14
votes
6answers
2k views

Why did England consistently adopt red as their primary colour for insignia and uniform?

Throughout the last 1000 years red has become a consistent motif for military clothing and heraldic imagery in England. What are the reasons for this? Are there economic, environmental (eg. dyes used ...
5
votes
2answers
84 views

Did King Porus's men use snake poison against Alexander's troops?

This claim comes from about.com. It references this source which doesn't claim that Porus specifically did it, merely that such a practice was common. It also cites Adrienne Mayor who claims that ...
3
votes
3answers
102 views

How did an input of resources in 16th century Spain contribute to inflation?

My history book claims that the flow of Silver from the New World to Spain in the 16th century contributed to an inflation. However, that seems very unintuitive. How could gaining resources lead to a ...
8
votes
1answer
147 views

What effect did awareness of devastating bombing at home have on the fighting spirit of German troops on the Eastern front?

German troops fighting in Russia must have been aware of the destruction of their cities back home by American and British bombing. Knowing that their loved ones were in danger and that their ...
1
vote
1answer
86 views

The name of a German Nazi supporter who owned many newspapers

I was wondering if anyone could tell me the name of the Nazi supporter was that owned 53 German newspapers and dedicated all of them to Hitler to use to spread his Nazi message through one of the ...
4
votes
2answers
117 views

How did cadet branches start?

Apologies if the History Stackexchange is the wrong place for this question but: In what ways could a cadet branch come into life? Why would a younger sibling in a royal or noble house start his own ...
7
votes
1answer
148 views

Did the Roman Empire extend as far north as the Romans could grow wine?

I've heard (in an interview with German biologist Josef Reichholf) the argument that the Romans extended their empire as far north as they could grow their wine. A first glimpse at the map suggests ...
0
votes
1answer
104 views

What happened to Japanese employees after Pearl Harbor? [closed]

I recently read a post from a blog that complains about the nationalistic atmosphere in some country. One comment claims that once a conflict broke out, the employees from enemy state would be ...
3
votes
0answers
38 views

What major approaches to “class” as a theoretical category do historians commonly use?

"Class" is a set of connected, but not identical, theoretical approaches to social division in human societies, including past human societies. Historians regularly make use of "class" in their ...
6
votes
2answers
91 views

Did technical managers have to join the Nazi party?

In the Soviet Union a person who was rising in technical management (say, becoming the director of a plant) was usually expected to join the Communist Party as a pre-requisite of getting the job. I ...
16
votes
5answers
1k views

Why was the Treaty of Versailles so harsh?

When Germany signed the armistice in the first world war, they were still (technically) in a decent bargaining position. Germany still had troops in France and Belgium There were no enemy forces in ...
4
votes
3answers
109 views

Why did France make an alliance with the Kingdom of Sardinia-Piedmont in the 1850's?

It is clear why Cavour wanted the alliance, but what benefits would France have from allying itself to a relatively weak (as far as I know) kingdom?
3
votes
1answer
72 views

Who did the middle class in ca. 1850- ca. 1900 France constitute of? [closed]

I am learning about nationalism in Europe in the latter half of the 19th century, and my history book uses the terms "urban working class", "middle class", and "land-owning peasants". What were some ...
5
votes
5answers
383 views

How did the United States avoid (or recover from) post revolution corruption?

I was recently reading a novel set in post-revolution Ghana1. A central theme of the novel was the deeply entrenched culture of corruption that developed with independence. It seems that this type ...
10
votes
4answers
152 views

Flag with dark border and light inner?

This picture features twice a flag with a dark border and a light inner: which flag is that? From left to right we can see: an Italian flag a British flag a striped flag, doesn't matter a ...
5
votes
0answers
75 views

What are the earliest examples in history where one state/people stepped in to rescue another?

I started wondering about this after watching yet another World War II movie where the European people are freed by Mother Russia and Uncle Sam and also helped in their recovery. What are the ...
2
votes
1answer
150 views

America vs. Australia as a “Penal Colony”

The common explanation for the usage of Australia as a penal colony is that the American Revolution made the usage of America as one no longer tenable. From Wikipedia, "On Convicts in Australia": ...
7
votes
1answer
63 views

Who invented modern bookends? (both model T and model L)

In ancient times the bookends were made from very heavy materials to sustain the weight of the books, while the modern ones use a smarter technique: while they are light, they are shaped so that they ...
2
votes
0answers
31 views

Security of war documents/letters during revolutionary war?

I was wondering the security of such documents. Documents like letters written by the British generals to each other communicating about their next battle tactic against the Americans. See this link: ...
0
votes
2answers
49 views

Servitude to hereditary elite out of superstition

In Thomas Paine's Common Sense he says: Most wise men, in their private sentiments, have ever treated hereditary right with contempt; yet it is one of those evils, which when once established is ...
13
votes
2answers
3k views

What is the historical background of the current Ukraine crisis?

Apparently the "Ukraine" is actually split east and west. Many people in the eastern part would prefer for their country to be part of Russia, while protesters in the western Ukraine wants something ...
4
votes
4answers
104 views

How accurate is Russell on liberalism versus fanaticism in war?

After the second world war, reflecting on the rule of empiricism versus various kinds of dogmatism in political philosophy, Bertrand Russell writes (Philosophy and Politics, 1947; emphasis mine): ...
3
votes
0answers
79 views

Earliest Recorded Name in History? [duplicate]

Is there an agreed upon earliest recorded name in history? I'm guessing it would be a king, pharaoh, or other important person. By recorded I mean a name that is written somewhere like on a grave ...
8
votes
2answers
1k views

Has this newspaper printed the wrong picture (as well as a baffling caption)?

Yesterday's Daily Express decorated its WW1 piece with a picture and caption. Link to the story here. It was picked up on Twitter by @philipoltermann: Missed this at the time: Express invents ...
4
votes
8answers
417 views

What caused the turning point in Hundred Years' War?

At school I have learned that the English had upper hand in the war until Joan of Arc convinced the French king to give an army under her command to besiege Orléans and since then, the French forced ...
5
votes
4answers
179 views

Treatment of Jewish WWI Veterans

I was just wondering if during WWII or any time during Hitler's tenure (1933-1945), did the Germans give any special consideration to Jewish veterans of the First World War? By special consideration I ...
3
votes
1answer
89 views

Is Howard Roark's potted history of architecture accurate?

Howard Roark explains why the Parthenon is not great architecture and in passing explains that the whole of architectural history has been nothing but a series of copycatting: "Look," said Roark. ...
2
votes
0answers
50 views

Was the take off of neural computing research in the 80's due to Japan? [closed]

Chow, Tommy WS, and John Sum. "Guest editorial: special issue on the emerging applications of neural networks." Neural Computing & Applications 20.7 (2011): 923-924. says: The take off of ...
1
vote
1answer
41 views

Where Can I Find Copies of the Richmond Enquirer? [closed]

I have been researching the background circumstances surrounding the writing of a particular poem, in addition to more information about the author. I've had a small degree of success finding ...
0
votes
0answers
21 views

Nejd (Saudi Arabia) and the Arab Revolt

Did Nejd (Saudi Arabia) actually engage the Ottoman Empire during WWI or did they just fight al Rashid (Jabal Shammer), who was loyal to the Ottomans? Did al Rashid fight the Allied forces?
1
vote
2answers
103 views

Napoleon Research Paper Structure [closed]

I'm writing a research paper on Napoleon; on how his tactics make him the best military general of all time There are many battles I could use that illustrate his tactical prowess, but I am not sure ...
3
votes
1answer
373 views

What English king died from water intoxication?

I vaguely remember reading a story about an English king that died from drinking too much water after a hunt. I'm sorry to say that all parts of this story may be untrue…I'm not sure whether it was a ...
8
votes
3answers
155 views

What are some indicators that distinguish pseudo-history from actual history?

It is sometimes hard for a layman to separate well-researched history from the writings of kooks (or what Mark Twain called "inspired idiots"). For example: my local library carries "A Secret ...
1
vote
1answer
56 views

Chemical Evidence for Ancient Trans-Atlantic Trade

I remember reading a book some years ago that claimed there was chemical evidence of trans-Atlantic trade in ancient times from traces of cocaine being found in Egyptian mummies. I cannot remember ...
1
vote
1answer
293 views

Japan is a nation of twelve year olds: Why?

MacArthur famously uttered the words, "Japan is a nation of twelve year olds". Why?
8
votes
3answers
234 views

What motivated Germanic tribes to accept Christianity?

I have read histories that tell of St. Boniface and other Anglo-Saxon and Irish monks working in the Rhine valley among Germanic tribes converting them to Christianity. I understand that this work ...
4
votes
1answer
35 views

Quesnay, Adam Smith, and Pitt

I am now reading the book Decadent Societies by R.M. Adams and on pp.66-7 he writes: Quesnay's ideas, which fell on stony ground in France, showed their basic vitality when picked up by Adam ...
2
votes
2answers
128 views

Before Pearl Harbor, what percentage of Americans believed the US would stay out of the war?

Let us say on July 1st, 1941 (after the USSR entered the war), what percentage of Americans were confident that the US would stay out of the war? (I am thinking there might be polling data or ...
4
votes
0answers
32 views

Asir's role in the Arab Revolt

The Arab Revolt against the Ottomans is portrayed as being primarily a Hejazi phenomenon but I have read (briefly) that Asir, a territory between Hejaz and Yemen revolted first and the Sherif of Mecca ...
2
votes
2answers
329 views

Are the “bone fields” of the Stalingrad encircled battlefields real?

In this podcast by Dan Carlin's Hardcore history show, Dan mentions that there are areas inside of the Stalingrad pocket where human remains are openly visible above ground, exposed to the weather. ...
0
votes
1answer
103 views

Looking for the source of a quote on Nazi ideology [closed]

I am researching a project on totalitarianism and am trying to find the source of a quote that I read once, but now, cannot find. The quotation, in essence, was: "Nazi ideology can never be ...
4
votes
2answers
101 views

To what extent were religious groups persecuted in the Soviet Union?

I understand that many churches were destroyed and even many priests arrested and executed, but how widespread was the violence across the entirety of the Soviet Union?
3
votes
0answers
126 views

What was the personal relationship between Benito Mussolini and Hitler?

Their nations were allied, but what did they personally think of each other? Is there anything based on documentary evidence that could give us some insight here?
3
votes
4answers
195 views

At what point did Soviet armored units have qualitative parity with Wehrmacht armored units?

Was the T-26 a match for the Panzer II,III, and IV in the early stages of Barbarossa? The T-34 has been given a lot of credit as the tipping point where Soviet technology created a weapons platform ...
1
vote
2answers
107 views

Why have the economies of North and South Korea diverged since 1970?

Nowadays, it's obvious that South Korea is richer than North Korea. Yet, wikipedia and a pictoral essay at 9gag claim that until 1970 North Korea had the same size economy as South Korea. Why the ...
3
votes
2answers
65 views

What percentage of relocated Armenians died?

What percentage of those forced to relocate actually died as a result of the relocation?
4
votes
2answers
166 views

What was the combat effectiveness of German infantry in the western front of the Second World War?

I am specifically looking for statistics that estimate man for man what Wehrmacht infantry units were worth compared to allied infantry (principally British and American) after the opening of the ...
5
votes
2answers
137 views

What is the Holy Roman Empire? [closed]

What is the Holy Roman Empire? I have a little background knowledge and I read a little bit on Wikipedia, but I'm still not exactly sure what it is. I know that the states under the "Empire" were ...
0
votes
2answers
68 views

How did Charles V come to control part of Spain? [closed]

My history book is cited below. My book says that Charles V abdicated, ad he gave control of his territories in Spain to his son, Philip II. However, what territories did Charles V have in Spain, and ...
2
votes
0answers
38 views

What is the approximate value of treasure seized by privateers from 1567 to 1720?

What is the approximate value for the treasure seized by Spanish privateers from English ships between 1567 and 1720? For example, "Attacks by the Anglo-Dutch axis over the period 1567 to 1720 seized ...

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