8
votes
2answers
147 views

Why is no one claiming the title of Caliph?

The Ottoman Caliphate was abolished in 1924 by a reform from Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, and then the title was claimed by Hejaz. Soon, however, the kingdom was annexed by the neighbor Nejd, the two of ...
1
vote
4answers
153 views

Effects of the successful defense of the Soviet Union against Germany on the opening of the western front in WW2

I remember reading somewhere that the Allies (USA/UK) was not really keen on opening a second front to help the Soviet Union until the Soviets started to make progress in defeating Germany around ...
5
votes
2answers
71 views

What exactly were currours, and what were they used for?

In researching this question on Medieval light cavalry, I came across this reference to "currours" in Wikipedia, with no link: Many countries developed their own styles of light cavalry, such as ...
12
votes
0answers
115 views

The riddle of Marco's Millions

The question is asked in the context of theories about the use of 'millions' or 'milioni' in association with Marco Polo and the reason for the use of the word as the Italian title for his book, known ...
4
votes
3answers
135 views

Has there been other settlements in occupied territories in recent history?

The issue of Israeli settlements in the West Bank (and other territories) is quite controversial, including its legality and its impact on the peace process. I'm wondering if there was any similar ...
3
votes
2answers
536 views

What is a knight of the windmill?

In Thomas Paine's The American Crisis, while ridiculing Sir William Howe and his recently obtained knighthood, said: As a proper preliminary towards the arrangement of your funeral honors, we ...
4
votes
2answers
784 views

Light cavalry in medieval western Europe?

What sorts of light cavalry were there in high (1300s) medieval western Europe (England and France)? I mean more like non ranged troops. I know that all soldiers likely owned a horse for transport, ...
0
votes
1answer
140 views

Were the borders of British India deliberately poorly demarcated?

In India (at least), the British authorities demarcated its borders in a very poor way. For example: Siachen was neither given to Pakistan nor to India. Aksai Chin was not demarcated; they ...
3
votes
1answer
82 views

What populations have been denied the ability to leave a territory, so that its goverment could kill them?

There are well known examples such as Jewish populations in WW2, and some of the ethnic minorities in Khmer Rouge Cambodia, who although considered an enemy population, were prevented from leaving a ...
2
votes
0answers
33 views

When was the first recorded use of hospital readmissions as a summary statistic?

When was the first recorded use, or the first recorded intention of use of hospital readmissions as a summary statistic? A hospital readmission (also called a rehospitalization) is defined as a ...
-2
votes
1answer
143 views

Why do Egyptian people look like a mixed Black & White? [closed]

I am Asian but living in Area in Australia that has many Egyptian people, I just feel very strange that Egyptian people look really like a mix between Black & White. How come that happened in ...
1
vote
1answer
203 views

How was Alexander the Great able to rule so much territory?

Alexander the Great conquered so much territory so quickly that I'm always surprised he was able to maintain control of it as his army pushed further east. What kept territories from reverting to ...
1
vote
2answers
105 views

Explaining the data in the 2004 Republican primary results

So even a casual observer of American primary elections understands that it's rare for a sitting American president to face any kind of challenge in election primary season, in recent history at ...
5
votes
1answer
63 views

What was the role of a 'Tidy Man' and what might their duties have been?

In Hawthorne's 'Main Street' I came across the following passage: there goes the tithingman, lugging in a couple ot small boys, whom he has caught at play beneath God's blessed sunshine, in a back ...
9
votes
10answers
2k views

Nazism and Jewish persecution awareness during the WW2 years [closed]

I've always wondered how is it possible that an entire nation and beyond (Germany) wasn't aware of the Jewish persecution during the WW2 years or, if they were, that they did nothing to stop it. Were ...
8
votes
0answers
84 views

How accurate is quantitative evidence included in Caesar's Commentarii de Bello Gallico?

Two pieces of evidence in relation to Caesar's Comentarii de Bello Gallico currently seem to suggest two different conclusions as to the authors veracity in reporting numbers. One is from a comment ...
1
vote
1answer
96 views

Is Maxwell really owner of Maxwell's Equations?

Maxwell's equations are four equations known to Maxwell; but it seems to me that they are GFAM's (Gauss-Faraday-Ampere-Maxwell's) Equations. Why are they then called only Maxwell's Equations!?
0
votes
1answer
155 views

Did any other countries try to breed a race out like what happened in Australia? [closed]

In Australia's History, the Europeans tried to breed out Aboriginals colour by pairing a Aboriginal Woman with a White Man. They did this because they believed... That Aboriginals were a dying race ...
1
vote
0answers
37 views

Have Paralympics been the specific target of boycotts?

Prior to Sochi, have countries completely or partially boycotted Paralympic games as a political protest in and of itself, without it being the follow-on of the Olympics being boycotted? Non-example: ...
1
vote
0answers
71 views

Why are Indian states divided based on language [closed]

Why are Indian states divided on the basis of language? Is this kind of division followed only in India or are there other countries as well which are divided like this?
0
votes
1answer
109 views

Which language is oldest in India? [closed]

Which language is oldest in India?
8
votes
1answer
1k views

How many Germans were killed in action in the taking of Paris, 1940?

Could the following possibly be true? Quote from Andrew Roberts, The Storm of War, 2009, p. 330: The original quote can be found here: The Beginning of the Road, by Vasili I. Chuikov, p. 158. ...
11
votes
3answers
266 views

Roughly, what percentage of arrows can be reused after a battle?

The English Longbowman according to some sources can shoot at/above 10 arrows per minute. Some of the medieval battles would last for many hours. Back-of-the-envelope math says the number of shots ...
8
votes
2answers
229 views

What is the equivalent in France of the “Victorian era”?

By Victorian era I mean the moral rigidity and the dominance of the bourgeoisie. We had the same culture in France but I can't find the proper term to phrase it. For example how would you translate ...
4
votes
1answer
78 views

When were Roman Emperor's faces placed on coins?

During an emperor's reign, were coins (i.e. sestertii) minted the year they became emperors, the year they stopped being emperors, or right in the middle?
6
votes
1answer
112 views

Who started trams in Delhi?

This TOI article says ' trams started operating in Delhi on March 6, 1908, at the behest of Lord Hardinge.' But Lord Hardinge became Viceroy of India in 1910. And it was Lord Minto who was the ...
9
votes
0answers
123 views

What currently existing IT companies collaborated with Nazi Germany or Fascist Italy?

I am aware that IBM has designed the tabulator machines to calculate information dealing with the extermination of Jews, but are there any other currently existing corporations which have helped Nazi ...
1
vote
0answers
36 views

What difference is between “seigneurie” and “manor”?

In the Spanish/Austrian Low Countries a change in the ancient coat of arms of a seigneurie could not be made except by authorization of sovereign. The coat of arms of a noble family could be ...
3
votes
1answer
75 views

How much did Shah Jahan spend on Taj Mahal?

I have watched(on TV) that the spending on Taj Mahal was so huge that it brought misery to the kingdom. So how much did Shah Jahan actually spend?(in whichever monetary unit you think is ...
5
votes
3answers
341 views

Effect of propaganda during the American War of Independence

In what way did propaganda play a part in the solidifying of American identity in the American War of Independence, and how was propaganda used by the British at home to generate support for the war? ...
1
vote
1answer
45 views

What tactic/strategy won Napoleon the six-day campaign

I am using this source: http://www.napoleonsims.com/battles/battles.htm#Fr1814 From the overall statistics, I see that Napoleon was outnumbered 1:10 (!) but still managed to win because he attacked ...
3
votes
1answer
47 views

Napoleon's Dresden Victory Double-Flank attack

I know that Napoleon used a double flank attack against the armies at Dresden; and wasn't doing well in the center until a cannonball hit a renowned leader which demoralized the Allied army. My ...
1
vote
1answer
68 views

What was Wilson's mistake in the 1918 Congressional election?

Keynes writes in The Economic Consequences of the Peace that The President's mistaken policy over the Congressional election had weakened his personal position in his own country, and it was by ...
3
votes
1answer
219 views

Was the speed of the attack at Jena critical to victory?

[i narrowed the focus of my original post] Many sources explain that the Prussian army was not anticipating the entire French force in the battle of Jena during the Napoleonic Wars. My question is ...
1
vote
2answers
66 views

How did the human capacity to manipulate the physical and social world change in Europe between 1400 to 1700? [closed]

How did the human capacity to manipulate the physical and social world change in Europe between 1400 to 1700? In particular I am looking for significant change, as agreed by historians, in terms of ...
2
votes
1answer
51 views

Were Magellan's wife and kids held hostage?

I feel like I read somewhere that, in an attempt to make sure Ferdinand Magellan returned to Spain, King Charles held his wife and kids hostage (or at least kept them in the area) until he returned ...
5
votes
1answer
327 views

What language does this look like?

I was hoping someone here could help tell me what language this is? The hint for this is Mary Queen of Scots, but I have no background in historical languages, and was hoping maybe someone here does. ...
8
votes
2answers
178 views

Roman navy propelled by animals instead of human rowers?

I have read one brief account of military planning around the time of Roman emperor Constantine the Great (272 – 337) whereby the Roman navy's rowers could have been substituted by animals (source ...
3
votes
1answer
49 views

Provinces and Dioceses in the late roman empire contrasted with those of the church

I have been frustrated by the following issue. In the structure of the late roman empire, provinces were grouped into diocese, which were in turn grouped into praetorian prefectures. The civilian ...
6
votes
1answer
136 views

What happened to the US Army Camel Corps?

What happened to the US Army Camel Corps? Did the Camel Corps fight in the civil war? If it was closed down, what happened to the camels?
2
votes
1answer
95 views

Usage of “native American” in the 18th Century

I have a case of an 18th century white man referring to his nationality as native American, meaning he was born in America. This is on his census form. Was this usage common? For clarity: I'm asking ...
2
votes
5answers
169 views

What name is taken if a man marries into a noble house?

In regards to marrying into noble houses, if a noble man marries a noble woman from a different house, I would assume one of two things happens: 1. The woman takes the man's name and the two houses ...
2
votes
2answers
83 views

What specifc training occurred for members of medieval military orders?

What were the dominant martial and clerical themes to the training of knights in medieval military orders? Were there specific fighting or training techniques, or weapons, adopted to meet religious ...
-1
votes
1answer
116 views

Why is Jewish God so Popular? [closed]

The jews do not prolyselytes at all. In fact, originally, Yahweh, is Jewish national god. Jewish scripture almost never claim unambiguously that Yahweh is god of all beings. He never complains about ...
4
votes
2answers
136 views

What was the fighting style & equipment of troops in Eastern Europe & the Baltics in the 13th Century?

I want to know about fighting styles and equipment of fighting men roughly around 13th century in the Baltic/Slavic area of Europe. I'd particularly like to find out about cultures that were prominent ...
8
votes
1answer
88 views

Did any commoners become prince-electors during the Holy Roman Empire?

Emperors of the Holy Roman Empire (962–1806) were elected by a set circle of prince-electors. Among them were both secular electors as well as the archbishops of Mainz, Trier, and Cologne. In ...
-1
votes
1answer
74 views

Why did the nation of Iran support the Vietnam, Iraq and Afghanistan Wars?

There seems to be a cold war between the USA and Iran, but they have supported each other in many wars. Why?
8
votes
6answers
1k views

Is every major culture in the same year?

In the Western world the current year is 2014, which is the number of years since the birth of the Christian messiah. Given that Christianity is not the dominant religion in every part of the world, I ...
4
votes
1answer
127 views

Why did silver gain prominence in trade over gold in Early Medieval Europe?

After the Roman Empire's slow decline, and its withdrawal from much of northern Europe (France, Germany, Britain), gold coin use seems to have declined to the point where it would be a rare to see ...
6
votes
0answers
45 views

Clauses against unifications in peace treaties

I have learned in school that the Treaty of Versailles (after World War I in 1919) contained a clause that forbade unification of Germany and Austria. Presumably it is Article 80: Germany ...

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