-2
votes
1answer
24 views

How many warriors (troops) did feudal vassals have to provide to the king?

In a medieval feudal system, how many knights and warriors did a vassal have to give to the king in time of war?
0
votes
0answers
4 views

How does the US main battle rifle, the m4a1, stack up against other western main battle rifles?

The US Army's main battle rifle is the m4a1. Special operations, however, use the FN SCAR. Countries like the UK use the Steyr AUG, however. Why does the US army continue to use the M4A1? how soon is ...
0
votes
2answers
117 views

Why was there a reference to the Battle of Hastings in Harper Lee's novel?

I am unfamiliar with details of European history; how is the Battle of Hastings relevant to the historical background in Harper Lee's To Kill A Mockingbird? Chapter 1, Paragraph 4: Being ...
5
votes
0answers
181 views

Was prostitution legal in Israel during the reign of Solomon?

The wikipedia article is not clear: Prostitution was common in ancient Israel, despite being tacitly forbidden by Jewish Law. What was the law forbidding prostitution? Given that prostitutes ...
-3
votes
1answer
25 views

What divided the Roman Catholic church from the Russian Orthodox church of Russia?

What incident or reason divided the Roman catholic church from the orthodox church of Russia. And who decided the differences between the two churches and faiths?
0
votes
1answer
41 views

Country/Area joins war after claiming neutral then attacking [on hold]

I don't know a whole lot about wars or the history of, so this is possibly an easy question. Has there ever been an instance where a country or area that declared neutral, but instead of joining a war ...
11
votes
4answers
891 views

How densely populated were the Americas prior to European colonization?

I had a conversation with an individual recently about how unusual it was that there were so few individuals who appeared to be Native American in North America today. (I say appear since no doubt ...
31
votes
7answers
5k views

Was Anne Frank's story common?

I've been reading the Diary of a Young Girl, by Anne Frank. Prior to reading it, I always assumed that her story was somewhat typical of Jews living in countries that Germany occupied, or even in ...
-2
votes
0answers
18 views

Cape Of good hope consequences

Was there any political controversies or troubles between the mamluks and Portuguese or any other countries because of the discovery of cape of good hope
0
votes
1answer
65 views

System of Government where the Same Family Cannot Inherit

I have been trying to find evidence of a system of government where one of the principles it works on would be to hinder the creation of effective political families (thereby allowing people to ...
13
votes
4answers
4k views

How does the amount of equipment carried by various historical infantries compare?

I've heard many statements amount the weight of supplies and munition carried by soldiers of various historical forces. In particular, I've heard many comments about the amount that the British ...
2
votes
2answers
146 views

What motivated revolutionary France to declare war on Britain in 1793?

France declared war on Britain in 1793 (War of First Coalition). What was its motivation for declaring war? It was already at war with many European powers at the moment, and it was not likely in a ...
34
votes
9answers
9k views

Did the Soviets excel in one area of weaponry during World War II?

The Germans had some of the best machine guns and tanks during World War II. Likewise, the Americans had a big advantage with the M1 Garand (which Patton famously called "The greatest battle implement ...
3
votes
0answers
29 views

Did North African countries have a police in the 18th/19th Century?

This is just a derived question from my other question about firefighters. I wonder if there have been special forces for security like what we call police nowadays or at least nightwatchmen in ...
3
votes
0answers
39 views

Who where the firefighters in Muslim North Africa in the 18th/19th Century and how were they organized?

As we know that the Romans already had some forces for keeping their cities secured and safe: The Vigiles who were what we now may call police and firefighters together! And as I failed to find some ...
36
votes
9answers
64k views

Why were Spain and Portugal neutral / not invaded in WWII?

Why weren't Spain and Portugal involved in World War II with either side? Was not Franco sympathetic with the Axis powers given the help they offered during the civil war? Also, given their ...
9
votes
3answers
11k views

Is it true that Spartan soldiers fought naked?

I was watching a trailer for a movie called 300: Rise of an Empire. I noticed in this movie the Spartan soldiers from the chest and legs are naked. But recently I read in several posts here in the ...
0
votes
1answer
92 views

When was the last time the Catholic Church excommunicated a government official for political reasons?

The Roman Catholic Church has a long history of excommunicating people. These days it is mostly constrained to excommunicating bishops who break with doctrine. The Pope regularly sends letters to ...
4
votes
2answers
174 views

Written sources that mention Macedonia, prior to the 19th century?

Before the Balkan Wars Macedonist ideas were shared by a limited circles of intellectuals. They grew in significance during the interbellum, both in Vardar Macedonia and among the left-leaning ...
-2
votes
0answers
77 views

What progress, compared to the Americans, did the Germans make on constructing a nuclear weapon during WW2? [on hold]

Hitlers Bombe (link to it's wiki site) by Rainer Karlsch claims to have located, in the archives of the former KGB in Moscow, evidence that the Nazi's conducted the first successful nuclear weapon ...
0
votes
1answer
93 views

Accidental wars [on hold]

I'm curious to know if there have been any armed conflicts that are generally regarded as full blown wars (i.e. not border skirmishes) which were started accidentally. By accidentally, I mean ...
-4
votes
1answer
89 views

Are there similarities between Hitlers ``Enabling act`` and the ``Patriot Act``? [on hold]

After the fire that ruined the Reichstag, the nazis said it was an act of terror by the communists (in particular by the supposed Dutch communist Marinus van der Lubbe, but nowadays many people say ...
5
votes
3answers
1k views

What is the longest running legal case?

The Black Hills Lands Claim is an ongoing land dispute between the US Government and The Sioux Nation. The treaty of Fort Laramie protected the hills from white settlement, but the discovery of gold ...
-1
votes
2answers
178 views

Why couldn't Germans and Finns capture Leningrad? [closed]

The Siege of Leningrad lasted for about 2,5 years. And Germans cooperated with Finns during the siege. As we know Wehrmacht dominated the battlefield in 1941 and 1942. So why couldn't they capture ...
14
votes
4answers
3k views

Did a capital ship ever hit anything with a torpedo?

It seems WWI and inter-war ship designers went a bit torpedo mad, both in their fear of them and in their use, finally coming to their senses in the harsh realities of WWII. I've seen many examples ...
0
votes
1answer
54 views

WWII documentary series with end credits that used a diorama

I remember a series about World War II where the end credits were shown over a camera that panned over a diorama that show the progress of the war that started with normal scenes that slowly ...
45
votes
7answers
31k views

Why is Christopher Columbus credited for “discovering” America?

Even if we ignore the millions of native Americans who lived in the continent before Columbus "discovered" it, even if we ignore other civilizations (eg: Polynesians, Phoenicians, Chinese, Arabs, ...
1
vote
1answer
60 views

Primary sources for ratification of Constitutional amendments

How would I know that Constitutional amendments were ratified on certain dates? What evidence would I have? For example, a search result from the Library of Congress website states that the 15th ...
3
votes
1answer
97 views

What did the Allied WW1 propaganda for the Germans say?

I recently came across this passage of Mein Kampf where Hitler praises the effectiveness of WW1 Allied propaganda over the German people: At first the claims of the propaganda were so impudent ...
5
votes
1answer
443 views

When was tofu invented? Was it specifically for vegetarian consumption from the beginning?

The Wikipedia page on tofu states that this food was first produced in Han dynasty China. However, the source cited seems to me quite doubtful: The oldest evidence of tofu production is a Chinese ...
4
votes
0answers
65 views

Are the traditions of Ground Hog Day connected to those of Candlemas Day in Europe?

Today, the 2nd February was Ground Hog Day. In Europe it was also Candlemas Day (the Feast of the Presentation of Jesus in the Temple). Now there is a tradition in America that if the humble ground ...
-1
votes
0answers
92 views

To what extent was the US federal government reacting to, or promoting, the Civil Rights Movement?

In some cases the government seem to have taken action only in reaction to activism, for example Eisenhower and Little Rock Nine. On the other hand, sometimes the government appeared to have acted ...
15
votes
1answer
234 views

Was there a social stigma for British born/living in India prior to WW2/Indian independence?

My father (1926 - 2007) always said he was born and raised in England until immigrating to Australia in 1947 after being discharged from the army. I have now found out through his army records that ...
24
votes
8answers
10k views

Has there ever been a battle with only a single survivor?

Do we have record of any large scale battle (for example more than 1000 combatants) where only one person survived? I just thought of it randomly and wondered whether it may have ever happened.
4
votes
3answers
135 views

Were there any assassinations of high-profile Austrian officials before that of the Archduke Ferdinand?

I am trying to argue that "the Blank Cheque" ushered Austria to be aggressive against Serbia, thus leading to WW1. Were there any assassinations, mainly by Serbians, of equally or a bit less important ...
1
vote
1answer
55 views

Is the name of Askandra Village, Rajasthan related to Alexander the Great?

I did a wiki walk and ended up on this site: http://www.livius.org/articles/place/alexandria-on-the-acesines/ Which contains this line: "The town flourished; in Buddhist texts, it is called ...
5
votes
4answers
407 views

How did South Korea become one of the most developed nations on Earth?

What I've learnt from South Korean history (roughly, from one of my liberal arts classes) is that because of their geographical disadvantage, they were invaded by China and Japan numerous times in the ...
-2
votes
1answer
47 views

Illegal election or coup d'état that brought to the same result than a regular election would have [on hold]

The point of a coup d'état, or the implementation of irregular/illegal procedures during a vote, is obviously to force a better outcome for the people behind it than they would obtain by following the ...
15
votes
6answers
1k views

Why were there civil wars in Croatia and Bosnia, but not in Slovenia or Macedonia?

It seems that during the breakup of Yugoslavia there were civil wars during speakers of the (then officially) same language - Serbs, Croats and Bosniaks, but not, e.g., between Serbs and Slovenians. ...
9
votes
1answer
144 views

What status and rights did a Roman freedwoman have?

When a slave was freed by a Roman citizen, he became a Roman citizen himself, although with certain legal disabilities: eg, he could not stand for public office, he could not join the army, and was ...
16
votes
2answers
5k views

Why is Thailand considered an Axis power in WWII?

I read a Wikipedia article about military history of Thailand and it left me a taste of anti-Thai bias. It is known that Thailand in 1940 (after the fall of Paris and establishment of Vichy ...
13
votes
6answers
29k views

Why have officers in the U.S. army tended to “top out” at the level of Major?

In the U.S. army, something like 75%-80% of newly-commissioned Second Lieutenants are promoted to First Lieutenant (around age 25), perhaps 75%-80% of First Lieutenants are promoted to Captain (ages ...
7
votes
1answer
327 views

How was the relation between the Ottoman Empire and Serbia, Greece, and Montenegro during the Second Balkan War?

As pointed out by Tom Au in this answer to "Has there ever been a truly multi-sided war?", Turkey fought and lost to Bulgaria, Serbia, Greece and Montenegro in the First Balkan War. However, shortly ...
2
votes
1answer
76 views

Did Italian irredentists ever lay claim to the Swiss Canton of Tessin?

The Italian irredentists wanted all Italian-speaking regions to be annexed by Italy, most specifically parts of Austria-Hungary, and this is why Italy joined the entente during the Great War, in order ...
6
votes
4answers
3k views

Why were North Native Americans less advanced than Central or South?

I was taught that the Native Americans (both North, then South) primarily came down from Canada from what is now Russia. Whether or not that is true, why did the Native American civilizations from the ...
3
votes
2answers
171 views

Could a citizen in Nazi Germany sue the government or doctors over the eugenics program?

What would've happened if a person in Nazi Germany sued doctors or the state for murder of their disabled relatives? Also, were people allowed to view public records in Nazi Germany? Were records ...
6
votes
0answers
78 views

Where did Roman senators mostly live in the time of Tiberius or Caligula?

My understanding is that under the Republic the Palatine was the most popular place for senators and their families, but from the time of Nero the Imperial family more-or-less took over the Palatine. ...
39
votes
7answers
8k views

Why aren't there major cities on the Atlantic coast of France?

I see Bordeaux and Nantes, but they are a short ways inland. The U.S. has several like New York, Boston, Miami, Charleston.
7
votes
3answers
277 views

What was the official attitude to Cromwell after the Glorious Revolution?

Under the restored Stuarts, obviously, Cromwell was vilified. Actually, his exhumed head was publicly displayed on a pike for more than 20 years during their rule (wikipedia devotes a separate article ...
2
votes
4answers
666 views

Why was a convicted Nazi war criminal buried with military honours?

[Source 1:] Erich von Manstein died of a stroke on the night of 9 June 1973 at the age of 85. As the last but one[a] surviving German field marshal, he was buried with full military honours, his ...

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