0
votes
0answers
9 views

Did cakes exist before the discovery of sodium bicarbonate?

I recently learned that baking soda (sodium bicarbonate) was only discovered in the 19th century, which made me wonder - did cakes as we think of them exist before that?
2
votes
0answers
6 views

How much would votes sell for in early America?

I am reading an essay by Alfred F. Young right now in which the author mentions that Gouverneur Morris said of enfranchising those without property: Give the vote to people who have no property ...
1
vote
0answers
11 views

What was the motivation behind prohibiting hunting in King's forests?

One of the typical pop culture motifs surrounding the Merry Men stories is the concept of them poaching the game and being hunted by the Law (or at least, Wardens) for that. This seems rather ...
-3
votes
1answer
65 views

Is it fair to say Napoleon was the most powerful man on earth? [on hold]

In 1805 when Napoleon Bonaparte was Emperor of France is it fair to say that he was the most powerful man in the world? I believe United Kingdom had the largest economy and fleet but not the greatest ...
11
votes
5answers
7k views

How widespread was the practice of chaining slave rowers to the ships?

In many historical paintings one can see slave rowers chained to the ships. I wonder whether this practice was indeed widespread? Were the chains permanent or allowed quick disconnection? Were the ...
-1
votes
0answers
39 views

What gift did Saladin send to Richard when he was ill?

What gift did Saladin send to Richard when he was ill? This is a question I got asked in m H|W and I didn't find it. Please, can anyone help me?
4
votes
1answer
7k views

What evidence supports the claim that Shivaji's father was Muslim?

Professor James Laine wrote a biography of an Indian historical figure named Shivaji. The book was outlawed for a number of years but later the Supreme Court of India unbanned it. There are various ...
44
votes
11answers
12k views

Did the Soviets excel in one area of weaponry during World War II?

The Germans had some of the best machine guns and tanks during World War II. Likewise, the Americans had a big advantage with the M1 Garand (which Patton famously called "The greatest battle implement ...
4
votes
0answers
57 views

Who where the firefighters in Muslim North Africa in the 18th/19th Century and how were they organized?

As we know that the Romans already had some forces for keeping their cities secured and safe: The Vigiles who were what we now may call police and firefighters together! And as I failed to find some ...
2
votes
0answers
61 views

Did North African countries have a police in the 18th/19th Century?

This is just a derived question from my other question about firefighters. I wonder if there have been special forces for security like what we call police nowadays or at least nightwatchmen in ...
1
vote
1answer
107 views

Did von Manstein push for mass production of late models PzKpfw IV over Panther or Tiger?

I read this claim somewhere, but cannot possibly find the source of it - did Erich von Manstein prefer large numbers of medium tanks PzKpfw IV over small numbers of heavy tanks?
-4
votes
2answers
82 views

Soviets, their war equpment and performance in WWII [on hold]

If the Soviets excelled in their military equipment, why were the Germans able to inflict such heavy casualties on them through-out the war?
2
votes
0answers
40 views

Did any of these artists ever meet?

Leonardo da Vinci, Michaelangelo, Raffaello Sanzio da Urbino (Raphael) and Donato Bardi (Donatello) are some of the most prominent and influential artists of the Renaissance period. Three of the four ...
5
votes
1answer
450 views

What equipment and formations did the Muslim armies employ against the Crusades?

One can easily find articles on Wikipedia about typical tactical formations of Romans, but I haven't found such information on the Muslim world, specifically during the crusades. Did the Muslim armies ...
2
votes
2answers
175 views

Why was there a reference to the Battle of Hastings in Harper Lee's novel?

I am unfamiliar with details of European history; how is the Battle of Hastings relevant to the historical background in Harper Lee's To Kill A Mockingbird? Chapter 1, Paragraph 4: Being ...
2
votes
1answer
101 views

Why were Greek philosophy and sciences taken up by medieval Muslim civilizations, but not contemporary Western Europe?

Greek-based philosophy and sciences were taken up in the medieval Islamic world. A lot of these works were translated into Arabic, and were later developed further and these contributed to the ...
6
votes
4answers
410 views

What reasons did the Confederacy have for believing they would have a quick victory?

At the beginning of the U.S. civil war, both sides were very confident in a quick and easy victory. I can see why the North would think so: they had a better trained army, better infrastructure ...
4
votes
0answers
64 views

Has being a single mother been always stigmatized?

Being a single mother was obviously a big economic disadvantage. And in the times when the Christian church morality dominated every day life, being a single mother was obviously a proof of a sin. But ...
7
votes
3answers
359 views

How did destroyers protecting convoys operate in bad weather during WWII?

Remembering the scene where the U-Boat meets the destroyer during the hunt in "Das Boot": Destroyers have a low gauge (2.5-5m) and are very top-heavy (all those guns and waterbombs over the waterline ...
13
votes
2answers
5k views

Why did Mozambique join the British Commonwealth?

In short, the Commonwealth originated in the British Empire, as an association of Britain and its former colonies. Why did Mozambique (a former Portuguese colony) join?
3
votes
1answer
82 views

How is it known that Xenophon saw the ruins of Nineveh?

It seems commonly accepted that Xenophon saw the ruins of Nineveh during the Ten Thousand Retreat. In the days of the Greek historians Ctesias and Herodotus, 400 BC, Nineveh had become a thing of ...
-2
votes
1answer
64 views

What divided the Roman Catholic church from the Orthodox church? [on hold]

What incident or reason divided the Roman catholic church from the orthodox church of Russia. And who decided the differences between the two churches and faiths?
6
votes
0answers
228 views

Was prostitution legal in the Kingdom of Israel during the reign of Solomon?

The wikipedia article is not clear: Prostitution was common in ancient Israel, despite being tacitly forbidden by Jewish Law. What was the law forbidding prostitution? Given that prostitutes ...
-4
votes
1answer
65 views

How many warriors (troops) did feudal vassals have to provide to the king? [on hold]

In a medieval feudal system, how many knights and warriors did a vassal have to give to the king in time of war?
-1
votes
1answer
57 views

Country/Area joins war after claiming neutral then attacking [on hold]

I don't know a whole lot about wars or the history of, so this is possibly an easy question. Has there ever been an instance where a country or area that declared neutral, but instead of joining a war ...
11
votes
4answers
928 views

How densely populated were the Americas prior to European colonization?

I had a conversation with an individual recently about how unusual it was that there were so few individuals who appeared to be Native American in North America today. (I say appear since no doubt ...
32
votes
6answers
5k views

Was Anne Frank's story common?

I've been reading the Diary of a Young Girl, by Anne Frank. Prior to reading it, I always assumed that her story was somewhat typical of Jews living in countries that Germany occupied, or even in ...
-2
votes
0answers
36 views

Cape Of good hope consequences [on hold]

Was there any political controversies or troubles between the mamluks and Portuguese or any other countries because of the discovery of cape of good hope
0
votes
1answer
86 views

System of Government where the Same Family Cannot Inherit

I have been trying to find evidence of a system of government where one of the principles it works on would be to hinder the creation of effective political families (thereby allowing people to ...
13
votes
4answers
4k views

How does the amount of equipment carried by various historical infantries compare?

I've heard many statements amount the weight of supplies and munition carried by soldiers of various historical forces. In particular, I've heard many comments about the amount that the British ...
2
votes
2answers
160 views

What motivated revolutionary France to declare war on Britain in 1793?

France declared war on Britain in 1793 (War of First Coalition). What was its motivation for declaring war? It was already at war with many European powers at the moment, and it was not likely in a ...
37
votes
9answers
64k views

Why were Spain and Portugal neutral / not invaded in WWII?

Why weren't Spain and Portugal involved in World War II with either side? Was not Franco sympathetic with the Axis powers given the help they offered during the civil war? Also, given their ...
9
votes
3answers
11k views

Is it true that Spartan soldiers fought naked?

I was watching a trailer for a movie called 300: Rise of an Empire. I noticed in this movie the Spartan soldiers from the chest and legs are naked. But recently I read in several posts here in the ...
0
votes
1answer
104 views

When was the last time the Catholic Church excommunicated a government official for political reasons?

The Roman Catholic Church has a long history of excommunicating people. These days it is mostly constrained to excommunicating bishops who break with doctrine. The Pope regularly sends letters to ...
4
votes
2answers
197 views

Written sources that mention Macedonia, prior to the 19th century?

Before the Balkan Wars Macedonist ideas were shared by a limited circles of intellectuals. They grew in significance during the interbellum, both in Vardar Macedonia and among the left-leaning ...
-2
votes
0answers
90 views

What progress, compared to the Americans, did the Germans make on constructing a nuclear weapon during WW2? [on hold]

Hitlers Bombe (link to it's wiki site) by Rainer Karlsch claims to have located, in the archives of the former KGB in Moscow, evidence that the Nazi's conducted the first successful nuclear weapon ...
0
votes
1answer
99 views

Accidental wars [on hold]

I'm curious to know if there have been any armed conflicts that are generally regarded as full blown wars (i.e. not border skirmishes) which were started accidentally. By accidentally, I mean ...
5
votes
3answers
1k views

What is the longest running legal case?

The Black Hills Lands Claim is an ongoing land dispute between the US Government and The Sioux Nation. The treaty of Fort Laramie protected the hills from white settlement, but the discovery of gold ...
-1
votes
2answers
181 views

Why couldn't Germans and Finns capture Leningrad? [closed]

The Siege of Leningrad lasted for about 2,5 years. And Germans cooperated with Finns during the siege. As we know Wehrmacht dominated the battlefield in 1941 and 1942. So why couldn't they capture ...
14
votes
4answers
3k views

Did a capital ship ever hit anything with a torpedo?

It seems WWI and inter-war ship designers went a bit torpedo mad, both in their fear of them and in their use, finally coming to their senses in the harsh realities of WWII. I've seen many examples ...
0
votes
1answer
59 views

WWII documentary series with end credits that used a diorama

I remember a series about World War II where the end credits were shown over a camera that panned over a diorama that show the progress of the war that started with normal scenes that slowly ...
45
votes
6answers
31k views

Why is Christopher Columbus credited for “discovering” America?

Even if we ignore the millions of native Americans who lived in the continent before Columbus "discovered" it, even if we ignore other civilizations (eg: Polynesians, Phoenicians, Chinese, Arabs, ...
1
vote
1answer
62 views

Primary sources for ratification of Constitutional amendments

How would I know that Constitutional amendments were ratified on certain dates? What evidence would I have? For example, a search result from the Library of Congress website states that the 15th ...
3
votes
1answer
107 views

What did the Allied WW1 propaganda for the Germans say?

I recently came across this passage of Mein Kampf where Hitler praises the effectiveness of WW1 Allied propaganda over the German people: At first the claims of the propaganda were so impudent ...
6
votes
1answer
454 views

When was tofu invented? Was it specifically for vegetarian consumption from the beginning?

The Wikipedia page on tofu states that this food was first produced in Han dynasty China. However, the source cited seems to me quite doubtful: The oldest evidence of tofu production is a Chinese ...
4
votes
0answers
72 views

Are the traditions of Ground Hog Day connected to those of Candlemas Day in Europe?

Today, the 2nd February was Ground Hog Day. In Europe it was also Candlemas Day (the Feast of the Presentation of Jesus in the Temple). Now there is a tradition in America that if the humble ground ...
-1
votes
0answers
99 views

To what extent was the US federal government reacting to, or promoting, the Civil Rights Movement?

In some cases the government seem to have taken action only in reaction to activism, for example Eisenhower and Little Rock Nine. On the other hand, sometimes the government appeared to have acted ...
15
votes
1answer
237 views

Was there a social stigma for British born/living in India prior to WW2/Indian independence?

My father (1926 - 2007) always said he was born and raised in England until immigrating to Australia in 1947 after being discharged from the army. I have now found out through his army records that ...
27
votes
8answers
10k views

Has there ever been a battle with only a single survivor?

Do we have record of any large scale battle (for example more than 1000 combatants) where only one person survived? I just thought of it randomly and wondered whether it may have ever happened.
4
votes
3answers
136 views

Were there any assassinations of high-profile Austrian officials before that of the Archduke Ferdinand?

I am trying to argue that "the Blank Cheque" ushered Austria to be aggressive against Serbia, thus leading to WW1. Were there any assassinations, mainly by Serbians, of equally or a bit less important ...

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