9
votes
3answers
214 views

What was (if at all) Hitler's Plan B if Molotov-Ribbentrop had not worked out?

As we know, Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union amicably agreed to attack Poland and to share it between themselves. Did Hitler and his staff have a detailed or formal contingency plan in case the ...
8
votes
2answers
129 views

What were Hiroshima and Nagasaki known for prior to World War II? [closed]

Prior to becoming the first (and so far only) military targets of atomic bombs, how well-known were Hiroshima and Nagasaki outside of Japan, and (if at all) for what?
1
vote
1answer
104 views

Were Christians really burned for lighting by Nero? [closed]

I presume after fire of Rome Nero persecuted Christians. But it is the form of persecution which interest me since Tacitus writes Mockery of every sort was added to their deaths. Covered with the ...
-4
votes
1answer
83 views

Holocaust reparations & liberation bill [closed]

Since the end of WWII, Jewish groups have been suing Germany and Axis owned businesses for reparations for their roles in the holocaust. In a similar vein, have the Russians ever sent the Jews a bill ...
0
votes
1answer
240 views

What does Spivak mean by “epistemic violence” in her paper “can the subaltern speak”? [closed]

What does G. Spivak mean by epistemic violence in her essay "Can the subaltern speak"? Does she mean that intellectuals in Europe and first world countries are prolonging and fixing the ...
6
votes
9answers
2k views

What is the best historical example of conflict between two cultures with differing levels of technology? [closed]

Let me start with some background, in fiction authors like to explore situations where the human race meets another civilization. As a rule of thumb both races in one way or another - sometimes after ...
2
votes
1answer
67 views

How did the United States penal system evolve? [closed]

The penal system of the United States is unusual in several aspects: The United States is one of the rare Western nations that retains and practices capital punishment in law and practice. Prison ...
4
votes
1answer
103 views

Where can I find more information about this use of Yakuza against a demonstration in 1960?

This (german) article states that in 1960 Japan's President Nobosuke Kishi hired 28000 Yakuza as thugs against an anti-American demonstration. I find nothing indicating this in the wikipedia article ...
3
votes
1answer
78 views

Was a direct telegraph line between America and Australia ever created?

After reviewing a source about American-Australian relations pre-WW2, there are a couple of troubles the Americans had with their relationship with Australia (see the excerpt of the source below). My ...
6
votes
1answer
143 views

Roman Gladiators using an axe

I used to work for a company and we would go around doing gladiator reenactments, it was great and fun, however one thing that the boss always said was that if I could find a reference to any ...
6
votes
1answer
131 views

How was whiskey made in the 1800's?

In the 1800s, before more modern conveniences such as mass produced oak barrels became available, how long was whiskey aged, taking into consideration the high demand and technological restraints? ...
1
vote
2answers
103 views

Non-voluntary deferments in WWII?

This question comes from an interview I conducted many years ago. The question about drafts reminded me. The subject was a grad student and medical researcher. His research project was canceled and he ...
5
votes
4answers
229 views

Why did it take so long for humanity to be able to cross the oceans?

Caravels were a key invention that allowed Iberian Peninsula people to sail from Europe to America. But why it took so long for this to happen? Which problems had to be solved to make that possible? ...
3
votes
2answers
83 views

Were Tories “Catholics” and “Whigs” Anglican?

I had one exam with the following question: About the Glorious Revolution (1688-1689), mark true (T) or False (F): In 1688, after the deposition of James II, the English parliament was divided in ...
4
votes
3answers
139 views

Have there been other examples of reunification/annexation, such as in the Crimea, that succeeded without using deadly force?

I'm not trying to start a debate about if Russia's recent actions in the Crimea are legal or whether the majority of the population agrees with what has happened. However, the action was successful ...
0
votes
1answer
62 views

First Royalty in Scotland?

The standard answer is Kenneth Macalpine as far as I can see with lesser kings before him, I assume between Scotland and England this where out modern/current Royals come from, I was trying to ...
2
votes
1answer
324 views

What percentage of eligible men were drafted during WW2 and Vietnam?

During the times of these conflicts I'm pretty sure the eligible ages to be drafted were from 18 - 25. During these times what percentage of US males between those ages were drafted. I'd like to be ...
2
votes
0answers
25 views

Majapahit territory in its peak

Is there any proof that Majapahit kingdom territory consist of all area of Nusantara Archipelago (now Indonesia). What I know that the sole proof of this claim was the only book authoring by Mpu ...
1
vote
2answers
119 views

Spain's tributary empire vs. Portugal's seaborne empire

While the Spanish built a huge colonial empire in the Americas, why didn't Portugal colonize the South Asian coast and only aimed at controlling trade? Why did these empires pursue such different ...
4
votes
2answers
113 views

How many acres per person were needed for the early American settlers vs. the native Americans?

Clearly the lifestyle of the native peoples of North America was less intensive than that of the European settlers and thus required more land per person. However, theirs was not exclusively a ...
5
votes
2answers
110 views

What factors made Austria adhere to “Diplomacy through marriage” doctrine?

Bella gerant alii, tu felix Austria nube – ‘Let others wage war: thou, happy Austria, marry’. Wikipedia doesn't say too much on the topic; but it's a frequently repeated historical anecdotal phrase. ...
4
votes
1answer
367 views

What language did Petlura speak casually?

In Bulgakov's novel "The White Guard" one of the characters, Turbin alleges that Simon Petlura does not speak Ukrainian language himself despite the measures he took to promote it. Are there any ...
43
votes
10answers
7k views

Did Imperial Japan choose to ally with Nazi Germany because of ideological similarity?

There are certain similarities that can be drawn between Nazi Germany and Imperial Japan. Both were dictatorships, both believed in racism (though against different people), and both were wanting to ...
-3
votes
1answer
140 views

How did Swiss neutrality affect WW2? [closed]

How did Swiss neutrality affect WW2? What impact did Swiss neutrality have on the Axis powers? the Allies? Did Swiss neutrality have a significant effect on either side?
0
votes
2answers
134 views

Was slavery economically most efficient system in the ancient/agricultural era? [closed]

I mean slavery in ancient civilizations, for example Greece, Rome, Egypt. Not considering moral aspects at all, but considering economic reasons and agricultural nature of economic activity.
-2
votes
1answer
102 views

Can the historical records in the Bible be considered as accurate/factual records? [duplicate]

This question was already asked but closed. This is my initial understanding of the Bible, that it consists of the following: Historical "facts", as there are physical evidences such as the Moabite ...
3
votes
2answers
98 views

Did the Glaswegian tobacco lords help precipitate the American war of independence?

I am in Glasgow for the first time tonight and reading up on the history. Tobacco lords cannily hooked their west coast planters on cheap credit before gutting them with low prices - very reminiscent ...
4
votes
3answers
202 views

Are there wars still going on, but officially ended? (found two) [closed]

I am curious if are there any wars still going on because of anomalies of diplomacy like the following examples: Rome vs. Carthage, 264BC - 1985AD, Since Carthage was destroyed, there were no ...
6
votes
1answer
187 views

What deaths were caused by weapons deployed during a war long after the war has ended? [closed]

Inspired by Last death caused by World War I. Even as recently as 2013, we still have had casualties from abandoned munition stockpiles and the likes from WW1. I'm wondering if there are any wars ...
9
votes
1answer
149 views

Roman era clothing (Egypt + Carthage)

In 2014, it is 2000 years ago that Emperor Augustus died. To celebrate this, we are doing a huge project (Historical Walking Dinner) in which we re-enact certain groups of the Roman population in that ...
22
votes
4answers
5k views

Last death caused by World War I

Today, I heard about seven deaths attributed to an explosion of a bomb from World War 2: Seven dead as war bomb explodes in Bangkok scrap yard Hopefully, the last death or deaths that can be ...
9
votes
1answer
167 views

How did the Nazis view Dickens' Oliver Twist?

After reading Oliver Twist, I note that Fagin is referred to as 'The Jew' and is portrayed quite negatively, especially in his appearance. Nevertheless, there is a certain feature of Fagin that we, ...
3
votes
4answers
228 views

What religions (other than Judaism) worshiped only one god? [closed]

I am thinking of before Christ kind of ancient. Also it's difficult to differentiate Judaism with other religions. Other religions have lesser gods below the supreme gods. Jews' god have angels ...
4
votes
2answers
193 views

Which came first, the shield or the sword? [closed]

According to the history stated in Wikipedia: The oldest form of shield was a protection device designed to block attacks by hand weapons, such as swords, axes and maces, or ranged weapon ...
7
votes
1answer
2k views

How many people in the US starved to death during the Great Depression?

I was trying to look this up earlier and could not easily find reliable information on the internet, mostly due to a new popular claim that 7 million people starved to death in the Great Depression! ...
-3
votes
1answer
321 views

Is there evidence in Jared Diamond's Guns, Germs, and Steel that supports his “due not to innate differences in the peoples” conclusion? [closed]

This is an except from the epilogue of Guns, Germs, and Steel by Jared Diamond. New York London: W. W. Norton & Company, 2005 I would say to Yali: the striking differences between the ...
1
vote
1answer
74 views

When did the Polovtsy convert to Islam?

Polovtsy is a name used to refer various Turkic tribes living to the East of Kievan Rus. I wonder at what point those Turkic peoples became Muslim?
1
vote
2answers
208 views

Is there any myth in Thucydides?

Title says it all really? Any help would be much appreciated. I just need a few examples as I am struggling to find any...
3
votes
1answer
115 views

Invention of Planned Obsolescence

Excluding style obsolescence or any type of advertising, when was the first form of planned obsolescence concerning shortening the life of a product by making it break sooner or forcing a consumer to ...
1
vote
3answers
315 views

How did British queens get power over kings despite a male-dominant society?

I am not a history guy. But, from what I have collected from movies, TV shows and people, I see that old British society was male-dominant and there were female rights issues too. But, I also see some ...
8
votes
3answers
142 views

At which point did election in a large country become feasible?

According to this answer by Anixx In the ancient world, democracy or oligarchical republics existed only in city-states because it was unfeasible to conduct elections in a large country and ...
16
votes
1answer
339 views

What became of Nazi Germany's embassies in neutral countries?

This picture shows the German embassy in Stockholm very near the end of World War II (with the flag lowered to mark Hitler's death). Germany surrendered on the 8th May 1945. The Flensburg ...
7
votes
1answer
197 views

During the Great Depression, roughly what proportion of Americans lived below the World Bank PPP $1.25/day poverty line?

The $1.25 PPP/day standard (in 2005 dollars), as defined by the World Bank Wikipedia. To be more specific, let's pick the year 1932, which is roughly when the Great Depression was said to be at its ...
2
votes
1answer
79 views

History of the Changes and Developments in Types of Urban Renewal Projects

Urban renewal projects defined by Wikipedia as "a program of land redevelopment in areas of moderate to high density urban land use" started in the 19th century with two very different rationales. In ...
3
votes
2answers
53 views

Why did overestimated coins led to inflation and well-estimated coins to deflation?

It is said in Debt, the first 5,000 years by David Graeber (chapter 4, note 2) that when the value of metal coins represented exactly their weight, the result was deflation. The author says that when ...
8
votes
3answers
286 views

Is there a definition of history separate from the definition of politics?

I encountered a problem to define something as "history", namely the determination of legal status of Kosovo. The action is so recent, I would say it more belongs to "politics". For my impression ...
6
votes
4answers
133 views

How did the modern hyper-appreciation of antiquities develop?

Through much of history since classical antiquity, ancient artifacts were not appreciated much. Wonders such as the Coliseum and the Pyramids of Giza were partially scavenged for building material ...
0
votes
0answers
31 views

Recent History Books [closed]

I am trying to find some books that realistically depict middle class life in the 1940-1950's. I have recently discovered that the 20-30 year old generation can not even conceive of life before tv and ...
2
votes
1answer
116 views

How granting Kosovo independence was a violation of international law? [closed]

I heard that at that time when Kosovo was granted independence the Russia's side said that it was a violation of the international law. How was it a violation? Which points of the law were violated?
-1
votes
1answer
59 views

In historical accounts, what relevance did the color yellow have as it relates to cultures and custums? [closed]

I am just curious on the history of yellow and the significance it may have had. I know purple often represented power, but what about yellow? Thank you!

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