4
votes
1answer
73 views

What happened to the french overseas colonies during the beginning of the french revolution?

While I understand that Paris and then most of France got swept up in revolutionary fervor. What happened in its far flung colonies, such as the Antilles, India, North America, Africa and even ...
1
vote
1answer
56 views

Where did the Gabare Jahangiri Dynasty assert authority?

Where did the Sunni Muslim dynasty assert authority?
1
vote
0answers
16 views

Is there a way to determine where specific Quartermaster Depot companies were based in WWII?

My father-in-law was a master sergeant of a Quartermaster Corps Depot Company during the Battle of the Bulge. I would like to find out where his depot was located (and I'm assuming it moved from time ...
3
votes
1answer
253 views

How much do we know about Emperor Ashoka?

A recent Indian Tevevision series is showing a detailed a life characteristic of Ashoka's childhood. Though its a work of fiction, I would like to know how much of that is actual fact, and how much do ...
1
vote
1answer
68 views

WW 2 US Army Discharge Papers — Codes

On the World War 2-era WD AGO Form 53-55, which was the four-page honorable discharge form, there is a code or reference in Box 32 (Battles and Campaigns) which on my father-in-law's form says ...
4
votes
0answers
60 views

How was the transfer of personnel from British women's military services managed?

In the 1990's,the former women's services - WRNS, WRAC, and WRAF - were disbanded and women absorbed into the regular services. Whilst women still cannot serve in combat roles, they are armed and ...
0
votes
0answers
43 views

Who was jailed along with Wajid Ali Shah?

It is a known fact that when Nawab Wazid Ali Shah was arrested in 1856 he was taken to Alipore Jail (Calcutta). Some of his Vazirs (Ministers) were also with him in jail. Can someone throw some light ...
1
vote
0answers
49 views

Did the reformation have an impact on the agricultural revolution? [closed]

The reformation resulted in property being sold to wealthy citizens, and then a lot were rebuilt into housing. This extra housing must have caused a substantial boom in regards to the possible ...
1
vote
1answer
90 views

Has anybody a complete list of Obelisks in the World?

I'm interested to see if we can build up a full list of all Obelisks around the world. It would be great to have the coordinates of each location, so I can mark them on Google Earth. Yes, I did do a ...
1
vote
0answers
38 views

How did the progressive politics of the early 20th century affect the American political parties?

EDIT: Tried tightening question to be less broad. In the post Civil War era, I see the Republican Party and Democratic Party basically retreading the old questions of early republic political ...
22
votes
4answers
4k views

How did people deal with ice on the roads during the horse-and-buggy era?

Before there were cars, people traveled in a horse-drawn carriage, sometimes over cobble-stone covered roads. Back in those days, was anything done to keep the traveled roads free from ice or snow? ...
0
votes
1answer
65 views

Did the USSR use trotskyism as a bogeyman in the post Stalin period?

In Stalin's time the USSR used Trotskyist as a byword for subversion, sabotage, and all things nasty. In his 'secret speech', Khrushchev continued to condemn Trotskyist ideas, but depicted Stalin's ...
2
votes
2answers
131 views

Russian war reparations from Germany post WW2 [closed]

Is there any record of negotiations(if any), regarding war reparations from Germany to Russia following WW2, if there were reparations paid by Germany to Russia following WW2, do they have an impact ...
2
votes
3answers
150 views

Did Hitler, or any non USSR residents in the 30s-40s know about Stalin's purges?

In Downfall, Hitler laments about how he should have purged the military officers like Stalin did, so my question is: would people have actually2 known about Stalin's purges during that time ?
-1
votes
2answers
141 views

Has any country ever 'sold' a part of it's territory voluntarily to another? [closed]

I assume it can happen in a few extreme situations such as dire monetary or military needs, for example. Has it ever happened, or been proposed, in modern history?
3
votes
1answer
271 views

How did people cut their nails in the past?

How did people cut their toe and fingernails before we got nail clippers after the industrial revolution? Would they have had a fair amount of ingrown toenails, especially in the colder regions where ...
5
votes
2answers
146 views

Did Trotsky serve as a hate-figure in PRC propaganda?

Maoism and Trotskyism share some similar ideas (by Maoism I am referring specifically to the guiding philosophies of the PRC during Mao's rule, and by Trotskyism I mean the beliefs of Trotsky, not ...
6
votes
2answers
152 views

What buildings could be found in the inner ward of a castle?

I'm familiar with some different layouts of castles (motte and bailey, concentric,...) and the main parts or areas they have or need (Keep, moat, barbican, ward, cistern, great hall, etc.) While ...
-3
votes
1answer
90 views

Is there documented evidence of Israel concentration/death camps used against the Arabs? [closed]

According to some articles I've been reading, there is testimony that as Israel began its conquest and subsequent occupation of Palestine, they sent Arab men to concentration, labor and even death ...
13
votes
8answers
5k views

Why did English become Lingua Franca of the modern world?

According to a guy on Quora: English became the lingua-franca of the world because of the United states and not England. But, throughout the 17th and 18th century, many Europeans (English, ...
0
votes
0answers
67 views

What did Richard Dudman have to say about the murder of Malcolm Caldwell in Cambodia?

In 1978, the academic Malcolm Caldwell went to visit Pol Pot, the leader of Cambodia. Pol Pot, as was well known at the time, was undertaking genocide on an astonishing scale. It's now thought that ...
4
votes
2answers
98 views

What factors made success a possibility for the South in the American Civil War? [closed]

I'm curious to know whether or not the southern States had a realistic chance of winning the Civil War. I understand they had a large slave force, but I doubt those slaves could've been forced to ...
0
votes
1answer
97 views

How did Greeks make greek fire? [closed]

How did Greeks make Greek fire? Did they put oil in the bottle because it could burn on water due to its ability of floating on it? This is an interesting topic, although how do we put the fire out? ...
10
votes
4answers
2k views

What is the longest effective range artillery weapon ever built?

What is the longest effective range artillery weapon ever built, regardless of wether it was actually used in combat?
-1
votes
2answers
96 views

Why was East Asia more religiously tolerant than Europe in medieval time?

In medieval time, different religions coexisted in China, Japan and Korea, but only christianity was allowed in Europe. What factors made medieval East Asia more religiously tolerant than medieval ...
6
votes
1answer
134 views

What was the mortality rate of Gladiators?

What proportion of fights ended in deaths? What proportion of gladiators who have fought retire to a safer life? As a theoretical extreme, all fights end in death and all gladiators die in battle. ...
1
vote
1answer
58 views

Did the Yuan Dynasty ever occupy Hainan?

And if so who occupied Hainan before them and after them?
12
votes
1answer
1k views

Why did Taft write a one cent check on his first day as Chief Justice?

I was looking at William Howard Taft's Wikipedia page, and among other things was a $0.01 check drafted by him on his first day as Chief Justice of the United States. The check has ended up at the ...
2
votes
1answer
101 views

Was there any time in non-recent history where it was fashionable to wear ripped clothes?

For around past 30 years it's popular to wear ripped jeans. Was there anything similar in history, when ripped or otherwise heavily worn clothes were popular and considered fashionable?
3
votes
0answers
78 views

Christian hangmen in Islamic countries?

In an interview a senior researcher at Amnesty International explained that as far as I know certainly in Punjab and Sind provinces, the two largest provinces by population, the hangmen ...
1
vote
0answers
30 views

Capilla flamenca

The contemporary Belgian vocal and instrumental early music consort Capilla Flamenca specialises in 14th to 16th century music from Flanders and takes its name from the historical Flemish chapel ...
30
votes
5answers
3k views

Is there any documented criticism of the brutality of the Colosseum from citizens at the time?

I recently watched a documentary on the Roman Colosseum that described some of the brutal and cruel violence that took place. The documentary explained that for the citizenry, the violence was ...
3
votes
1answer
87 views

What is the oldest verifiably correctly translated written work?

How old is the oldest written work where we have translated what is written on it in correctly that is verified? Sigh. I've tried writing that sentence in a way that is understandable and am having ...
10
votes
2answers
243 views

How common was it for people to live 80+ years in the 17th century?

I was studying music and saw in a music score sheet that Tomaso Albinoni lived 80 years. I know that long before that people had lived to that age. I would like to know just how common that was. Did ...
16
votes
3answers
4k views

Did military operation names ever have any meaning?

For example, the American operation name for the assault on Okinawa was known as Operation Iceberg. However, Okinawa is a relatively hot area of Japan, and as far as I know, there were no icebergs or ...
3
votes
1answer
111 views

What kind of music was played at European, High Middle Age (c. 1100-1400 A.D.)'s medieval universities' ceremonies?

What music was played at European medieval universities in the High Middle Ages (circa 1100-1400)—for example, at their commencement or convocation ceremonies, at ceremonies inducting professors into ...
1
vote
3answers
133 views

English society in the early 19th century: Was aristocracy including royal members?

I'm currently working on english social classes in the early 19th century, and wondered: was aristocracy including royal members, or only gentry + peers?
6
votes
4answers
221 views

Why did the USSR preserve the national republics?

Ever since the inception of the Soviet Union, the central government continued to maintain the existence of national republics such as the Uzbek Soviet Socialist Republic. What was the reason behind ...
3
votes
1answer
131 views

Historically, how did people living in distant regions communicate?

For example, how did Marco Polo manage to communicate with the Chinese and the Mongolians during his travels? Did he learn Chinese? Did he manage to find a Chinese translator somehow? Was there a ...
3
votes
3answers
141 views

How historically accurate is 'India: A History' by John Keay?

I have been looking for a book about Indian history. Recently I came across this answer, which suggested reading India: A History by John Keay. I wanted to know whether it is historical and accurate. ...
5
votes
2answers
198 views

Historical, academic explanations for the near-universal second-class citizenship of women?

I just heard on the news that, in 70 countries, girls face risks by simply going to school and being girls. How did women come to be second-class citizens throughout the world? Are there any ...
4
votes
3answers
178 views

What caused scientific and cultural decline of East Roman (Byzantine) Empire?

East Roman Empire (later named "Byzantine" by the West) inherited languages and enormous scientific and cultural achievements of Greeks and Romans. And yet hardly anything new came from Byzantine ...
2
votes
0answers
66 views

Why are cave paintings so few and rare? [closed]

Just watched a few documentaries about cave paintings. While I acknowledge the importance of discovery, I can't help but question one simple thing - why are there so few paintings in those caves? ...
7
votes
1answer
174 views

Did Andrew Jackson think the earth was flat?

You will occasionally see references to the possibility that Andrew Jackson believed the earth was flat. One source for this claim is a well-respected history of the period by Edward Pessen: ...
6
votes
2answers
235 views

Where did the so-called “Jap Skulls” end up?

I have read that there was a disturbingly common practice of American soldiers in the Pacific theater of WWII to take the skulls of dead Japanese soldiers as trophies to take home, give to ...
1
vote
1answer
113 views

Was the US's pre-emptive bombardment of Iwo Jima insufficient? [closed]

[Source:] The lessons learned on Iwo Jima served as guidelines for the following Battle of Okinawa and the planned invasion of the Japanese homeland. For example, "because of the casualties taken ...
8
votes
2answers
177 views

Medieval farmer's metal tools

What metal woodworking tools should I expect to find in the household of a 14th century well-off peasant farmer from Hampshire? (Answering more broadly is acceptable, but it might help to give this ...
22
votes
8answers
5k views

Why was PTSD not written about as much before the 20th century?

As late as WW1 there was very little literature surrounding PTSD/'shellshock'. In fact, the term was not coined until the 1980's. Considering the fact that warfare has been a part of human life since ...
6
votes
1answer
110 views

Today, how accurate and balanced is Paul Johnson's book *History of the Jews*?

A History of the Jews, by Paul Johnson, takes an authoritative tone and is dense with citations. But its scope is enormous and it sometimes draws very strong conclusions. Given the state of the art of ...
7
votes
2answers
175 views

Nationhood of Bhutan and Nepal in Indian subcontinent

During the period around Independence, India, under Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel's programme to unite the subcontinent, was getting Princely states to accede to Union of India. There were around 570 ...

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