6
votes
3answers
201 views

Why was gold so popular and valuable back when it did not have many real world uses?

I'm talking about back when it was first starting to get discovered, like 2000 B.C. (roughly). Gold was being used for coins, jewellery and more. It was a very well known commodity and accepted ...
2
votes
1answer
114 views

What race were the invading Turkish armies of Anatolia?

I only ask because the vast majority of Turkey speaks an Altaic language, but they look completely different from Turkic-language speakers in Central Asia, i.e. Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Altai Republic, ...
0
votes
2answers
79 views

Were there international Islamist movements before the US started supporting islamists in Afghanistan?

Were there international Islamist movements before the US started supporting islamists during the USSR's war in Afghanistan?
1
vote
0answers
13 views

What toilet facilities were available at large formal gatherings in 19th century America?

I have seen many woodcuts and engravings of large groups of 19th century partygoers dressed in their finery enjoying themselves at parties or balls. Sooner or later in any gathering, nature calls. ...
31
votes
8answers
9k views

Why did Hitler not invade Sweden?

I was looking over a map of where the Nazis invaded and they never attacked Sweden. I was wondering why since it seems like a much better strategic move than invading Russia. Why might they have ...
1
vote
0answers
20 views

What is the edition/version of this book (Pensées De Pascal)?

Full Title: Pensées De Pascal précédées de sa vie Par Mme Perier, Sa Soeur Suivies D'Un Choix Des Pensées De Nicole Et De Son Traité De La Paix Avec Les Hommes (This is all one of the first ...
0
votes
0answers
22 views

Do you know any folklore stories in historical sciences? [on hold]

I'm a fan of folklore stories related to science and technology, i.e. legends, anecdotes, quips or ruminations that capture the essence of the scientific/technological culture. See the wikipedia pages ...
1
vote
1answer
70 views

How did Yugoslavia economically survive the Cold War

During the time of Cold War, both USA and USSR have a program to help their allied country economically. For USA, they have a policy called "Marshal Plan" which is aimed to support democratic country ...
-1
votes
2answers
31 views

What is it called when a Corporation purchases the rights to something to prevent it's production, to increase profit [on hold]

What is it called, when a Large Business or Corporation sees that some product, invention, or medicine will destroy or reduce the size of their market or consumer base; and they either purchase the ...
4
votes
2answers
106 views

Was the concept of religious freedom in the early United States applied to native American faiths?

When the nascent United States was drafting and adopting its supreme laws, some references to religions were made. For example, in the Bill of Rights: Congress shall make no law respecting an ...
7
votes
2answers
122 views

Is there any evidence of post-landbridge travel across the Bering Strait?

During the era of the landbridge across the Bering Strait, evidence suggests that people traveled from Asia to North America by foot, becoming the first humans in the Americas and the ancestors of the ...
4
votes
1answer
47 views

Did Canada or Mexico have an equivalent of Manifest Destiny at some stage in their development?

The term Manifest Destiny is defined as an outlook of the United States. However, the other two major nations on the North American continent also grew from port settlements and trading posts; so I ...
3
votes
1answer
47 views

Communist resistance groups in the Nazi German military

In a recent newspaper article about a Jewish man concealing his identity in Norway during the five years of Nazi German occupation, a reference is made to a "secret Communist group" among German ...
6
votes
4answers
189 views

What do citizens of countries that partition do about new anthems? [on hold]

I am fascinated with creation and adoption of national anthems. I find it especially intriguing with such countries that were once a union and then broke apart. My interest/question deals with two ...
3
votes
2answers
74 views

WW1 artillery defense testing

At the battle of the Somme the British bombarded the Germans for seven days. They fired over 1.5 million shells. But most of these shells were shrapnel shells. These shells failed to cut and ...
5
votes
0answers
32 views

Which fruits and vegetables did Chinese migrants introduce to Australia during the gold rush?

The gold rush in Australia saw many Chinese migrate to the country, with the Chinese population in Australia reaching around 40000 in the 1860s. Many brought with them vegetable seeds to grow near ...
1
vote
3answers
313 views

When did the majority of Americans stop living on farms?

I know defining a farm is tricky. I will, of course, take any definition available. If I could pick, I would say that if there is one person working full-time outside of a household, that household is ...
1
vote
1answer
65 views

The land of gold described in Genesis

Genesis 2:11-12 describes a land called Havillah, where there is very good gold. Were there historical attempts made to locate this land, and what do we know about such expeditions if they did exist? ...
-1
votes
1answer
73 views

Why did the Allies let Hitler break the Treaty of Versailles?

I was reading about what led up to ww2 and I noticed that Hitler broke several of the agreements in the Treaty of Versailles such as getting a army of more than 100000 men. I was wondering why the ...
10
votes
1answer
1k views

Did Abraham Lincoln have a duel with cannons?

When you where challenged to a duel or challenged someone to a duel, it was the person that was challenged that chose the weapon. Once someone challenged Lincoln To a duel and he said " how about ...
6
votes
2answers
241 views

Is there a student of Arnold J Toynbee with an opinion aabout the state and fate of Western Civilization?

Toynbee studied history centering his work on the life and death of civilizations. As Wikipedia says: Toynbee argued that "Civilizations die from suicide, not by murder." For Toynbee, ...
-6
votes
0answers
66 views

Why is John F. Kennedy so popular today, if he may have been attracted to fascism? [on hold]

John F. Kennedy ranks as the 11th most popular president in the history of the United States, according to an aggregate of many polls over the past 5 decades1 However, he was or may have been an ...
22
votes
8answers
4k views

Why wasn't the Republic of Ireland invaded (by either side) in WW2?

Ireland was neutral in WW2, however it was never invaded (by either side). How come? Why wasn't Ireland invaded by the UK to prevent the Germans invading? Why didn't germany invade ireland? It would ...
5
votes
2answers
124 views

How did Europeans really conquer the Americas? [on hold]

In school we (US centric students) were taught that the european settlers won over the Native Americans due to our superior technology (aka guns) and the native american's susceptibility to our ...
4
votes
0answers
73 views

Cost of producing posters in world war 1

I know that a lot of posters were printed out during World War 1, but am confused by the cost for the government to produce all these, a google search normally yields some results - but this time it ...
6
votes
1answer
114 views

Was oratory was considered Hitler's fundamental political strength by his contemporaneous friends and foes?

I recently watched a new mini-series on the rise of Adolf Hitler and learnt an insight that hadn't been apparent in other material I had read and watched on the era: There were many proto-fascists in ...
3
votes
1answer
47 views

What's the earliest example of a permanent embassy?

In all the accounts I've read, when the great empires of the ancient Mediterranean needed to talk to each other, they sent an ambassador or a messenger. As in, someone from Country A brought a ...
3
votes
1answer
114 views

What was the average percentage of taxes in Europe during the Middle Ages? [on hold]

I've found a lot about what kinds of taxes existed in the Middle Ages, but couldn't find a source pointing to specific percentages (apart from the tithe, but I don't know how thoroughly it was ...
7
votes
2answers
352 views

When did the parole of prisoners of war become unacceptable?

Prisoners of war in earlier centuries, especially officers, could be given temporary or permanent freedom in return for various conditions: A parole. This overlaps with the modern civilian use of ...
48
votes
6answers
9k views

Why was Poland spared from the Black Death?

The featured image of the Wikipedia page for the Black Death is a gif showing the spread of the bubonic plague throughout Europe. There are a few places where the plague never spread to, including the ...
6
votes
1answer
130 views

Did the USSR invite other astronauts of Apollo 11 besides Armstrong?

Sometime after the return of Apollo 11, Neil Armstrong visited the USSR. I wonder why he was alone? Weren't the other astronauts invited or they refused to visit? Was it because Armstrong was an ...
6
votes
0answers
73 views

To what extent was Prohibition supported by the American public?

I read an answer here that said the prohibition was imposed on cities against their will. A bit of research on Google seem to say that it was pushed through because people didn't realize even wine ...
14
votes
1answer
542 views

What effect did the Attack on Mers-el-Kébir have on Great Britain's international relations during WW2?

The Attack on Mers-el-Kébir/Battle of Mers-el-Kébir was an action that took part between the Royal Navy and the French Navy on July 3rd 1940 that was a result of Winston Churchill ordering that the ...
2
votes
0answers
56 views

Was breaching the Yellow River dykes Chiang Kai-Shek's Mers-el-Kebir?

In 1938 Chiang Kai-Shek's nationalist opted to breach the dykes of the Yellow River to flood the area in front of the Japanese advance and thereby slow down their enemy and protect the the key city of ...
7
votes
3answers
2k views

During the U.S. Prohibition, how did they get away with drinking alcohol?

I have heard about countless stories talking about people drinking during the Prohibition. How was this possible? How did they get away with drinking alcohol without getting caught?
2
votes
2answers
115 views

When did prostitution become illegal in the United States and why?

In the old west, it appears that prostitution was a viable means of making a living, Perfectly legal, or at least not prosecuted. What was the status of prostitution in more established states in the ...
2
votes
2answers
100 views

What would the style of wanted posters be in 1500's

In Spain, what would be the style of wanted poster (for pirates)? Would it be like the Wild West type of a more modern poster.
11
votes
2answers
158 views

What kind of device is pictured on this Roman mosaic from Villa Tellaro, Sicily?

Based on numismatic evidence, this is dated in the second half of the fourth century CE
1
vote
0answers
93 views

Did the date of 9/11 have significance, or was it chosen randomly?

One thing I've been wondering ever since 9/11 is whether the date was randomly chosen, or if it was chosen specifically for its resemblance to the American emergency hotline 9-1-1 (or something else)? ...
2
votes
1answer
91 views

Why was the World Trade Center selected as a target by Al Qaeda?

In 2001, the terrorist organization al-Qaeda attacked a series of targets inside the United States. The Pentagon was the symbol of America's military strength, and the second planned DC target ...
3
votes
0answers
74 views

How important were “columnar” strategies in Japan's invasion of China?

In trying to invade a large country like China, there are at least two main strategies 1) a narrow "columnar" strategy, usually based along an artery such as the Yangtze River that provides a natural ...
34
votes
3answers
1k views

What was the typical peasant's diet like in Europe during the High Middle Ages?

I know that wheat, barley, rye, onions, lettuce-like plants and turnips were common but how common were other things like meat or cheese? I've heard the "plowman's lunch" was a concoction of the dairy ...
4
votes
1answer
65 views

Is there any historical basis for the red/white color scheme of the Assassins?

I recently saw a documentary about the Crusades, and during the scene in which Saladin is almost assassinated by the historical order of Assassins, they are portrayed as wearing plain white clothes ...
17
votes
4answers
3k views

How far were women able to advance in the Gestapo?

I'm trying to write a story happening during World War 2, and I'd like to include there a female Gestapo agent/interrogator as a main character. However, I've been searching and I can't find evidence ...
4
votes
0answers
54 views

Was it possible to travel between Riverdale and Midtown Manhattan via taxi during the 1940s?

I'm writing a book that takes place in New York City in 1943. I have a character that lives in Riverdale, but works in midtown Manhattan. If one needed to travel quickly, could you take a taxi from ...
11
votes
4answers
681 views

How did the Nazis plan to “defeat” America during World War II?

Yamamoto famously advised against a war with the United States, because he could tell how powerful they would be once they got going. The Nazis, however, declared war on the United States of their ...
7
votes
3answers
842 views

How is the discipline of History differentiated from other disciplines in social sciences or the humanities?

History is a discipline in the academy that is some times a social science and sometimes a humanity. However, there are many other social sciences (economics, political science) and many other ...
37
votes
10answers
4k views

Why didn't France and UK invade Germany September 3rd 1939?

On September 3rd 1939, when UK and France declared war on Germany, both ordinary Polish people and government officials became enthusiastic. There were spontaneous demonstrations of support for the ...
-1
votes
0answers
44 views

What was the political process by which individual settlements became the 13 colonies? [closed]

The first settlers in what would become the U.S. founded small settlements like Jamestown. Eventually these grew to multi-city almost-states. Did the separate settlements voluntarily merge, or was ...
7
votes
5answers
2k views

Why did Christopher Columbus think he had arrived near Japan?

This question came to our mind as a long discussion in chat between some users over ELU including me and we thought to post the question here. Wikipedia states he thought he had arrived Japan. In ...

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