2
votes
1answer
84 views

What's inside the Arch of Constantine?

Does the Arch of Constantine in Rome have an interior? (I'm not speaking of the empty space formed by the arch itself, but rather of the massive stone structure which forms the arch.) The Wikipedia ...
9
votes
1answer
284 views

Why did Algeria, Morocco and Tunisia remain loyal to France during and after World War II?

During WW II Algeria, Morocco and Tunisia did not revolt against either Vichy France or Free France. Not only did they not take advantage of the initial French defeat and its occupation by Axis ...
4
votes
2answers
74 views

Why does the Ħaġar Qim seem to have drilled holes / pitted dots on its stoneworks?

Does anyone has idea/knowledge, why neolithic temple stones would have these small holes? They are facing to sun, other side of the stones is flat. Smaller object were drilled all over, not just one ...
1
vote
0answers
24 views

What triggered the movement from the late archaic to the early classical/severe era? [closed]

Most art historians say the movement resulted from the Persian Wars. I've also read that the rejection of Persian ideals and culture triggered the movement into the classical style art. Does anyone ...
1
vote
1answer
84 views

Where can I find a reliable archive of Hitler's speeches?

Working on the answer for this question, I wanted a copy of Hitler's speech from March 16, 1935 which is so often referenced in German rearmament. I found a translation, but it's on der-fuehrer.org ...
4
votes
2answers
125 views

Effects of the Berlin Wall on modern-day Germany [closed]

The Berlin Wall had pretty strong effects on the German states at the time it was built, and right after it fell, but what are its continuing economic effects on contemporary Germany? I know there are ...
6
votes
0answers
100 views

What lead to migration of Brahmins into Kerala?

I am amused by the practices and beliefs of a community native to Kerala - India, the Kerala Iyers not Namboodris, they are Tamil Brahmin communities residing in Kerala, who migrated centuries ago ...
-1
votes
2answers
148 views

Was there a direct telephone line between Stalin and Hitler during the war?

In one Soviet film I had seen a Soviet officer who was in Hitler's bunker tasked with maintenance of a telephone line between the bunker and the Soviet command. But this was about the final stages of ...
-1
votes
1answer
79 views

Noble hierarchy in the early middle ages [closed]

I know it would have varied, but what would a typical hierarchy of feudal noble titles have been during the early middle ages in western Europe and Britain? Was it much different than what existed in ...
2
votes
1answer
117 views

Aryanization in Nazi Germany. What did it mean in reality?

Arthur Eichengrün was a Jewish chemist who lived in Germany and was running his own chemical company. In 1938 his company has been "aryanized". But as late as 1943 he got arrested for failing to ...
2
votes
0answers
74 views

Isn't the current trend of young, unmarried, women living at home merely a reversion to older practices? [closed]

The trend of Millenials "boomeranging" home, or never leaving in the first place is much-reported-upon, and much lamented, here, for example. Is this a new trend, or merely a reversion to pre-WWII ...
3
votes
1answer
197 views

Is there evidence that Harald Bluetooth died from an arrow to the rear?

There's a popular opinion, that a famous Danish king Harald Bluetooth died as a result of taking an arrow, well... straight to his rectum. Not only have I encountered said story over the Internet on ...
1
vote
0answers
51 views

What happens to the possessions of the royal family of a country after an invasion by another? [closed]

I would like to know what happened to the possessions of a royal family in general after an occupation. I also would appreciate an answer which could include nobility as well. When I say possessions, ...
1
vote
1answer
60 views

Where can you find online the voting records for the both Houses of the UK Parliament?

I wish to see online, for any past Bill of Parliament, in the House of Commons: which MPs (in the House of Commons) and which peers (in the House of Lords) voted in favour and in opposition. For ...
3
votes
1answer
222 views

When did the German people learn that they had a large, powerful military, in violation of the Versailles Treaty?

According to the terms of the Versailles Treaty at the end of the First World War, Germany's military was limited to a force so tiny as to be utterly irrelevant in any major conflicts. When Hitler ...
4
votes
0answers
112 views

During World War II, were there any parts of the Japanese overseas empire that was capable of local re-supply?

During World War II, the Japanese Home Islands stood at the center of an empire, to which raw materials were sent, and from which manufactured goods, included arms, were dispatched. Toward the end of ...
1
vote
0answers
63 views

Ancient Roman garments apart from the toga

I'll bet there were as many fashion-minded people in Ancient Rome as there are today in London, Milan, New York, and Paris. I know what a toga is. I'm also familiar with what tunics, stolas, and ...
0
votes
1answer
95 views

Where can I find history of Pune or `Peshwa's`? [closed]

Where can I find the history of pune or Peshwa's? Links on Wikipedia are not enough, Please explain or paste link in answers. To be more descriptive : 1. Who were peshwas ? 2. When did they exist? ...
2
votes
2answers
91 views

What is Machaivelli wearing in his painting?

This may not be completely relevant to this board, but what was Machiavelli wearing in his painting? I have looked and I couldn't find anything like it. Was his black "overcoat" only around in his ...
0
votes
3answers
162 views

Where did Germany get their oil during WW2? [closed]

I understand some came from Romania, but that could have provided only a small portion of the oil needed.
0
votes
1answer
164 views

Why weren't the U.S. aircraft carriers in Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941? [closed]

Where were the American carriers and why were they not in or around Pearl Harbor when the Japanese attacked?
3
votes
2answers
109 views

What was the first book translated from Japanese to any of the European languages?

What was the first Japanese book translated and published in one of the European languages? By "first" I mean the date of translation, not the original.
6
votes
1answer
143 views

Who was the first member of the United States Senate to resign?

Who was the first member of the United States Senate to resign? How many times has it happened? Where might one find a list of resignations of senators? (My tentative guess was Moses Robinson of ...
4
votes
2answers
203 views

Did Hitler get called a fascist by his opponents within Germany? Did he or other Nazis have a problem with that?

Hitler wrote of his admiration for Mussolini, but when it came to naming his party something they did not call it fascist (according to Konrad Heiden, Hitler did not want the party to be called ...
3
votes
1answer
114 views

What would my 2x Great Grandfather and his unit in the British Army have been doing in South Africa between 1900-1902?

Question 2 relating to my 2x Great Grandfather: My 2x Great Grandfather, James Walter Juden, served in the Royal Sussex Regiment from 1889 to 1902. I have a copy of his service records. Which I have ...
4
votes
0answers
86 views

What would my 2x Great Grandfather and his unit in the British Army have been doing in India between 1891-1897?

Question 1 relating to my 2x Great Grandfather: My 2x Great Grandfather, James Walter Juden, served in the Royal Sussex Regiment from 1889 to 1902. I have a copy of his service records. Which I have ...
9
votes
2answers
152 views

What are the origins of the “News Reel Voice”?

A commercial came on the radio last night while I was driving home that was a spoof on the old news reels of the 30s and 40s. And, being radio, the spoof was entirely centered on the iconic 'voice' of ...
5
votes
1answer
678 views

What happened to Justice, Nelson Mandela's cousin (or stepbrother)?

Reading Long Walk to Freedom, Nelson Mandela ran away from his guardian, Jogintaba the regent of Transkei, with the regent's son who was called Justice. Then Justice simply drops out of the story. ...
7
votes
1answer
128 views

What's the best way to convert sailing-era burden to modern displacement?

In reading about warships of the early modern era, it's difficult to compare sizes because older ships tend to be measured in tons (or tuns) of burden (or burthen), compared to modern vessels being ...
14
votes
2answers
441 views

Where did Japan get their oil during WWII?

To my understanding the United States was the largest exporter of oil to the Japanese prior to Pearl Harbor. The Japanese islands aren't known for their oil fields. It's also believed that the attacks ...
3
votes
4answers
165 views

In the American civil war, did junior officers join the battle with a rifle?

I was asked at a event event whether or not junior officers may have used a rifle or musket during battle. I haven't seen any evidence in several archive records I've searched. My speculation is that ...
6
votes
1answer
150 views

How was the Czech sudetenland repopulated by Czechs?

After Nazi Germany's defeat in 1945, many Germans from former minority communities were expelled from central europe. In addition to that, two significantly large areas with German majority were ...
5
votes
0answers
92 views

How were the Morisco refugees from Europe received in North Africa, given that they were foreigners and Christian?

On 1609 Spain ordered the expulsion of the Moriscos, the descendants of Spanish Muslims who were force-converted to Christianity in 1502. Presumably many of them went to the Muslim lands in North ...
4
votes
2answers
275 views

How did Turkey achieve such a quick military rebound after World War I?

The Ottoman military had a very weak performance in World War I (1914-1918), completely defeated in the Middle Eastern theatre and ended up losing almost all of its non-Anatolia possession. This was ...
4
votes
1answer
217 views

Are there any evidence besides the scriptures that the Ark of the Covenant existed?

Are there any historical evidence that the Ark of the Covenant really existed? What physical or written evidence are there, excluding the scriptures? Note: I am not discounting the writings of the ...
-2
votes
2answers
177 views

Reasons for transfer of leadership in computing from Britain to US after WWII

Great advances were made in field of computing until end of WWII. Many of them happened in Britain. However, by about 1960 it can be safely said that US became home of computer science. Why didn't ...
3
votes
0answers
38 views

Were the Hashemite kings of Iraq and Transjordan considered foreign?

The British gave two sons of Sheriff Husein (of Mecca) rule over the new political entities of Transjordan and Iraq after WWI. They were both born in the Hijaz (now in West Saudi Arabia), not the area ...
0
votes
0answers
23 views

What was special about grinded foods for sacrificial meals?

Hereafter, to evade repetition, I use 'palubum' to mean food products grinded for sacrificial meals. [Etymonline:] [...] immolare "to sacrifice," originally "to sprinkle with sacrificial meal," ...
3
votes
2answers
70 views

Request for ancient history video lecture references

I just read a page on the Math Stack Exchange linking pages with videos of Math lectures and would love to have a similar thing for History--hopefully that's an acceptable "question" to ask here. ...
1
vote
0answers
65 views

Legal guardians for minors in the U.S in 1910? [closed]

What were the different types of guardianship in the United States in 1910 ? Until what age did the legal guardian take care of the minor (21 Years old or 18) ? Was possible for parents to name a ...
2
votes
1answer
142 views

Al Khazneh in Petra: is it fake?

The architecture is Greco-Roman, with all the usual attributes. But was it really built in antiquity? It was discovered in the early 19th Century (supposedly), but became a popular tourist destination ...
1
vote
0answers
42 views

Contract in Roman law [closed]

I am really interested in Roman law, especially in obligations and contracts. Well, I know the most of theory, and historical information, evolution and so on. But now I am interested in real life ...
2
votes
1answer
63 views

What position did the government of Surinam take during the Second World War?

Holland itself was overrun by the Germans, Indonesia by Japan. Suriname was the only large Dutch posseession that remained free (I think, couldn't find a map of Dutch Empire in 1939/1940). Did they ...
12
votes
1answer
280 views

What were the “passports” that diplomats requested when declaring war?

From Andrew Roberts’ Napoleon: A Life, on the 1803 outbreak of war between Britain and France, after Britain demanded Malta and Napoleon then wanted to know whether this demand was an ultimatum ...
2
votes
1answer
143 views

What is the oldest graphic depiction of Attila?

Wikimedia Commons has two images from the Chronicon Pictum, dated around 1360. https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Attila_the_Hun Is there anything (coin, portrait, bust, statue) older than that?
3
votes
0answers
20 views

A source for Gerald Goodlake's exploit

I was reading up on trench coats for the winter and came upon this passage about Gerald Goodlake: He [Goodlake] wore this coat during the Crimean war, in which he commanded a force of ...
7
votes
1answer
115 views

How did the KPD relate to the German state during the Molotov-Ribbentrop pact?

Between August 1939 and June 1941, Germany and the USSR had the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact. During this time, many USSR-oriented communist parties in Europe and North America were (forced to be) rather ...
2
votes
1answer
133 views

Are the Egyptians homogeneous? [closed]

I don't know whether this is a myth, but I've run into this in various publications, and a few Egyptians I know personally have confirmed it: that the Egyptians of today and those who lived in the ...
1
vote
0answers
66 views

Where exactly were the British occupations in the Egypt Campaign?

I have read that the British occupations or territories in Egypt during the war against Napoleon (1798-1803) was in 1800 Alexandria, Damietta and Rosetta. It's hard for me to find a map that shows ...
1
vote
0answers
84 views

Differences between European monarchies [closed]

What are the main differences between the "new" monarchies and the "absolute" monarchies? From what I can tell, they where very much alike in several aspects: more centralized government, more power ...

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