3
votes
3answers
175 views

How did Japan successfully conquer Vietnam (Southeast Asia) in WW2?

I've read the obvious wiki article (which is rather small), but did not really find an answer. At the end of the article, it says: To prepare for an invasion of the Dutch East Indies, some 140,000 ...
6
votes
4answers
435 views

Did anything come from Sparta, besides fitness and war?

I am telling my daughter nighttime stories, mostly from History, and recently talked about Athens and Sparta. In my tales Athenian turned out to be well-rounded people, great at many things, ranging ...
0
votes
0answers
29 views

Is it ok to ask questions about mythicism, the notion that Jesus did not exist? [migrated]

I asked this on meta.christianity.SE; they suggested my question is not appropriate for that forum and sent me here. I am trying to find a reason to take seriously the notion that Richard Carrier and ...
-5
votes
0answers
76 views

Is there a similarity between Hitlers Enabling act and the Patriot act? [on hold]

After the Reichstag was burnt to the ground, the nazis killed the Dutch (alleged) communist Marinus van der Lubbe. Nowadays many people think it was a set-up to make all communists terrorists, with ...
0
votes
1answer
44 views

How did the written Polish language survive in eastern Germany during partition (if it survived at all)?

After the partition of poland in the late 18th century, Prussia aquired a large part of Polish territory. Those areas suffered heavy Germanization process through assimilation and suppression of ...
3
votes
1answer
32 views

What was the name of the father of Mesha, king of Moab?

In English translations of the Mesha Stele, the opening words are "I am Mesha son of Chemosh-melekh, king of Moab the Dibonite". However, the truth is that the actual text of the Stele (rendered in ...
-5
votes
1answer
80 views

Is there any historical evidence to support the existence of the Patriarchs outside of the Old Testament?

What evidence can be provided to support the existence of the patriarchs (Abraham, Isaac and Jacob) outside of the Old Testament?
0
votes
0answers
20 views

Why was Ruminawi not eligible to the throne?

Ruminawi was not eligible for the throne although being son of Wayna Capac and queen (of Pillaro) Choazanguil (source). Atahualpa was his half-brother, same father Wayna Capac, but by mother had ...
0
votes
0answers
59 views

At the end of the Seven Years War, what was the total amount of gold and silver in Britain?

The Seven Years War ended in 1763. At that time, how much gold and silver existed inside Britain? This would include the British Treasury as well as any personal gold/silver of the nobility and ...
2
votes
2answers
47 views

What was the attendance at the Isle of Wight Festival in 1970? Was it the largest gathering ever in the UK? If not, what was?

I'm researching a book about UK hippies. I've seen a few estimates of attendance at the Isle of Wight Festival in 1970, ranging between 300k and 800k. I wonder if anyone has a definitive, or near ...
3
votes
3answers
259 views

How did 2nd century Romans decide where to build Hadrian's wall?

How did 2nd century Romans decide where to build Hadrian's wall? It is located exactly at the narrowest east-west section of the island. They had no laser theodolites, lenses, aerial observation ...
20
votes
4answers
3k views

How were books published in Ancient Greece?

Suppose I'm a contemporary of Aristotle, living in Athens, and I want to write a book on, say, philosophy or mathematics. I suppose I would start by writing out a complete manuscript on some form of ...
1
vote
3answers
196 views

What is the evidence to repudiate this version of the “stab in the back” myth?

The Stab in the Back Myth Among claims that need context and checking: The Jewish Lord Rothschild used his connections with American Jewry to get America into the war. This was, of course, very ...
5
votes
8answers
18k views

What were the long-term effects of Reconstruction in the South?

After the American Civil War, the South was in ruins and there was doubt about how the Southern states would treat newly freed slaves. So the US government instituted a 15-year policy known as ...
3
votes
2answers
346 views

When did the German people learn that they had a large, powerful military, in violation of the Versailles Treaty?

According to the terms of the Versailles Treaty at the end of the First World War, Germany's military was limited to a force so tiny as to be utterly irrelevant in any major conflicts. When Hitler ...
2
votes
1answer
52 views

Did French ever have any special status in Austria?

Did French ever have any special status in Austria or the Austrian empire, akin to it being the language of royalty in England (and possibly Russia, I'm not sure) (as opposed to it being just another ...
9
votes
2answers
510 views

Why didn't the Ottomans conquer (what is now known as) Morocco?

As far as I know the Ottoman Empire stopped its expansion in northern Africa in (northern) Algeria. Why didn't they try to take over Morocco? Or did they try to and fail? What is the reason why ...
3
votes
3answers
264 views

Is this tale of WW2 true?

I heard this interesting dialog in Season 1 of Mad Men. You know how Hitler got Neville Chamberlain to give him everything at Munich? He held the conference at an old palace that forbade smoking. ...
9
votes
2answers
3k views

Why didn't Incan Empire use iron?

They could mine copper and silver, but not iron. Was there a reason to not use such materials to build advanced mining tools to work with Iron? What was their main limitation? Couldn't they build ...
7
votes
4answers
2k views

Was there any mention in historical articles regarding Joan of Arc's physical appearance?

Modern media seems to portray Joan of Arc as a very attractive girl. I don't quite buy this interpretation of her as it would also suggest plenty of suitors and could be counter productive in a camp ...
2
votes
2answers
206 views

Why is Matgenus, king of Tyre, sometimes called Mattan?

In Josephus' Against Apion (1:18) he writes in the name of Menander the Ephesian that Matgenus was one of the Tyrian kings, but I have seen other sources (like Wikipedia, et al.) refer to this king as ...
16
votes
3answers
7k views

Economic effects of the Cuban Revolution

What were the economic effects of the Cuban Revolution? Were living conditions improved for the average Cuban? I'm looking for objective criteria like average income, wealth distribution, life ...
6
votes
1answer
211 views

Who created the Korean Unification Flag?

Wikipedia: The Unification Flag is a flag designed to represent all of Korea when North and South Korea participate as one team in sporting events. Still according to Wikipedia, in recent years the ...
5
votes
5answers
550 views

Where, exactly, was the “Sudetenland?”

In an early version of my earlier Skoda Works question, I placed the works in the "Sudetenland." A European protested that they were 250 kms. away from the Sudetes mountains, which he considered the ...
7
votes
5answers
4k views

Why were North Native Americans less urban than Central or South?

I was taught that the Native Americans (both North, then South) primarily came down from Canada from what is now Russia. Whether or not that is true, why did the Native American civilizations from the ...
13
votes
0answers
395 views

Rommel's letter to his wife from November 16, 1942

I'm looking for the original German version of Erwin Rommel's letter to his wife Lucie Rommel from November 16, 1942. You can find the English translation on page 354 of "The Rommel Papers". The ...
2
votes
1answer
79 views

In this scene what are the names of the kind of workers and the object they are propeling?

This goes back early 1900s I imagine. In this NYTimes video (2'05'') there are five men on a railroad equipment. I tried looking for pictures and on americanrails.com, but found no clue to get to the ...
-7
votes
0answers
47 views

Rename 'Byzantine Empire' the Eastern Roman Empire, or Eastern Rome? [on hold]

Can we give the Romans the respect they deserve by doing away with the term 'Byzantine Empire' and calling it by its correct name the Eastern Roman Empire, or Eastern Rome? It annoys me greatly when ...
34
votes
5answers
10k views

Why was the Japanese Army's fatalities inflicted:suffered ratio so low in the Pacific theatre?

Leaving aside the naval battles of the Pacific, why did the Japanese army do so poorly against allied forces (specifically United states and Australian forces) when on the defensive. While logistics ...
0
votes
0answers
10 views

Seeking passages from French historian Frédéric Masson

I believe I recall reading passages by the French historian Frédéric Masson expressing his admiration for the morality of the French Second Republic, or maybe the Second Empire, and disdain for the ...
10
votes
1answer
550 views

Did Native Americans sabotage telegraph lines running through their territory?

In the 1800s in the Western US, there were a number of telegraph lines running through territory mostly inhabited by Indians. Did they ever sabotage the lines?
17
votes
3answers
7k views

What were the Nazi racial views on Hungarians and the Japanese?

Hungary and Japan were Nazi Germany's allies during WWII, yet it could not possibly be argued that the Japanese belong to the "Aryan race", and Hungarians speak a non-Indo-European language, which ...
3
votes
3answers
199 views

What were the origins of democracy?

I realize that many people say that Athens is where democracy started, but is there any solid proof that it was the first? On Wikipedia, it is stated that: there is evidence to suggest that ...
12
votes
3answers
1k views

What factors contributed to earlier democratic states failing?

Conventional wisdom says that democracy is the superior form of government. If this is true, then factors might have contributed to earlier democratic states like Athens in 500 BCE and the Roman ...
-4
votes
2answers
183 views

Why did leaders not respect diseases in their campaigns? [on hold]

During military campaigns in the 19th century many soldiers died of diseases. Why did the military leaders not respect this the same way they respected the importance of supply to the army? Let me ...
1
vote
1answer
252 views

Wendell Phillips Quote that “Revolutions Never Go Backwards”

What did Wendell Phillips mean when he said, "Revolutions never go backwards."? I believe that Abraham Lincoln also used this quote as a means of promoting the Republican Party and anti-slavery ...
14
votes
3answers
2k views

How long would the average sword last in the middle ages?

Assuming normal wear and tear, how long before a knight had to replace his sword?
0
votes
0answers
79 views

Why is old rope made in a way so that it is twisted? [on hold]

When I see rope it is mostly twisted and not braided. I assume that some old rope is made from hair. Why is twisting a good technique for rope?
0
votes
2answers
175 views

Why didn't America “rent” parts of China? [on hold]

After the Opium War, Britain and France signed treaties with China that said they could establish "spheres of influence" over parts of China. Britain and France went this way, but why didn't America? ...
9
votes
4answers
2k views

Why did the Protestants in Ireland in the 1800s not want Home Rule?

I know there was conflict between Protestants and Roman Catholic nationalists due to their difference of opinion on Home Rule, but why would the protestants in Ulster and conservative party want to ...
7
votes
2answers
188 views

Why was Northern Ireland mostly peaceful from the late 1920s to the mid 1960s?

After a bloody civil war and partition in the 20s,northern Ireland had about 40 years of peace. This was despite the many grievances the Catholics had at that time. This resulted in violence in the ...
4
votes
2answers
332 views

How did the German royal families lose power so quickly in 1918? What happened to them afterwards?

Before 1918, Germany was a federal empire. According to this Wikipedia article, The German Empire consisted of 27 constituent territories, with most being ruled by royal families. This included ...
5
votes
0answers
63 views

What other courts were similar to Louis XIV of France's court in Versailles?

After reading about feudalism in the middle ages it became apparent that lords lived on their lands far away from the king and provided military services themselves in exchange for said lands. ...
16
votes
2answers
1k views

What was the original process for becoming a US citizen?

So it's 1789 and the US constitution has just come into force. Who is now a citizen of this new government? Were some granted citizenship automatically, or were there also forms to fill out and ...
11
votes
1answer
955 views

Where did the money come from to build the Colosseum?

Where did the money come from to finance the building of the Colosseum?
2
votes
2answers
87 views

When studying about the history of, say, Philippines, is it generally better to prioritize the works of Filipino Historians than foreign historians?

Understanding the local culture and language is an essential part of studying a country's history. Does this mean that the works of local scholars, generally speaking, deserves more attention than ...
19
votes
5answers
6k views

Why did Sun Tzu believe you shouldn't wait besides a river when eager to fight?

In Sun Tzu's Art of War, Chapter 9 (The Army on the March), Verse 5, Tzu says If you are anxious to fight, you should not go to meet the invader near a river which he has to cross. My thinking ...
2
votes
1answer
145 views

Looking for the 20th century painters on this t-shirt

I bought this t-shirt for a friend who is really into arts, but actually I don't know all the painters that are pictured on this shirt. Clock-wise, I recognize: René Magritte Edvard Munch Salvador ...
6
votes
3answers
265 views

Has there ever been a war between members of a personal union?

A personal union occurs when two otherwise independent states (each with their own territories, governments, etc.) come to share the same monarch. Has it ever come to pass that two member states of a ...
2
votes
2answers
166 views

What kinds of documents were forged in the middle ages and how common was forgery?

For example I was reading about the Privilegium Maius, and was wondering what other instances of document forging were there in the middle ages ?

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