11
votes
2answers
2k views

Why was Johannes Blaskowitz indicted at the Nuremberg High Command Trial

Johannes Blaskowitz was a German General during WW2. He committed suicide in 1948 while being tried as a war criminal. His action during the polish offensive seem rather counter to this, to quote ...
5
votes
1answer
125 views

Who was the shepherd that discovered the Gobekli Tepe? [closed]

I was watching a National Geographic documentary about the famous "Göbekli Tepe". In many of the articles and in the documentary - they say it was discovered by "a shepherd" or "the shepherd" or "the ...
4
votes
2answers
140 views

How did Henry Knox retrieve the cannons that fell into the river?

During the winter of 1775-1776, Henry Knox undertook an expedition to Fort Ticonderoga to retrieve quite a few cannons to bring back to Boston to aide in the Revolutionary War efforts. On the way ...
4
votes
2answers
195 views

How good were Confederate resupply capabilities during the Gettysburg campaign?

At dinner, the other night, I discussed the battle of Gettysburg with a foreign-born friend, who observed: "The way you describe the battle of Gettysburg, if Pickett's charge had succeeded on the ...
2
votes
3answers
190 views

What are exceptions to the hypothesis that “climate determined ”regional“ loyalties in the U.S. Civil War”?

Besides the fact that "North" implies "cold," and "South implies "hot," I was struck by the fact that Lincoln won absolute majorities (in a four way race) in 16 states wholly or partially above the ...
7
votes
1answer
105 views

When did home weather thermometers become popular/common?

Today we look online to determine the weather. When I was little, I remember people had big thermometers hanging outside, or suctioned to the outside of, for example, the kitchen window. But when did ...
12
votes
2answers
908 views

Why were the Huns so successful at siege warfare but the Goths were not?

I am listening to Mike Duncan's podcast titled "The History of Rome" and in it he mentioned that it is kind of a mystery that the Huns were so successful at siege warfare but the Goths were not. Both ...
0
votes
1answer
206 views

Is the modern German language the same as it was in Roman times? [closed]

Was the German language influenced by any other languages? How did the German language get to what we hear today? I know that the letters were influenced by Latin, but did the language change or just ...
4
votes
3answers
341 views

How was the first official geographical border established in Europe?

In this moment of history, geographic state borders are defined in official treaties between countries. These treaties determine where the territory of certain state ends and where the territory of ...
12
votes
1answer
295 views

How were the borders of small European principalities maintained or secured?

With shifting boundaries, enclaves, exclaves, and alliances, how were the territorial extents of small principalities or duchies maintained, for example in the Holy Roman Empire or German ...
3
votes
1answer
133 views

Was Marcus Marcellus faced with Viridomarus or Britomartus?

I seem to have come to a discrepancy, as I'm sure a lot have, concerning the event in which Marcus Claudius Marcellus is supposedly meant to have slain the King of the Insubres in 222 B.C.E. Plutarch ...
6
votes
3answers
544 views

Who were the traders involved in the triangular slave trade? [closed]

There is currently a big polemic in French news media about antisemitism. A French comedian is accused to propagate antisemitic ideas in France. I have no intention to propagate this polemic on this ...
4
votes
0answers
113 views

Who created the Korean Unification Flag?

Wikipedia: The Unification Flag is a flag designed to represent all of Korea when North and South Korea participate as one team in sporting events. Still according to Wikipedia, in recent years the ...
8
votes
1answer
207 views

National Symbology and Iconography of Carthage

Are there any design elements that symbolized the Carthaginian empire? The Roman empire is associated with many iconographic and stylistic elements, like the golden eagle on military standards and ...
8
votes
1answer
337 views

Who uses a pre-“Gregorian” calendar and why?

Here's a "day job" question that apparently has its roots in history. A person with one of our (overseas) suppliers declined to work this week, because it's his Christmas holiday. He's Orthodox, and ...
10
votes
2answers
179 views

Who is the banished Scottish King? (before 1560)

I've done some genealogy research in my family and found a man named "Simon Skragge". I've been searching information about this "Simon Skragge" online, and found this: Adl. ätten Skraggensköld ...
10
votes
2answers
1k views

How do historians deal with Historical Bias?

A while ago while watching Crash Course World History, John Green mentioned how Alexander the Great died from the flu despite many people from that time claiming that he died in battle (because this ...
4
votes
2answers
239 views

Did Ancient Egyptians in the 2nd millennium BC practice Astrology?

I'm aware that Ancient Egyptians did chart stars and have a relatively robust understanding of astronomy for the time. However, did they (say, in the 2nd millenium BC) practice astrology, such that ...
16
votes
8answers
2k views

What cultures did, or do, perform human sacrifice on a regular basis?

Looking at the Area 51 commitment page, I realized that some of the questions that were originally suggested there never got asked here, so I thought I'd add some of them. Something else I would like ...
8
votes
2answers
482 views

Did any armies systemically favor axes/hammers over swords?

In fantasy literature there are plenty of examples of cultures (such as the Dwarves of Lord of the Rings) who favor axes or hammers above swords in combat. Did any historical army follow that ...
0
votes
3answers
329 views

Why Americans like to enroll in military services despite huge risks involved? [closed]

Working in US military is one of the riskiest jobs in America because of the regular engagement in battles compared to other military in the world. I live in a third-world country. Even in my ...
6
votes
1answer
101 views

Did Arabs actually raise a red flag on the dome of their commander's marquee during the Haraam months?

This answer to the question What is the purpose of putting a red flag on the dome of Hussain ibn Ali(as)'s shrine? states that if Arabs were at war with each other, during the Haraam months they would ...
8
votes
4answers
3k views

How was Germany's border decided?

What is the timeline of events that led to Germany's current geographic shape? For example: 1871: German Empire formed 1919: Weimar Republic formed
1
vote
2answers
193 views

Is History a subject where certain knowledge is accepted by all historians or can any event be a source for debate?

In science some ideas and concepts are accepted by the vast majority of scientists, like evolution. It's true that scientific knowledge evolves over time and things we believe today may not hold true ...
2
votes
1answer
125 views

How isolated were Yemenite Jews in the last millenium?

Following up a related question, how isolated was the Jewish Yemenite community from the rest of the Jewish world in the last 1000 years?
1
vote
2answers
117 views

What were the reasons for the Federal Art Project?

From August 29, 1935, until June 30, 1943 United States promote what they called Federal Art Project. Reputed to have created more than 200,000 separate works, FAP artists created posters, ...
10
votes
1answer
195 views

What was the earliest professional recording of “Happy Birthday to You”?

Since it's creation, there has been confusion over the copyright status of the familiar song "Happy Birthday to You". As it became widely popular, the original copyright holders lost control of when ...
8
votes
2answers
471 views

How and why did Polish rule over the Ukraine “downwardly deviate” from Lithuanian rule?

In the Middle Ages, "Lithuania" ruled over not only the modern Lithuania, but also modern Belarus and large parts of the Ukraine. The Ukrainiains seemed to accept Lithuanian rule for over two ...
4
votes
1answer
89 views

Why did the July Monarchy dispense with Montgaillard's services?

This guy, Count Montgaillard, seems to have switched allegiances as often as he used to breath - he was an aristocrat and en emigre who then served the Republic, the Bourbon princes, again the ...
6
votes
2answers
168 views

Did the commonwealth surrender prematurely at Crete?

In the Battle of Crete in 1941, the numbers were around equal but the British have supremacy in the sea and in land equipment. The only advantage the Germans had was air supremacy. So why did the ...
12
votes
2answers
4k views

Why was the Cuban Revolution (1953-1959) ultimately successful?

Communist revolutions have been attempted across the world - what were the primary reasons that the Cuban Revolution succeeded while others failed?
2
votes
1answer
128 views

How and when did Jews get to the shores of the Baltic?

How and when did Jews get to the shores of the Baltic?
3
votes
1answer
94 views

Where did the profits for the founders of the Bank of England come from?

Royal assent was given for the formation of the Bank of England, in part, to help pay for the Nine Years' War (1688-97) with France in 1694. The founding of the Bank and, and in effect, the loan it ...
3
votes
1answer
45 views

When was the electric iron introduced to the state of Georgia?

I am aware that the electric iron was invented in 1882 by Henry W. Seely, but I would like to find out when rich and middle-class Georgians started using it.
5
votes
0answers
60 views

When was the modern manuscript for the Torah agreed upon?

(This question is also asked on judaism.SE for a different approach.) Considering that variations have occurred in the Torah's text over time (I think the Gemara/Talmud may mention events where a few ...
4
votes
1answer
117 views

Did the Taaffe family maintain an actual connection with Ireland during the 19th century?

The Taaffe family is rather remarkable for having held both an Irish/UK and Austrian peerage. However, it is not clear from the wiki pages whether they (for example, Count Eduard, who was Austrian ...
0
votes
1answer
71 views

Why was there an autumn recess in Britain in 1641?

Was it because the government just wanted to take a break in recess? Or was it because of conflicts? Wikipedia mentions that in October 1641, the Irish rebellion occurred, but it doesn’t mention that ...
5
votes
1answer
174 views

Civilians in Napoleon's Grand Army when he invaded Russia

It is fairly well documented that Napoleon's retreat from Moscow in 1812 was somewhat slowed by the large amounts of civilians following the army. My question is - where did these civilians come from ...
5
votes
2answers
2k views

When and by whom was the Tirupati Tirumala temple in India built?

India's second wealthiest temple, Tirupati Tirumala Venkateswara Temple does not seem to have a clear history about its origin. The Wikipedia entry does not provide proper details on who exactly built ...
8
votes
2answers
130 views

What is the meaning of “£10 per cent” in the early 19th century in relation to a wage (30/- fortnight)

Reading Hammond and Hammond (1919) The Skilled labourer I came across the expression of £10% in the quoted primary sources, ie, at 34: The Duke of Northumberland wrote to the H.O. on May 26 that work ...
2
votes
1answer
66 views

When was the Yemenite Jewish community isolated from the rest of the Jewish world?

The Yemenite Torah and Tanach is almost completely identical to that of the Jews in Europe, but there are a few minor spelling differences. When were the communities separated such that these spelling ...
1
vote
0answers
153 views

How did families parent in the Middle Ages? [closed]

The question is probably a subject for a book, but I am really curious: how did parenting look in the middle ages? How did the common folk bring up children? How were the children clothed, what was ...
-1
votes
1answer
292 views

Ancient Civilization in non-Egyption Africa? [closed]

I am looking for ancient civilizations in central and south of Africa. Were there any ancient cities, such as Timbuktu, Benin, or Zimbabwe for which there are scientific tools or other artifacts ...
5
votes
3answers
134 views

Population disparities between New York City and Boston

Both Boston and New York City are incredibly important early settlements that still thrive to this day. Given the early advantages of Boston I would assume that it would be one of the top 5 largest ...
1
vote
1answer
267 views

Did the Hanseatic league have any involvement with Jews?

Did the Hanseatic League have any policy toward or involvement with Jews?
3
votes
1answer
168 views

In the British Invasion of Greece, what happened to the British troops who were not captured?

http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/british-forces-arrive-in-greece I also was wondering what happened to the soldiers who were not caught, if any? Where did they go, and what happened to ...
6
votes
1answer
281 views

What was the attitude of the other European countries in the 1970s Cod War?

In the 1970s Britain and Iceland came close to a shooting war in the so called Cod War. Using these stats (admittedly from some decades later) as a guide, Norway, Denmark and Spain also have ...
2
votes
1answer
174 views

What sort of architecture existed in Catholic Eastern Europe around the late 1100's and very early 1200's?

What I'm really interested in most is building materials, but I'm pretty open to answers. Essentially, it sounds like the late 1100's in Eastern Europe were still pretty solidly Romanesque, with ...
4
votes
2answers
92 views

How are historical epidemiological studies done?

While growing up we were told in school that plagues, carried over by the Europeans, decimated the Native American population. We were also taught about the black plague in Europe and a few other ...
2
votes
1answer
221 views

Would modern aerodynamic design be recognizable to a vehicle expert 100 years ago?

Which is a stronger constraint on vehicle appearance: aerodynamic theory or manufacturing? If we gave Henry Ford a peek at our modern cars, would he fail to recognize it as a car? Or would it his ...

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