to one side off ...
1
vote
1answer
119 views

What is Lorenzo de' Medici holding in this painting?

Recently someone I know visited the Palazzo Pitti in Florence, Italy. I'm told this painting of Lorenzo de' Medici by Girolamo Macchietti hangs there. We've been unable to figure out what he's holding ...
1
vote
1answer
182 views

Has the US ever held a referendum? Would it be possible according to the constitution? [closed]

Many western countries (Switzerland more than anyone) now and then arrange referendum about issues like membership in the EU, or keeping or abolishing military conscription, or whether or not to shift ...
8
votes
1answer
229 views

What happend to the other Kaabas?

According to Muslim historians and others the nowadays known Kaaba/Cube الكعبة wasn't unique, and so apparently there have been many Kaabas around in the Arabic Peninsula, but the one in Mecca ...
6
votes
1answer
242 views

Before iron was common, what did common people use for door hinges?

Door hinges are very old, but they've usually been made out of iron or bronze. Before metal was widely available and inexpensive, what did common people use for door hinges?
9
votes
1answer
113 views

Land Ownership in Palestine - Big Landlords or Small Peasants?

I have seen pro Arab sources cite surveys like these (see image) that demonstrate that most of the privately owned in Palestine land belonged to Arabs. I have seen Israeli sources assert that much of ...
2
votes
1answer
123 views

What happened to the Swiss troops in French service after August 10, 1792?

We know that the Swiss guards were disbanded in the aftermath of the Assault on the Tuileries, on August 10, 1792, and all other Swiss troops in French service followed soon thereafter. We also know ...
16
votes
4answers
2k views

How were the British and French armies invited into Belgium in 1914?

In August of 1914 Belgium refused entry to the German army, which then invaded Belgium. Apparently Belgium then invited the British and French armies into its territories, leading to Belgium becoming ...
13
votes
2answers
185 views

When was the change from kalends, ides and nones to numbers

The Romans named the days of the month by counting down to kalends, ides and nones. We use numbers counting up from one for the first day of the month. When did this change take place? I assume that ...
6
votes
1answer
273 views

Why were the ship names “Scharnhorst” and “Gneisenau” used together?

In the German Navy (both the Kaiserliche Marine and Kriegsmarine), the two ship names of Scharnhorst and Gneisenau were used together for sister ships; for example the SMS Scharnhorst and Gneisenau ...
7
votes
1answer
300 views

Which calendar to use in English for non-European countries?

When a modern historian is writing about European history in the English language, I know it is customary to use either the Julian or Gregorian calendar, whichever was in force in the time and place ...
2
votes
1answer
383 views

How were peasant houses constructed in medieval England?

What was the typical construction material and process for a house in medieval England? Specifically, for a typical farming serf, operating a few acres of land. This question is meant as a ...
3
votes
1answer
163 views

Why didn't SW Virginia join West Virginia?

When West Virginia seceded from Virginia, how come the southwestern part of what is now the Commonwealth of Virginia didn't join West Virginia when they are geographically and culturally a lot more ...
2
votes
0answers
124 views

Special name for two rows of knights with raised swords?

Is there a special name to describe the formation of knights that form a row of arches with their swords (for a special person to walk through)? Was such a formation historically accurate, or only ...
0
votes
0answers
16 views

When was the change from kalends, ides and nones to numbers [duplicate]

The Romans named the days of the month by counting down to kalends, ides and nones. We use numbers counting up from one for the first day of the month. When did this change take place? I assume that ...
4
votes
1answer
129 views

How did India become a founding member of the UN?

I was looking at the list of founding members of the United Nations, and I was surprised to see that India is in that list. India was a part of the British Empire in 1945 and became independent only ...
5
votes
1answer
144 views

Why did not UK assist Greece for 1919 war?

Why did not UK assist Greece against Turks for 1919 war? Greece had family bonds with UK hierarchy. But there is no significant assist by UK during the war for Greece. As far as I know UK armies were ...
6
votes
1answer
49 views

Where did the French National Constituent Assembly meet on August 4, 1789?

Where did the National Constituent Assembly decide to abolish feudalism? I read that the National Constituent Assembly did not meet in a specific place. Therefore I want to know where they met in ...
9
votes
0answers
110 views

What is the band beneath Nefertitis crown?

I'm sure I read somewhere that the yellow band at the bottom of the crown was a sweatband and not part of the crown itself. Is this true? Would this be linen that is wrapped around the forehead ...

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