7
votes
1answer
429 views

Why did Austria cede Venetia at the end of the Third Italian War of Independence?

Looking at the wikipedia articles, they seemed to be winning (the Battle of Custoza and the naval battle of Lissa), and the war against Prussia was already finished. So why did it still cede Venetia ...
12
votes
7answers
3k views

Has any country won a war, but lost a non-trivial portion of its territory?

Has any country won a war, but lost a non-trivial amount of its territory? For example, 10% or 20%. It doesn't matter whether this country still exists or not.
8
votes
4answers
601 views

Why did France make an alliance with the Kingdom of Sardinia-Piedmont in the 1850's?

It is clear why Cavour wanted the alliance, but what benefits would France have from allying itself to a relatively weak (as far as I know) kingdom?
3
votes
1answer
253 views

Name of Kingdom that was formed after marriage refusal?

A while back, I read that in the middle ages, or even thousands of years ago, in Europe (I think around Netherlands), someone asked for a lady's hand in marriage (I think she was daughter of some King ...
0
votes
7answers
282 views

What is a good way to summarize Mussolini's role in World War 2? [closed]

I would want to know how I could summarize Mussolini's role in World War 2 in a paragraph or so. By this I don't mean that people start listing out all his military conquests etc. but the role he had ...
-1
votes
2answers
238 views

How did Sweden come out so unscathed physically and morally from WW2? [closed]

How did Sweden manage to support the Nazis with iron ore for their war machine, which kept Sweden "Neutral" and still retain good relations with the Allies post WW2? Does doing trade with an enemy in ...
0
votes
1answer
59 views

In 1700-1900 England, how were 'manners an end in themselves and not merely a means to achieve propriety by conformity'?

What does 1 mean: 'manners were [...] by conformity'? I know little about English history. How does 1 justify or mitigate 2; because to Anglophones in 2016, 1700-1900 English (e.g. Sheridan's opening ...
7
votes
1answer
179 views

Help identify ship, possibly from New York area

I got this picture in the same auction I got the Clermont Replica Steamship, so it may be from North River area. Stern flag has letters AVOC?
6
votes
2answers
1k views

Why was the swordsman of Calais chosen as Anne Boleyn's executioner?

Anne Boleyn was executed on May 19, 1536. Displaying an act of "mercy", King Henry VIII dispatched a skilled executioner to perform the execution by sword rather than by axe or being burned at the ...
34
votes
6answers
7k views

Why were women targeted as witches?

I think that a few men, but many more women were convicted of using magic in Europe mostly during the years in between 1400 and 1800 and I think it became much more prevalent after the Protestant ...
2
votes
3answers
186 views

Under what conditions could a medieval castle or fortress expect to break or outlast a siege? [closed]

In Medieval Europe (ie before gunpowder), medieval siege tactics are well known. I am curious if there is any known sense of how often sieges were broken. If you were in a castle besieged by a well-...
6
votes
6answers
790 views

Battles under the influence (of alcohol)

I'm looking for documented antecedents that describe the use or abuse of alcohol in the historical context of battles. Not necessarily well known battles. I remember watching (many years ago) a ...
1
vote
1answer
125 views

“Ancient knowledge” in Western Europe during Empire's fall

We know that the dawn of the age of Renaissance and the dusk of the Middle Ages were accelerated by the fall of Byzantine Empire and the transfer of a big chunk of "Ancient Knowledge" from Greece to ...
8
votes
4answers
2k views

Was Islam really responsible for the Italian Renaissance?

I recently heard a big claim from a Muslim, that the Italian Renaissance was largely caused by the positive Islamic influence on Europe via Spain or Al Andalus. I have my doubts about this claim, ...
28
votes
5answers
8k views

Why did trench warfare accept deadlocks?

As someone who has never studied military history or strategy I find it very hard to understand how and why both sides got locked into relatively short lines of heavily defended trench warfare with ...
7
votes
4answers
1k views

What happened to aircraft if their aircraft carrier was damaged?

Obviously if a plane takes off from a carrier but can't return because the carrier is damaged or sunk, it has to go somewhere. Or if it can't reach an airfield, its crew would need to ditch it and ...
11
votes
6answers
580 views

Why did non-monarchic rule meet with so little success in ancient China?

In the ancient world, the states around the Mediterranean were ruled by various forms of monarchy, aristocracy and democracy, each of which had varying levels of success. Meanwhile, in China, monarchy ...
1
vote
1answer
155 views
3
votes
1answer
155 views

Is this a Caesar silver coin

A friend showed me a coin he found a number of years a go, but it is hard to identify if it is a Roman coin. (having problems updating the image) Can someone help me identify when it is from?
1
vote
1answer
99 views

What Coin is This?

This is my first question on SE so please let me know if this should be somewhere else. Years ago (maybe 15), my grandfather gave me this coin and I have no idea what it is or where it came from. Can ...
1
vote
1answer
86 views

List of Roman Imperial Coins ~0 CE/AD

I'm trying to find a list of Roman Imperial Coins that were used around 0 CE/AD. Most of the my searches turn up lots of shopping pages. After sorting through tons of listings, I can find lists that ...
4
votes
0answers
53 views

Why did Emperor Xian's flight from Chang'an take one year?

During the end of the Han dynasty, the capital Chang'an fell under control of warlords Li Jue and Guo Si, who fought each other soon after. The emperor Xian escaped and eventually reached the ruins of ...
2
votes
0answers
36 views

History of the American Southwest [closed]

I'm planning a road trip through the Southwest U.S., stopping at a lot of national parks and historical sites (click for details): I'd like to listen to audio books while driving, about the history ...
6
votes
3answers
7k views

Are these remarks by Napoleon on Jesus genuine?

The German edition of Wikiquote contains the following alleged words of Napoleon (in translation): I know men and I tell you that Jesus Christ is no mere man. Between Him and every other person ...
0
votes
3answers
451 views

Clear picture of casaulties of Jewish people under third reich

I know this is pretty sensitive question, I would like to get an objective answer. It is widely known that jewish people were persecuted by Hitler's regime, and many of them died in concentration ...
6
votes
2answers
208 views

Why pretend Elser, Thalmann & other dissidents had been killed in air raids?

Richard Evans' The Third Reich at War, like most other substantial histories of the twilight years of Third Reich, paints a picture of quite startling brutality directed against its own population (...
1
vote
2answers
122 views

Movie refers to “denouncing a neighbor”--as a Jew? or a Jewish sympathizer? or both?

I'm in the middle of a movie about Nazi Germany. I can't tell if a particular character, a concentration camp survivor, is supposed be Jewish or a Jewish sympathizer. It is said in the movie she was ...
2
votes
1answer
178 views

How do we compare historical empires on these statistics?

I see three criteria here: I'm wondering which historical empire was the most long lived, largest, most populous, and represented the largest percentage of world population. Who controlled the ...
12
votes
4answers
7k views

What was Gandhi's post-factum view of the Partition?

Gandhi was vehemently opposed to the Partition of India and tried to avoid it. But what was his stance on it once it had happened? Did he accept it as fait accompli or did he envision some scheme for ...
5
votes
2answers
688 views

Why was Woody Woodpecker a “natural” hit during WW2?

Woody Woodpecker "with his innate chutzpah and brash demeanor, ... was a natural hit during World War II. His image appeared on US aircraft as nose art", Wikipedia says. Why was Woody Woodpecker a "...
4
votes
3answers
263 views

Slave armies, were they used?

In both fantasy and science fiction, from books, movies, games and tv shows, slave armies are a concept that is used pretty often. A well known example of this is the Unsullied from game of thrones. ...
5
votes
4answers
658 views

Why was the US unable to win in Korea? [closed]

The US had just defeated 1 Axis power and contributed greatly to the defeat of another. Its soldiers saw wide ranging combat experience over the 3 years in conflict against veteran soldiers of Germany ...
3
votes
1answer
253 views

Was Colonel Thomas Butler actually arrested?

In the continental Army during the American Revolution, soldiers traditionally wore their hair braided in the back and secured by a ribbon, but in 1801 General James Wilkinson issued an order ...
3
votes
2answers
796 views

Was the Missouri Compromise too arbitrary to stop spreading of slavery to the west and the north?

The Missouri Compromise determined that in states south of the 36°30' parallel slavery was allowed (and also in the new state of Missouri, which lay north of it). This seems rather arbitrary to me, ...
5
votes
5answers
3k views

What was the hippie movement? Why did it decline?

When we look back at 1960s-1970s, many times we come across the term 'Hippie movement' or 'Counter-Culture'. Hippies were described as people who made themselves stand out from the rest of the world. ...
23
votes
1answer
3k views

Capturing a much larger ship?

In Master and Commander (book 1), the 54-man, 14-gun Sophie captures the 319-man, 32-gun Cacafuego. Is this really plausible? How would it work? Is it the confined space of a ship's deck that makes ...
5
votes
2answers
433 views

Did Charlemagne's Christian conquest of Germany cause the Vikings to hit back at Britain?

A documentary on The Dark Ages says that Vikings invaded the British isles after Charlemagne of France conquered some of Germany and forced the Germans to convert or die in the years 783-804. The ...
4
votes
3answers
1k views

Was the Stock Market Crash of 1929 a cause or result of the Great Depression?

Did the Stock Market Crash of 1929 effectively cause the Great Depression, or were there economic factors already in place at that time such that the Greet Depression would have happened anyway, and ...
14
votes
3answers
4k views

What happened in 1914 that ended the golden age of microbiology?

I was reading a microbiology textbook and all it said was "The work that began with Pasteur started an explosion of discoveries in microbiology. The period from 1857 to 1914 has been appropriately ...
6
votes
1answer
127 views

Which Muslim factions during the Crusade used the crescent in their flags or banners?

According to NSNoob comments on Did Hungarian Army ever use Crescent banners? Crescent was used by Muslims since the Crusades. Wikipedia seems to agree. For example: the article on Star and ...
6
votes
1answer
233 views

Who created the Korean Unification Flag?

Wikipedia: The Unification Flag is a flag designed to represent all of Korea when North and South Korea participate as one team in sporting events. Still according to Wikipedia, in recent years the ...
2
votes
1answer
112 views

Which countries have used rail bikes in their armed forces?

Some 15 years ago, I read an article on "rail biking" and as part of the article it showed pictures of soldiers riding the rails on rail bikes! I believe the photos were from between 1850 and 1950. ...
4
votes
0answers
61 views

Is there evidence to suggest movement of a pre-modern people group from South America to New Caledonia?

Recently we toured the New Calendonia culture centre. Our guide pointed to this marking on a rock, and said: My wife did a Masters in History in Canberra, and other experts have found rocks with ...
0
votes
1answer
152 views

At the end of the Seven Years War, what was the total amount of gold and silver in Britain?

The Seven Years War ended in 1763. At that time, how much gold and silver existed inside Britain? This would include the British Treasury as well as any personal gold/silver of the nobility and ...
6
votes
2answers
210 views

How dependent were the Germans on horse transport in their invasion of the Soviet Union?

The Germans were very sophisticated in "combined" operations, that is, in using airpower and tanks to attack behind the Soviet lines. That's what gave them the advantage in the early part of the war. ...
3
votes
1answer
152 views

Which United States cities started getting electricity in the 1920s?

In the 1920s, electricity was starting to expand to rural and urban communities. What exact cities got electricity during that decade (more specifically, 1920-1929)
3
votes
1answer
258 views

What is the oldest ruler whose remains can be positively identified?

I realize this question can be quite controversial since "positive identification" is rather subjective especially with regards to ancient history. Regardless, I am curious to know which ancient ...
1
vote
3answers
232 views

Did medieval commanders exchange words before battle?

Random question for anyone who reads accounts of medieval battles. Was it customary for European medieval commanders to exchange words before battle, not merely for diplomatic reasons but more out of ...
4
votes
1answer
74 views

What trains were used on the Dakar-Niger Railway in the late 1950s and early 1960s?

What trains were used on the Dakar-Niger Railway in the late 1950s and early 1960s, i.e. the transition to independence? Are there any images available? I can find images of the railway from 1950 and ...
9
votes
1answer
360 views

What did the sympathies lie of the US Navy around the time of the American Civil War?

Around the time of the American Civil War the land military (that is the Army) had its sympathies on the cause of the Confederacy, in my opinion, due to the make up of the military officers of the ...

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