1
vote
4answers
240 views

Are any civil wars — other than the American Civil War — commonly reenacted?

...and if not, what is it that makes people comfortable reenacting the American Civil War? It would seem grotesque to reenact the Rwandan Civil War or Yugoslavian Civil War, for example. In ...
5
votes
1answer
160 views

Why was the Hexamillion wall incapable of preventing invasion?

The Hexamillion wall was created to fortify the only land route into the Peloponnese peninsula ~ but throughout it's history (450-1460 AD) it failed to prevent multiple invasions, acting only as a ...
2
votes
0answers
99 views

What was the first broadcast television programme?

Was it the Queen's Messenger or The Man with the Flower in his Mouth? IMDB claims that Queen's Messenger was the first, I've always understood The Man with the Flower in his Mouth. So which was it? ...
2
votes
2answers
3k views

Which is the oldest language in the World? [closed]

I want to know which are the oldest languages in the world? And within those, which is still in use?
2
votes
1answer
113 views

I'm Looking for a picture of a 5 masted sailing ship called Capitan Hilgendorf. (Barquentine)?

The Germans trained sailors and Navy Infantrymen on this ship. I have looked at several sites with numerous information and listings. Can anyone steer me in the right direction? I know that most all ...
20
votes
7answers
2k views

What is the earliest evidence of contact between Ireland and Egypt?

There is a folk tale of an Egyptian princess in Ireland around 1700 BC. Is there credible evidence of early contact between the two places?
13
votes
3answers
1k views

How were the holes for the guns in battleships' turrets protected?

I'm interested in knowing how the guns' holes in battleships' turrets protected, if and when they were, and how was that protection designed and arranged, specially in relation to the guns' elevation ...
5
votes
2answers
562 views

What does a slitterman do?

On my Great-Uncle's Naval Entry Form, it says: Occupation upon entry: Slitterman (paper) I found this article, which says a slitterman is: A representative for the Travellers Aid Society ...
2
votes
1answer
87 views

Were people in the Neo-Assyrian or Achaemenid Empire aware of the empires before them?

The history of ancient civilizations in Mesopotamia has been a complex one, with several empires spanning a couple of millennia. Were the people from latter empires, say Neo-Assyrian or Achaemenid ...
4
votes
1answer
54 views

The region of Viceroy Toledo's Reductions (Reducciones)?

I'm trying to find the geographic boundaries for the native resettlement implemented by Toledo, Viceroy of Peru, as a part of his Toledo reforms. This resettlement is distinct from the later Jesuit ...
3
votes
7answers
922 views

What went wrong with India's scientific development as a society?

India had been among the "leaders" in scientific research spanning Mathematics, Medicine, Chemistry and others. ...
8
votes
0answers
134 views

What was the societal wealth demographics when the major pyramids were built? [closed]

All this talk about wealth distribution (1% of US Citizens etc. etc.) got me wondering about the wealth distribution in other periods of history when - let's call them - great edifices were built. ...
-1
votes
2answers
212 views

how could japan recover very fast their economy eventhough the two bombs were dropped? [closed]

I tried to search for this question alot but I didn"t find anything so I said to ask my question here maybe someone knows how to answer it!!
7
votes
1answer
118 views

Which was the earliest book of names for naming babies?

Nowadays one finds books and online websites that help you to name babies. What are the earliest instances of these? I would assume that these would be in Europe, China or the Middle East, but if ...
7
votes
1answer
130 views

How did Pancrace Royer die?

Pancrace Royer was a well known French harpsichordist who published a book in 1746. He died in 1755, but I can't find the cause of death (which would probably be easier if I knew French). Does anyone ...
3
votes
2answers
824 views

Why weren't North American Indians considered to be property yet to be acquired (slaves)?

When White men came to mainland North America, there were an indigenous population already here. I will refer to that population as North American Indians. Africans were brought to the Americas ...
3
votes
0answers
45 views

How effective was child labor legislation in Victorian Europe? [closed]

How effective was child labor legislation in Victorian Europe? Effectiveness being counted in 'percent of working environments that actually complied', with 'Effective' being... 50% compliance? Or ...
22
votes
4answers
341 views

How would you accurately use older British currencies when writing a story?

For writing a story set in Napoleonic Wars era, how should one use the currencies accurately? I read in novels they use currencies like shilling, pound, guinea, sovereign, four (or six-, etc) pence, ...
21
votes
5answers
798 views

What were the reasons for making Prohibition a constitutional amendment?

What were the reasons that the Prohibition in the United States was passed as a constitutional amendment, rather than a normal federal law, or a set of state laws?
10
votes
1answer
198 views

What were the conditions of joining or leaving the Holy Roman Empire?

Seeing as several countries in Europe are regularly rethinking whether to join or leave the European Union, I wonder how did countries join or leave the Holy Roman Empire, which was also more like a ...
5
votes
1answer
273 views

How big was the percentage of white people in the USA who were not against granting the blacks equal rights? [closed]

How big was the percentage of white people in the USA who were not against granting the blacks equal rights at the time when the blacks finally got the equality of rights (which I think was in 1964). ...
7
votes
3answers
830 views

Why weren't Australian Aborigines enslaved?

While there are many articles discussing the Australian Aborigines' de facto legalized slavery, or essentially free labor, the fact seems to be that they were never de jure slaves, as Africans were. ...
2
votes
1answer
136 views

Info about frigates crossing the Atlantic in 1650.

I'm writing a book and need help with trading frigates crossing the Atlantic in 1650 to the West Indies and American colonies. How many men would be on a ship and were there stairs or ladders leading ...
34
votes
10answers
3k views

Are there confirmed cases where a country changed its language without being conquered?

I thought about this question and wondered: Are there any known cases where a country switched to a different language other than because of being conquered? If some country ever did this I would be ...
11
votes
5answers
1k views

Did the Roman Empire extend as far north as the Romans could grow wine?

I've heard (in an interview with German biologist Josef Reichholf) the argument that the Romans extended their empire as far north as they could grow their wine. A first glimpse at the map suggests ...
-1
votes
1answer
210 views

Why did wheat become the dominant food culture? [closed]

Growing wheat, rice and other cereals is very labor-intensive. Wheat has very small edible mass compared to the other tissues. Wheat is very weather-dependent. Why were other cultures not used ...
7
votes
3answers
2k views

Status of merchants in feudal Europe

What was the status of merchants during the feudal age in Europe? Did they, like peasants, serve/have allegiance to certain land owning lord? If yes, do they have different status or privileges from ...
0
votes
1answer
114 views

What was housing like in early Medieval Scotland?

I've read detailed social history on Scotland which goes back to about the 16th century, and it would seem like some of the poorest Scots of that era sometimes lived in housing which was as modest as ...
3
votes
1answer
830 views

Hitler's Dental Records

I always found WWII to be boring, so I never formed any strong opinions or historical knowledge about it. After watching a few dozen Hitler Ranting videos, however, I picked up a few documentaries ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

Were crossbows used by the Japanese?

Were crossbows used in any significant way by the Japanese? If so, what period and how were they fielded? I found some very brief references: Jonathan Clements' "A Brief History of the Samurai" ...
-6
votes
1answer
187 views

When Indonesia was named so and why? [closed]

Where the country's name come from and when the country got this name, "Indonesia"? Was in given in 20th century?
13
votes
1answer
363 views

How were Muslim Turks treated in Byzantine Empire?

While reading about the Palaiologan Renaissance on Wikipedia, I was intrigued to find that a mosque was rebuilt in Constantinople, which was destroyed during the fourth crusade(read about it here). I ...
0
votes
0answers
137 views

Was the money requested by the French for the XYZ affair really a bribe?

I know that in history classes, and the American version of the XYZ affair, that before the French would even sit down to the table with the Americans in order to discuss, basically, the piracy ...
11
votes
2answers
864 views

What was the official currency used in North Carolina in 1814?

I was surprised to find it stated in the Laws of North Carolina, 1814, Chapter V, Section IX that: a tax to the State of ten pounds shall be paid Does this refer to British pounds? I would have ...
5
votes
2answers
503 views

What was the standard pistol used in Yugoslavia during WWII?

I've looked into the firearms used during WWII, but I can't find what pistol was used by Yugoslavian infantry men at the time. What did they use?
20
votes
4answers
2k views

What was the reason for Soviet troops to withdraw from Yugoslavia in World War II?

For all these countries that the Red Army entered (Poland, Romania, part of Germany, Czechoslovakia, Hungary), the procedure was straightforward. Once the Soviets beat the Germans they become de facto ...
6
votes
1answer
167 views

How was the political landscape of Tibet during the era of fragmentation?

When reading about the end of the Tibetan empire, information about the political situation of the area is scarce (most authors focus a lot on the religion). Basically, who was de facto or de jure in ...
6
votes
0answers
161 views

Why have some territorial annexations been rejected by the international community? [closed]

The annexation of Kuwait by Iraq, the annexation of the Golan Heights by Israel, and the annexation of Crimea by Russia are examples of recent territorial annexations that have been rejected by the ...
4
votes
0answers
120 views

Did the Zapatistas actually kill anyone?

The armed Zapatista movement started in 1994 as an armed revolution and spanned more than 20 years. Disambiguation- this is the 1983/1994 movement, not the 1910 movement. It is surprising to note ...
20
votes
5answers
4k views

How common was smoking in first half of the 20th century?

When watching movies that were made in first half of the 20th century, one can see many people are smoking (cigarettes), but it is not they smoke all time long. I refer to the movies, because they ...
1
vote
1answer
530 views

What did Cyrus the great look like?

Some people think that ancient Iranians (unlike Iranians today) were white and had green/blue eyes and blonde hair. I am myself an Iranian and I do not look white; I do not have blue/green eyes and ...
27
votes
6answers
919 views

Why didn't the silk road run north of the Black Sea?

I have read many times that the only way for Europeans to get to China, or vice versa, was through Anatolia and Persia. This gave Istanbul an advantage in throttling trade, as well as Mesopotamia and ...
3
votes
1answer
154 views

What shoulder straps are these?

To what uniform these shoulder straps belong?
2
votes
1answer
96 views

Help to identify old Firefighter badge

arge metal badge with enamel logo, with five birds on it
22
votes
3answers
8k views

What were the reasons that the British colonies in North America rebelled but not others?

I know more about the American War of Independence than about other British colonies, but I have begun to wonder why was it just America. The British had colonies in other places but there doesn't ...
3
votes
1answer
140 views

Would Plutarch be considered a historian by modern standards?

I've been reading his "Parallel Lives" and it's clear part of the goal is to tell how some fundamental characters lived, so people can know their stories, but the other part is to set and reinforce a ...
2
votes
0answers
71 views

Lusatia oath from 1422

Citizens of Lusatia are claimed to have been made to take an oath in 1422, starting with the following words Die Ketzer und in dem christlichen Glauben irresame Leute zu tilgen und zu verderben ...
1
vote
0answers
144 views

How close to the “free zone” did slaves get (excluding escapees and those with owner permission to go there (i.e. temporarily, just passing through))? [closed]

A slave must've lived in sight of the "free zone" (evidence: http://www.slate.com/blogs/the_vault/2013/09/04/abraham_lincoln_the_president_used_this_map_to_see_where_slavery_was_strongest.html the ...
4
votes
1answer
253 views

What were the major strategies/ideas Britain exerted against Indian Independence movement?

The first flames of freedom were lighted in the 1857 revolt in India. After that in 1900s, the movements became stronger and spread over the country. There was diverse political, economic, military, ...
5
votes
1answer
193 views

Why did Mozi's philosophy die out in China?

Today in my Social Studies class we learned about Mozi by reading the material he wrote in translation. According to my teacher, despite enormous initial influence Mohism, the philosophy developed by ...

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