8
votes
1answer
264 views

1918 Spanish Flu Pandemic - Experience

From the spring of 1918 to the early months of 1919, the Spanish flu pandemic ravaged the world, killing an estimated 50 million to 100 million people. It came in three waves, with the last ...
3
votes
5answers
898 views

What was the origin of religious tolerance in Europe? [closed]

Can, anyone, please, give an overview of how the humanism came about in Europe, precisely, the main prerequisites and reasons for its origin. Given the ambiguity of the very term "humanism", I will ...
12
votes
4answers
2k views

What led to the creation of Belgium?

Why was Belgium created as opposed to grouping the Fracophone Walloons and the Dutch-Speaking Flemish with their respective linguistically similar neighbor countries; France and the Netherlands?
8
votes
1answer
152 views

When did wheel-mounted water-carrying fire-fighting machines first appear in Japan?

When did wheel-mounted water-carrying fire-fighting machines first appear in Japan? I am curious about the date, and maybe some history about whether it was invented or imported, and by whom if ...
5
votes
2answers
2k views

When did the Vietnam War start?

I embarrassingly don't know much about the history of the Vietnam War. I would like to learn more about the war, but I can't figure out when exactly the war started and ended. World War 2 was from ...
4
votes
2answers
211 views

Who first coined the name “Wahhabi”?

Specifically, did Muslims coin it or non-Muslims? Is there any evidence, recorded in history, about the first usage of this term?
1
vote
0answers
188 views

Major changes during British colonization of America (between 1607 and 1750) [closed]

Between 1607 and 1750 in colonial America, what would be some of the major changes in political, social/religious, and economic aspects?
7
votes
1answer
136 views

When did man begin to understand the science behind hail?

When did man begin to understand the science behind hail? And most importantly what were some misconception associated with hail? For example "Wrath of God"?
7
votes
1answer
387 views

Madness in the early modern era (pre-enlightenment, Habsburg monarchy)

I'd very much like to look deep into the history of mental ilnesses and the surrounding mentalities - i.e. how did the sane people interpret, treat, approach and deal with the mentally insane? To be ...
19
votes
1answer
330 views

Who, if any, in JFK's inner circle argued against the plans for the Bay of Pigs invasion?

Political discussions leading up to the Bay of Pigs invasion are a notorious example of 'groupthink' and the failure of a committee in coming to a well-informed decision. Accounts of the ...
3
votes
1answer
217 views

Mexico has the right to possess firearms? [closed]

I have lived and grown up in Mexico for most of my life. I have always known firearms to be illegal here, as well as everyone I know. But just today, I came across this article on Wikipedia, (Gun ...
8
votes
3answers
2k views

How much has U.S. currency inflated since 1792?

How much has U.S. currency inflated since the Coinage Act of 1792 established the U.S. Mint? Adjusting for inflation, what amount of modern currency would have the same buying power as a 1792 dollar? ...
3
votes
3answers
2k views

Why is King Henry V regarded as such a great King?

In History magazine it says: King Henry V is well-known as a great man - charming, wooing, gracious, triumphant and an English hero. However, in a battle he ordered every male over 12 years old ...
19
votes
1answer
466 views

When did Americans become safe from highway robbery?

The other day a friend and I were reconciling our memories of "shotgun" rules, the customs by which American teenagers determine who sits in the front passenger seat of a car. The concept derives from ...
6
votes
1answer
475 views

What examples are of French and Arab cultural integration?

In the last centuries there were very close tights between the French Empire and its colonies in the Maghreb before and the immigrants and citizens of France after the decolonisation. What are the ...
6
votes
3answers
2k views

How did corn become the most produced crop in the world?

This article has corn listed as the most important crop produced in the world. For some reason I feel like rice, or wheat is the more logical choice. So what were the conditions, and events, that led ...
6
votes
1answer
382 views

Did the US gov't pay the Cherokee for their lands in Georgia?

According to the Treaty of New Echota, ratified by the US Senate in 1836, the US government was supposed to pay the Cherokee Nation $5 million for their lands in and around Georgia. In exchange, the ...
1
vote
1answer
161 views

A unitary state split into several smaller ones

Can you give examples of a unitary state splitting into several smaller states in modern history. What was the basis for the self determination of the pieces?
4
votes
1answer
182 views

Father-Presidents of the California Missions

During the Spanish Colonial period, the California missions were run by a priest with the title of Father-President (padre-presidente). I'm trying to find more information about this office, ...
5
votes
2answers
143 views

How have changes in taxation affected philanthropy in the US?

Every so often, I see a newspaper article which states that the wealthiest people in my country make less substantial contributions to philanthropy (relative to their wealth) than do their American ...
6
votes
2answers
325 views

Information about the empire of King Dahir of India?

I am trying to find some information about the empire of King Dahir of India. For example, how much area did his empire constitute and where was it generally located? If anyone could also provide a ...
2
votes
2answers
263 views

History of the Levant and Israel - 2000 BCE to the bronze age collapse - where to find info?

Where can I find information about the period 2000 BCE - 1300 BCE in the Levant with focus on Caanites and (possibly) proto-Hebrews? Period from the very beginning of the tribal organization of what ...
10
votes
2answers
357 views

How Many Surface Ships Have Reached the North Pole?

I realize that the nuclear-powered icebreaker Arktika (Soviet Union) reached the north pole on August 17, 1977. However, I would like to know of any other ships that have also reached the North Pole. ...
4
votes
0answers
682 views

When exactly did nudity become uncomfortable? [closed]

In the present society, there's a certain discomfort associated with nudity. And the reason for the discomfort is obviously not just the untimely and unwelcome sexual arousal it might lead to. If we ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

World Wars and economic crises?

I don't recall where I heard in an interview or read in an article that there is a causation between economic crises and the two world wars, is there is historical truth in that? For the second war ...
8
votes
1answer
571 views

How Many Members of US Congress Have Died While In Office?

As best I can tell, Leo Ryan of California is the only U.S. Member of Congress murdered while in office. He was killed by members of the People's Temple in Guyana in 1978. What I'm looking for are how ...
2
votes
1answer
680 views

What was the natural population growth of Scotland between 1600 and 1900?

By natural, I mean as a result of births and deaths, rather than emmigration and immigration. I can find data for the total population size (e.g. here) but not for natural population moves and I ...
0
votes
2answers
9k views

Which country can be viewed as the perfect example of “Capitalism”? [closed]

Which country can be viewed as the perfect example of "Capitalism"? That is, which country represents the Capitalism at its peak?
8
votes
1answer
143 views

Did all writing civilizations eventually produce cryptography?

I know some of the ancient civilizations did encrypt their messages. Did it happen everywhere where writing was known? If it didn't happen somewhere, what were the reasons?
3
votes
1answer
141 views

Why did Dorothy Dixers become prevalent in question time in Australia?

Anyone who listens to Question Time in Australia's parliament would notice the many questions from government backbenchers that invite ministers to either extoll the virtues of government policy or ...
13
votes
1answer
729 views

Why did civilisation/city states never take root in Australia and North America?

I recently read that the Australian Aborigines numbered close to a million during the time of Botany Bay and comprised of ~250 tribes/nations. The Native Americans of North America also boasted ...
13
votes
2answers
646 views

Early history of prime numbers

Prime numbers are those whole numbers greater than 1 which cannot be written as a product of numbers greater than 1. I'm curious about their very early history, say 200 BC and earlier. What I know: ...
11
votes
3answers
1k views

Gold Confiscation Act of 1933

On March 9, 1933 Franklin D. Roosevelt (FDR) called Congress in for an emergency session, which would result in the speedy passing of the Gold Confiscation Act. According to FDR's Executive Order ...
5
votes
1answer
345 views

Cannabis in ancient Vedic Soma, are there any sound historical proofs?

Michael Wood says in his documentary The Story of India first episode: Soma is still used as a medicine in Central Asia. The active element in the plant is ephedrine, and the effect that it has, ...
3
votes
1answer
74 views

Increment of workers in agriculture during periods of economical crisis

Was there an increment of the percent of people working in the agricultural sector during the economical crises of the last couple of centuries? What are the factors influencing the ratio of farmers? ...
8
votes
3answers
882 views

Rosie the Riveter and “We Can Do It!”

I have read that Rosie the Riveter is a symbol of the American woman who worked in factories instead of men during the Second World War. She appears to be associated with the slogan “We Can Do It!” ...
6
votes
1answer
187 views

Vigenere vs. Bellaso

I noticed on the Wikipedia article for the Vigenere cipher, that: The Vigenère (French pronunciation: [viʒnɛːʁ]) cipher has been reinvented many times. The method was originally described by ...
3
votes
0answers
89 views

Farmstead Inventory

I'm looking for an inventory of the principal goods, buildings, livestock, and workers of a European farmstead; preferably before 1000 AD. I know I've seen a primary source document like this before. ...
12
votes
2answers
450 views

In which situation is the broadside more preferable than every gun firing on their own time?

Mathematically, a ship should be able to fire more shots if each of the cannons fire at their fastest speed, instead of waiting for everyone to be ready, but it seems that a broadside is sometimes ...
3
votes
2answers
100 views

Was Brown v Board of Education the only major decision that changed educational choice in America?

Brown v Board of Education was the landmark Supreme Court case in America that was supposed to allow more educational choice for all Americans, basically stopping segregational policies and on a legal ...
-1
votes
1answer
225 views

What city is 2000 years old? [closed]

In his 1988 song "The Star Called Sun" Viktor Tsoi sings about a city that is 2000 years old. His fans for a long time speculated which city he could mean. So it is interesting what cities were ...
4
votes
1answer
513 views

Ancient Greece and the American university 'greek' social system

How did the American college fraternity and sorority system come to incorporate ancient greek? Was this an 19th century phenomenon? That is my question. Any color on the following would also be ...
1
vote
0answers
61 views

Obama: Syria chemical weapons are a ‘red line’ [closed]

bio hazard WASHINGTON — President Obama said Monday the U.S. would reconsider its opposition to military involvement in the Syrian civil war if President Bashar Assad’s beleaguered regime deploys or ...
4
votes
1answer
209 views

When and why China started to make a difference in the superpower arena?

China is starting to be more and more remarked on the superpowers' podium, but this surely didn't happened overnight, so what would be that decade that was very auspicious for China, and why?
5
votes
1answer
183 views

Pre-islamic cultural inheritance in contemporary Iran

In contemporary Iran, what are the effect of pre-Islamic Persian cultural heritage that are not linked to islamic culture, religion and literature? In a previous question, I asked about ...
3
votes
1answer
463 views

Does Amnesty International maintain a list of prisoners of conscience?

Has Amnesty International ever maintained a list of people they officially designate as "prisoners of conscience" ? If yes, where can this list be found? Context: I have recently found this Wikipedia ...
9
votes
1answer
697 views

Extent of the Roman empire after Trajan?

It is generally acknowledged that the Roman Empire reached its geographical zenith during Trajan's reign. Listening to the highly interesting History of Rome podcast I didn't notice any major ...
2
votes
1answer
122 views

What Was the Legacy of the Diggers?

So I am somewhat familiar with the 17th century "agrarian communist" (according to Wikipedia, although I suspect they're closer to anarchists) movement in England known as the Diggers. I learned of ...
17
votes
2answers
528 views

Has any foreign embassy ever been entered without permission?

I was just looking at this article: UK 'threatens' to raid Ecuador embassy over Assange "Today we've received a threat by the United Kingdom, a clear and written threat that they could storm our ...

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