3
votes
1answer
162 views

What were the Jurchen tribes/confederations in the 11th-12th centuries?

I couldn't find anything about them other than vague geographical localization. Basically, I'm looking for the highest tribal organizations (no need to cite every single clan), akin to the five Mongol ...
3
votes
1answer
268 views

How did native Americans and European colonists conduct their trades?

I'm curious to know how Natives Americans and Europeans colonists traded during the colonization of north-east America. what kind of currencies (if any) were used? Or did they barter?
3
votes
1answer
73 views

Does special perception of rhyme by humans indicate importance of poetry in prehistoric era? [closed]

Humans perceive poetry, rhyme and rhythm specifically, it produces some emotions and feelings that prose cannot do. Does this indicate an evolutionary trait that evolved under extensive use of poetry ...
3
votes
1answer
538 views

Hand signal for supressing enemy position in world war 2

I've seen this in some movies and video games about world war 2. Basically whenever a ranking officer wanted to signal his troops to suppress an enemy position, he would sort of punch 2-3 times in ...
3
votes
1answer
240 views

Am I imagining this or did I just found one of the oldest “hidden” erotic artworks ever?

I was just wiki-walking around my country's (Netherlands) history when I stumbled upon this topic: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ger%C3%B0r She is the wife of the god Freyr, whom apparently the ...
3
votes
1answer
97 views

Duchy and Electorate of Saxony during the Schmalkaldic War

The Wikipedia page for the Schmalkaldic War list the Duchy of Saxony and the Electorate of Saxony as opposing sides of the war, each with their own monarch (Maurice is the Duke of Saxony, John ...
3
votes
1answer
475 views

What is the origin/history of the practice of standing up if an elder or respectable is approaching?

It is usually witnessed that whenever someone respectable (parents), of a higher status (king/president) or an elderly approaches e.g. enters the room, people tend to stand-up as a sign of respect. ...
3
votes
1answer
184 views

Was Marcus Marcellus faced with Viridomarus or Britomartus?

I seem to have come to a discrepancy, as I'm sure a lot have, concerning the event in which Marcus Claudius Marcellus is supposedly meant to have slain the King of the Insubres in 222 B.C.E. Plutarch ...
3
votes
1answer
107 views

Have fashionable hair lengths ever been reversed from their current styles?

Has there ever been a time or a culture in which fashion/tradition strongly favored men with long hair AND women with short hair during the same period? There are plenty of instances of both having ...
3
votes
1answer
88 views

Are there any reasonable sources of data on numbers of religious adherents, for different religions, throughout history?

I'm interested in historical trends in religion and wondered if anyone knows of any reasonable sources of data on the number of adherents, for any/all different religions, throughout human history. ...
3
votes
1answer
150 views

How was money transferred before digital transactions?

Take, for example, the late 18th century and pre-French Revolution. The American War of Independence (1775 - '83) and the Seven Years War (1754 - '63) were financially ruinous for Louis XVI's France, ...
3
votes
1answer
116 views

Was there other research focusing on the medical uses of ether in the 18th Century?

In recently seeing the John Moulton statue celebrating the first use of ether in Boston: it occurred that this sort of research usually doesn't happen in a vacuum. Were there other medical ...
3
votes
1answer
491 views

Does Amnesty International maintain a list of prisoners of conscience?

Has Amnesty International ever maintained a list of people they officially designate as "prisoners of conscience" ? If yes, where can this list be found? Context: I have recently found this Wikipedia ...
3
votes
1answer
148 views

Book on history of international trade

I have just finished reading the book Taipan by James Clavell and I am fascinated by the history of International Trade and merchants and how they have affected the course of history. Can I get a ...
3
votes
1answer
99 views

How did the French and English forces “stack up” toward the end of the Hundred Years' War?

I am of the opinion that Joan of Arc, an "amateur" general, started France on the road to winning the war because she understood something that the "professionals" did not; that is, that the French ...
3
votes
1answer
135 views

Why haven't bankers gained as much power in China as the Medici got in Europe during their height? [on hold]

While the monotheist religions had bans on loaning money, Buddhism doesn't. Why didn't bankers manage to consolidate power in China during the Middle Ages?
3
votes
1answer
145 views

What was the official reason for not invading France until the middle of 1944? [duplicate]

As I understand it, Stalin was urging the western powers to open a second front in France ever since Barbarossa begin in 1941 June. What was the official reason for waiting until 1944 June? They ...
3
votes
0answers
75 views

How much Ancient Egyptian survived into modern Coptic & Egyptian Arabic?

The Egyptian spoken language has evolved dramatically due to influences from the many foreign powers who ruled Egypt over the ages. Coptic is an Egyptian language with strong influences from Greek, ...
3
votes
0answers
75 views

What were normal bathing habits in Cairo in 1798?

In the old western world we did not bath much after the fall of the Roman Empire. I was wondering if that is the same for the population in Egypt in around 1798. This leads me to 2 questions 1) Did ...
3
votes
0answers
146 views

When did the modern discourse of equality develop?

I know that racial segregation was gone by the end of 1968, and that New Zealand allowed Women to vote in 1893, from which most of the world followed. But, the thought of a world where everyone, ...
3
votes
0answers
80 views

What is the origin of language? [closed]

The use of language is one of the most conspicuous and diagnostic traits that distinguish Homo sapiens from other species. Unlike writing, spoken language leaves no trace.Can we get a direct method in ...
3
votes
0answers
90 views

What was everyday life in Mexico like during the early days of WWII? [closed]

I am curious to know what everyday life might have been like for a trio of American foreigners in the northern, near-border regions of Mexico during the early days of World War Two. Specifically, I am ...
3
votes
3answers
144 views

What economic incentives (if any) did France have to aid the American army during the revolution?

Most history texts only state France had a desire to seek revenge for their defeat in the 7 Years War and that a Treaty of Alliance (1778) was signed. I'm having a hard time convincing myself that ...
3
votes
0answers
83 views

Was there a tax on being fat in Gaul?

I vaguely remember reading something about this but I'd like to dig up some sources. Google isn't much help on that one. This could have applied to some tribes, Gaul or the celtic world as large but ...
3
votes
0answers
122 views

How many people did Al Capone cause to die? [closed]

How many deaths was Al Capone responsible for? Including people killed by his order or as part of gang wars he started? (Looking for an estimate within an order of magnitude).
3
votes
0answers
115 views

India and Egypt: What enables a culture to endure? [closed]

What traits exist in Indian Hindu culture to allow it to persevere to the present day that did not exist in Egypt from ~3100 BCE to ~30 BCE? EDIT by Alex: What destroyed Egyptian civilization? ...
3
votes
0answers
84 views

What distinguishes the mesolithic period from neolithic and paleolithic

It seems like neolithic is distinguishable by the fact that it involves the development of agriculture and all of the advancements that came with that. Paleolithic is a very long period that ...
3
votes
0answers
93 views

When Were Morions Last Worn By Spanish Soldiers?

Around when were morions last worn by Spanish soldiers, particularly in the Western Hemisphere? I can't find much about this online. I'm also wondering what they were replaced with at the time.
3
votes
0answers
97 views

Why was the seventh day of the week in Quichua named after the sun?

In Tawantinsuyu, Incan society had a seven day week. The days could be enumerated as following: Monday: AWAKI puncha Tuesday: AWKARIK puncha Wednesday: CHILLAY puncha Thursday: KULLKA puncha ...
3
votes
0answers
55 views

Did the exile of the Platonic academy facilitate the foundation of the House of Wisdom?

According to wikipedia: ...The last Scholarch of the Academy was Damascius (d. 540). According to Agathias, its remaining members looked for protection under the rule of Sassanid king Khosrau I in ...
3
votes
0answers
66 views

Was the impeachment trial of Andrew Johnson a “media circus”?

I recently watched a History Channel special on presidents during the Reconstruction era, where various historians describe the Andrew Johnson impeachment trial as a "media circus" comparable to the ...
3
votes
0answers
119 views

When did the U.S. Postal Service completely transition from horse-drawn to motorized transport?

Simple question, hopefully not too broad. When did the USPS stop using horses & horse-drawn carriages for most of its transport and delivery? Were there any private competitors (such as modern-...
3
votes
0answers
88 views

Motivations of the the First Crusade [duplicate]

What sort of balance in motivation existed for the first Crusade between answering a plea for assistance from the Byzantine Empire and reclamation of Jerusalem? Obviously it would vary between ...
3
votes
0answers
111 views

Was a copy of Bobadilla's report on Christopher Columbus really found in a Spanish archive in 2006?

As claimed in The Guardian A transcription of the document is apparently available on JSTOR here, the section "Pesquisa Del Comendador Francisco de Bobadilla". I cannot read Spanish and otherwise ...
3
votes
1answer
209 views

Did the Byzantine Empire use Roman numerals?

Wikipedia says about Byzantine emperor Heraclius that he was responsible for "introducing Greek as the Eastern Empire's official language". If so, is it right to assume that Byzantines used Roman ...
3
votes
0answers
166 views

Were Americans concerned about “Overlord” code words in Daily Telegraph crosswords?

The attached Wikipedia article describes how key D-Day Code words - Gold, Juno, Sword, Omaha, Utah, Mulberry, Overlord suddenly appeared in the Daily Telegraph crosswords in the weeks prior to the ...
3
votes
0answers
143 views

Was Australia ever attacked during WW2? [closed]

Being European, I know history of World War II from Europe's perspective (and mainly with focus on Czechoslovakia). So: Was a land belonging to Australia ever attacked during WW2? For scope of ...
3
votes
0answers
95 views

What's Mussolini's first known statement about Hitler?

Hitler became internationally known after the beer hall putsch in 1923. When did he first come to Mussolini's attention, and what did he say?
3
votes
0answers
206 views

Did Henri III of France sleep with men? Did he not sleep with women?

He was the last of the Valois line. He became king illegally (according to some sources). He produced no children. He had "minions," a group of very close friends he pampered and showered with favors: ...
3
votes
0answers
49 views

Can you help me find a online resource for gendered handwriting styles, like “ladies' epistolary” and “Mercantile running hand”? [closed]

Can you help me find a online resource for gendered handwriting styles, like "ladies' epistolary" and "Mercantile running hand"? Preferably with pictures, as I want an easy reference for their ...
3
votes
0answers
51 views

Why was the Imre Nagy government deported to Romania?

After the 1956 Hungarian upgrising, the KGB briefly deported Imre Nagy and his closest followers (Donáth, Lukács, etc.) to Romania. I understand that the Soviet Union would have wanted to remove Nagy ...
3
votes
0answers
54 views

Can stable Istotope analysis unambigously identify the Iberian Peninsula as the origin of signatures in human bones? [closed]

Is the Isotope signature (e.g. O and Sr) of the Iberian Penisula specific enough to proof a human spent decades of adult adult there? This is not about the teeth, only about bones.
3
votes
0answers
48 views

Were the Hashemite kings of Iraq and Transjordan considered foreign?

The British gave two sons of Sheriff Husein (of Mecca) rule over the new political entities of Transjordan and Iraq after WWI. They were both born in the Hijaz (now in West Saudi Arabia), not the area ...
3
votes
0answers
23 views

A source for Gerald Goodlake's exploit

I was reading up on trench coats for the winter and came upon this passage about Gerald Goodlake: He [Goodlake] wore this coat during the Crimean war, in which he commanded a force of ...
3
votes
0answers
51 views

Names and Genealogy of Hephtalite rulers?

Based on the data I have been able to piece together, I have found the following 3 names: Khingila, reigned from the mid 5th century. Established the Hephtalite dynasty. Toramana, reigned end of 5th/...
3
votes
0answers
86 views

Bail bonds in UK Victorian period

If you were arrested in Victorian England, and the offense was 'bailable' (i.e. too severe) you could get bail and not be stuck behind bars before your trial. In the period, did you have to hand over ...
3
votes
0answers
73 views

What were untreated gangrene survival rates before 1860?

During the Civil War, Middleton Goldsmith revolutionized the treatment of gangrene, bringing mortality rates (presumably of wounded soldiers) from 45% to 3%, according to Wikipedia. Do we have any ...
3
votes
0answers
80 views

What was the purpose of a tally stick?

I was recently reading a translation of "The debate between Sheep and Grain" Babylonian creation myth. It mentioned the following in lines 130-142: Every night your count is made and your tally-...
3
votes
0answers
104 views

According to Islamic sources, did any prophet kill people for having the wrong religion? [closed]

If I remember correctly, the Bible mentions the fact that Elijah was killing people (directly or by ordering for them to be killed) because they were worshiping some idols and Baal and Moses ordered ...
3
votes
0answers
109 views

Did US propaganda change eating habits in Turkey post WW2? [closed]

There is a story going on here in Turkey about propaganda efforts by the US to change eating habits of the population to sell surplus US corn and corn products to Turkey. Is it possible to find legal ...

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