8
votes
1answer
127 views

How big was the IMF loan Britain received in the 1970's?

During the turbulent times of the 1970's, the United Kingdom had to ask the International Monetary Fund (IMF) for a loan to meet its obligations. The National Archives state that in September 1976, a ...
6
votes
2answers
106 views

Estimating gross domestic product in ancient times

I would like to estimate, to what extent the Roman republic (or different parts of it) were "agricultural". Today, a common measure to the "agricultural-ness" of an economy is the gross domestic ...
5
votes
2answers
533 views

What does a slitterman do?

On my Great-Uncle's Naval Entry Form, it says: Occupation upon entry: Slitterman (paper) I found this article, which says a slitterman is: A representative for the Travellers Aid Society ...
13
votes
1answer
332 views

What was the political consciousness of a 15th century English peasant?

How did they feel about the monarchy and living under lords? Were they are aware of alternative political structures? Did they believe their lives were fair?
2
votes
1answer
78 views

Other possible inventors of the Transistor?

From Wikipedia's Article on the History of the Transistor: The Bell Labs work on the transistor emerged from war-time efforts to produce extremely pure germanium "crystal" mixer diodes, used in ...
0
votes
1answer
60 views

Did ancient peoples apply starch to clothing?

Source: See p 6 of 10 of the PDFs, first leftward para. Beware that p 6 of the PDF is labelled as p 18 on the document itself. The English name of starch, as well as its equivalent in German, ...
6
votes
1answer
114 views

Why are the Rohingya not recognized in Myanmar (Burma), amongst the other 135 ethnic groups?

The government of Myanmar (Burma) officially recognizes 135 ethnic groups (Wikipedia). This sounds, to use a technical term, 'a lot'. It would seem thus that they tried to be pretty inclusive, at ...
12
votes
3answers
404 views

How were the holes for the guns in battleships' turrets protected?

I'm interested in knowing how the guns' holes in battleships' turrets protected, if and when they were, and how was that protection designed and arranged, specially in relation to the guns' elevation ...
2
votes
1answer
76 views

Were people in the Neo-Assyrian or Achaemenid Empire aware of the empires before them?

The history of ancient civilizations in Mesopotamia has been a complex one, with several empires spanning a couple of millennia. Were the people from latter empires, say Neo-Assyrian or Achaemenid ...
11
votes
4answers
166 views

From what part(s) of Germany were the majority of Texas immigrants in the mid-19th century?

A large number of the immigrants into Texas in the middle of the 19th century were from what is today Germany. However, the people were "German" more by language than nationality; the German ...
-1
votes
2answers
141 views

how could japan recover very fast their economy eventhough the two bombs were dropped? [closed]

I tried to search for this question alot but I didn"t find anything so I said to ask my question here maybe someone knows how to answer it!!
15
votes
3answers
447 views

Did people use to marry much younger during the last millennium?

I've frequently heard it stated that "people used to marry at much younger ages" historically. Recently, these kinds of statements have tended to show up in sociological discussions about young ...
10
votes
1answer
151 views

What were the conditions of joining or leaving the Holy Roman Empire?

Seeing as several countries in Europe are regularly rethinking whether to join or leave the European Union, I wonder how did countries join or leave the Holy Roman Empire, which was also more like a ...
2
votes
2answers
225 views

Why weren't North American Indians considered to be property yet to be acquired (slaves)?

When White men came to mainland North America, there were an indigenous population already here. I will refer to that population as North American Indians. Africans were brought to the Americas ...
7
votes
4answers
160 views

What changes happened in law enforcement and criminal trials during the Nazi era in Germany?

How, if at all, did the Nazis change the approach taken to everyday crime in the time they were in power? I'm referring to 'normal' crime. I'm not talking about the many crimes that the Nazis ...
-1
votes
1answer
134 views

Why did wheat become the dominant food culture? [closed]

Growing wheat, rice and other cereals is very labor-intensive. Wheat has very small edible mass compared to the other tissues. Wheat is very weather-dependent. Why were other cultures not used ...
6
votes
2answers
674 views

When did husbands & wives start sharing bedrooms?

In a lot of period movies the husband & wife are shown to be retiring to different bedrooms at night. e.g. most movies about 1800's Britain or even pre WW-II. Or even War & Peace or Pride ...
1
vote
1answer
114 views

Info about frigates crossing the Atlantic in 1650.

I'm writing a book and need help with trading frigates crossing the Atlantic in 1650 to the West Indies and American colonies. How many men would be on a ship and were there stairs or ladders leading ...
4
votes
1answer
43 views

The region of Viceroy Toledo's Reductions (Reducciones)?

I'm trying to find the geographic boundaries for the native resettlement implemented by Toledo, Viceroy of Peru, as a part of his Toledo reforms. This resettlement is distinct from the later Jesuit ...
6
votes
1answer
99 views

Which was the earliest book of names for naming babies?

Nowadays one finds books and online websites that help you to name babies. What are the earliest instances of these? I would assume that these would be in Europe, China or the Middle East, but if ...
-6
votes
1answer
70 views

When Indonesia was named so and why? [closed]

Where the country's name come from and when the country got this name, "Indonesia"? Was in given in 20th century?
4
votes
2answers
465 views

Were crossbows used by the Japanese?

Were crossbows used in any significant way by the Japanese? If so, what period and how were they fielded? I found some very brief references: Jonathan Clements' "A Brief History of the Samurai" ...
0
votes
1answer
94 views

What was housing like in early Medieval Scotland?

I've read detailed social history on Scotland which goes back to about the 16th century, and it would seem like some of the poorest Scots of that era sometimes lived in housing which was as modest as ...
0
votes
0answers
83 views

Was the money requested by the French for the XYZ affair really a bribe?

I know that in history classes, and the American version of the XYZ affair, that before the French would even sit down to the table with the Americans in order to discuss, basically, the piracy ...
7
votes
3answers
269 views

Why weren't Australian Aborigines enslaved?

While there are many articles discussing the Australian Aborigines' de facto legalized slavery, or essentially free labor, the fact seems to be that they were never de jure slaves, as Africans were. ...
4
votes
0answers
73 views

Did the Zapatistas actually kill anyone?

The armed Zapatista movement started in 1994 as an armed revolution and spanned more than 20 years. Disambiguation- this is the 1983/1994 movement, not the 1910 movement. It is surprising to note ...
11
votes
2answers
722 views

What was the official currency used in North Carolina in 1814?

I was surprised to find it stated in the Laws of North Carolina, 1814, Chapter V, Section IX that: a tax to the State of ten pounds shall be paid Does this refer to British pounds? I would have ...
5
votes
0answers
118 views

Why have some territorial annexations been rejected by the international community? [closed]

The annexation of Kuwait by Iraq, the annexation of the Golan Heights by Israel, and the annexation of Crimea by Russia are examples of recent territorial annexations that have been rejected by the ...
20
votes
5answers
3k views

How common was smoking in first half of the 20th century?

When watching movies that were made in first half of the 20th century, one can see many people are smoking (cigarettes), but it is not they smoke all time long. I refer to the movies, because they ...
2
votes
1answer
75 views

Help to identify old Firefighter badge

arge metal badge with enamel logo, with five birds on it
0
votes
1answer
166 views

What did Cyrus the great look like?

Some people think that ancient Iranians (unlike Iranians today) were white and had green/blue eyes and blonde hair. I am myself an Iranian and I do not look white; I do not have blue/green eyes and ...
1
vote
0answers
68 views

Lusatia oath from 1422

Citizens of Lusatia are claimed to have been made to take an oath in 1422, starting with the following words Die Ketzer und in dem christlichen Glauben irresame Leute zu tilgen und zu verderben ...
3
votes
2answers
267 views

Was the Night of the Long Knives principally a means to obtain loyalty of the German military leadership?

Two History professors in my school say that Hitler had to execute the leaders of the SA principally because the generals of the German army asked him to do it: The generals were Teutonic nobility; ...
1
vote
0answers
99 views

How close to the “free zone” did slaves get (excluding escapees and those with owner permission to go there (i.e. temporarily, just passing through))? [closed]

A slave must've lived in sight of the "free zone" (evidence: http://www.slate.com/blogs/the_vault/2013/09/04/abraham_lincoln_the_president_used_this_map_to_see_where_slavery_was_strongest.html the ...
5
votes
1answer
110 views

Why did Mozi's philosophy die out in China?

Today in my Social Studies class we learned about Mozi by reading the material he wrote in translation. According to my teacher, despite enormous initial influence Mohism, the philosophy developed by ...
10
votes
2answers
358 views

What changed Japanese attitude to POWs in inter-war period?

I have read this excellent answer in which @Semaphore provides sources confirming that German defenders of Tsingtao were treated very well during World War I, which even lead to some tradition in ...
10
votes
1answer
799 views

Why did The Crown give assent to Apartheid legislation during the 1950s?

Why did The Crown give assent to Apartheid legislation during the 1950s? For example, the Reservation of Separate Amenities Act, Act No 49 of 1953 was assented to by the crown. The relevant law in ...
-2
votes
1answer
118 views

What was the main role of alcoholic drinks in ancient to medieval times? [closed]

I assume that alcoholic drinks served two main purposes in centuries gone by: To purify water for consumption Drunkenness I'm not clear on number one being the case, and if it is I'm not sure ...
14
votes
3answers
4k views

Did a Japanese medieval castle withstand US battleship fire during the Pacific War?

I have overheard the story from an US soldier that during the Pacific War the Japanese mounted a defense in an old medieval castle. The Americans asked for support from a battleship. The battleship ...
13
votes
4answers
479 views

Why were the Germans and Russians so fixated on an unlikely “separate peace” in 1945?

Anyone familiar with the history of WW2 will know that the Germans hoped for and the Russians feared the British and Americans in 1944/45 might make a separate peace with Hitler and even join together ...
4
votes
2answers
307 views

Where was the cultural inheritance of the Greco/Roman world/antiquity preserved?

In school and later in media (this is northern Europe) I was/am always told that it was the arabs/muslim world that preserved the science, technology, literature, art, culture etc from the Greek and ...
6
votes
1answer
59 views

How to collate the available contemporary press coverage of the 1936 US olympic hockey team?

This question is essentially asking how to go about searching as many mid-1930s newspapers and magazines as is feasible. I don't even know where to begin. Some major papers that are still in business ...
5
votes
1answer
68 views

Were boycotts, divestment, and sanctions effective against apartheid?

In the 1980s there was a movement to use boycotts, divestment, and sanctions (BDS) to apply pressure on the apartheid regime in South Africa. These efforts included sports boycotts, refusal of some ...
5
votes
1answer
124 views

How do we know that prostitutes were very common/popular in Corinth around Jesus' time?

I just started reading 1 Corinthians today, and one of the footnotes in my Bible (NLT, Life Application Study Bible) has this: ...there were more than a dozen pagan temples employing at least a ...
3
votes
1answer
174 views

What were the major strategies/ideas Britain exerted against Indian Independence movement?

The first flames of freedom were lighted in the 1857 revolt in India. After that in 1900s, the movements became stronger and spread over the country. There was diverse political, economic, military, ...
2
votes
1answer
104 views

Are there any images from ancient times in which Heracles is shown with a cornucopia?

I have read in Wikipedia the cornucopia was created when Heracles wrestled with the river god Achelous and wrenched off one of his horns. Are there any images from ancient times in which Heracles is ...
4
votes
0answers
52 views

What was the role of Konstantin Rokossovsky during WW1?

The Wikipedia article is very poor in this subject: On joining the Kargopolsky 5th Dragoon Regiment, Rokossovsky soon showed himself a talented soldier and leader; he ended the war with the rank ...
6
votes
2answers
885 views

What happened to the Polish Calvinists?

According to the Wikipedia article on Calvinism: Although much of Calvin's work was in Geneva, his publications spread his ideas of a "correctly" reformed church to many parts of Europe. [...] It ...
4
votes
2answers
162 views

What did the letter theta symbolize in ancient Greece?

In a Hubbard Communications Office bulletin, L. Ron Hubbard claims: A THETAN is, of course, a Scientology word using the Greek “Theta” which was the Greek symbol for thought or life. ...
5
votes
4answers
245 views

How did the upper class stay wealthy in the past?

If I am not mistaken, people in the past tended to have enough offspring so that they increased the population of their family until the maximum sustainable population was reached, due to the lack of ...

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