3
votes
1answer
271 views

Why are most monarchies in Europe of German descent?

When we look at existing monarchies in Europe, following are of German descent: Royal Family of Belgium Royal Family of United Kingdom Royal Family of Denmark Royal Family of Liechtenstein Royal ...
6
votes
3answers
144 views

To what extent is the independence of India a result of Indian Independence Movement?

India received independence from the British Empire in 1947. It had a long history of independence movement, stretching from 19th century, but it had gained a massive support only from 1910-1920. The ...
21
votes
3answers
4k views

Why was the Aztec Empire known as an Empire?

Wikipedia defines an Empire as following: The term "empire" does not have a precise definition, but is generally applied to political entities that are considered to be especially large by the ...
-5
votes
1answer
99 views

Apart from the obvious ones, what were a single free woman's job options in the U.S. in the end of the 18th Century? [closed]

Suppose she was thirty and still single. For one reason or another her parents could no longer support her. She could be: a governess a seamstress a prostitute a laundress a housekeeper a cook ...
1
vote
1answer
90 views

Was there ever an occurrence of diplomatic communication using food?

Is there an example in history where two leaders, or even just foreign travelers, who could not understand each other's spoken language, communicated by food? I am not talking about very specific ...
11
votes
7answers
3k views

Has any country won a war, but lost a non-trivial portion of its territory?

Has any country won a war, but lost a non-trivial amount of its territory? For example, 10% or 20%. It doesn't matter whether this country still exists or not.
4
votes
1answer
198 views

Who was the last English king whose first language was French?

What I remember from my college course is that whenever a delegation of barons came to discuss their grievances in English, the King would hear them out politely without understanding a word, conclude ...
5
votes
1answer
121 views

How did St. Genevieve manage to feed the Parisians during the 10-year-long blockade?

This is what Wikipedia has to say: Late in the 3rd century AD, the invasion of Germanic tribes, beginning with the Alamans in 275 AD, caused many of the residents of the left bank to leave that ...
5
votes
1answer
127 views

A zoo during the rule of Omayyad or Abbasid dynasty?

I recall that when I was in high school that I read a text -which sounds more like a legend- about an Arabic Sultan/Caliph who on a trip trough his empire passed by an injured (wild) animal (don't ...
1
vote
3answers
184 views

Battle which has been decided by an epidemic plague

Well i think the title say's all but here some necessary details to make some focus: I would like to know if there's a record of a Battle or a Siege (or War, but only optional) which have been ...
20
votes
2answers
3k views

What did an ancient Roman certificate of land ownership look like; or, what did it consist of?

Suppose you're a landowner in Germania, just west of the Rhine. It is the 2nd Century A.D. You own a number of farms, a couple of good houses, maybe some slaves, some of whom are on the verge of ...
2
votes
0answers
99 views

Did Martin Luther King's political outlook change during the civil rights movement?

From the Montgomery bus boycott to his death in 1968, Martin Luther King always used nonviolence as a strategy. Did his political outlook change (and why) throughout the civil right movement until ...
-3
votes
1answer
137 views

Is Germany to blame for WW1? [closed]

Germany turned a local conflict between Austria-Hungary and Russia into a world war. Isn't Germany the responsible party here? I know this is an opinion but teachers told me that I make a good point. ...
-1
votes
1answer
38 views

what are the effects of the Cuban Revolution.?(on cuba, USA, The Caribbean and the world) [closed]

i need to know the effects of the Cuban revolution.The impacts on Cuba itself, the USA, the Caribbean, and the rest of the world
25
votes
3answers
3k views

If I were a well-to-do ancient Roman, could I make money by investing in the construction of an aqueduct?

One incentive for wealthy Romans to finance construction of aqueducts was, of course, glory. One's name would go up on the wall somewhere, and down in history, too. However, there was more to ...
6
votes
2answers
209 views

Did any English duke ever grant away an earldom he held?

The standard idea said of feudalism is that nobles have vassals, which could have vassals of their own. So that noble might have an extra title lying around and grant it to someone in exchange for ...
4
votes
1answer
338 views

The Roman Law of the Twelve Tables on slavery

I have just been reading the Roman Twelve Tables, and am deeply confused. In Table VI, it states: Law VII. Where anyone demands freedom for another against the claim of servitude, the Prætor shall ...
12
votes
1answer
282 views

Were bookshops 'common' in the late 19th century, and how did they differ from modern ones?

I've been reading a little bit about Victorian publishing bit I'm struggling to get a feel for how common and how similar Victorian bookstores in London would be. This is all I've read. It sounds ...
4
votes
2answers
338 views

What was going to be Hitler's next plan after taking Russia? [closed]

During WW2 Hitler was defeated in Russia, because of the cold weather there. What country did he plan to attack after Russia, if his attack on Russia had succeeded?
11
votes
2answers
560 views

Who is the latest famous person to have no known likeness?

Among historically famous people of Western Civilization which one is most lately born who has no known likeness? By "historically famous" I mean some person who is mentioned as being historically ...
1
vote
2answers
95 views

Why did Helots fight alongside Spartans?

Unlike many slaves, the Helots were Greeks who outnumbered the Spartans who held mastery over them. They several times rebelled against the Spartan rulers, at last successfully. Yet it seems that ...
6
votes
4answers
419 views

What reasons did the Confederacy have for believing they would have a quick victory?

At the beginning of the U.S. civil war, both sides were very confident in a quick and easy victory. I can see why the North would think so: they had a better trained army, better infrastructure ...
0
votes
1answer
104 views

How did Vasco da Gama know about the Southern Cross?

It is said that the precession cycle of the Earth's axis takes about 26,000 years to complete. It is also said that the ancient Greeks could see Crux (aka the Southern Cross) from where they lived. It ...
2
votes
1answer
59 views

Was John Cabot the first European to reach Newfoundland since (arguably) the Vikings?

Recently I read Cod, by Mark Kurlansky, a poorly written yet amazingly informative book on the history of cod fishing. Among other fascinating things in that book, the Basques are mentioned as ...
1
vote
2answers
76 views

The importance of sugar plantations [closed]

Plantations in the West Indies like coffee, sugar, tobacco and cotton was important in the 16,17,18 and 19th century and the colonial powers made a lot of profit from them. In the late 19th century ...
2
votes
5answers
471 views

Battles that ended with a disaster for all the parties

Have there ever been (recorded) battles (in the middle-ages) which ended badly for all parties? I would like to explain what could be meant by disaster giving to possible scenarios: by disaster I ...
1
vote
0answers
42 views

May I know more about the theory of “long period” - with regard to the interpretation of historical events?

In another language than English, I read something about the distinction between the theory of periodization and the theory of "long period" (if I well translate it in English, as I don't know the ...
4
votes
2answers
846 views

Why did the Line Infantry not use shields?

Why did soldiers in the line infantry in the 18th century not used shield as protection against the fire from the other line infantry ? I have seen that line infantry was used this way where the one ...
13
votes
3answers
996 views

Why did Baldwin of Boulogne proclaim Edessa a County, not a Kingdom?

[Edessa was] ruled by Thoros, who was officially a vassal of the Turks but in reality acted independently. He did not expect that situation to continue for very much longer without help, so he ...
-2
votes
2answers
62 views

Literature that changed the course of history [closed]

Are there any examples of literature changing the course of history, such as books or essays that made people fight for freedom, other than those written by Václav Havel, either positive or negative?
3
votes
0answers
194 views

Did Henri III of France sleep with men? Did he not sleep with women?

He was the last of the Valois line. He became king illegally (according to some sources). He produced no children. He had "minions," a group of very close friends he pampered and showered with favors: ...
1
vote
1answer
73 views

Napoleon's medals

I'm currently part-way through a biography of Napoleon. I'm curious about the medals he had struck to commemorate events such as battlefield victories. How widely were these distributed within the ...
4
votes
1answer
103 views

Generally, what was Pizarro's route between Spain and Peru?

What was the sea route generally used by Francisco Pizarro and his contemporaries to go from Spain to Peru (and back)? Was it: Sea route 1.: Through Panama isthmus (so with a passage in the land) ...
4
votes
1answer
213 views

How were provincial Roman accounting and taxes handled under Hadrian?

Levies were put on entire provinces payable by their governors, and what they taxed and how much, was up to them. Suppose you're the governor of a province that has a large city in it. Living in ...
2
votes
0answers
116 views

What major company bought all the paint of another company in the 20th century?

I read somewhere about a company that in a brilliant business hack, bought all the paint of another company, and sold it in what became a key moment in the company's history. Was it Walmart in its ...
5
votes
2answers
580 views

Why did Japan take so long to attack Wuhan?

On December 13, 1937 Japan captured Nanjing; from there they could have continued up the Yangtze to attack Wuhan, then the second most populous Chinese city and de facto wartime capital. But ground ...
2
votes
0answers
60 views

What was the relationship between the Tories and Quakers?

During the period of the American Revolution, most Quakers supported the British cause. But unlike many of the Tories, they were strict pacifists. What was the relationship between the British ...
0
votes
1answer
138 views

How much money did the participating nations spend in the Napoleonic Wars? [closed]

How much money did Great Britain, Russia and France collect per year during Napoleonic wars as total revenue, and how much money did each one spend in total on that war?
0
votes
1answer
62 views

Primary Sources for the Seizure of the Mint

What primary sources are there for Charles the First's 1640 seizure of gold from the Tower mint? It is described here in the tertiary source, Wikipedia: ...
9
votes
1answer
146 views

What status and rights did a Roman freedwoman have?

When a slave was freed by a Roman citizen, he became a Roman citizen himself, although with certain legal disabilities: eg, he could not stand for public office, he could not join the army, and was ...
4
votes
2answers
182 views

What nullified the Missouri Compromise?

I always thought it was the Dred Scott decision in 1857, when Chief Justice Roger Taney declared the compromise unconstitutional. But I've also heard it was nullified by the Kansas Nebraska act in ...
15
votes
2answers
3k views

How long did it take for a letter to arrive in England in the 1830s?

How efficient was the postal service in England in the 1830s? For example, is it possible to estimate how long it would have taken for a letter to arrive if sent by a standard service from London to ...
-1
votes
1answer
152 views

What were the primary historical “ingredients” of German fascism?

What in the historical literature are most often cited as the "ingredients" of modern fascism, apart from the rise of some charismatic Hitler-type leader? Examples in the German case might ...
-1
votes
1answer
52 views

Identification of type of aircraft and time period

Identification of aircraft NC31602 and year or decade of photo
1
vote
0answers
70 views

In South Africa before 1994, were there any non-Afrikaner apartheid supporters?

In South Africa before 1994 (i.e., during apartheid), were there any non-Afrikaners who were so racist as to supporter apartheid? (I'm wondering about individuals of British Isles descent, or other ...
3
votes
1answer
93 views

Did Jim Morrison ever comment on his father's career choice or role in the Vietnam war?

I'm just wondering if and what Jim Morrison ever said about his relationship with his father Rear Admiral George Stephen Morrison with regard to his position in the Navy, or his role in starting the ...
1
vote
1answer
124 views

What is the history of this coin?

I want to know the complete history of this coin.
0
votes
0answers
36 views

Does anyone have information on the Drill Corporal program at Ft. Polk during the Vietnam war?

Does anyone have information on the Drill Corporal program at Ft. Polk during the Vietnam war? Bonus if anyone could help locate a pocket patch (or even an image of a pocket patch) for that program.
2
votes
1answer
163 views

Name of Kingdom that was formed after marriage refusal?

A while back, I read that in the middle ages, or even thousands of years ago, in Europe (I think around Netherlands), someone asked for a lady's hand in marriage (I think she was daughter of some King ...
12
votes
2answers
1k views

Were there any wars in ancient Greece where religion played a major part?

I know that the Greeks had a god of war and many other deities associated with warfare in some respect. I also know that the Greeks would consult the oracles for advice prior to their military ...

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