15
votes
6answers
7k views

Why was the Treaty of Versailles so harsh?

When Germany signed the armistice in the first world war, they were still (technically) in a decent bargaining position. Germany still had troops in France and Belgium There were no enemy forces in ...
0
votes
0answers
21 views

AP World History for Computer Science (Programming) Major? [on hold]

So, for my next year, I would be taking AP World History. I'm not sure if taking this course would benefit me that much, in terms of time and energy, since I mostly likely (99.9%) would take Computer ...
-1
votes
0answers
24 views

Did Buddha live in a Republic?

Wikipedia says that Buddha lived in Sakya Republic. Other sources identify Buddha as a monarch and a prince. Which one is right? (follow up question: if some republics occurred in India, what ...
-2
votes
0answers
21 views

What was the true origin of the Freemasons? [on hold]

I can't find anything about the origin of the Freemasons, actually I have read a few articles and stories but none of them seems to satisfy my question; where they originated? I am really thirsty to ...
3
votes
0answers
64 views

Did defeated countries pay theirs war bonds?

This related question approaches how beneficial war bonds were to US during WWII. I would like to know what happen with war bonds when a country is defeated. What did happen in similar experiences? ...
12
votes
3answers
242 views

Curious office hours of Topographical Bureau where Napoleon served in 1795?

In his new biography Napoleon the Great Andrew Roberts reports about Napoleon's stint in the Historical and Topographical Bureau of the war ministry in Paris between mid-August and early October 1795. ...
7
votes
4answers
2k views

How far away could one be and still see the atom bomb explosions?

In the film Empire of the Sun (1987), the Nagasaki atom bomb explosion is depicted as being visible (albeit faintly) from Shanghai. Would that really have been possible? According to Google, the two ...
-1
votes
1answer
51 views

Which trade route took the longest (in time) to travel? [closed]

Which historic trade route took the longest in (time) to travel and how long did it take? Even better would be if somebody knew the commodities that were transported on the route.
9
votes
4answers
2k views

Why did the Germans not encircle and besiege Stalingrad?

The Germans spent a large amount of manpower in adverse territory for this city, even after long exhausting continuous combat. After the war, Kliest wrote: The capture of Stalingrad was ...
25
votes
6answers
3k views

Oldest building in the world still in use

What's the oldest building in the world that is still in use (i.e. used for something other than a tourist spot).
19
votes
3answers
624 views

Why did modern “Romania” remain the most “Roman” part of the Balkans?

The so-called "Romanians" are the Vlachs who inhabited the territory just north of the Danube in Roman times, and today. Wallachia (home of the Vlachs), represented the outer limit or Roman expansion. ...
8
votes
2answers
729 views

What does this Samurai crest mean?

Some years ago I was given something that I believe is called, in Japanese, a jubako. It's a multi-layered box and on the inside of the lid it features this crest: When searching for information on ...
2
votes
2answers
70 views

How can I find the most complete list of the names of Kaytn Massacre victims?

The Katyn Massacre refers to a series of mass executions of Polish prisoners by Soviet authorities during WW2. The number of victims is estimated to be over 22,000. How can I go about finding the ...
4
votes
4answers
131 views

How common is “decades ahead of his time” in real history?

The idea of a super-scientist who invents things that no contemporary is able to equal because he's just that smart is a common trope in works of fiction, especially of the sci-fi or superhero ...
2
votes
2answers
56 views

What's the relationship between Solomon's Temple and Christians? [on hold]

An Evangelical-Pentecostal church has built a huge replica of Solomon's Temple in Brazil. But why Solomon's Temple? What does it have to do with Jesus Christ and the Christian faith? It's very odd to ...
-2
votes
0answers
43 views

Was it possible for Gorbachev to save the country in the 1980s? [on hold]

Was it possible for Gorbachev to save the country in the 1980s if he had tried the same reforms Chinese did--private property, decentralization, etc. Or was it already too late, or impossible from the ...
-3
votes
0answers
48 views

European colonization of India: contrast with America

The European colonization of Americas was a bloody conquest leading to significant destruction of the native population (and their cultures). Aside from the fact that a lot of natives inadvertently ...
2
votes
1answer
104 views

What would be the GDP of the Roman Empire?

I understand that this particular question is hard to answer. However, do there exist any historical record to how much was the GDP of Rome at some period? If not, could you give me a speculation or a ...
5
votes
2answers
86 views

Where can I find more information about former German internal enclaves and exclaves?

This question is related to the question I asked previously: Why was the shape of German states pre-WWII (especially Prussia) so complicated? Most maps of pre-WWII are not detailed enough to see an ...
0
votes
0answers
32 views

Does what Macaulay said or not said matter? [on hold]

The statement attributed to Lord Macaulay might be correct or otherwise. It was the mindset of the British and the East India company who came to rule India for 2 centuries, and left when it became ...
7
votes
2answers
164 views

Were new forms of communication and media usually condemned similar to how television/video games are now?

I'm sure anyone who is reading this has read at least an article, blog, or book condemning the consumption of television and video games as harmful to children, the behavior of teenagers, intelligence ...
2
votes
4answers
424 views

What made Stalingrad a turning point in the second world war?

Operation "Barbarossa" the German plan to invade the Soviet Union was a colossal success until Stalingrad. Capturing one third of the European Soviet Union and having the Luftwaffe taking monopoly of ...
6
votes
3answers
228 views

Why was there a tradition attached to Crossbowmen?

Medieval literature makes several references to Gascon, Flemish and especially Genoese to denote elite troops wielding Crossbows. However, it isn't exactly hard to shoot a Crossbow accurately and ...
5
votes
1answer
107 views

Could a ruler demand a homage from an independent prince?

The Polish Wikipedia about the battle of Kowal (1327) says (translation mine, maybe in some places duke and prince are not used correctly): In 1327 Władysław I Łokietek [the Polish king] begun the ...
8
votes
2answers
173 views

How do historians treat gossip?

How do historians deal with information that has no other sources than gossip? I mean facts (or "facts") that are not covered by primary sources, but are widely known from gossip. Usually this ...
8
votes
1answer
380 views

Did Napoleon write an elegy to Imam Hussain?

In this YouTube video, noted Pakistani scholar, Allama Zamir Akhtar Naqvi claims (in Urdu) that Napoleon wrote a letter or poem in honour of the historical figure Imam Hussain, during a war between ...
3
votes
1answer
54 views

Presidents of the French Tribunate from 1799 to 1807

who were the presidents of the French Tribunate from 1799 to 1807? the French wiki only has an undated list of names (http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tribunat): Pierre Daunou Jean-Nicolas Démeunier ...
-1
votes
0answers
47 views

What do you call? [on hold]

What do you call a person who discovers a Native American campsite with artifacts?
9
votes
4answers
188 views

What did other European powers say when Portugal and Spain signed the Treaty of Tordesillas?

In 1494, Portugal and Castile (succeeded by Spain) divided all lands outside Europe, including the newly "on-discovering" Americas, between them signing the Treaty of Tordesillas. What were the ...
4
votes
3answers
877 views

Was there any mention in historical articles regarding Joan of Arc's physical appearance?

Modern media seems to portray Joan of Arc as a very attractive girl. I don't quite buy this interpretation of her as it would also suggest plenty of suitors and could be counter productive in a camp ...
8
votes
2answers
436 views

Which came first, the shield or the sword? [closed]

According to the history stated in Wikipedia: The oldest form of shield was a protection device designed to block attacks by hand weapons, such as swords, axes and maces, or ranged weapon ...
16
votes
3answers
4k views

Who liberated Denmark in WWII?

The obvious encyclopedic site surprisingly has nothing on this in its article about Denmark in WWII. It alludes to a British occupation force after the war, but is not clear who actually liberated ...
5
votes
0answers
256 views

How much of the success of the Soviet forces in WWII can be attributed to the modernization efforts enacted by the Soviet/Bolshevik leadership? [closed]

The Bolsheviks took power in 1917 and were able to achieve significant progress in the industrialization and militarization of the country. Even to the point that Hitler said, “Had I known they had ...
-1
votes
0answers
84 views

What are the heaviest swords in the world? [on hold]

What are the heaviest swords in the world? How were these swords used on the battlefield?
18
votes
3answers
7k views

Who is the earliest recorded person?

Who is the earliest person recorded in history? Whose fame has survived the greatest amount of time to come down to us today?
32
votes
4answers
5k views

What did Germany do in World War II about the different rail gauge in the Soviet Union?

One reason it was so hard for Germany to invade Russia/the Soviet Union in World War II (and I) was because the Russians had a different (wider) railroad gauge than that of most of the rest of Europe, ...
2
votes
1answer
116 views

Was the wall of the Second Temple part of the fortification of Jerusalem?

In the Israel Museum, Jerusalem, there is a 1:50 model of Jerusalem from the Roman period (Holyland Model of Jerusalem). There it shows that the Temple was at the edge of the city and seemingly one ...
2
votes
1answer
44 views

What was the reason for Gandhi's visit to Africa [on hold]

Why did Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi visit South Africa? What was the purpose of his visit to South Africa?
14
votes
4answers
6k views

What does the skull and crossbones on the Nazi uniform represent?

I was watching The Boy in Striped Pyjamas, and I saw this skull and crossbones on this Nazi's cap. Why is it there? (That is, what does this represent?)
-1
votes
0answers
41 views

US detente with Cuba: could one reason for it be the development of a sphere of criminality (drug cartels) outside of the Cuban regimes control? [on hold]

Although matters have come along way since the 80's - 90's and Cuba's drug ties http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/shows/drugs/archive/cubaandcocaine.html (or at least we haven't actually heard ...
11
votes
7answers
364 views

Is there any country where the founder of the nation is no longer respected? [on hold]

Founders of nations are often known as the "Father of the Nation". These people are charismatic leaders who have gone through hardship in creating a nation for the independence of their country, and ...
0
votes
0answers
48 views

What did a carpenter's square signify, outside of carpentry? [on hold]

norm (n.) "standard, pattern, model," 1821, from French norme, from Latin norma "carpenter's square, rule, pattern," of unknown origin. Klein suggests a borrowing (via Etruscan) of Greek ...
10
votes
2answers
454 views

What percentage of men, ages 18 to 35, from the northern states served in the Union Army?

In my genealogy research, I can assume with some certainty that if a white southern family had sons born between 1835 and 1846 there is a pretty good chance that all of them will have served in the ...
2
votes
1answer
206 views

Why is the Bishopric of Canterbury located in London?

As far as I understand the seat used to be in Canterbury and then was transferred to London but kept the title. Is that true and when did this happen?
8
votes
3answers
119 views

Why was the capital of Poland moved from Krakow to Warsaw in 1595?

This question is a follow-up to the question Why did Poland keep Warsaw as its capital instead of returning it to Krakow in the 20th century? In particular: Now as for Warsaw becoming the ...
5
votes
3answers
150 views

What was the opportunity cost to bombing the rail lines to Auschwitz?

Occasionally ranters, internet and otherwise, claim that America betrayed the Jews because Roosevelt was asked to bomb the rails to Auschwitz and he refused/ rebuffed them. Is it difficult to bomb a ...
3
votes
2answers
76 views

What does “the purpose of history is ideological” mean? [on hold]

I have this question which states "How does the story of Columbus illustrate that the purpose of history is ideological?" Unfortunately, I am having trouble understanding what exactly the question is ...
37
votes
13answers
5k views

Has there ever been a truly multi-sided war?

I was playing StarCraft the other night, and it occurred to me: that game series portrays effectively a 3-way war, where all three factions are fighting the other two with equal ferocity. Obviously, ...
12
votes
4answers
1k views

Even though Spain and Portugal had many colonies (15th/16th C), what factors permitted UK/France to become world powers later (18th/19th C)?

Some of the first European countries to acquire colonies in the "New World" (and elsewhere) were Spain and Portugal. They "discovered America" (as the euro-centric interpretation goes), and had ...
20
votes
3answers
917 views

Who were the Huns and/or Xiongnu?

Who were the Hun people who made several appearances in Eurasian history? Were they Finno-Ugric, Paleo-Siberean, Mongolic or Turkic? Were the Hun who attacked Roman Empire extensions of the Xiongu, ...

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