2
votes
2answers
55 views

What is the labelling system for artefacts?

I have no practical or academic experience with archaeology. Some well-known archaeological sites have colloquial names. For example Newgrange or its Kerbstone 52. They can be unambiguously referred ...
2
votes
0answers
94 views

What were the names of the weapon manufacturers in France in the late 1700's

What were the names of the companies that manufactured hand weapons in France in the late 1700's and who were the most productive.
3
votes
1answer
228 views

How is it known that Phidias used the golden ratio in the Parthenon?

I can see it is widely accepted he did, so there must be some source backing this up, since no work of his has survived (except for a vase in Olympia with the inscription "I belong to Phidias"). What ...
7
votes
1answer
190 views

Why are most late medieval fencing manuals German?

Not only is the German school dominating modern European martial arts, but almost everyone who talks about late medieval fencing refers to German fencing manuals as the primary source. Why are German ...
0
votes
1answer
113 views

Is classical music 'bourgeois'? [closed]

Historically I am aware that classical music has always been an activity mostly reserved for the elite; therefore, it would seem that it is something completely inaccessible to the general population. ...
7
votes
2answers
227 views

Why did Britain decide to issue perpetual bonds during Napoleonic era?

Background A few years ago I was a student of an economic course about loans, debts, interests, NPV etc. The trainer mentioned "The UK took a loan to fund wars against Napoleon. This has no term, and ...
12
votes
2answers
3k views

Why does US currency have a 25 cent piece and a 20 dollar bill instead of a 20 cent piece or 25 dollar bill?

Why does US currency have a 25 cent piece instead of a 20 cent piece? Why is there a 20 dollar bill instead of a 25 dollar bill? Why aren't both denominations the same, 20 or 25 for both the dollars ...
4
votes
1answer
136 views

Ports Used by French Navy in 1792 and Strength of Fleet

I am currently writing series of young adult novels about the European Conflicts beginning in 1792. Where were the major and minor French Navy ports and yards, and what was the relative strength of ...
8
votes
3answers
2k views

When did the last Terra Nullius vanish from the earth?

By "Terra Nullius" or "white spot" I mean a place where you (if you were so inclined) could "legally" settle and live in some wilderness as a trapper or farmer without having to ask for permission, ...
-1
votes
1answer
117 views

Which of the participant states was benefited in the long run by the Congress of Vienna?

Congress of Vienna took place in 1814-1815 aiming to restore stability in Europe after the Revolutionary and Napoleonic wars. Each state/kingdom sent their diplomat(s) to the congress in order to ...
9
votes
2answers
213 views

How did communist authorities decide who is “German” and who is “Polish” when expelling Germans from recovered territories?

It is a well known fact that Poland won a lot of territory over Germany after WWII, and that German people were expelled, and the place was re-settled with ethnically Poles. What is less known is how ...
2
votes
2answers
89 views

Paradigm change in power: from military to economic in Europe [closed]

It seems to me that the Middle-Ages/Renaissance observed a paradigm shift between the source of political power in Western Europe. Indeed, in the High Middle-Ages, Kings were ruling surrounded by ...
6
votes
1answer
105 views

In exchange for forbidding strikes, did Napoleon guarantee high wages?

According to Wikipedia citing Frank McLynn, Napoleon, Pimlico 1998 Ch 21, p482, strikes were forbidden by Napoleon I in exchange for a guarantee by employers that wages would remain high. How did ...
2
votes
0answers
98 views

Did a starving Great Wall guard let enemies through? [closed]

I watched a documentary once about the Great Wall of China. In it, it claimed that a soldier or guard at the time of one of the dynasties let an enemy force through in exchange for food because he was ...
2
votes
0answers
66 views

I am looking for details that can confirm a story about a con-man during the installation of electrical poles and wires in Hungary [closed]

This story was told to my by my grandmother who is currently ~94years old. That puts the story to have taken place around 1920-1930. When she was little; living in Hungary, the country was in the ...
1
vote
0answers
121 views

What does the case of Louis Napoleon tell us about the passport regime in 1830s Europe? [closed]

Here is a more specific question about passports and borders. The Wikipedia entry on passports describes how for several decades leading up to WWI, the system for checking travelers' identities when ...
-1
votes
2answers
64 views

What is the difference between Taino and Puerto Rican?

I have heard a lot of Puerto Rican's call themselves Latino or Hispanic. However, after watching this video, I am a bit confused about what they say. Can anyone confirm why different Puerto Rican ...
5
votes
1answer
94 views

How did modern border security and crossing bureaucracy develop? [duplicate]

I was trying to read more on how present day border security and administrative framework (passports, visas etc) came into being but to not much avail. E.g. what was the first modern border crossing? ...
8
votes
3answers
1k views

In the Film Master and Commander, why do they start towing their rowboats after they beat to quarters?

In the first scene on Master and Commander after the ship beats to quarters they're shown lowering three rowboats and towing them behind the ship. Why do they do that?
1
vote
0answers
68 views

Roman empire mediation and protection [closed]

The few times that long-lasting peace has been achieved on mankind's history generally coincide when enemies learn to resolve their differences under a common system of rules and values. The Roman ...
19
votes
2answers
3k views

What is the name of the theory that says an early discovery can stop technological development?

Some time ago I read a claim that an early discovery can lead to a great scientific stagnation. The example given was the Chinese porcelain, that resolved all the known problems, and stopped the ...
7
votes
1answer
187 views

German submarine force ceasefire on May 4 1945

Many sources say that a general ceasefire order was issued by Doenitz to German submarines on patrol on May 4, 1945. We know that the German instrument of surrender was signed in the early morning ...
3
votes
2answers
94 views

Why was there a perceived high rate of AIDS infection among Haitians?

In the early days of AIDS, the disease was referred to by the CDC as the 4H disease, due to their high infection among hemophiliacs, homosexuals, heroin users, and Haitians. The first three groups are ...
-3
votes
2answers
75 views

What are the major religious 'families' which formed independently of other families?

This question may need some work, but I'll do my best.. I remember hearing a while back that much of the history of India occurred in isolation. Without knowing whether this is strictly true, it got ...
7
votes
2answers
497 views

Why was France given such a lenient peace after Napoleon was defeated?

For two decades revolutionary France had attacked and conquered many nations in Europe. Millions were killed. But when the allies finally defeated France, the peace was very lenient. France didn't ...
10
votes
2answers
286 views

How did the central government of the United States finance itself under the Articles of Confederation?

The Congress of the Confederation couldn't levy taxes. State governments were the ones with the power to control commerce with other states and nations even. It also has the power to levy tax. If ...
5
votes
2answers
113 views

How heavy was the taxation in Ming China?

I often read that the Ming dynasty taxed heavily, and that this is one of the reasons it failed. For example, this says that: "Corruptive officials levied heavy taxes on peasants, triggering ...
1
vote
1answer
157 views

Why did any slaves or former slaves choose to fight against Britain in the Revolutionary War?

Considering the fact that they would have benefited more from a British victory, why would any slaves, current or former, choose to fight against the British?
4
votes
3answers
373 views

How did Milton know about Egyptian gods like Osiris, Isis and Orus?

in Paradise Lost, he references tons of ancient religious figures. Where would Milton have learned these things?
0
votes
1answer
66 views

What are examples in history when the “sword” was much stronger than the “shield”? [closed]

In other words, where the capacity to destroy a specific target was much stronger than the capacity to defend that target. This was definitely true with the development of nuclear weapons (very ...
0
votes
1answer
80 views

World History - Big Bang to TODAY [closed]

I am a very new World History enthusiast, pretty much a new kid on the block. Of late(the past few years), I have been having this sudden urge of understanding and learning everything that has ...
8
votes
1answer
97 views

What autonomy did Bosnia lose when it was annexed by Austria-Hungary in 1908?

Austria-Hungary occupied Bosnia in 1878 by forcing the Ottomans to leave after 400+ years of dominion. So I understand that Bosnia then became a territory of Austria-Hungary. In 1908, ...
6
votes
3answers
2k views

Did the Vikings practice voluntary human sacrifice?

In the TV series Vikings there's a scene at the Vikings temple where a Viking warrior happily agrees to be sacrificed in exchange for the goodwill of the Norse gods for his friends and family. I was ...
1
vote
2answers
123 views

Did World War I soldiers carry swagger sticks, while in combat?

At 1 minute 3 seconds juncture of the TV movie All the King's Men, Captain Frank Reginald Beck, MVO is depicted leading an infantry charge, while wielding some kind of whip or baton or stick in his ...
1
vote
0answers
72 views

What are the origins of coursing with cheetahs? [closed]

And is there evidence of coursing with other big cats(snow leopard, Persian leopard, Asiatic lion, Caspian tiger or Eurasian lynx) in Asian history? Also were they trained to ride on a horse with ...
10
votes
3answers
3k views

Why wouldn't the South make salt from seawater during the American Civil War?

This article goes into some detail about the state of cooking in the Union and the Confederacy during the American Civil War. One of its interesting claims is that the South was suffering from a lack ...
4
votes
1answer
145 views

Why is there a Pegasus on Huey Long's grave?

The tombstone of Huey Long on the grounds of the Louisiana statehouse is engraved with depictions of his achievements as a politician. On the front, however, is a large Pegasus. Was the Pegasus a ...
6
votes
1answer
359 views

Did barracks exist in the middle ages?

In many medieval RTS games soldiers come out of a building named 'Barracks'. Where did medieval soldiers actually train ? Did such specialised buildings exist ? Most peasants probably got no training ...
1
vote
1answer
94 views

Why does Northern Ireland not include the counties Donnegal, Monaghan and Cavan?

Did not the entire province of Ulster vote to stay in the Union? If so, why was it partitioned? Esepecially Donnegal which relied heavily on Belfast for its economy, I don't see a good reason why ...
9
votes
2answers
141 views

Colonies in Machiavelli's age

In Chapter 3 of the Prince Machiavelli offers this advice to the prince who would hold a newly acquired territory: [T]o send colonies to one or two places, which may be as keys to that state, ...
2
votes
1answer
120 views

How did Native Americans defend militarily? [closed]

I've seen Native Americans as great warriors who charged armies and raided settlements but I haven't heard much about their defensive capabilities. When they were attacked, did they have set up any ...
6
votes
1answer
146 views

Where and when did Nietzsche's sister meet Hitler?

It is well-known that Nietzsche’s sister, Elisabeth Foerster-Nietzsche, was a nationalist and anti-semite who took control of her brother’s papers on his death and propagated a distorted version of ...
3
votes
0answers
49 views

The average price of Škoda Favorit in Poland around 1991

I am looking for average price of Škoda Favorit in Poland around 1991 (1992 would be appreciated as well) I cannot find this information online anywhere. I have found price of this car and other cars ...
4
votes
2answers
126 views

Travel time for African Slave trade

What was the average travel time for African slaves being moved from the interior of Africa to the coast for export? Also, how long did they tend to wait on the coast until they were exported? I ...
1
vote
0answers
35 views

Iran and the point four program and the mutual defense act of 1949?

What were the US's and Iran's terms in these agreements? What was the total amount of aid Iran recieved from the US during this time?
1
vote
0answers
49 views

Ethnic composition of antebellum Massachusetts

What was the ethnic composition of Massachusetts in the decades before the Civil War? I am particularly interested in knowing what percentage of the population claimed English, Scottish, North Irish, ...
5
votes
1answer
120 views

Why was the Hexamillion wall incapable of preventing invasion?

The Hexamillion wall was created to fortify the only land route into the Peloponnese peninsula ~ but throughout it's history (450-1460 AD) it failed to prevent multiple invasions, acting only as a ...
2
votes
1answer
100 views

I'm Looking for a picture of a 5 masted sailing ship called Capitan Hilgendorf. (Barquentine)?

The Germans trained sailors and Navy Infantrymen on this ship. I have looked at several sites with numerous information and listings. Can anyone steer me in the right direction? I know that most all ...
2
votes
0answers
85 views

What was the first broadcast television programme?

Was it the Queen's Messenger or The Man with the Flower in his Mouth? IMDB claims that Queen's Messenger was the first, I've always understood The Man with the Flower in his Mouth. So which was it? ...
8
votes
1answer
127 views

How big was the IMF loan Britain received in the 1970's?

During the turbulent times of the 1970's, the United Kingdom had to ask the International Monetary Fund (IMF) for a loan to meet its obligations. The National Archives state that in September 1976, a ...

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