7
votes
1answer
106 views

Which tax year was used to identify former Confederates belonging to the $20,000 exception of the 1865 Amnesty Proclamation?

The Amnesty Proclamation of 1865 granted near-universal amnesty to former Confederates in exchange for taking a loyalty oath; however, fourteen classes of individuals were excepted from amnesty, ...
4
votes
2answers
207 views

Why didn't the Chinese repeating crossbow dominate?

Why didn't this devastating machine gun dominate the world? This fires faster than early musketeers.
1
vote
0answers
49 views

Regulations on women in Vedic India [closed]

I have came across lot of more-religious-less-historic books pertaining to history, which claim that the position of women from the beginning of Vedic civilisation, was ascribed by the scriptures, or ...
3
votes
1answer
151 views

Why were Chinese divisions undersized?

Reading the orders of battle for the Second Sino-Japanese War, it seems that in the major battles, the Chinese side consistently fields large numbers of divisions, but not as many total troops as that ...
12
votes
2answers
186 views

What were the effects of Bushido on Japan after the Meiji Restoration?

As part of the Meiji Restoration, the samurai class was abolished and their members enrolled as shizoku under the new regime. While their ancient privileges were lost, the former samurai continued to ...
7
votes
2answers
222 views

What happened to the belongings of fallen Roman soldiers?

It seems that soldiers in Rome were very well paid, even after all their running costs and other expenses were removed. What I'm curious to know is where would a soldier have kept his excess funds, ...
8
votes
2answers
789 views

How can the value of older currencies be expressed in modern units? How is the conversion rate calculated? [duplicate]

We can pretty often read something like.. "He owned this sum of silver/gold which is equal to this sum of dollars in our time." But how is this calculated? How can you know what a 1000 dollars was in ...
-3
votes
1answer
85 views

What were the origins of the Bulgarian people? [closed]

In my home history lessons and books it is stated that Bulgarians and Hungarians were, in earlier times, pure Turks but they lost their Turkish features over time when they met Christendom. Really, ...
14
votes
1answer
349 views

Who was the richest person in the world at the start and end of WW2?

Who was the richest person in the world when the World war II started and when it ended? Was it the same person? If so, how did the war years affect his wealth?
8
votes
2answers
540 views

Did c.1900 France have a law against foreign government resisting its conquest?

I found this picture in Wikipedia (its copyright expired so it can be reproduced here): The caption says: Execution of Prince Ratsimamanga and the Minister of the Interior under order of ...
1
vote
0answers
55 views

How did French people greet in 1400? [closed]

How did French people greet in 1400? In particular I'm looking for french expressions that a peasant like Saint Joan of Arc could have used to greet a friend.
2
votes
0answers
65 views

How successful was the Anti-Imperialist League?

America's imperialist era was characterized by informal empires and the annexation of various states, such as the Philippines. Eventually people such as William J Bryan found out about the immoral ...
2
votes
1answer
199 views

How did the German royal families lose power so quickly in 1918? What happened to them afterwards?

Before 1918, Germany was a federal empire. According to this Wikipedia article, The German Empire consisted of 27 constituent territories, with most being ruled by royal families. This included ...
4
votes
1answer
95 views

Origin of the “Tartar” troops in the First Opium War

During the First Opium War, on the march to Peking, many of the battles that occurred did not involve Chinese soldiers, but fighters that the British described as "Tartars," being vaguely described as ...
3
votes
0answers
84 views

What's Mussolini's first known statement about Hitler?

Hitler became internationally known after the beer hall putsch in 1923. When did he first come to Mussolini's attention, and what did he say?
1
vote
0answers
51 views

Did any Chinese warlord claim the mantle of the Beiyang government after 1928?

In 1928 Beiyang government was replaced by the Nationalists, with its last leader, Zhang Xueliang, agreeing to submit to the Nationalist government. But did any warlord cling to the symbols etc for ...
7
votes
2answers
205 views

Are there any antisemitic caricatures from France during the interwar period?

I am looking for antisemitic caricatures in France between the two World Wars. I can find examples both from before and after, e.g. ones related to the Dreyfus case, but none during this period. Are ...
0
votes
1answer
94 views

What year or period do the clothes on Professor Binns ghost belong in? [closed]

According to this Pottermore picture, this is what Professor Binns wore when he died. For those not fans of Harry Potter, the context is: He served as a History Professor in a private boarding ...
11
votes
8answers
666 views

How to rebut Holocaust denial argument?

I came across a Holocaust denier who claims that there is a plaque outside Auschwitz which says that the Nazis murdered 1.5 million people there (mostly Jewish). However, the plaque used to say 4 ...
4
votes
2answers
178 views

Decyphering Versal in Book of Kells

Apologies if this is not the appropriate forum for my question. I have problems decyphering the first versal on folio 179v in the Book of Kells. I suspect it stand for Jesus? If yes, which letters ...
19
votes
3answers
4k views

What did English people really say when knighting someone?

A while ago I curiously looked up this question and found out that people did not say "I dub thee..." or "Arise..." to him who was being made a knight, but instead used a Latin phrase which I forget. ...
9
votes
1answer
212 views

What does D·G·R·IMP·S·A·G·H·B·REX·A·A·B·L·D stand for?

I came across a medal commemorating the coronation of Leopold II as Holy Roman Emperor in 1790. The inscription on the obverse of the medal is: LEOPOLDUS II D·G·R·IMP·S·A·G·H·B·REX·A·A·B·L·D· With ...
2
votes
0answers
95 views

How was Virginia transformed from a society with slaves, to a slave society? [closed]

Not sure what the main answer to this question. I know Bacon's rebellion changed the lives of many poor whites with no land. Also, there were the slave laws which I need to do more research on.
10
votes
3answers
324 views

Why was slavery profitable in the Southern colonies and not New England?

Why didn't Colonists in New England import massive numbers of Slaves?
0
votes
1answer
56 views

Why did the Athenian expedition to Scicily fail? [closed]

Was the Athenian expedition to Sicily during the Peloponnesian war a strategic failure, a tactical failure or both?
0
votes
0answers
22 views

Tomb for Charles V (of france) and Jeanne de Bourbon in Saint Denis?

Can someone provide me with the location of the tomb for Charles V and Jeanne de Bourbon in Saint Denis ? To specify my question: I know that the tomb was located in the chapel of the virgin, but ...
2
votes
1answer
151 views

A Principality within England

Ages ago I came across a brief mention on the Web of a principality existing briefly within England. It was made up of the County Cheshire and some surrounding territory. I think it was created by ...
18
votes
2answers
2k views

What was the tactical benefit of using flamethrowers as weapons?

I often hear stories of flamethrower troops storming the beaches of Iwo Jima and burning bunkers full of troops. But isn't it more risky to carry a tank of flammable liquid with limited fuel and ...
-1
votes
2answers
92 views

Evidence for appealing to the divine as a means of influencing behavior [closed]

Appealing to the divine is a convenient way of making the subjective, objective. For example: Person A: You should never commit adultery. Person B: But adultery is perfectly acceptable to me. ...
7
votes
0answers
77 views

How were people outcasted in 17th century Japan? [closed]

I am currently writing a story themed with revenge and isolation. The two main characters are a teenage girl living in an ordinary 17th-century Japanese village and an elf man with no memories, who ...
1
vote
1answer
142 views

What was the primary reason for the rise and success of the Roman republic / empire? [closed]

The Roman republic and its successor, the Roman empire, were extremely successful. The territory of the empire did encompass several times the size of the early republic. What was the primary cause ...
-1
votes
2answers
126 views

Did the cost ineffectiveness the V2 and V1 rocket program actually matter to the Nazis? [closed]

I've been doing a fair bit of research about the V2 rockets lately, and frequently came across the comment that the V2 and V1 rocket program was hugely cost inefficient, but did it really matter to ...
5
votes
3answers
270 views

Was Otto Carius fair in his assessment of American forces vs. Russians?

In his book "Tigers in the Mud", Otto Carius talks about his experiences in the western front (mostly spent inside the Ruhr Pocket) with great disdain. Some quotes: We were used to an opponent the ...
-2
votes
1answer
141 views

Did Heinrich Schliemann discover Troy?

The story so far: Historians tentatively agreed that the city of Troy should be sought at the south end of the Trojan Plain. Schliemann, a wealthy businessman and Homer enthusiast, in collaboration ...
0
votes
1answer
104 views

Would the USA staying out of WWI have prevented WWII? [closed]

A while back, I heard a historian talking about World War II, and he said that the whole thing would never have broken out if the USA had maintained its original isolationist position during World War ...
4
votes
1answer
141 views

What happened to schizophrenics in the USSR?

I'm looking for information on people who were unable to work because of schizophrenia or other major mental illness. Does anyone know what happened to them in the USSR?
-3
votes
3answers
193 views

Did Jews commit crimes in Germany before 1939 that led Nazis to demonize them? [duplicate]

Did Jews commit mass crimes, atrocities, mass shootings, or a higher percentage of crimes than other Germans, during the time in Germany before World War II that antagonized Nazis into demonizing them ...
5
votes
0answers
57 views

What were the sources of Jewish immigration to Israel between 1939-1951?

Which countries did Israeli Jews emigrate from in 1939-1951 ? This table is incomplete (for example, it only shows the origin of ~3000 in 1948). Is better data available (preferably online) ?
2
votes
0answers
60 views

What type of opportunity seemed to be the most prevalent in attracting immigrants? [closed]

I'm trying to pinpoint (if it even is specific) the opportunities that people will leave everything in order to have. At first I thought this happens when people move far away to go to college, or to ...
3
votes
1answer
109 views

Is this a Caesar silver coin

A friend showed me a coin he found a number of years a go, but it is hard to identify if it is a Roman coin. (having problems updating the image) Can someone help me identify when it is from?
7
votes
1answer
83 views

How was the lower chamber of the Japanese Imperial Diet elected under the Meiji constitution?

During the period 1868-1945, Japan was ruled under the "constitution of the empire of Japan" better known as the "Meiji constitution". Under this constitution, the Imperial Diet was the legislature ...
-1
votes
1answer
91 views

How did WWII change the GDPs of the great empires of the world?

According to wikipedia some of the greatest European empires seemed to peak in GDP in 1938. I assume that it was WWII that caused declines in the GDPs of these empires. If this indeed the case, then ...
3
votes
1answer
266 views

Why are most monarchies in Europe of German descent?

When we look at existing monarchies in Europe, following are of German descent: Royal Family of Belgium Royal Family of United Kingdom Royal Family of Denmark Royal Family of Liechtenstein Royal ...
6
votes
3answers
144 views

To what extent is the independence of India a result of Indian Independence Movement?

India received independence from the British Empire in 1947. It had a long history of independence movement, stretching from 19th century, but it had gained a massive support only from 1910-1920. The ...
21
votes
3answers
4k views

Why was the Aztec Empire known as an Empire?

Wikipedia defines an Empire as following: The term "empire" does not have a precise definition, but is generally applied to political entities that are considered to be especially large by the ...
-5
votes
1answer
98 views

Apart from the obvious ones, what were a single free woman's job options in the U.S. in the end of the 18th Century? [closed]

Suppose she was thirty and still single. For one reason or another her parents could no longer support her. She could be: a governess a seamstress a prostitute a laundress a housekeeper a cook ...
1
vote
1answer
89 views

Was there ever an occurrence of diplomatic communication using food?

Is there an example in history where two leaders, or even just foreign travelers, who could not understand each other's spoken language, communicated by food? I am not talking about very specific ...
11
votes
7answers
3k views

Has any country won a war, but lost a non-trivial portion of its territory?

Has any country won a war, but lost a non-trivial amount of its territory? For example, 10% or 20%. It doesn't matter whether this country still exists or not.
4
votes
1answer
198 views

Who was the last English king whose first language was French?

What I remember from my college course is that whenever a delegation of barons came to discuss their grievances in English, the King would hear them out politely without understanding a word, conclude ...
5
votes
1answer
121 views

How did St. Genevieve manage to feed the Parisians during the 10-year-long blockade?

This is what Wikipedia has to say: Late in the 3rd century AD, the invasion of Germanic tribes, beginning with the Alamans in 275 AD, caused many of the residents of the left bank to leave that ...

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