-1
votes
1answer
80 views

Was Fascism capitalist or communist or as many say, was it a “third type” of ideology? [closed]

Was Fascism capitalist or communist or as many say, was it a "third type" of ideology? I have searched wikipedia and other sources but due to different opinions, I am confused.
0
votes
0answers
51 views

How did physical exercise originate in the Western world?

This is a list of mentions I found with my short googling: The yoga exercise technics were well-known in Asia as a both physical and mental health cure for a long time. According to Wikipedia, ...
6
votes
1answer
650 views

Was electricity free in the Soviet Union?

Did people receive free electricity in their homes in the Soviet Union? If so, how was it rationed out? Were there any quotas on how much you could use?
4
votes
2answers
295 views

What was it like for German Jews after WWII?

A movie I saw recently referred to the experience of German Jews who survived concentration camps and came back to live in German cities. It never occurred to me before how uncomfortable, or even ...
1
vote
2answers
107 views

Was Karst (Kras) first region that was man-made reforested?

We know that for centuries trees from Karst were used as a foundations where Venice was build. So presumably, in 17th and 18th century, Karst was a stony desert. We also know that Karst or Kras (...
1
vote
1answer
128 views

Why did Lenin have such a cult-of-personality around him? [closed]

This may be considered an opinionated question and therefore not for this board, but I am curious as to why Lenin had such a cult-of-personality around him. If possible, could you use some specific ...
0
votes
0answers
39 views

Did Napoleon Hill really have a friendship with Andrew Carnegie?

In many of his books, the positivity guru and author of Think and Grow Rich, said he was an understudy of Andrew Carnegie in which he learned his principles of business and wrote about them in his ...
1
vote
0answers
45 views

What was middle class family life like in post-civil war Georgia?

I'm researching middle class family life in Georgia immediately after the US Civil war. What was life like for middle class families? What were the common themes/experiences?
13
votes
1answer
2k views

Did Magellan's log show a lost day?

My question embraces history, cosmology and astronomy, I hope this is an appropriate forum to ask it, if not I apologise and hope to be re-directed. I have read, but lost the reference, that when the ...
1
vote
1answer
72 views

Did Western China have special-named martial arts during Islamic era?

Islam brought by Prophet Mohammad had reached (parts of) Central Asia in less than 50 years after his death. Central Asia, especially China, is nowadays famous of its martial arts. Even in some muslim ...
3
votes
0answers
79 views

How much Ancient Egyptian survived into modern Coptic & Egyptian Arabic?

The Egyptian spoken language has evolved dramatically due to influences from the many foreign powers who ruled Egypt over the ages. Coptic is an Egyptian language with strong influences from Greek, ...
1
vote
2answers
125 views

When & what are the first recorded peacetime uses of soldiers?

Today, military personnel are often used as a labour force to fulfil various peaceful functions, given that most soldiers aren't preoccupied with fighting wars in the most peaceful period of human ...
0
votes
2answers
141 views

Who or what is Glohithia

I listen again and again in Rotting Christ's song The sign of evil existence the chorus "Summon Glohithia, appears in snake shape". I know these guys talks about old folklore, like sumerians or so. ...
0
votes
2answers
183 views

What happened to all the Germans living east of the Oder?

After the second world war, what happened to all the Germans living east of the Oder? I mean, are all the descendants of the Germans living in Danzig, Breslau, Königsberg, etc., concentrated in a ...
1
vote
2answers
121 views

Movie refers to “denouncing a neighbor”--as a Jew? or a Jewish sympathizer? or both?

I'm in the middle of a movie about Nazi Germany. I can't tell if a particular character, a concentration camp survivor, is supposed be Jewish or a Jewish sympathizer. It is said in the movie she was ...
2
votes
1answer
87 views

Which leading Serbs and Croats argued against their own extremists in the wars 1992-95?

Looking back on the wars in Bosnia and Croatia twenty years on, and having read many of the histories of the period, I can't think of any accounts of commanders on either side behaving with vision or ...
6
votes
1answer
126 views

Which Muslim factions during the Crusade used the crescent in their flags or banners?

According to NSNoob comments on Did Hungarian Army ever use Crescent banners? Crescent was used by Muslims since the Crusades. Wikipedia seems to agree. For example: the article on Star and ...
6
votes
1answer
238 views

Did Hungarian Army ever use Crescent banners?

I was reading about Battle of Mohi between Mongol Empire and Kingdom of Hungary. The Wikipedia contains this artistic depiction of the battle: The cavalry on left hand looks like Mongols while ...
2
votes
1answer
159 views

How long did it take to sail from Philadelphia to Boston in the 1700s?

How long did it usually take to sail from Philadelphia to Boston in the 1700s? I've been able to find lots of sources talking about sailing time between England and the colonies, but I haven't found ...
-1
votes
1answer
59 views

How Bell turn backed electricity fluctuations to sound? [closed]

Even though I could get how Alexander Graham Bell turned sound vibrations into electrical fluctuation as said in this article on Telephone history I couldn't get how he turned back electricity ...
4
votes
2answers
282 views

Russian Tank Factory Relocation During WWII

How was Russian AFV production affected by the relocation of factories during WWII, post the German invasion of 1941? They went on to out-produce the Germans by around 3-1 in tanks from 1942 onwards. ...
1
vote
1answer
84 views

How would British counterfeiting efforts in the revolutionary war have inflated the American currency? [closed]

During the revolutionary war one of the British's espionage tactics was to flood the American market with counterfeit currency to cause mass runaway inflation. But how would that have worked? I don't ...
0
votes
2answers
195 views

Why does the First World War (WW I) play such a minor role today compared to Second World War (WW II)? [closed]

In my experience, in Central Europe, people are more aware of the Second World War, than the First World War. This seems to be the case in other European an American regions, too. Do others also see ...
1
vote
0answers
39 views

History of ways of choosing members of the electoral college

The Constitution of the United States Article II, Section 1, second paragraph, says: Each State shall appoint, in such Manner as the Legislature thereof may direct, a Number of Electors, equal to ...
-1
votes
1answer
130 views

Was the Nazi ideology invented by Hitler? [closed]

Was National Socialism, the ideology of the Third Reich, invented by Hitler or did it exist before, possibly under a different name?
1
vote
3answers
146 views

Where were the British Forces located during Napoleon's Egypt Campaign?

During Napoleon's Campaign in Egypt 1798-1803, the British destroyed the French fleet near the Abu-Qir bay and had a fleet blockade there. Where did the men on the British fleet get supply from in all ...
2
votes
0answers
113 views

Why did the Spartans learn to read and write if they weren't allowed to keep records?

I recently watched a TED-Ed video about Spartan society in Ancient Greece. The video discusses how Spartans were forbidden to keep records. Then it goes on to describe how the Spartans learned to read ...
0
votes
1answer
99 views

Why is there hostility between Russia and the Baltic states? [closed]

What is the cause of the hostility between Russia and the Baltic states?
0
votes
1answer
78 views

Why didn't British colonists in Canada join the American revolution? [duplicate]

Many of the British colonists living in Quebec and Nova Scotia had the same complaints as the American British colonists. Why they did not join in the American Revolution?
-1
votes
1answer
42 views

A book collating world events? [closed]

I saw on a TV programme a couple of years ago, about a book that would be updated every few years highlighting all kinds of significant news and happenings from around the world. I seem to remember it ...
1
vote
2answers
77 views

What happened to the other European residents in Khartoum in 1885?

Some sources mention Gordon running into the Austrian consulate to save himself from the Mahdi, which implies that there were other Europeans in Khartoum during the siege. What happened to them?
2
votes
0answers
121 views

Austria and the attitude of its American and Soviet occupiers?

In the his book, At Memory's Edge by James E. Young, the author states: In fact, unlike Germany’s near obsession with its Nazi-past, Austria’s relationship to its wartime history has remained ...
3
votes
2answers
186 views

French Military uniform identification

I'm trying to identify the uniform in this picture of my great-great-great uncle Leon. The picture was taken some time between 1860 to 1890 we think. I've done image searches for uniforms from that ...
4
votes
1answer
119 views

On the history of Jewish places of worship

I was recently on holiday in Israel and Jordan on a tour that focussed on biblical and archaeological sites. As part of the tour, we visited Tel Arad which was probably built around 1100 BCE and ...
0
votes
1answer
101 views

Where can I find demographic information for the Roman Empire? [closed]

Where could I find data series concerning population and immigration numbers in the Roman Empire? Is there even any information regarding this subject?
4
votes
2answers
135 views

How was debt handled in the change over from the Julian calendar to the Gregorian?

I was reading about New Style and Old Style dates, and I thought about the deletion of dates during the transition. From Wikipedia's article on the Gregorian calendar: When the new calendar was ...
1
vote
1answer
127 views

Which eras have historians proposed that we are currently living in?

This is something that I've been researching for the past few weeks and have found a few answers, but I assume I'm missing a few of them. Basically, the question is this: In which ways have modern ...
-2
votes
1answer
126 views

How many factories (heavy industry) did the US have in 1960? [closed]

How many heavy industrial factories did the US have in 1960? This would include all vehicle factories (car, train, bulldozer, marine vessels, aircraft). It would also include steelmaking and other ...
0
votes
0answers
113 views

Help me recognize this naval action

I recall reading a Wikipedia article about an Age of Sail naval combat incident between two vessels, the smaller one being attacked by the larger one. I don't remember anything about the participants ...
0
votes
2answers
85 views

What do the letters “L” and “G” mean on the coat of arms of the city of Liège?

The coat of arms of Liège consists of a column (called a Perron) with lions at the base. The column is flanked by the letters L and G: What do the letters L and G stand for? My guess is a Latin ...
2
votes
2answers
221 views

What portion of tariffs was paid by Southern states before American Civil War?

UPDATE Folks, I have to clarify my question. Post is very long, and it looks like question itself is not pronounced clearly. I am not asking if tariffs were the reason of secession and war; l know ...
2
votes
1answer
84 views

What was the age distribution in the Bronze Age? How do I find out?

What was the age distribution in the Bronze Age? How do I find out? I've seen citations "around" (encyclopedias and wikipedia) that say the life expectancy in the Bronze Age was around 26 yet this ...
0
votes
1answer
215 views

Why did Operation Barbarossa fail? [closed]

Operation Barbarossa was arguably the main event of World War - had Germany succeeded, they could possibly have gone on to win the war. They ultimately failed, but what were the major reasons for ...
1
vote
1answer
56 views

What does the Aztec word “calpuleque” mean?

What does the Aztec word "calpuleque" mean? Who does it refer to? What is its relationship with the words "calpulli", "alteptl" and "tlaotani"?
5
votes
1answer
292 views

What caused this cratering pattern at Hiroshima?

I was reading this article here, which includes an interesting photo of Hiroshima: The caption on the photo indicates that it was taken three weeks after the atomic bomb was dropped. The photo ...
70
votes
4answers
9k views

Why are Germans referred to so differently in different languages?

I was inspired by the other question "Why are the German and French languages so different?". But while, for me, the answer was obvious (the Romans did not conquer most parts of today's Germany and so ...
6
votes
2answers
167 views

Did the Persian Empire really finance both sides of the Peloponnesian war?

I thought that the Persian empire was an enemy of these states and I've read somewhere that the Spartans indeed won the Peloponnesian war with the help of the Persian empire but in an answer here it's ...
1
vote
0answers
68 views

What was the stand of K Kamaraj about anti-Hindi agitation of 1965?

What was the stand of K Kamaraj in anti Hindi agitation in 1965? What were his actions to stop the people from riot? And whether the leaders from Congress in Tamilnadu supported the Hindi imposition?
-1
votes
2answers
141 views

What were the differences between the Sieges of Constantinople in 678, 717, and 1453, inc. Greek Fire? [closed]

Constantinople repelled the sieges of 678 and 717 with Greek fire. What were the differences between the Byzantine army/navy in 678/717 versus 1453, and how did the Arab army/navy differ from the ...
0
votes
2answers
122 views

What activity would convey the Burma railway & Hanoi Hilton POW project?

I am a junior in high school, and I have to give a large history exhibition at the end of the year. As my topic, I chose to compare the POW camps following the construction of the Burma railway during ...

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