3
votes
1answer
259 views

When did ancient religions start to experience dropping numbers of adherents in Europe?

I am talking about ancient Greek, Roman and Norwegian religions. When did ancient religions start to lose ground to modern religions such as Catholicism in Europe?
3
votes
1answer
127 views

What is the origin of the myth of St. Valentine?

There seems to be a story floating around about St. Valentine being martyred for performing weddings. Here's a representative version: Valentine became famous for marrying couples who were in love ...
3
votes
1answer
124 views

What does the forward “Bullnose” of a Bailey Bridge that is under construction look like?

I read an excellent book titled "First Across the Rhine: The 291st Engineer Combat Battalion in France, Belgium, and Germany". In it, they describe some of the many functions that are performed by a ...
3
votes
1answer
32 views

Gregório Amúrrio: dates of birth and death

Gregório Amúrrio was a Franciscan missionary in California during the late 1700s. He was one of the five original missionaries to Alta California, and the co-founder of Mission San Juan Capistrano. ...
3
votes
1answer
186 views

Chart of total gold in possession of humans

Where can I find an approximate chart of total mass of metallic gold in possession of humans by centuries starting with Neolithic? I also would like to see this detailed by civilization/culture.
3
votes
2answers
76 views

Was the French philosopher Pierre Bayle a Calvinist believer or an atheist?

European Enlightenment: The 17th century's most read philosopher produced sharp and honest literature. Yet until today the question seems to be unanswered where he really belonged (Bayle enigma).
3
votes
1answer
251 views

In medieval India, was there a distinction between the army and the police?

In medieval India, who was responsible for maintaining law and order? Was it the army or was there a separate arm of the state that was responsible for law and order, something akin to a modern police ...
3
votes
1answer
448 views

Is there a written history on the Sonderkommando Elbe?

I was watching a program called Dogfights where they were talking about the Sonderkommando Elbe and their tactic of ramming Messerschmitt Bf 109's into American bombers is a sort of suicide attack. ...
3
votes
1answer
201 views

United States Incarceration Rate

How many people were sentenced to prison in 2011 in the United States? This statistic is hard to come by online. The only measured incarceration rate I've come across is the amount of people ...
3
votes
1answer
170 views

Why Sulla general slaughtered inhabitants of Praeneste?

The citizen doesn't seem to be against Sulla. In fact they disallow Marius from coming in. Its citizens were offered Roman citizenship in 90 BC in the Social War, when concessions had to be made by ...
3
votes
1answer
352 views

Has the Delmarva Peninsula been known by any other name?

Wikipedia explains that Delmarva is a term that originated in the 20th century. What was the name of the Delmarva Peninsula during the British colonial time and on 19th-century United States?
3
votes
1answer
75 views

Quantitative comparison of transportation cost per kilometer over the centuries? [closed]

I am interested to see research on the development of transportation costs over the centuries. I realize the difficulty with researching this topic so I am interested in anything, which can enlighten ...
3
votes
1answer
134 views

Was von Manstein's Lack of Success at Leningrad (and later Stalingrad) due to the failure of German military intelligence?

Arguably the high water mark of the German eastern front campaign was the capture of Sevastopol by General Erich von Manstein, who was arguably Germany's best general. After this victory, he and his ...
3
votes
1answer
76 views

What “other property” was considered for representation at the Constitutional Convention?

In the Wikipedia article on the US Constitutional Convention, it states that: The most contentious disputes revolved around the composition and election of the Senate, how "proportional ...
3
votes
2answers
123 views

How many Old Bolsheviks outlived Stalin?

The term "Old Bolshevik" refers to those who joined the Bolshevik party before the Russian Revolution of 1917. According to D. A. Chygayev (as quoted by Mark Deutsch), in 1922 there were 44,148 ...
3
votes
1answer
154 views

What did the Allied WW1 propaganda for the Germans say?

I recently came across this passage of Mein Kampf where Hitler praises the effectiveness of WW1 Allied propaganda over the German people: At first the claims of the propaganda were so impudent ...
3
votes
1answer
95 views

How accurate is the respresentation of York/Jórvík in the manga Vinland Saga?

In the manga Vinland Saga, the heroes arrive at "York". Clearly, it should have been called Jórvík but let's forgive them that for now. Below is how the manga shows the city from the sky. Comparing ...
3
votes
1answer
118 views

Did Jim Morrison ever comment on his father's career choice or role in the Vietnam war?

I'm just wondering if and what Jim Morrison ever said about his relationship with his father Rear Admiral George Stephen Morrison with regard to his position in the Navy, or his role in starting the ...
3
votes
1answer
199 views

What was the cost of buying Silk in the Roman Empire

Is there any information extant of the cost one would pay for silk in the Roman Empire. Was it difficult for one to find silk to even buy? If that value fluctuated, and if it can be known, I am ...
3
votes
1answer
158 views

Penalty for patricide in Ancient Rome

This question is prompted by an earlier question on Roman law, which seemed to suggest that only treason was punishable by death for citizens. I did ask this as comment, but have got intrigued. I am ...
3
votes
1answer
67 views

What is the relationship between the Kurds and the Balochi?

Does anyone know how did the Balochi people, who nowadays live in South-eastern Iran and Western Pakistan, but speak North-Western Iranian languages (i.e. related to Kurdish), arrive there and what is ...
3
votes
1answer
140 views

Did an English company famous for its hidden purpose in the 1720s ever reveal its undertaking?

The Wikipedia article for the South Sea Company says that: "Among the many companies to go public in 1720 is - famously - one that advertised itself as 'a company for carrying out an undertaking of ...
3
votes
2answers
345 views

How did criminal law work in the Roman Empire?

I have old memory from when I was in little school: During the Roman empire, criminal law was very "flexible". You could kill nearly anyone in the Empire, as long as you were able to pay a fee to the ...
3
votes
1answer
211 views

Was George Wallace's American Independent party (1968) “the same party” as Strom Thurmond's Dixiecrat party (1948)?

The party that nominated George Wallace for president in 1968 (the American Independent Party) seems very similar to the State's Rights Democratic Party (aka. Dixiecrat) that nominated Strom Thurmond ...
3
votes
1answer
140 views

4th of July and Tchaikovsky

This question Why do the Japanese sing Ode to Joy during the Japanese New Year? brings another similar one. I live in a small US Midwest town, and every year they celebrate the Independence day (4th ...
3
votes
2answers
279 views

Ratio of population to military size throughout European history? [closed]

I realise that this is a fairly broad question, but I am trying to get a sense of the ratio between the total population and the size of the military that societies could support at different times ...
3
votes
1answer
200 views

What kind of music was played at European, High Middle Age (c. 1100-1400 A.D.)'s medieval universities' ceremonies?

What music was played at European medieval universities in the High Middle Ages (circa 1100-1400)—for example, at their commencement or convocation ceremonies, at ceremonies inducting professors into ...
3
votes
1answer
252 views

When did static electricity become a common occurrence?

I was wondering if there are references to static electricity in any classic works. I understand There were many people experimenting with it over the millennia, but was it also a common household ...
3
votes
1answer
91 views

Did East Asian responses to the Spanish Civil War divide along 'party lines'?

Did Chiang Kai-Shek and Hirohito, and other leaders of China and Japan, see any parallels between the Sino-Japanese war and the Spanish Civil War? Did Chiang make any message of support for the ...
3
votes
1answer
211 views

French WW 1 infantry field uniforms

In the photo below, my grandfather is photographed center with another 29th Division soldier during World War I and a person on the left whose uniform I cannot identify. Is it French? My grandfather ...
3
votes
1answer
133 views

Did collective punishment of families occur during the French Revolution?

In his classic work of historical fiction, A Tale of Two Cities, Charles Dickens suggests that family members of those sentenced to death by the various tribunals were themselves targeted for ...
3
votes
1answer
382 views

Sieges: Average Attacker to Defender Ratio in Middle Ages

I have read that attackers should outnumber defenders, 20 to 1 or better 50-100 to 1 in sieges in a book about conquest of İstanbul, though I can not find its reference right now. I remember that this ...
3
votes
2answers
185 views

Did the natives of North Africa resent the presence of the Germans during the Second World War?

During the Second World War, did the Arabs of North Africa care at all that the Germans were invading their countries, or did they think that there was no difference between the Germans and France and ...
3
votes
1answer
61 views

Where and when stuntman Ian B. Jamieson performed in Poland in '80?

I've these 3 old pictures of mine: So my question is: Where and when stuntman Ian Bruce Jamieson performed in Poland? Some known details: The pictures are from around 1986 taken in Szczecin, ...
3
votes
1answer
897 views

What was the relationship between the Catholic Church and the Carolingian emperors?

Charlemagne was crowned by the pope in the year 800. But was it Charlemagne's choice, or was he compelled to do so? Having conquered his lands, couldn't he just crown himself emperor? Moreover, did ...
3
votes
2answers
70 views

Symbol of the San-colottes

I missed a section in Modern History and cannot find the answer to the question for a video that was shown in class. The Topic was The Demise of King Louis. Question: What is the symbol of the ...
3
votes
1answer
166 views

Did Japan use reconnaissance balloons in WWII?

I have heard that Japan had used reconnaissance balloons in WWII, especially in China as the Chinese lacked air power and effective anti-air weaponry. I know that balloons - airships to be precise - ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

Why is the Stamp Act of 1765 known as a “direct tax?”

I'm not exactly sure where to put this question... I am trying to figure out the difference between "direct" and "indirect" taxes in the context of some historical taxes I'm learning about in an ...
3
votes
1answer
59 views

How did the Abbey of Cluny derive revenue from William of Aquitaine's hunting preserve?

My understanding is that traditionally most monasteries were extensions of the Roman villa system, owning land and the labor of the attached peasants -- the same economic basis as the aristocracy. ...
3
votes
1answer
169 views

Moving day in Paris, France in the 19th century

Is it true that rental agreements or leases in Paris France all used to start/end on the same day? I think this would have been in the mid/late 19th century or earlier. I know Quebec, Canada had a ...
3
votes
1answer
90 views

First Royalty in Scotland?

The standard answer is Kenneth Macalpine as far as I can see with lesser kings before him, I assume between Scotland and England this where out modern/current Royals come from, I was trying to ...
3
votes
1answer
302 views

History of the Changes and Developments in Types of Urban Renewal Projects

Urban renewal projects defined by Wikipedia as "a program of land redevelopment in areas of moderate to high density urban land use" started in the 19th century with two very different rationales. In ...
3
votes
1answer
118 views

What populations have been denied the ability to leave a territory, so that its goverment could kill them?

There are well known examples such as Jewish populations in WW2, and some of the ethnic minorities in Khmer Rouge Cambodia, who although considered an enemy population, were prevented from leaving a ...
3
votes
1answer
226 views

What tactic/strategy won Napoleon the six-day campaign

I am using this source: http://www.napoleonsims.com/battles/battles.htm#Fr1814 From the overall statistics, I see that Napoleon was outnumbered 1:10 (!) but still managed to win because he attacked ...
3
votes
1answer
165 views

Usage of “native American” in the 18th Century

I have a case of an 18th century white man referring to his nationality as native American, meaning he was born in America. This is on his census form. Was this usage common? For clarity: I'm asking ...
3
votes
1answer
110 views

Nejd (Saudi Arabia) and the Arab Revolt

Did Nejd (Saudi Arabia) actually engage the Ottoman Empire during WWI or did they just fight al Rashid (Jabal Shammer), who was loyal to the Ottomans? Did al Rashid fight the Allied forces?
3
votes
1answer
135 views

Is the Sandracottus genus of beetles named after Chandragupta Maurya?

(I'm not sure where I should be asking this question. Please move if/as appropriate.) Sandracottus (or Sandrokottos) is how the Greeks knew the Indian emperor, Chandragupta Maurya. But it also ...
3
votes
1answer
110 views

Did the Soviets attempt to discredit the Pope because of his outspoken anti-communism?

According to Ion Pacepa, a former Romanian General and head of Secret Service, Khrushchev authorized operation seat 12 that was designed to discredit Pope Pius XII by, among other things, ...
3
votes
1answer
611 views

How was Napoleon considered as a ruler? [closed]

When we were studying the french revolution, back when I was 15, I remember asking my teacher what was the point of killing a king to end up having an emperor. She didn't bother too much answering but ...
3
votes
1answer
119 views

Evidence of Aztecs using Quetzal feathers as commodity money?

I found some webpages on the internet stating that on Aztecs barter-based economy, the remainder of value between two goods (if any) was settled with, among others, Quetzal feathers. Is there any ...

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