13
votes
1answer
234 views

The riddle of Marco's Millions

The question is asked in the context of theories about the use of 'millions' or 'milioni' in association with Marco Polo and the reason for the use of the word as the Italian title for his book, known ...
11
votes
1answer
206 views

How were Muslim Turks treated in Byzantine Empire?

While reading about the Palaiologan Renaissance on Wikipedia, I was intrigued to find that a mosque was rebuilt in Constantinople, which was destroyed during the fourth crusade(read about it here). I ...
11
votes
1answer
316 views

In England, how many Jews died during the persecutions of the crusades during 1190-1200?

As is well known Steven Runciman, a British historian known for his work on the Middle Ages, definitively clarified what the Holy War had been: "The Holy War itself was nothing more than a long act of ...
11
votes
1answer
224 views

What was done to improve the safety of jousts after the death of Henry II?

While jousting in a tournament to celebrate his daughter's marriage in 1559, France's Henry II received a splinter in the eye, and died not long afterwards. According to Wikipedia, this marked the ...
9
votes
1answer
476 views

Did the Safavid rulers require all subjects to convert to Shi'a Islam?

On one hand I've read that Shi'a Islam was the only religion allowed in the Safavid empire. On the other hand, the empire contained parts of Armenia and Georgia, but Armenians and Georgians are ...
7
votes
1answer
154 views

What was the congressional level of support for Emancipation Proclamation?

Wikipedia covers pretty extensively the political details surrounding the 13th Amendment, including difficulties in passing it in the House. However, it doesn't note what the level of Congressional ...
7
votes
1answer
651 views

Why did the island of Bali remain Hindu when most of the rest of Indonesia converted to Islam?

The Wiki page on the spread of Islam in Indonesia stresses that our knowledge of this macro-historical process is fragmentary, for instance often we don’t how the religion diffused out into the ...
6
votes
1answer
187 views

What class / type of ship was the “Dragon” from Rotterdam c. 1732?

I am attempting to determine the class, size, features, history of the British ship "Dragon" c. 1732 that was known to arrive in Philadelphia on September 30, 1732 with 173 men, women and children ...
6
votes
1answer
528 views

What is the origin of the Flower of Life symbol?

I have been collecting resources and tracing the history of the Flower of Life geometrical symbol, since it contains great properties of many kinds: While the oldest occurence in Abydos, Egypt has ...
6
votes
1answer
108 views

Did Arabs actually raise a red flag on the dome of their commander's marquee during the Haraam months?

This answer to the question What is the purpose of putting a red flag on the dome of Hussain ibn Ali(as)'s shrine? states that if Arabs were at war with each other, during the Haraam months they would ...
2
votes
0answers
61 views

Why the different jail terms for the brigatisti involved in Aldo Moro's death?

Wikipedia's summary of the sentences applied to each of the brigatisti involved in Aldo Moro's death shows a wide range of jail terms. In particular Barbara Balzerani served 21 years until 2011 while ...
2
votes
0answers
47 views

The manuscript Summa Logicae (William of Ockham)

The Summa Logicae (Latin, in English it's the Sum of Logic) is a textbook on logic by William of Ockham (1323). There are articles about the Summa Logicae in Wikipedia and in Logicmuseum. It was ...
2
votes
0answers
176 views

Kazakhstan and anti-capitalism in the 1990s

What drove anti-capitalist sentiments from Kazakh intellectuals and economists in the 1990s following the collapse of the Soviet Union? It is my understanding that Kazakhstan was a low level ...
2
votes
0answers
73 views

Egyptian Ushabti and their uniquness

I know what a shabti is, but what is the uniqueness in shabti that makes it valuable. I tried searching shabti, but all I got is: "They are small man like clay figures who come to life to serve their ...
2
votes
0answers
157 views

Ted Nugent and draft dodging

I've asked whether this is in scope: Are draft-dodgers in scope?. I'm not sure,but I'll crack on anyway. Too what extent did Ted Nugent dodge the draft for Vietnam. He certainly did receive ...
2
votes
0answers
142 views

Did the The Fiend/Monster with 21 Faces produce mass hysteria in Japan?

According to the Wikipedia entry of the Monster with 21 Faces (also named as "Fiend" in some sources), it started just after the very publicized Glico Morinaga case and it ... captured the ...
1
vote
0answers
26 views

What percentage of modern day Turks are of Bulgarian/Circassian/Greek/Serbian descent?

I asked a question before about Greek Muslims and what happened to them, I wonder also what percentage of modern day 'Turks', especially the light skinned ones in western Turkey, are of Balkan ...
1
vote
0answers
68 views

Why did Puerto Rican families send their children to New York?

I'm currently reading Run Baby Run, an autobiography by Nicky Cruz. Mr Cruz is a former New York City gang leader who became a Christian minister. In the first chapter, in which he describes how he ...
1
vote
0answers
35 views

Iran and the point four program and the mutual defense act of 1949?

What were the US's and Iran's terms in these agreements? What was the total amount of aid Iran recieved from the US during this time?
1
vote
0answers
46 views

Ethnic composition of antebellum Massachusetts

What was the ethnic composition of Massachusetts in the decades before the Civil War? I am particularly interested in knowing what percentage of the population claimed English, Scottish, North Irish, ...
1
vote
0answers
66 views

Lusatia oath from 1422

Citizens of Lusatia are claimed to have been made to take an oath in 1422, starting with the following words Die Ketzer und in dem christlichen Glauben irresame Leute zu tilgen und zu verderben ...
1
vote
0answers
38 views

Historical African Demographic and Agriculture Data

I'm looking for resources that give the the demographic breakdown of African nations for the time period 1880-1960 (so colonization), such as from censuses. Primarily, I need the european share of the ...
1
vote
0answers
109 views

Sloop of War Hand

It was recorded in our family history by a R.N.Lt that a John Chandler (who had prepared charts of the North Sea) died when in 179? the sloop of War "Hand" foundered in the North Sea with all hands. I ...
1
vote
0answers
97 views

What did Thomas Mann yield in negotiations with Nazis in 1933?

The following is from the article on Golo Mann (1909 – 1994) in the German Wikipedia (translation courtesy of Google Translate). Golo Mann was the son of German novelist and 1929 Nobel Prize in ...
1
vote
0answers
19 views

Is there a way to determine where specific Quartermaster Depot companies were based in WWII?

My father-in-law was a master sergeant of a Quartermaster Corps Depot Company during the Battle of the Bulge. I would like to find out where his depot was located (and I'm assuming it moved from time ...
1
vote
0answers
60 views

Failure of the Sikh Campaign in Tibet

This is about the Sino-Sikh War The Wikipedia article says He had extended his communication and supply line over 450 miles of inhospitable terrain by building small forts and pickets along the ...
1
vote
0answers
66 views

Is the evidence for the thesis in SLA MArshall's Men Against Fire compelling?

SLA Marshall wrote that only a small percentage of infantry engaged with the enemy actually fired at their opponent. This has been denied by veterans and debated by others ever since. Is the ...
1
vote
0answers
76 views

Is there any information about Soshandukht or her father?

This is mentioned on Wiki's page about the Sassanid dynasty Yazdegerd I's successor was his son Bahram V (421–438), one of the most well-known Sassanid kings and the hero of many myths. Bahram V's ...
1
vote
0answers
160 views

Which French aristocrats were guillotined face-up, if any?

There is a myth that Robespierre was guillotined faced-up (he wasn't); but it raises the question of which aristocrats or disgraced revolutionaries were provably guillotined face-up during the period ...
1
vote
0answers
69 views

What were the cultures of peasants in China during the Hundred Schools period (600-221BCE)?

During the Hundred Schools period (600-221 BCE) Chinese cultures changed significantly as ideas were contested amongst the ruling elite. What do we know of peasant cultures in China during this ...
1
vote
0answers
198 views

What effect did the execution of Louis XVI have on French foreign policy?

I was studying West Civilization and other events in history and I was quite conflicted here. I know who Louis was and everything but I don't really know enough to be able to answer the question in ...
1
vote
0answers
63 views

Where were they ecoshapping and were condemned by the UN

I remember an article from some time in the past about an american/canadian indian tribe which sank an iron rich ship in their lake or inlet to the ocean in order to increase the amount of fish. I ...
1
vote
0answers
77 views

Eohric of East Anglia and the usage of lion heads on banners

I was reading a historical novel by Bernard Cornwell (The Pagan Lord), when I came to this: Eohric, who had been King of East Anglia before we killed him, had a lion on his banner and his animal ...
1
vote
0answers
28 views

Ratio of commerce to residence in preindustrial towns

Is there any research that has attempted to estimate the ratio of commerce to residence, or of shopkeepers to residents in other trades, for preindustrial towns? Or are there old census sources where ...
1
vote
0answers
68 views

What is the approximate value of treasure seized by privateers from 1567 to 1720?

What is the approximate value for the treasure seized by Spanish privateers from English ships between 1567 and 1720? For example, "Attacks by the Anglo-Dutch axis over the period 1567 to 1720 seized ...
1
vote
0answers
101 views

What was the role of the college of consuls in Ancient Rome?

Wikipedia says: By law, only three persons were required to create a legal collegium; the only exception was the college of consuls, which included only the two consuls. I wonder what was ...
1
vote
0answers
64 views

A memorial Georgia (U.S.) plaque

This memorial plaque lists the numbers of Georgians who served in various wars and details the casualties. What I find odd is that for WWI, Korea, Vietnam, and Gulf round numbers are given for the ...
1
vote
0answers
87 views

Did most colleges in the United States have semesters that began in September and ended in January during the 1890s?

I have been researching college calendars from the 1890s and have found that their semesters are very different from most "modern" semesters in the United States. Here are two examples: Texas, Bryn ...
1
vote
0answers
77 views

What were the major objections that Augustine had with Jerome's translation of the Septuagint?

I was having a discussion with someone who insisted that one of the major reasons I thought that Augustine objected to Jerome's translation of the Septuagint was completely not true. He argued that ...
1
vote
0answers
54 views

Was there a race to patent the use of Freon as a home refrigerator coolant?

Thomas Midgely, Jr.'s hands were in two of the most detrimental scientific breakthroughs of the 20th century: the proliferation of leaded gasoline and the use of Freon (a chlorofluorocarbon) as a ...
0
votes
0answers
80 views

Was the money requested by the French for the XYZ affair really a bribe?

I know that in history classes, and the American version of the XYZ affair, that before the French would even sit down to the table with the Americans in order to discuss, basically, the piracy ...
0
votes
0answers
64 views

Did the rebels in the War of American Independence acknowledge the English Civil War rebels as an influence on their thinking?

I asked before about Cromwell, who it seems was viewed negatively. What about the ideas of people like the Levellers, or more general republican ideas that existed in England at that time?
0
votes
0answers
53 views

What was Ghulam Ahmad's relationship with the British authorities in India?

An answer on Islam.SE claims, Ghulam Ahmad came out at a time when the British were trying to take over India, and they needed someone to stop the Muslims from fighting, and so bribed this man to ...
0
votes
0answers
34 views

Capilla flamenca

The contemporary Belgian vocal and instrumental early music consort Capilla Flamenca specialises in 14th to 16th century music from Flanders and takes its name from the historical Flemish chapel ...
0
votes
0answers
58 views

Kaundinya in ancient south east Asia

How accepted, or disputed is the figure of Kaundinya, in the founding of the Indianised colonies of South East Asia? R.C. Majmudar considers Hon Tien, or Kaundinya, a credible figure in his works. ...
0
votes
0answers
100 views

Did General Morillo unwittingly allude to a cause of Spain's decline in 1816?

In ordering the execution of a famous scientist, Francisco de Caldas, during the war for South American independence, Spain's General Pablo Morillo was quoted as saying "Spain does not need wise men" ...
0
votes
0answers
84 views

Did Marco Polo really play Weiqi (Go)?

Somebody told me that until the twentieth century Marco Polo was the strongest westerner ever to play go (weiqi). Is this true? I can't find any reference to it. Googling Marco Polo and go doesn't ...
0
votes
0answers
180 views

Since the 20th century, how many diplomats from all countries have been killed during peace time?

Given the recent death of Ambassador Stevens I was curious how many diplomats have been killed when their country was not involved in a major war, a la, WW1, WW2, the Korean War, and Vietnam? I know ...
-2
votes
0answers
77 views

Why was the British East india Company allowed to become so powerful?

The East India Company was a crown charter company that through brute force and shrewd deals ended up owning a large army, and even fought wars almost completely independent of the British government ...
-4
votes
0answers
113 views

Caribbean island forcibly depopulated

I seem to remember reading a notice that armed forces of the United States forcibly depopulated some Caribbean island to prevent the locals from mating within their own small group. I don't remember ...

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