1
vote
1answer
543 views

Did the Hanseatic league have any involvement with Jews?

Did the Hanseatic League have any policy toward or involvement with Jews?
2
votes
1answer
154 views

How and when did Jews get to the shores of the Baltic?

How and when did Jews get to the shores of the Baltic?
3
votes
3answers
639 views

Why did America not know about Soviet espionage in manhattan project

I was watching PBS documentary Behind Closed doors. According to that documentary Churchill and Roosevelt were not really sure if Stalin really understood about 'the new kind of weapon' when they ...
4
votes
1answer
266 views

In the British Invasion of Greece, what happened to the British troops who were not captured?

http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/british-forces-arrive-in-greece I also was wondering what happened to the soldiers who were not caught, if any? Where did they go, and what happened to ...
2
votes
1answer
76 views

When was the Yemenite Jewish community isolated from the rest of the Jewish world?

The Yemenite Torah and Tanach is almost completely identical to that of the Jews in Europe, but there are a few minor spelling differences. When were the communities separated such that these spelling ...
0
votes
0answers
49 views

Was hitler trying to start a world war by invading Poland? [duplicate]

when it comes to the topic of "Was Hitler trying to start a world war by invading Poland?" I only hear about AJP Taylor's view which is yes. What are some other reason that may appose AJP Taylor? The ...
2
votes
1answer
306 views

What sort of architecture existed in Catholic Eastern Europe around the late 1100's and very early 1200's?

What I'm really interested in most is building materials, but I'm pretty open to answers. Essentially, it sounds like the late 1100's in Eastern Europe were still pretty solidly Romanesque, with ...
4
votes
0answers
82 views

“Napoleon suppressed independent banks” vs. “Monte dei Paschi di Siena”

Wikipedia's article about Bank of Saint George states that: After Napoleon invaded Italy, he suppressed independent banks, and this led to the Bank's closure in 1805. However Monte dei Paschi di ...
1
vote
1answer
77 views

Which bank was the oldest surviving bank in the world prior to MPS getting that status?

Banca Monte dei Paschi di Siena S.p.A. [...] (MPS) is the oldest surviving bank in the world [...] Wikipedia: 1 (and 2, 3) Assuming that this is correct, and using the same criteria, which was the ...
5
votes
1answer
129 views

What became of the plan to partition Angola?

At the height of the war between UNITA rebels and the MPLA government of Angola there was - I recall - for a time a plan to fully partition Angola and create two countries. UNITA would have the ...
2
votes
1answer
253 views

Would modern aerodynamic design be recognizable to a vehicle expert 100 years ago?

Which is a stronger constraint on vehicle appearance: aerodynamic theory or manufacturing? If we gave Henry Ford a peek at our modern cars, would he fail to recognize it as a car? Or would it his ...
17
votes
2answers
800 views

Did the German people actually know Joseph Goebbels as the “Minister of Propaganda”?

I've been trying to understand this for some time now. It seems to me that propaganda should only work if the audience doesn't know that it's propaganda. So if the Nazis' goal was to control its ...
-1
votes
1answer
178 views

Regarding Khomeini's speech against USA in Qom-1964?

What was the significance of Khomeini's Speech against US Capitalisation in Qom, Iran-1964? Is there an easily accessible English translation of this speech? What measures did the US or the Shah take ...
4
votes
2answers
106 views

How are historical epidemiological studies done?

While growing up we were told in school that plagues, carried over by the Europeans, decimated the Native American population. We were also taught about the black plague in Europe and a few other ...
1
vote
1answer
265 views

Do authoritative Jewish historical records record the expulsion

The following wiki extract demonstrates the possibility that the Muhammad's expulsion of Banu Qaynuqa and execution of Banu Qurayza to be a myth. Do authoritative Jewish historical records track or ...
5
votes
3answers
574 views

How was the first official geographical border established in Europe?

In this moment of history, geographic state borders are defined in official treaties between countries. These treaties determine where the territory of certain state ends and where the territory of ...
6
votes
2answers
246 views

Were Uncles referred to by surname in Victorian England?

Merry Christmas, everybody! And speaking of Christmas ... In Charles Dickens' novelette, A Christmas Carol, the main character Ebeneezer Scrooge is referred to several times by others as "Uncle ...
2
votes
2answers
210 views

Why was the Battle of Noryang fought?

In the Battle of Noryang, the combined navy of Chosun (Korean kingdom) and Ming (China) tried to prevent the Japanese from making a safe retreat. But considering the fact that the Koreans or the ...
3
votes
1answer
112 views

Did the Soviets attempt to discredit the Pope because of his outspoken anti-communism?

According to Ion Pacepa, a former Romanian General and head of Secret Service, Khrushchev authorized operation seat 12 that was designed to discredit Pope Pius XII by, among other things, ...
6
votes
1answer
273 views

Are the following 5 tenets of historical record examination considered complete today?

In his lectures recorded in the book Historical Evidences of the Truth of the Scripture Records, p. 39, (https://archive.org/details/historicaleviden1862rawl), George Rawlinson outlines 4 laws or ...
2
votes
2answers
716 views

Was Rommel an Anti-Semite?

I've heard that he was not. Latter I've heard that he would have joined the fray if not because of political consideration. I forgot the source.
4
votes
2answers
568 views

Why is such a large percentage of Jewish population worldwide in USA

Close to 50% of all the Jews worldwide reside in USA. What were the main historical events and trends that contributed to such a distribution? A good answer should include both demographics and ...
1
vote
2answers
274 views

Is History a subject where certain knowledge is accepted by all historians or can any event be a source for debate?

In science some ideas and concepts are accepted by the vast majority of scientists, like evolution. It's true that scientific knowledge evolves over time and things we believe today may not hold true ...
5
votes
8answers
20k views

What were the long-term effects of Reconstruction in the South?

After the American Civil War, the South was in ruins and there was doubt about how the Southern states would treat newly freed slaves. So the US government instituted a 15-year policy known as ...
12
votes
7answers
983 views

Why was not Greek alphabet adopted by other languages given the Greek influence?

Most of western languages adopt the Latin alphabet with minor variations. Arabic letters are adopted by quite a few other languages. The same is true for Eastern Europe with Cyrillic letters. Why was ...
10
votes
1answer
201 views

Did Arabs actually raise a red flag on the dome of their commander's marquee during the Haraam months?

This answer to the question What is the purpose of putting a red flag on the dome of Hussain ibn Ali(as)'s shrine? states that if Arabs were at war with each other, during the Haraam months they would ...
5
votes
3answers
1k views

Post-war plan for Nazi Germany in Russia?

Do we have any records about what Nazi Germany planned to do if the Soviet Union had surrendered? I can't imagine they wanted to swallow that entire country whole, all the way to the Pacific. They'd ...
15
votes
2answers
970 views

Did ancient miners have ways of predicting ore/stone deposits before the 19th century?

When miners in the ancient world went looking for materials in the earth, like gold or iron, did they have ways of predicting where those might be found? For example, we now know that diamonds are ...
5
votes
1answer
204 views

Is there support for the theory that the 1918 influenza resulted from churning up microbe-laden French soil?

Margaret MacMillan's The War That Ended Peace: The Road to 1914 contains the following: In the first years of the peace, fresh afflictions fell on European society: the influenza epidemic (...
4
votes
1answer
270 views

How did Leonardo plan on moving his tank?

Was there a plan for how to propel the circular wooden tank design of Leonardo da Vinci's? It seems far too heavy to be powered Flintstones-style by the people inside, but it also seems too small for ...
3
votes
1answer
194 views

What, exactly, was the role of Bertrand du Guesclin in the Hundred Years' War?

I know that Bertrand du Guesclin was the constable of France from 1369-1380, whose role in the "roll back" of English domination of France was second only to that of Joan of Arc. Although he won a ...
1
vote
0answers
115 views

Was Adolf Hitler a skater? [closed]

moni ovadia said that on this video (in italian!) http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OUk-BhZVW64 at minute 18:00
3
votes
1answer
106 views

Have fashionable hair lengths ever been reversed from their current styles?

Has there ever been a time or a culture in which fashion/tradition strongly favored men with long hair AND women with short hair during the same period? There are plenty of instances of both having ...
14
votes
1answer
495 views

How were the borders of small European principalities maintained or secured?

With shifting boundaries, enclaves, exclaves, and alliances, how were the territorial extents of small principalities or duchies maintained, for example in the Holy Roman Empire or German ...
3
votes
1answer
675 views

How was Napoleon considered as a ruler? [closed]

When we were studying the french revolution, back when I was 15, I remember asking my teacher what was the point of killing a king to end up having an emperor. She didn't bother too much answering but ...
1
vote
2answers
654 views

Why did Alexander the Great succeed in overthrowing the Persian Empire?

What was the reason that Alexander the Great succeeded in overthrowing the Persian empire? Is it possible that the key reason was that the people of Persia decided not to defend against Alexander so ...
3
votes
1answer
81 views

Sculpture shield symbol

What does this symbol (placed on the shield being held by an angel figure) mean? Is there any historical explanation for what it represents?
2
votes
1answer
290 views

In the History Channel series the Vikings, who is Ragnar? [closed]

I've been watching the Vikings series on Amazon and I am curious who Ragnar, the main protagonist is supposed to be based on? I think he is supposed to be the "first" viking leader to raid England. I ...
10
votes
1answer
137 views

Was the custom of covering Kaaba in black cloth adopted during the Fatimid era?

This answer to Why is the Kaaba covered in black cloth? states that the black cloth for Kaaba a tradition which is continued to-date was adopted by the Fatimids. Is that correct?
-1
votes
2answers
92 views

Is the 1918 flu pandemic responsible for the majority of Iranian casualties during the first world war?

Is the 1918 flu pandemic responsible for the majority of Iranian casualties during the first world war (1917-1919)? are the British (who were the a occupying power) responsible for it? (because the ...
10
votes
3answers
877 views

Did Hitler have an end goal during the “appeasement” phase, or was he just picking a fight?

Do we have any indication what Hitler's plans would have been had the Allies continued to appease him? If the invasion of Poland had been allowed, do we know what he would have done next? Some ...
3
votes
2answers
97 views

Is it true that all revolutions/uprising could only be “resolved” with the backing of an armed force? [closed]

I recently heard a claim made that no major revolution or uprising (barring a few, which unfortunately were not listed) was able to come to its conclusion and achieve its goals until an armed group ...
4
votes
2answers
873 views

What led to American air superiority over the Axis in World War II

In his 1943 "State of the Union" Address, President Franklin Delano Roosevelt commented, "in Africa, we are shooting down two enemy planes to every one we lose, and in the Pacific and the Southwest ...
6
votes
3answers
257 views

What containers were used for food prior to the industrial era?

Today, when you go shopping, most of the food are kept in plastic or paper containers (or tin can). What types of containers were used to sell, transport and keep the food before plastic ? and ...
10
votes
6answers
2k views

Why did the British have so few destroyers going into World War II?

In September, 1940, Britain traded a number of its New World naval base sites for 50 "overaged' (old) destroyers in the so-called "Destroyer Deal." That doesn't seem like a large number of destroyers, ...
4
votes
1answer
719 views

Was it customary for an executioner in Elizabethan England to ask for forgiveness from the executed?

The question is basically in the title already. I recently saw what is supposedly a historically correct account of Elizabeth I reign in the form of a documentary. The executioner there asked Maria I ...
8
votes
2answers
609 views

Why did Germany take so long to consolidate into a single nation?

To the casual observer, the Holy Roman Empire seems locked in time, continuing its almost feudal tradition even while every other part of Europe was consolidating into nations and empires. By the ...
4
votes
3answers
1k views

Early modern vs late modern vs post modern?

I frequently come across these three terms, but I haven't been able to find a source that explains the difference between all three of them precisely. Here's what I think I know now: The early ...
-1
votes
2answers
113 views

Why are scientific and medical training so different?

As part of a history project for the New York Academy of Medicine, I'm investigating the formalization of the divide between science and medicine. I've begun by looking at the difference in how ...
3
votes
1answer
332 views

What were the business models of real estate development in ancient Rome?

I just watched Mary Beard's documentary about the Romans. One thing I'm curious about is that some of the models of living of the Romans seemed to be quite similar to today's: e.g. that there were ...

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