2
votes
1answer
66 views

Theoretical approaches to History

Are there theories of approaches to history, or styles of history, insofar as the subject is taught at schools and universities? For example, E. P. Thompson seems to favour a Marxist interpretation ...
2
votes
1answer
65 views

In which modern-day location did the historical battles of Bagrevand happen?

Wikipedia names at least two "battles of Bagrevand", In 371 between Persia and allied Roman-Armenian forces In 775 between the Abbasid Caliphate and rebelling Armenian princes both occuring in the ...
2
votes
1answer
87 views

What do the four castles on the flag of Ibiza represent?

The flag of Ibiza consists of four horizontal, red stripes on a yellow background. Each corner of the flag contains a seven-tower castle above a wave. What is the significance of the four castles? ...
24
votes
4answers
3k views

In WWII, what were the major differences in tank combat on the eastern and western fronts?

Nearly every nation deployed tanks in World War II. What are some differences in tactics between the eastern front in Russia and Eastern Europe, and the western front in France, the Low Countries, and ...
4
votes
1answer
111 views

How did the supplies shipped in winter over the “Road of Life” to Leningrad compare to those at other times of the year?

A key factor in the survival of Leningrad during its 900 day siege was the "Road of Life" built across a frozen Lake Ladoga during the winter months of 1941, 1942, and 1943, and lasting nearly half a ...
6
votes
1answer
293 views

Why did the Swabian Hohenzollern princes give away their power to the Prussian king in 1850?

The small independent country of Hohenzollern in southwestern Germany was run by two princes until 1850, when it was given away to the king of Prussia, who was a distant cousin to the princes (also ...
0
votes
0answers
109 views

The Code of Corsairs of Mediterranean of the Middle Ages

How was the code and operating rules of the corsairs of the Mediterranean used, such as by Barbary Corsairs or Knights of the Order, during Middle Ages? There are references to agreements in the ...
2
votes
0answers
72 views

What was church life in England like after the act of supremacy in 1532? Did churchgoers find any change in the sacraments from day one? [closed]

Where did Henry VIII find the priests to administer the services? How were they bound? Could (or did) any priests refuse to follow the new ways? Why were only the monks targeted for dissolution? ...
13
votes
3answers
1k views

Has a plague ever caused a civilization to collapse?

It is a fairly common trope in apocalyptic fiction to imagine a plague to cause modern civilization to completely collapse. (c.f. Stephen King's "The Stand" ). But has this ever actually happened in ...
-3
votes
4answers
129 views

How does the cost-benefit relationship of owning a horse differ today from the Middle Ages or Early Industrial Revolution?

If I were to be gifted a horse nowadays, I would've been pissed. I would have to spend a lot of money in its food, in a blacksmith for horseshoes, grooming, cleaning his box, the rent of his box, ...
5
votes
1answer
53 views

When was the Passover Seder ritual formalized?

When were the Passover Seder customs in their present form formalized? As a terminus post quem I think we can surely take 70 CE when the Second Temple was destroyed since parts of the Seder ...
3
votes
1answer
95 views

What are the symbols on the Tomb of the Priestess of Isis along Via Appia

A couple of years ago, I had the good fortune to ride along the Appian Way and admire the old tombstones still standing along the old Roman road. (Highly recommended for any Roman history buff!). I ...
3
votes
2answers
112 views

What was the price of a horse around 1750?

I'm looking for the average price of a horse, in British Pounds, around the year 1750. I'm interested in draft horses (they pull carts), not riding horses, but the difference in price between those ...
5
votes
0answers
130 views

Were Roman marching songs still bawdy during principate/dominate?

We know from writers such as Suetonius in his Vita Divi Iuli that legionnaires would sing some quite raunchy and bawdy tunes, even during a triumph of their leader. There were open allusions to ...
9
votes
0answers
99 views

Pre-Christian use of the Greek Septuagint

I'm interested in the pre-Christian use of the Septuagint, as well as the Greek language, within Jewish everyday life in Israel and in the synagogues of Israel. Is there evidence that the LXX or ...
3
votes
1answer
81 views

What “other property” was considered for representation at the Constitutional Convention?

In the Wikipedia article on the US Constitutional Convention, it states that: The most contentious disputes revolved around the composition and election of the Senate, how "proportional ...
7
votes
1answer
201 views

At what point were there the most current and former US Presidents alive?

At what year or parts of years were the most current (meaning in office) and former Presidents of the United States alive? It seems that 1833 to 1836 had the most current, former, and future ...
4
votes
1answer
209 views

Why did England and Portugal cheap out on the Battle of Aljubarrota?

One of the most important and famous battles in the Iberian Peninsula took place in Aljubarrota. There were two main parties: Castille (With Aragonian, French and Italian support) Portugal (With ...
1
vote
3answers
140 views

Why did Latin take root so deeply in Italy, Gaul, and the Iberian Peninsula, but not Greece or beyond?

I was just reflecting on the fact that Spanish, Portuguese, Italian, and French all evolved from Latin, the language spread across that area by the Roman Empire 2000 years ago. (Romanian too, I ...
0
votes
1answer
87 views

Clan allegances [closed]

My family clan is Paterson/Patterson - my husband is clan MacDougall. We recently learned however that my husband's great, great grandfather MacDougall's wife (aka his great, great grandmother) was ...
3
votes
1answer
45 views

What is the proportion of Harki descendants in today's French Algerian community?

I was having this discussion once with someone, and now I am curious: Q: What proportion of today's Algerian immigrants (of first and second generation, who may or may not have French nationality) in ...
1
vote
1answer
79 views

How does Upton Sinclair's The Jungle contribute to Historiography?

I know Upton Sinclair was not a Historian, however his work The Jungle has had a significant impact on how society views industry standards, regulations, government agency's, etcetera. There are broad ...
10
votes
1answer
164 views

“The signal on the Zibby is dead” - what is the meaning of “Zibby”?

I am line editing a book about World War II and the Battle of the Coral Sea. The action is taking place in the front and rear cockpits of a Devastator torpedo-bomber aircraft. The pilot and gunner ...
-2
votes
1answer
143 views

Was it true that Nelson Mandela refused to renounce violence while in Prison?

I got this comment from an article on Mandela: Most white South Africans rejoin that Nelson Mandela had no reason to seek revenge on anyone, nor any basis for extending forgiveness to his ...
19
votes
1answer
3k views

Does a reputation for cruelty to PoWs give a tactical advantage?

Among warring factions, some groups throughout history have sought to strike fear into their adversaries by 'making examples' of any members of the opposing force(s) that they capture alive, by means ...
-1
votes
2answers
87 views

Are there any historical conceptions that accurately depict a scenario of swinging rapidly from a state of war to a state of tranquility? [closed]

Leading on from the horrors of the First World War, the pussyfooting involved in the Second World War could be likened to that of a swinging mechanism of war, rapidly followed by peace, then followed ...
6
votes
2answers
606 views

How can we be sure that a certain historical claim is true and accurate?

The study of history heavily relies on textual records, which are, to some extent, value-laden or subjective. Worse still, since peer-review was not a strict practice in the past, it is fairly ...
1
vote
3answers
124 views

What made capitalism different from previous forms of manufacture and trade?

When giving defenses of capitalism, people often free markets or free enterprise as a "natural" freedom that's gone on since the dawn of civilization. However, capitalism, both as an idea and ...
9
votes
3answers
342 views

How much did a ship cost in Ancient Greece?

I'm exploring the history of the Peloponnesian War and I was wondering how much money a trirreme did cost and how long it took on average to build such a ship.
4
votes
1answer
91 views

Why is Hue's “Purple Forbidden City” so called?

Within the Imperial City complex in Huế, Vietnam, is a secondary citadel called in English the "Purple Forbidden City". (Or, per some sources, the "Forbidden Purple City.") According to my guide ...
6
votes
3answers
204 views

Who considered themselves as “Prussian”?

This is very confusing to me. The word "Prussian" means a lot of different things and has a lot of connotations (such as imperialism, militarism, ...), while simultaneously describing a geographical ...
27
votes
2answers
5k views

Why do the horses on this vase have too many legs?

Why do the horses have too many legs? They appear to have an extra set, why is this?
8
votes
1answer
123 views

What did Ben Franklin mean when he said “The sun of liberty is set; you must light up the candle of industry & economy”?

The sun of liberty is set; you must light up the candle of industry and economy. I've seen this quote in various places, cited simply as "a correspondence". Looking for more context, I only ...
-4
votes
2answers
180 views

Is there an instance where Rome adopted a weapon to win a war?

I thought I had read that Roman soldiers had adopted crossbows to defeat the Pythagoreans. However after Google and Wikipedia, I can't find support for this. Or was there some other example where the ...
13
votes
1answer
333 views

How wide-spread was antisemitism in the USA during WWII?

Richard Feynman writes in Surely You're Joking, Mr. Feynman, chapter Who stole the door, that: At MIT the different fraternities all had "smokers" where they tried to get the new freshmen to be ...
0
votes
1answer
96 views

What are the various theories behind why Toyotomi Hideyoshi ordered Sen no Rikyu to commit suicide?

From wikipedia: Although Rikyū had been one of Hideyoshi's closest confidants, because of crucial differences of opinion and other reasons which remain uncertain, Hideyoshi ordered him to commit ...
7
votes
1answer
156 views

What stood behind Maria Theresa's forestry policy?

Maria Theresa of Austria established laws that determined how many trees you have to plant for every cut-down tree. Why? Did the industry need so many trees because of the industrial revolution?
0
votes
0answers
48 views

When did Archbishop Desmond Tutu invite the world press to review Apartheid?

For my theology homework, I was asked to research Desmond Tutu - specifically, when he invited the world press to see apartheid, and he did this to try and end it. Although, after quite a lot of ...
8
votes
1answer
175 views

What time period did these notes come from?

This may be a bit broad of a question, but as I was going through some old things I found some Japanese monitary bills in varying currencies from I'm guessing around WWII, but I'm not sure. I cannt ...
5
votes
2answers
208 views

Why was 17th Century England a particularly supportive place for groundbreaking thought? [closed]

Issac Newton, John Lock, Robert Hooke, Thomas Hobbes, John Milton, Robert Boyle, Francis Bacon...etc. Was 17th century England somehow more conducive to excellent new ideas or was it no more ...
1
vote
1answer
198 views

How did the Romans build their armies for the First Punic War?

The Romans built a great and vast empire, my question is what were some of the military techniques they used to build, train, and use their army? Specifically during the period of the First Punic War. ...
4
votes
3answers
162 views

Submarines during the Battle of the Philippine Sea

During the Battle of the Philippine Sea, the Japanese lost 2 fleet carriers due to actions by American submarines. Why were the Japanese not able to defend against such attacks, and why were the ...
6
votes
1answer
189 views

What did they call Gothic and Baroque architecture before the modern terms came into use?

In the modern sense, I mean. All the reference sites explain the origin of the word Baroque and mention that up until the late 19th Century it was a derogatory term: It was only with Heinrich ...
3
votes
3answers
141 views

What economic incentives (if any) did France have to aid the American army during the revolution?

Most history texts only state France had a desire to seek revenge for their defeat in the 7 Years War and that a Treaty of Alliance (1778) was signed. I'm having a hard time convincing myself that ...
2
votes
0answers
96 views

What kind of bird is Horus? [closed]

Recently I was reading Brugsch's History of Egypt and he describes the figure of Horus as being that of a "sparrowhawk". Now, I have the greatest respect for Brugsch and consider him the best ...
2
votes
1answer
106 views

Why do Afro Carribeans have English names whereas Indo Carribeans still have Indian(ish) names

Why don't Afro Carribeans have African names or Indo Carribeans have English names? Did colonizers find it difficult to pronounce African names but not Indian names? Further to this question, if this ...
1
vote
0answers
50 views

Is the rise of domestication somehow connected to the rise of agriculture? [closed]

I have read in Homo Adaptabilis that the first domesticated animals were wolves captured by nomadic tribes. These tribes then used the wolves as hunting partners. The prey they hunted were deer, much ...
0
votes
0answers
26 views

Seeking history for object: Venetian Glass and Silverplate Claret Jug Wine Decanter

I have a Venetian Glass and Silverplate Claret Jug Wine Decanter. It looks exactly like the one on this site. https://www.rubylane.com/item/589451-RLES3724/Venetian-Glass-Silverplate-Claret-Jug-Wine. ...
5
votes
4answers
798 views

Is there a relationship between Portugal and Spain being able to discover the New World and the Moor occupation?

Some people believe that the Renaissance actually happened in Toledo, Spain. To me that seems plausible. The knowledge and culture brought by the Moor seems a much better catalyzer to escape the dark ...
1
vote
1answer
103 views

Who were Dalits and Brahmins in ancient India before law of Manusmriti was imposed on Indian society?

From thousands of year Indian society was run by the law of "Manusmriti". Indian society is based on caste system in which Brahmins are at the top most position where dalits are at the least position ...

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