9
votes
7answers
1k views

What legal or moral mechanism ensured Stalin's grip on power? [closed]

TL;DR version: How tyrants hold power, in general, and how did Stalin? I mean, for example, Hitler was voted (the "enabling bill") as the absolute ruler of Germany and his will became legally law ...
-9
votes
2answers
147 views

The Chronology Challenge: earliest verifiable date of a historical event? [closed]

If we go backwards in time using verifiable dates, what is the earliest event which can be associated with a specific day without question? I am most interested in answers that actually show the ...
-3
votes
1answer
130 views

He's whiter than you Hitler [closed]

Hitler famously looked alot like the Orthodox Jews which persecuting. He may have been related to some of them if DNA research done among his relatives is correct. My question is how did Hitler deal ...
1
vote
0answers
61 views

How did people from pre-industrialization era perceive “success in life”? [closed]

My assumption is that the industrial revolution had contributed to the current generally-held understanding of "success in life": go to prestigious university, get a good job, make good money. Now, ...
3
votes
3answers
162 views

Has feudalism been a programmed event for nations in the past?

I can't help but notice that when a kingdom/empire/nation reaches a certain level of development, they seem to change their administration to feudalism. Europe, Japan and China are examples of what I ...
8
votes
2answers
813 views

How much was the wealthy elite harmed by the Bolshevik revolution?

One of the stated benefits of communism is supposed to be that the property of the extremely wealthy will be seized and redistributed. However, a common criticism states that the extremely wealthy ...
1
vote
1answer
114 views

What is the difference between a typescript and manuscript? [closed]

I'm looking through a finding guide that uses a few abbreviations (Ts [typescript], Ms [manuscript], Tss [typescript signed], AMs [autographed (written by author) manuscript], AMss [autographed ...
4
votes
1answer
89 views

Once formed, could a Confederate militia company find replacements to remain an effective force? How?

As I understand it, Confederate militia companies were formed of 100 men recruited at the beginning of the war often from within the same county. Disease, battle losses and desertions obviously took ...
-1
votes
1answer
104 views

What was the role of U.S. involvement in World War II? [closed]

I recently read the book 1945 by Newt Gingrich and Harry Turtledove, where the premise is that Hitler got injured, and his advisers chose to wait to attack Russia until winning on the western front, ...
3
votes
1answer
73 views

PANDA Source Analysis

In History at school we learnt the PANDA method to analyse sources, to test for bias and authenticity. P urpose - What is the purpose for which the source was created? Was it to convert people to a ...
0
votes
1answer
159 views

When did Sri Lanka and Myanmar separate from India? [closed]

Sri Lanka and Myanmar were a part of British India. Sri Lanka is culturally similar to India. Then why did these countries separate?
4
votes
0answers
91 views

What is the origin of the Flower of Life symbol?

I have been collecting resources and tracing the history of the Flower of Life geometrical symbol, since it contains great properties of many kinds: While the oldest occurence in Abydos, Egypt has ...
5
votes
1answer
78 views

What was the average size of a guild in 13th century Europe?

Guilds were a big deal. How many people would make up a guild, on average? I'm assuming a guild could include master, journeyman, and apprentice craftsmen, as well as clerks, warehousers, enforcers, ...
21
votes
5answers
3k views

Where did Medieval Europe's gold come from?

Medieval Europe processed copious amounts of gold into religious artifacts, jewelry and of course gold coins, as evidenced by the large number of those that survive to this day. Given that today, no ...
2
votes
0answers
30 views

What are the historical inaccuracies in Repin's “Reply of the Zaporozhian Cossacks”?

Russian Wikipedia says this about "Запорожцы пишут письмо турецкому султану" ("Reply of the Zaporozhian Cossacks to Sultan Mehmed IV of the Ottoman Empire") painting by Ilya Repin: После первого ...
1
vote
0answers
46 views

Why didn't Vajpeyi follow Operation Entebbe example to rescue plane passengers?

When the plane IC814 was hijacked by terrorists on 24th December 1999, why didn't Indian Government attack Kandahar and rescue the passengers? They had the incident of Operation Entebbe in front of ...
7
votes
1answer
98 views

The effect of the Panic of 1837 on financial/banking policy

Were there any direct or immediate financial/banking policies made because of this recession? I've read that a combination of factors helped get America out of the Panic, but it never mentioned a ...
3
votes
0answers
81 views

Contemporary objections to the Bill of Rights's 1st Amendment / Declaration of the Rights of Man, art. 10? [closed]

What were the objections to the Bill of Rights's 1st Amendment when it was first published? Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise ...
4
votes
3answers
295 views

Was Jesus depicted as dark skinned during the beginning of christianity

I have seen depictions of Jesus classified under "early christian art" and in the earliest depictions of Jesus he was of a much darker skin tone and I also seen the early "black madonnas" (the dark ...
6
votes
1answer
136 views

How do the kings and important figures in history get the titles?

What I mean by the titles is: Alexander "the Great", Julian "the Apostate", Henry "the Navigator" and so on. Do such important figures choose titles for themselves? Or do the subjects or historians ...
5
votes
2answers
77 views

Rulers' titles in Middle Age Italy

For centuries in the Middle Ages, in many regions of Europe there were not kings, but dukes, archdukes, etc. For instance, in Italy one had the Archduke of Tuscany and the Duke of Piedmont (until ...
0
votes
1answer
91 views

Why did Alexander the Great spare Porus's life? [duplicate]

Between Persia & India, Alexander had become more ruthless, massacring cities even when they didn't resist. He always executed any who resisted before Porus/Purushottama. Why was ...
8
votes
1answer
99 views

Indian account of the Battle of the Hydaspes River

Are there Indian accounts of the Battle of the Hydaspes River? If so, what are they, who authored them, and how do they differ from the Greek & Roman accounts?
4
votes
1answer
70 views

Why is there a Herakles/Hercules sarcophagus?

I recently visited the Archeological museum of Antalya, seeing two 'Herakles sarcophagi' like this one, depicting his twelve labours. I learned some about him like how he reached immortality. I was ...
4
votes
0answers
62 views

How did people decide which president to vote for 200 years ago? [closed]

A "long time ago" before there were TV's, radios, etc. what was the general method by which a presidential candidate in the United States would try to promote himself? Was it by distributing ...
1
vote
1answer
52 views

Two side of history [closed]

I have been studying history for a long time but whenever I study history there are two sides of story. On one side a person is hero and on the other side same person is brutal. Which creates cluster ...
0
votes
1answer
164 views

Were the ancient Israelites of a darker skin tone? [closed]

I have seen ancient depictions of the ancient Israelites and their features were different than I expected. Linguistic experts have stated that Hebrew is one of the early Asiatic-African languages. ...
0
votes
2answers
178 views

What do we know ***historically*** about Jesus? [closed]

How do historians study the events of Jesus' life, and the person he was? I read a book on the topic, and it held the position that the gospels were revised to appease the Romans - especially the ...
3
votes
2answers
51 views

Correlation between Mesoamerican and South Asian calendar systems

The Mayan and Hindu calendars both divide history into eras, and the epochs (start date) of their current eras lie extremely closely together: August 11, 3114 BCE (Mayan) vs. 18 February, 3102 BCE ...
0
votes
5answers
95 views

Why some countries have more than one name? [closed]

I know Persian Language, In persian (Farsi) that is an old language we call Netherlands “Holland” , call Germany "Alman", Call Poland "Lahestan", call India "Hend" and etc. What is the reason and Why ...
1
vote
2answers
192 views

Was there a plan “B” for the D-Day?

I could find only debates on the subject whether there was a plan "B" or not in case D-Day landing would have had actually failed. I wonder if there was an idea to make an alternative invasion plan. ...
2
votes
1answer
48 views

What was the judicial body in 16th century France called?

I was listening to a series of audio lectures on Religious wars in Europe. In the lecture on French wars of religion, there was a mention of a judicial authority in Paris. However, I couldn't catch ...
-1
votes
2answers
76 views

Is Sumer considered by historians as a part of Western Civilization? [closed]

Well is it?It seems to me that a continuing cultural thread runs from Mesopotamia passing through Europe and finally arriving in North America.Or Greece and Rome are a breaking point with "Oriental" ...
7
votes
3answers
235 views

Have any national leaders been kept unaware of their own wars?

I've seen a number of scifi/fantasy stories (most recently the second season of Avatar: The Last Airbender) in which nominally-powerful leaders are insulated from the events of their own countries by ...
2
votes
2answers
106 views

Why has monarchy appeared just about everywhere? [closed]

Why is hereditary monarchy so common across history? It seems to turn up everywhere, yet it seems unlikely to have been spread. For instance various South American civilizations had it.
21
votes
9answers
6k views

Which religion was the first monotheistic one?

Which religion was the first monotheistic one? Was it judaism or a religion which disappeared from practice?
5
votes
4answers
300 views

Why did Central and South American nations participate in WWII?

Somewhat related question: Did either of the World Wars involve South or Central America? I've always been interested in why so many South American and Central American countries took the side of the ...
0
votes
2answers
150 views

How do modern historians evaluate Sherman's “Total War”?

A major element of Sherman's march to the sea was his army's burning southern farms and cities. The rationale for what Sherman called "Total War," approved by Grant and Lincoln, was that it would ...
10
votes
3answers
271 views

How can prices be compared over time?

I've just asked a question where Tyler Durden wrote in his answer that paper was expensive at Euclids time. So I wanted to ask the question: How did the price of paper / papyrus develop over ...
-3
votes
1answer
89 views

Are the slavs somehow involved in slavery? [closed]

Why are the slavs / slavic people called the slavs? It looks like the name suggests that it has to do something with slavery.
3
votes
2answers
142 views

How was Euclid's Elements likely written?

How was Euclid's Elements written? I mean, what type of paper, ink and pen did Euclid likely use? As I guess there is no definite answer on this, you can also answer: How did people in 300 BC write ...
2
votes
2answers
91 views

In a broad sense, what are the reasons for the history-spanning persecution of Jews? [closed]

Throughout history, Jews have almost always been persecuted in every culture they try to co-exist with. The act is so common that we even have a term for it - anti-semitism - even though semites ...
11
votes
2answers
3k views

Why did people die for their religion in the 400s CE (or even now)?

Before the institution of Christianity and the evolution of Buddhism into Mahayana Buddhism, people never felt quite so strongly about religion. Suddenly, people feel ready to die for it and die ...
0
votes
1answer
125 views

What freedoms did basic Roman citizens have?

Simple question, thanks for your time. I am just wondering what freedoms did the most basic of citizens have (when there was an emperor, not the senate). I don't really need an explanation; a list ...
2
votes
0answers
38 views

Why were so many currently successful football (soccer) teams founded around the year 1900? [closed]

e.g. Manchester United, Real Madrid, Juventus, Bayern München.
1
vote
1answer
75 views

Was Muhammed Ali Jinnah secular? [closed]

After the bitter partition in 1947, predominant opinion in India is that Jinnah was the sole culprit and thinks of him as a religious person. In fact, the patriarch of the ruling party (BJP) L.K ...
9
votes
2answers
511 views

Why is Titus known as Titus?

Why is the Roman emperor Titus known as Titus? Usually we don't refer to a Roman by his first name (praenomen). And it's not as if it serves to distinguish him from his predecessor (and father) or his ...
3
votes
2answers
123 views

What is a strong state in history?

I kind of get it, but Worlds Together, Worlds Apart uses this term a lot and it seems really confusing what fundamentally defines a strong state. In specific, I am learning about Bactria's split from ...
3
votes
1answer
47 views

How did the Abbey of Cluny derive revenue from William of Aquitaine's hunting preserve?

My understanding is that traditionally most monasteries were extensions of the Roman villa system, owning land and the labor of the attached peasants -- the same economic basis as the aristocracy. ...
5
votes
0answers
92 views

Age of Britons in A.D. 43

I have been doing a lot of research on the Roman invasion of Britain and have come across a many number of problems with information. My question is how old specific people were in 43 AD, I have ...

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