2
votes
4answers
10k views

Did the Romans ever encounter the Vikings?

Did the Romans ever scout Scandinavia for possible conquest?Or was trade ever done between them?
4
votes
1answer
119 views

On the history of Jewish places of worship

I was recently on holiday in Israel and Jordan on a tour that focussed on biblical and archaeological sites. As part of the tour, we visited Tel Arad which was probably built around 1100 BCE and ...
4
votes
2answers
251 views

Provinces and Dioceses in the late roman empire contrasted with those of the church

I have been frustrated by the following issue. In the structure of the late roman empire, provinces were grouped into diocese, which were in turn grouped into praetorian prefectures. The civilian ...
4
votes
4answers
300 views

How did 2nd century Romans decide where to build Hadrian's wall?

How did 2nd century Romans decide where to build Hadrian's wall? It is located exactly at the narrowest east-west section of the island. They had no laser theodolites, lenses, aerial observation ...
7
votes
3answers
1k views

What happened to the Imperial Byzantine Family after the collapse of the empire?

After the collapse of the Byzantine Empire, what happened to the Imperial Byzantine family? Did they later establish other smaller kingdoms? Do any European Royal family trace their ancestry to them (...
9
votes
1answer
292 views

Did hanging tyres from Mostar's bridge help at all to protect it?

At various points (e.g. 00:14) in this BBC documentary on Mostar's Stari Most (Old Bridge) you can see dozens of car tyres hanging from the bridge prior to its destruction in the Croat-Bosniak ...
7
votes
1answer
369 views

Why couldn't the UN lift the siege of Sarajevo?

The Siege of Sarajevo lasted for more than three years, and the people inside were very much trapped. This was in 1992, at which time the UN had ~40,000 troops, which it had mobilized for the specific ...
2
votes
1answer
85 views

Which leading Serbs and Croats argued against their own extremists in the wars 1992-95?

Looking back on the wars in Bosnia and Croatia twenty years on, and having read many of the histories of the period, I can't think of any accounts of commanders on either side behaving with vision or ...
5
votes
4answers
567 views

Greek Revolution: Where did the Greeks look for descendants of the Byzantine dynasties?

I recall reading in a few books that during the early to mid 19th century, the Greeks where trying to find European nobles who had genealogies linked to the dynasties of the old Byzantine Empire (...
1
vote
1answer
92 views

Movie refers to “denouncing a neighbor”--as a Jew? or a Jewish sympathizer? or both?

I'm in the middle of a movie about Nazi Germany. I can't tell if a particular character, a concentration camp survivor, is supposed be Jewish or a Jewish sympathizer. It is said in the movie she was ...
11
votes
7answers
6k views

Historical use of alcohol as a source of clean water

I've heard that there were two common methods to disinfecting water in the past: boiling water or turning it into alcohol. Presumably, those in the East relied on boiling water, while those in the ...
6
votes
3answers
7k views

Are these remarks by Napoleon on Jesus genuine?

The German edition of Wikiquote contains the following alleged words of Napoleon (in translation): I know men and I tell you that Jesus Christ is no mere man. Between Him and every other person ...
2
votes
1answer
131 views

How long did it take to sail from Philadelphia to Boston in the 1700s?

How long did it usually take to sail from Philadelphia to Boston in the 1700s? I've been able to find lots of sources talking about sailing time between England and the colonies, but I haven't found ...
-1
votes
2answers
134 views

What were the differences between the Sieges of Constantinople in 678, 717, and 1453, inc. Greek Fire? [closed]

Constantinople repelled the sieges of 678 and 717 with Greek fire. What were the differences between the Byzantine army/navy in 678/717 versus 1453, and how did the Arab army/navy differ from the ...
1
vote
2answers
76 views

What happened to the other European residents in Khartoum in 1885?

Some sources mention Gordon running into the Austrian consulate to save himself from the Mahdi, which implies that there were other Europeans in Khartoum during the siege. What happened to them?
-4
votes
0answers
88 views

Oldest active Nuclear Weapon

Where is the oldest active nuclear weapon, what type of nuclear weapon is it, what country owns it, and how old is the weapon itself.
-3
votes
3answers
381 views

Why did leaders seem to overlook diseases in their campaigns?

During military campaigns in the 19th century many soldiers died of diseases. Why did the military leaders not seem to pay as much attention to the importance of supply to the army? Let me give some ...
4
votes
2answers
259 views

Russian Tank Factory Relocation During WWII

How was Russian AFV production affected by the relocation of factories during WWII, post the German invasion of 1941? They went on to out-produce the Germans by around 3-1 in tanks from 1942 onwards. ...
3
votes
1answer
186 views

Looking for the 20th century painters on this t-shirt

I bought this t-shirt for a friend who is really into arts, but actually I don't know all the painters that are pictured on this shirt. Clock-wise, I recognize: René Magritte Edvard Munch Salvador ...
1
vote
1answer
78 views

How would British counterfeiting efforts in the revolutionary war have inflated the American currency? [closed]

During the revolutionary war one of the British's espionage tactics was to flood the American market with counterfeit currency to cause mass runaway inflation. But how would that have worked? I don't ...
2
votes
0answers
117 views

Austria and the attitude of its American and Soviet occupiers?

In the his book, At Memory's Edge by James E. Young, the author states: In fact, unlike Germany’s near obsession with its Nazi-past, Austria’s relationship to its wartime history has remained ...
18
votes
4answers
6k views

Are there any records that indicate a submarine vs submarine battle?

I am aware of only one which is the U-864 was sunk by the HMS Venturer but that was when both were being submerged -- according to wikipedia. Is that accurate? Which battles did happen between two (...
45
votes
10answers
22k views

How did Nazi Germany finance itself during WW2?

How did Nazi Germany finance itself during the war? They produced a large amount of war material during 1939-1945, but how was this production financed? What were Germany's revenue streams that ...
-1
votes
1answer
57 views

How Bell turn backed electricity fluctuations to sound? [closed]

Even though I could get how Alexander Graham Bell turned sound vibrations into electrical fluctuation as said in this article on Telephone history I couldn't get how he turned back electricity ...
0
votes
1answer
100 views

Where can I find demographic information for the Roman Empire? [closed]

Where could I find data series concerning population and immigration numbers in the Roman Empire? Is there even any information regarding this subject?
1
vote
3answers
136 views

Where were the British Forces located during Napoleon's Egypt Campaign?

During Napoleon's Campaign in Egypt 1798-1803, the British destroyed the French fleet near the Abu-Qir bay and had a fleet blockade there. Where did the men on the British fleet get supply from in all ...
18
votes
6answers
3k views

What were shoe soles made from in previous ages?

Today, nearly all commercial footwear has a sole made of either rubber or plastic with rubber-like qualities. It's a great material for the job, but it comes from a tree that's native to the Americas,...
-1
votes
1answer
114 views

Was the Nazi ideology invented by Hitler? [closed]

Was National Socialism, the ideology of the Third Reich, invented by Hitler or did it exist before, possibly under a different name?
7
votes
2answers
388 views

Did the Dutch carry out trials for collaboration with the Japanese in the Dutch East Indies?

After the Second World War, the Netherlands tried Dutch citizens for acts of collaboration with the German occupation. Did they do the same (as the UK did on a limited scale in India and other areas ...
5
votes
1answer
211 views

Did a US Territory Gaining Statehood by Itself Bestow Citizenship to Anyone Who Was Present?

Heinrich Schliemann wrote in his Autobiography (p.18): Ich befand mich noch in Californien, als dasselbe am 4. Juli 1850 zum Staate erhoben wurde, und da alle an jenem Tage im Lande Verweilenden ...
1
vote
0answers
38 views

History of ways of choosing members of the electoral college

The Constitution of the United States Article II, Section 1, second paragraph, says: Each State shall appoint, in such Manner as the Legislature thereof may direct, a Number of Electors, equal to ...
27
votes
3answers
10k views

How did Europeans first acquire gunpowder?

I know that gunpowder was first invented in China around the 10th century, and it seems that gunpowder likely made its way to Europe via the "Silk Road." However, there doesn't seem to be a ton of ...
14
votes
5answers
10k views

Why do Spaniards have their lunch and dinner so late?

I've been reading about it and many sites explain (unconvincingly, for me) that the reason why Spaniards currently have lunch around 2 and dinner around 9:30 is because during the 40s (after the civil ...
39
votes
4answers
7k views

Why are the German and French languages so different?

My understanding (which could be wrong) is the following: During and before the period of the fall of western Rome (roughly 400 AD), the Franks and the Alemanni were tribal people who moved around a ...
4
votes
2answers
133 views

How was debt handled in the change over from the Julian calendar to the Gregorian?

I was reading about New Style and Old Style dates, and I thought about the deletion of dates during the transition. From Wikipedia's article on the Gregorian calendar: When the new calendar was ...
6
votes
2answers
161 views

Did the Persian Empire really finance both sides of the Peloponnesian war?

I thought that the Persian empire was an enemy of these states and I've read somewhere that the Spartans indeed won the Peloponnesian war with the help of the Persian empire but in an answer here it's ...
-2
votes
1answer
116 views

How many factories (heavy industry) did the US have in 1960? [closed]

How many heavy industrial factories did the US have in 1960? This would include all vehicle factories (car, train, bulldozer, marine vessels, aircraft). It would also include steelmaking and other ...
-1
votes
1answer
41 views

A book collating world events? [closed]

I saw on a TV programme a couple of years ago, about a book that would be updated every few years highlighting all kinds of significant news and happenings from around the world. I seem to remember it ...
4
votes
1answer
108 views

Why is Hue's “Purple Forbidden City” so called?

Within the Imperial City complex in Huế, Vietnam, is a secondary citadel called in English the "Purple Forbidden City". (Or, per some sources, the "Forbidden Purple City.") According to my guide ...
2
votes
0answers
107 views

Why did the Spartans learn to read and write if they weren't allowed to keep records?

I recently watched a TED-Ed video about Spartan society in Ancient Greece. The video discusses how Spartans were forbidden to keep records. Then it goes on to describe how the Spartans learned to read ...
18
votes
4answers
6k views

Is it true that US tracer rounds were red and VC green during Vietnam war?

Quote from American Marine diary about tracers during vietnam: 0200 hours - Heavier fire coming in. Never had seen green tracers used against us. In a way, kind of pretty to look at, red ...
0
votes
1answer
77 views

Why didn't British colonists in Canada join the American revolution? [duplicate]

Many of the British colonists living in Quebec and Nova Scotia had the same complaints as the American British colonists. Why they did not join in the American Revolution?
0
votes
1answer
95 views

Why is there hostility between Russia and the Baltic states? [closed]

What is the cause of the hostility between Russia and the Baltic states?
7
votes
1answer
185 views

What stood behind Maria Theresa's forestry policy?

Maria Theresa of Austria established laws that determined how many trees you have to plant for every cut-down tree. Why? Did the industry need so many trees because of the industrial revolution?
3
votes
2answers
151 views

French Military uniform identification

I'm trying to identify the uniform in this picture of my great-great-great uncle Leon. The picture was taken some time between 1860 to 1890 we think. I've done image searches for uniforms from that ...
1
vote
3answers
484 views

How Likely Was a French Alliance with Italy or Japan in World War I? [closed]

My World History class is re-enacting World War I and I have been assigned France. I'm looking for countries who allied with France or were potential allies. Please help if you know any good alliances ...
6
votes
6answers
2k views

Why did the Phoenicians let the Hebrews (Jews) settle in Canaan?

I know the Hebrews (Jews) started traveling from shumor and Mesopotamia before entering Canaan (Today it is Israel). The Phoenicians were located at the time in Lebanon and Israel area. The ...
13
votes
2answers
301 views

White on Polish coat of arms

The Polish coat of arms is an eagle on the red field (background): In Poland it is always said that it is a White Eagle. This is mentioned in current Constitution (translated by me): Art. 28. ...
68
votes
4answers
9k views

Why are Germans referred to so differently in different languages?

I was inspired by the other question "Why are the German and French languages so different?". But while, for me, the answer was obvious (the Romans did not conquer most parts of today's Germany and so ...
1
vote
2answers
203 views

What portion of tariffs was paid by Southern states before American Civil War?

UPDATE Folks, I have to clarify my question. Post is very long, and it looks like question itself is not pronounced clearly. I am not asking if tariffs were the reason of secession and war; l know ...

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