0
votes
0answers
9 views

How the Red Dragon become associated with Wales?

As is common knowledge the Red Dragon is a symbol associated with Wales. However I wanted to know how this came about? Wikipedia suggests - 'though the origin of the adoption of the dragon symbol is ...
4
votes
1answer
327 views

Flag of Paris: Why blue and red?

The flag of Paris is blue and red. What was the red chosen for? What was the blue chosen for? I have heard that blue identified with Saint Martin, and red with Saint Denis, but the Wikipedia pages ...
17
votes
5answers
9k views

What events led to the fall of the Zhou Dynasty during the Warring States period?

The title above is fairly broad, so more specifically, what specific events led to the Warring States period experienced towards the end of the Western Zhou Dynasty in ancient China? As the lineage ...
6
votes
0answers
86 views

Identify Mystery Object 40.9.11

In the summer of 1915, a wireless telegraph station in Sayville, Long Island owned by the German company Telefunken was caught sending covert commands to U-Boats patrolling the Atlantic Ocean. The ...
4
votes
1answer
58 views

What was the banquet of chestnuts?

It is supposed that at some point in Vatican history an event took place commonly referred to as the banquet of chestnuts. However this story is doubted and discounted in many quarters. Is there any ...
4
votes
2answers
105 views

How and why did the Cavalry lance temporarily fall out of favour during the 16-18th centuries?

In the late middle ages, every knight or even his retainers and squires were armed with a spear or a lance. When heavy cavalry gave way to pike squares, we still see the lance still in use among the ...
1
vote
2answers
107 views

Are former British colonies better off now compared to other colonies and why [duplicate]

After looking up some statistics it appears that former British colonies ( Canada, Australia, India, New Zealand, South Africa, India, Singapore,...) seem to be better of than colonies of let's say ...
0
votes
3answers
126 views

Did the Southern States make any attempt to secede from the Union through an act of Congress?

I have read the thread about the legality of southern secession - very helpful; thank you. In light of that question, I have another question: Did the Southern States make any attempt to secede from ...
0
votes
1answer
97 views

Who invented the Airplane? [on hold]

When I was in first grade I was told it was the Wright brothers who invented the airplane and I still find their names on the first page of Google. But I have heard of an Indian who invented the ...
1
vote
5answers
139 views

Why were pre-missile era cruisers often attached to fleet battlegroups? [closed]

The purpose of the Cruiser was to roam the high seas, picking off merchant vessels, troopships or stragglers of a group. So then why were heavy and light cruisers often attached to Battleship or ...
2
votes
1answer
68 views

What was the political significance of the investiture conflict?

I understand that Pope Gregory VII and Henry IV were heavily involved in determining who gained the power to appoint church officials. However, I'm a little unsure of the consequences of this conflict ...
-1
votes
0answers
26 views

The war of 1812 [on hold]

After doing some research on the war of 1812, I am puzzled by the current relationship between England and the US. Does anyone know if the current relationship between the two countries were effected ...
0
votes
0answers
44 views

What happened to Tarim people [on hold]

According to https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xE-liHf7dLM, 8th Century BC was around the final chapter of the Tarim people's existence. What happened to them afterwards? Why did they leave Tarim Basin? ...
5
votes
3answers
3k views
7
votes
1answer
55 views

Why were proconsular appointments so staggered under the Principate?

Ronald Mellor, in an article about the new Flavian elite (Mellor, Ronald. "The New Aristocracy of Power." In: Flavian Rome: culture, image, text (2003) edited by Boyle and Dominik: 69-91.) rather ...
32
votes
6answers
6k views

Why did Europe not see Roman-era numbers of men participating in battles until the 17th century?

Typical decisive battles in Roman times involve 4+ legions - around 20,000 men + auxiliaries giving a total of about 30,000 men, on the Roman side only. Battles in even the late middle ages and early ...
-2
votes
0answers
34 views

What was the original percentage of 'Patriots' before the movement caught fire? [on hold]

I ask because I recently heard 3% reported but I cannot verify or recall my original source (podcast maybe). By caught fire I mean gained enough momentum so that revolution became a distinct ...
1
vote
2answers
94 views

Chinese legendary figures with European appearance [on hold]

I've been fascinated by discoveries of the mummies in the Tarim basin, and this artical says About the controversy Mair has stated that: The new finds are also forcing a reexamination of ...
22
votes
3answers
2k views

How did Medieval Armies survive the use of mail armor in the deserts of the Middle East?

Something that has long puzzled me is the use of full mail hauberks and the like in the Crusades. How did Crusaders and their various enemies avoid cooking inside their armor? I know many of them did ...
17
votes
6answers
5k views

Why did Great Britain switch alliances to France?

England (and it's succeeding states) were at war with France for close to 1000 years. First it was over land, then they competed over religion, then they competed over colonies. For much of that ...
3
votes
2answers
115 views

Why is the snake or asp the primary logo of medicinal organisations?

As an Army Medic and now a workplace First Aider I see the asp used as a logo almost everywhere. Why was it chosen as the animal of choice for the medicinal profession and is there any animal or ...
-2
votes
0answers
36 views

Why would it be beneficial for a rich and technologically advanced country to attract foreign investors? [on hold]

I often find news stories about foreign investment in a country which is both rich and technologically very advanced. The media presents it as a Good Thing. why? Foreign investors expect to take a ...
10
votes
4answers
343 views

Mystery of the many-loaded muzzles

I recall, way back in high school, someone came to describe the American Civil War, show local artifacts, that sort of thing. I remember them mentioning that muzzle-loaded weapons had been found with ...
7
votes
2answers
293 views

Examples of censorship causing economic decline [on hold]

I am writing a blog post about knowledge banning, either by state censorship or by self-imposed censorship, like the US Comics Code Authority of the 20th century. My focus is moral censorship, ...
0
votes
1answer
114 views

Why is the bishopric of canterbury located in london?

As far as I understand the seat used to be in Canterbury and then was transferred to London but kept the title. Is that true and when did this happen?
4
votes
3answers
124 views

What sovereign Jewish polities have existed outside of Palestine?

Which sovereign Jewish polities have existed outside of Palestine, and when did they exist? Off the top of my head, I can think of the Himyarites in Yemen, but I seem to recall there being others.
1
vote
1answer
103 views

Wendell Phillips Quote that “Revolutions Never Go Backwards”

What did Wendell Phillips mean when he said, "Revolutions never go backwards."? I believe that Abraham Lincoln also used this quote as a means of promoting the Republican Party and anti-slavery ...
14
votes
2answers
11k views

When did the American War of 1812 actually end?

My daughter was recently studying this in high school, and somehow I had always assumed that it had only lasted a year. Apparently it ran on for at least a couple of years, but her textbook only ...
0
votes
0answers
33 views

What type of ferry boats were used in England in the early 19th century?

In 1800-1820, what sort of ferry boats were used by the general public in England and how were they powered? In particular I am interested in ferries used to access the Isle of Wight, and also ...
2
votes
3answers
174 views

Was the Stock Market Crash of 1929 a cause or result of the Great Depression?

Did the Stock Market Crash of 1929 effectively cause the Great Depression, or were there economic factors already in place at that time such that the Greet Depression would have happened anyway, and ...
6
votes
1answer
1k views

What rank is S. SGT in the Army Air Force during WW2?

I am looking over my Grandfather's DD214 (Military Discharge Paperwork) from WW2. His grade says "S. SGT" I am trying to figure out his rank conclusively. Nowhere on the DD214 does it display an E-5 ...
4
votes
1answer
272 views

Archers laying on their back, was it real?

I have seen a movie the Hero from 2002. I know the movie has a lot of artistic scenes, and less to do with reality. In a scene many of chinese archers laid on the ground and used a big composite ...
14
votes
1answer
4k views

Who discovered first that the Moon does not have its own light?

Who (and when) discovered first that the Moon does not have its own light?
8
votes
0answers
136 views

What were the thoughts of the Celts, Romans and other ancient European people about the standing stones which survive from prehistoric times?

All over Europe, there are monuments of stone such as stonehenge, although many are not so grand as stonehenge is. Contra Asterix, the Celts didn't carve out menhirs and things like that. The stones ...
23
votes
11answers
10k views

Is history always written by the victors?

The famous "history is written by victors" saying argues that the victors overwhelmingly influence historical accounts. Are there any examples of history written by the(or THE) losers?
2
votes
1answer
186 views

How did ululation originate and spread?

Ulu or Ululation is the sound produced by throated "OOO' sound combined with moving the tongue rapidly sideways. This is done only by women (I think). Its done in Bengal (India), Morroco (Africa) and ...
2
votes
1answer
66 views
2
votes
1answer
129 views

What happened to the French soldiers evacuated at Dunkirk and elsewhere in 1940?

How many of them fought on in the Free French Forces and how many of them simply repatriated back to France?
1
vote
1answer
32 views

Are these Houthi Rebels in Yemen the same lot of people who ran the Mutawakkilite Kingdom of Yemen?

I saw on the news that their area of control roughly corresponded to North Yemen, which was a kingdom overthrown with Nasser's help in 1962. Are these Houthis the same sort of people who were the ...
2
votes
1answer
105 views

Was the Battle of Trafalgar strategically pointless?

On a tactical level, the Battle of Trafalgar is one of the most analysed naval battles in history and there are many books and papers covering the battle itself. Most of the strategic analysis covers ...
0
votes
0answers
77 views

Where exactly was the Chernobyl reactor that exploded? [on hold]

Looking at the city of Pripyat and surrounding areas in Google Maps, I am trying to figure out exactly where the Chernobyl reactor four was located. This is where the biggest nuclear disaster ever ...
6
votes
2answers
516 views

What happened to those ethnic Greeks who converted to Islam during the Ottoman empire?

I got a little inspiration from a previous post on the History part: "Why were Albanians the only nation in the Balkans who converted to Islam during the Ottoman occupation?" Does anyone know ...
0
votes
1answer
101 views

Did Jaques Chirac say “Without Africa, France will slide down into the rank of a third [world] power”?

This article claims that Jaques Chirac stated in March 2008: “Without Africa, France will slide down into the rank of a third [world] power” This is significant because it implies France is ...
0
votes
0answers
40 views

Is the evidence for the thesis in SLA MArshall's Men Against Fire compelling?

SLA Marshall wrote that only a small percentage of infantry engaged with the enemy actually fired at their opponent. This has been denied by veterans and debated by others ever since. Is the ...
4
votes
1answer
74 views

How long did it take to repair wooden war ships after battle in the 1600's to 1800's? [on hold]

How long did it take to repair wooden war ships (like the galleon) in the 1600's to 1800's? I'm interested mainly in repairs needed due to cannon fire (hull damage, mast damage, etc), or even if it ...
2
votes
1answer
61 views

Who said, “Watch your thoughts, they your become words”

I saw the following quote: "Watch your thoughts, They become your words; Watch your words, They become your deeds; Watch your deeds, They become your habits; Watch your habits, They become your ...
0
votes
1answer
70 views

When did Phintys say “A woman's particular virtue is modesty . . .”? [closed]

I recently came across an interesting quote in a book I was reading. Here's the excerpt from the book: "A woman's particular virtue is modesty (σωφοσυνη), for by it she is enabled to honor and ...
4
votes
1answer
70 views

What is the symbolism behind the Sauser family crest from Sigriswil, Switzerland?

I received a letter that included a photo copy of an old b&w photo of this medallion or sign with no explanation of what it is or what it was used. I understand it is of something in or ...
5
votes
4answers
318 views

What happened to all the notable Roman families?

What happened to the numerous (patrician) families of Rome? Like the Gens Julia for example. There are no ancestors today leading back to them like for example the famous Medici family from ...
5
votes
0answers
82 views

Cultural history of Saudi Arabian rulers' uniform beard style?

Why is it that all Saudi Arabian rulers and prices both of the present and past generations apparently wear the same style of chin beards? (Yes, they wear the same styles of headdresses as well.) Is ...

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