5
votes
6answers
2k views

Which arm was the shield held in?

I'm asking a question elsewhere and I'm sure I've heard some historical text to back this up as well as sound reasoning: you want your strongest arm to stop yourself from getting killed by using a ...
5
votes
1answer
642 views

Does a Baal human sacrifice statue from Carthage exist?

While I was reading a Roman history book, it said that people from Carthage used to sacrifice children by placing them on the arms of Baal's statue and letting them roll to the fire. What would be ...
1
vote
1answer
144 views

A unitary state split into several smaller ones

Can you give examples of a unitary state splitting into several smaller states in modern history. What was the basis for the self determination of the pieces?
5
votes
2answers
218 views

How did Poland fare under “personal unions?”

On at least two occasions, Poland appointed as kings, rulers of other countries. Once was in the fourteenth century, when the king was Lajos of Hungary. Another was in the eighteenth century when the ...
4
votes
1answer
112 views

Father-Presidents of the California Missions

During the Spanish Colonial period, the California missions were run by a priest with the title of Father-President (padre-presidente). I'm trying to find more information about this office, ...
4
votes
3answers
370 views

Did Ted Kennedy turn to the Soviet Union for help winning an election?

Reading an interesting article in Forbes, I was dumbfounded by the idea that Ted Kennedy might have sought out Yuri Andropov's help to run for president against Ronald Reagan in 1984. A relevant ...
8
votes
2answers
3k views

When did the first riots between Hindus and Muslims happen in India?

I have studied in school that the British used the Divide and Rule strategy to rule in India. But, for them to think of applying Divide and Rule, I think some sort of communal tension between Hindus ...
4
votes
0answers
420 views

When exactly did nudity become uncomfortable? [closed]

In the present society, there's a certain discomfort associated with nudity. And the reason for the discomfort is obviously not just the untimely and unwelcome sexual arousal it might lead to. If we ...
29
votes
8answers
5k views

Why did Britain and France not declare war against the Soviet Union when it invaded Poland in WW2?

At the beginning of WW2, although they were slow in actually attacking Germany, Britain and France did declare war against it after Germany invaded Poland. The reason for this was the treaty where ...
2
votes
2answers
223 views

History of the Levant and Israel - 2000 BCE to the bronze age collapse - where to find info?

Where can I find information about the period 2000 BCE - 1300 BCE in the Levant with focus on Caanites and (possibly) proto-Hebrews? Period from the very beginning of the tribal organization of what ...
5
votes
2answers
130 views

How have changes in taxation affected philanthropy in the US?

Every so often, I see a newspaper article which states that the wealthiest people in my country make less substantial contributions to philanthropy (relative to their wealth) than do their American ...
4
votes
3answers
330 views

What were the causes of the “Dardenelles” fiasco in World War I

During World War II, the Allies sent supplies to the Soviet Union via Murmansk/Archangelsk in the north, via Persia and the Caspian Sea in the south, and via the Tran-Siberian railroad. Why didn't ...
1
vote
0answers
53 views

Were there more robberies of “commercial” or “personal” nature in 19th century in USA?

Is there any statistics showing which trips on highways were statistically safer from being robbed in 19th century USA? the "commercial" ones (e.g. banks or government moving money) which offered ...
11
votes
3answers
257 views

When Louis I of Hungary died in 1382, why did Polish lords choose Jedwiga instead of Mary as the monarch?

I am looking at a particular moment in Polish history when Louis I of Hungary died in 1382. Although the Hungarian throne was inherited by his daughter Mary, local power brokers back in Poland did not ...
41
votes
10answers
5k views

Why didn't France and UK invade Germany September 3rd 1939?

On September 3rd 1939, when UK and France declared war on Germany, both ordinary Polish people and government officials became enthusiastic. There were spontaneous demonstrations of support for the ...
5
votes
2answers
129 views

What holidays would be on a European-centric calendar from the 11th - 13th Centuries?

I've often come across readings that mentioned there were numerous holidays in calendars in use within the Christian Churches or Church controlled lands, with work stopping on worship days, feast days ...
4
votes
2answers
733 views

World Wars and economic crises?

I don't recall where I heard in an interview or read in an article that there is a causation between economic crises and the two world wars, is there is historical truth in that? For the second war ...
-5
votes
1answer
219 views

What is the history of gun culture of USA? [closed]

USA is the top crime-prone country in the world. But still it failed to put any control on gun-sales. For example, even military grade rifles are available in gun stores for civilian use. That is ...
1
vote
2answers
6k views

Which country can be viewed as the perfect example of “Capitalism”? [closed]

Which country can be viewed as the perfect example of "Capitalism"? That is, which country represents the Capitalism at its peak?
0
votes
2answers
373 views

What was the source of the idea of a republic?

Where did the Greeks or the Romans find the idea of a "Republic"? What was the source of the idea? Did the idea come from philosophers, or citizens, etc.?
15
votes
3answers
3k views

What caused the Iranian 1979 revolution to become Islamic?

How did an initially anti-Shah revolution become an Islamic revolution? Was it because of Khomenei's return to Iran such that he seized the Iranian revolution?
8
votes
3answers
1k views

How much has U.S. currency inflated since 1792?

How much has U.S. currency inflated since the Coinage Act of 1792 established the U.S. Mint? Adjusting for inflation, what amount of modern currency would have the same buying power as a 1792 dollar? ...
6
votes
2answers
1k views

Vedas, Ramayana, Mahabharata, Puranas and the Science [closed]

For someone who is born in India, some of the few mythological stories we watch on tv/hear from our grandparents are Ramayana, excerpts from Mahabharata or other Vedic stories of gods, the vedic way ...
13
votes
1answer
300 views

What are the origins of Pakistani laws on “blasphemy?”

Pakistan appears to have draconian laws against "blasphemy" of the Prophet Mohammed, Islam, or the Koran? ...
7
votes
1answer
109 views

Did all writing civilizations eventually produce cryptography?

I know some of the ancient civilizations did encrypt their messages. Did it happen everywhere where writing was known? If it didn't happen somewhere, what were the reasons?
16
votes
3answers
1k views

What was the first successful non violent independence movement?

It is a known fact that Mahatma Gandhi launched a non-violent movement which freed the Indian subcontinent from the British rule on 15th August 1947. But was this the first instance that a freedom ...
19
votes
1answer
392 views

When did Americans become safe from highway robbery?

The other day a friend and I were reconciling our memories of "shotgun" rules, the customs by which American teenagers determine who sits in the front passenger seat of a car. The concept derives from ...
9
votes
2answers
715 views

How were medieval guilds formed?

How did one go about starting a guild? Were guilds usually formed by a group of individuals or just a single person? What restrictions existed on starting a guild? What I'm mainly interested in is ...
12
votes
2answers
2k views

Why did Mozambique join the British Commonwealth?

In short, the Commonwealth originated in the British Empire, as an association of Britain and its former colonies. Why did Mozambique (a former Portuguese colony) join?
10
votes
2answers
5k views

Is there a symbol associated with Loki from the Norse pantheon?

I've been looking around for any kind of sign, symbol, sigil, or such that can be said to have anything to do with the deity Loki, of the Norse pantheon. There doesn't seem to be anything as obvious ...
3
votes
1answer
69 views

Increment of workers in agriculture during periods of economical crisis

Was there an increment of the percent of people working in the agricultural sector during the economical crises of the last couple of centuries? What are the factors influencing the ratio of farmers? ...
8
votes
1answer
188 views

What did the sympathies lie of the US Navy around the time of the American Civil War?

Around the time of the American Civil War the land military (that is the Army) had its sympathies on the cause of the Confederacy, in my opinion, due to the make up of the military officers of the ...
5
votes
1answer
275 views

Cannabis in ancient Vedic Soma, are there any sound historical proofs?

Michael Wood says in his documentary The Story of India first episode: Soma is still used as a medicine in Central Asia. The active element in the plant is ephedrine, and the effect that it has, ...
19
votes
8answers
4k views

Did Native Americans ever fight the indigenous people living in Mexico before Europeans arrived?

From elementary school, my history teacher used to talk about the fighting between native American tribes. Then, later in the semester, we would briefly discuss the rise of Aztecs, Olmecs, Mayans, ...
2
votes
1answer
477 views

Why was Goguryeo able to expand rapidly under Gwanggaeto's rule?

While watching a Korean drama called Gwanggaeto, the Great Conqueror and seeing how the king is praised by Koreans, I am curious to know what historical factors led to Kokuryŏ being able to conquer ...
5
votes
5answers
3k views

Why is the USA the world's strongest country? [closed]

The USA has been the world's strongest country for a long time now. Even after the rise of China as one of the dominant economies in the world, the USA is still the world's top economy. Does the USA ...
1
vote
3answers
365 views

Is it true that the soldiers returned from WW2 either didn't marry or kept themselves from families?

Could anyone provide any supporting evidence to indicate that this may have been true? It would be especially helpful if this information could indicate whether this might have been due to mental and ...
7
votes
1answer
111 views

When did man begin to understand the science behind hail?

When did man begin to understand the science behind hail? And most importantly what were some misconception associated with hail? For example "Wrath of God"?
8
votes
3answers
1k views

Did the Huns contribute to the Great Migration of Germanic Peoples into the Western Empire?

I just listed to this episode of the British History Podcast (which is excellent I might add). During the podcast, the podcaster states that climate change was a major contributor to the Anglo Saxons ...
12
votes
2answers
306 views

In which situation is the broadside more preferable than every gun firing on their own time?

Mathematically, a ship should be able to fire more shots if each of the cannons fire at their fastest speed, instead of waiting for everyone to be ready, but it seems that a broadside is sometimes ...
3
votes
0answers
82 views

Farmstead Inventory

I'm looking for an inventory of the principal goods, buildings, livestock, and workers of a European farmstead; preferably before 1000 AD. I know I've seen a primary source document like this before. ...
4
votes
1answer
276 views

Ancient Greece and the American university 'greek' social system

How did the American college fraternity and sorority system come to incorporate ancient greek? Was this an 19th century phenomenon? That is my question. Any color on the following would also be ...
19
votes
6answers
20k views

What were the main causes of successful take over of India by Britain?

Have you ever heard of any country controlled and ruled by a joint-stock company? This happened in India. The East India Company ruled an entire country of huge size for 101 years (1757–1858). During ...
2
votes
3answers
474 views

What options India had other than getting its independence from Britain? [closed]

When India took its independence, the socioeconomic scenario of the world had already been changed. Britain did not have the resources left to keep control of India any more, Britain was in need of a ...
8
votes
1answer
180 views

What is the reason for Burma/Myanmar's recent reforms?

In the last couple of days, the press has been granted much greater freedoms in Burma. They held elections last year and even released Aung San Suu Kyi from house arrest (only a year or 2 after they ...
1
vote
0answers
59 views

Obama: Syria chemical weapons are a ‘red line’ [closed]

bio hazard WASHINGTON — President Obama said Monday the U.S. would reconsider its opposition to military involvement in the Syrian civil war if President Bashar Assad’s beleaguered regime deploys or ...
6
votes
1answer
156 views

Vigenere vs. Bellaso

I noticed on the Wikipedia article for the Vigenere cipher, that: The Vigenère (French pronunciation: [viʒnɛːʁ]) cipher has been reinvented many times. The method was originally described by ...
13
votes
2answers
781 views

Are there any archaeological evidence for the Dorian Invasion in Greece?

My books on ancient Greece are pretty old. And they have have the same explanation for Doric vs. Ionic ethnicity/history. Are there any archaeological evidence for a Dorian invasion?
2
votes
1answer
4k views

What was normal attire for Hindu kings in the 15th century?

I was reading through "A History of India" by John Keay when I came across a few paragraphs which talk about Hindu kings' attire (or the lack of it) in the 15th century. Travellers like Ibn Battuta, ...
-6
votes
1answer
174 views

isn't islam reason the undevelopment in the middle east? [closed]

Isn't islam reason the undevelopment in the middle east? if so Why middle eastern people still wants islam!!? Isn't it possible Middle East without Islam ? What western country should to do, to turn ...

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