0
votes
0answers
4 views

What is the first recorded instance of the lo-shu square?

The lo-shu square (洛書) is a 3×3 grid of numbers, usually written as dots: Legend traces its origin to the legendary Yu the Great (大禹) or Fu-hi (伏羲) ~3000 years ago, but I'm interested in ...
1
vote
1answer
72 views

Why did the Japanese Navy convert Kaga to an Aircraft Carrier?

The IJN ordered 4 Amagi class battlecruisers (Amagi, Akagi, Atago, and Takao) and 2 Tosa class Battleships (Tosa and Kaga) to form the "Eight-Eight Fleet". All ships started construction between ...
1
vote
0answers
116 views

What did Thomas Mann yield in negotiations with Nazis in 1933?

The following is from the article on Golo Mann (1909 – 1994) in the German Wikipedia (translation courtesy of Google Translate). Golo Mann was the son of German novelist and 1929 Nobel Prize in ...
7
votes
2answers
188 views

How historical are early Chinese (Shang dynasty and earlier) dynastic records?

Early Chinese dynastic records look like actual history in some places (in particular the exact dating of reigns, back to and including the Yellow Emperor). Elsewhere, there is clearly a lot of myth ...
2
votes
1answer
35 views

How did the Princeps Senatus get nominated?

In Republican Rome, the princeps senatus (~head of the senate) is supposed to be nominated by the censors, who are elected every 5 years for 1 and a half year. What happens if the censors disagree on ...
1
vote
1answer
52 views

Was the Sikh martyr Mati Das sawed in half on the orders of Aurangzeb?

The wikipedia page on Mati Das mentions that he was sawed into two on the express orders of Aurangzeb (he was asked to convert to Islam). Is it true ? I have doubts because I haven't seen this in ...
15
votes
3answers
1k views

Why did the Native American city of Cahokia die out?

From AD 600-1400, the Mississippian native Americans had a massive city near the present site of St. Louis, MO. It was one of the world's largest cities at the time, and was the largest pre-Columbian ...
11
votes
4answers
2k views

Why did the French insist on reclaiming Indo-China after WWII?

After WWII France was in rebuilding mode, and yet they insisted on trying to reclaim Indo-China. It would seem that in the new world order this did not make much sense for a country that was trying to ...
13
votes
3answers
3k views

Why did Sun Tzu believe you shouldn't wait besides a river when eager to fight?

In Sun Tzu's Art of War, Chapter 9 (The Army on the March), Verse 5, Tzu says If you are anxious to fight, you should not go to meet the invader near a river which he has to cross. My thinking ...
1
vote
4answers
142 views

Has a government ever been elected with the full 100% of the votes?

In recent history, many Dictatorships have been elected with unbelievable results. For example Al Sisi in Egypt with 96,6 % of the votes, or Abd al-Rab Mansur al-Hadi in Yemen with 99,8%. I would ...
-2
votes
0answers
24 views

What were the most regarded cultural places in history? [on hold]

I'm looking to make a list (not necessarily ranked) of all highly intellectual places from antiquity to modern times. What were the places where knowledge was shared and discoveries made? Where did ...
9
votes
9answers
2k views

What is the best historical example of conflict between two cultures with differing levels of technology? [closed]

Let me start with some background, in fiction authors like to explore situations where the human race meets another civilization. As a rule of thumb both races in one way or another - sometimes after ...
7
votes
2answers
495 views

Why did Ancient Pueblo peoples build their homes in cliffs?

The Ancient Pueblo peoples are known for their cliff dwellings found throughout the American Southwest, in places like Mesa Verde, Bandelier, Montezuma Castle, and the Gila Cliff Dwellings. Why did ...
4
votes
3answers
410 views

Why didn't Romans fight in a single line formation?

I read that historically, Romans fought in checker board formation, composed of 3 lines. But I play Rome Total War and in the game, that deployment means a nice recipe for high casualties. In the ...
2
votes
0answers
50 views

Did any Antarctic expeditions use coal?

During the "Heroic Age" of Antarctic exploration (roughly 1890 to 1920), did any expeditions use coal as a fuel or heat source? I'm not just asking what they carried while walking in the interior, ...
2
votes
2answers
111 views

Why did Emperor Constantine believe he was a instrument of God?

I recently watched a lecture by a professor at Yale who mentioned Constantine's belief that he was a instrument of God, but the academic doesn't really explain why Constantine believed he was an ...
8
votes
4answers
2k views

Were any fortified castles self-sufficient in food?

I read here and there about sieges of fortified castles which lasted extended lengths of time (two years for instance). Was there any castle in Medieval Europe that was self-sustaining? By ...
6
votes
1answer
216 views

What were the factors that caused debtors' prison to disappear in most parts of the world in the 20th century?

Debtors' prison is a prison for people who are unable to pay debt. As recently as the mid 19th century, it was a common way to deal with unpaid debt in Western Europe. Debtors' prison started to ...
-1
votes
0answers
57 views

Why the 12-inch guns of USS Wyoming were replaced by the 5-inch in 1944? [on hold]

I started playing a game called "World of Warships" in my spare time. One of the ships have in this game is the USS Wyoming. In the game he has 12x 12-inch. For my own curiosity I went to find out ...
0
votes
0answers
70 views

Were non German soldiers treated differently than German soldiers in the German army during the Great War?

For some reason I cannot find reliable source about that. Germany's population were in majority German, but there was also Frenchs, Danes, Lithuanians, Kashubians, Sorbs and of course Poles. All of ...
1
vote
0answers
51 views

What is an example of nostalgia for the past in a design context in the interwar period?

While studying the history of design, I have found a document (FR) that states that during the interwar period, people were both attracted by technology and nostalgic of the past, but I can't find any ...
-2
votes
1answer
105 views

Hitler And Nazism - Did Hitler ever express remorse over killing? [on hold]

I know at least some journals of prominent party members have been uncovered, so I was wondering if any kind of consensus can be reached on the emotional state/the real reasons behind Hitler's ...
0
votes
1answer
70 views

Notable Sea Invasions [on hold]

What are some notable invasions from sea in history? I'm trying to write an essay comparing D-Day to some other invasions, but I can't think of any invasions
0
votes
0answers
30 views

How many Nephites fought during the wars described in Mosiah chapter 9? [on hold]

In the chapter, we read of two battles. In total, we read, the Lamanites lost thousands more than did the Nephites. Which begs the question, how many Nephites fought? Did 1 Nephite kill 25 Lamanites? ...
4
votes
1answer
580 views

How did Chinese sausages come about?

In the west, sausages have a lengthy history. According to Wikipedia: Evidence suggests that sausages were already popular both among the ancient Greeks and Romans, and most likely with the ...
0
votes
1answer
88 views

What was used to pay taxes in Medieval England [on hold]

Was coinage issued by the Kings (Queen) used to pay taxes in Medieval England? If so were these silver or gold coins or base metal ? And how did the use of tally sticks fit into the tax system
2
votes
1answer
120 views

Why does the Star of David feature on these African coins from 20th century?

Why does the Star of David feature on these African coins from 1936 and 1959?
9
votes
7answers
786 views

Who turned the (originally) “anti-slavery” GOP into the “pro-business” party?

It is my understanding that the Republican Party arose from the anti-slavery movement, and, more specifically, as a reaction against the 1854 repeal of the Missouri Compromise. And yet, pretty early ...
-4
votes
0answers
39 views

Catalog of scientific and technological contributions by originating culture [on hold]

I was involved in a debate with the subject of how different cultural and religious environments offer different stimuli to the development of scientific and technological advancements and ...
14
votes
1answer
2k views

How did people realize that America was a different continent?

American schools teach that the American continents are named after Amerigo Vespucci because he realized that Columbus had not sailed to Asia but rather a new continent. If this story is true, how ...
8
votes
0answers
76 views

What words were obliterated from the Great Colonnade at Palmyra?

One of the columns at the Great Colonnade at Palmyra features a dedicatory inscription to Zenobia and Odaenathus. It is bilingual, recording the same text in Greek and Palmyrenean: It appears that ...
0
votes
4answers
256 views

Why didn't the senate of Carthage reinforce Hannibal in Italy?

During the second Punic war, Hannibal Barca fought in Italy for 14 years, and yet the Romans managed to bring the war to Africa. How is that possible, especially after battles such as Cannae? If ...
14
votes
1answer
297 views

How common was banditry in 16th & 17th century Great Britain and Ireland?

I want to know about highwaymen and thieves and brigands who preyed on travellers. so, I am not interested in other organised criminal gangs such as smugglers or urban thieves.
2
votes
2answers
166 views

What sort(s) of identification were used before driver's licenses were issued in the US?

In the United States, before driver's licenses became a nearly universal means of identification (i.e., before autos), what form of identification was routinely used? For example if one was arrested, ...
8
votes
1answer
234 views

Did Hitler really keep the blueprints of the current Nebraska state Capitol building in the drawer of his desk?

I recently stumbled upon an article in the now-defunct lit mag Black Table in which the author establishes the un-cited claim that Hitler had designs on making Lincoln, Nebraska the new headquarters ...
19
votes
5answers
4k views

What was the role of the Soviet Navy during WWII?

Most books of WWII speak of the naval battles of allied and axis powers during the war, but none about the Soviet navy. The soviets had an active fleet at the time, why did it not engage the Germans ...
1
vote
0answers
69 views

Why does the rooster symbolise France? [on hold]

The Gallic Rooster is widely used as a symbol of France. However, there are a number of conflicting sources on how it originated. The French embassy in the USA states that the rooster originated ...
4
votes
1answer
108 views

History of terrorist organizations designations/undesignations by Israel

In 1948, Israel passed the Prevention of Terrorism Ordinance, which allows it to officially designate organizations as terrorists in the Official Gazette. What organizations have been designated this ...
51
votes
8answers
12k views

Why did the USSR give Crimea to Ukraine?

In 1954 Soviets transferred Crimea from Russian Soviet Republic to Ukrainian Soviet Republic. Why is this strange? The whole act, at least officially, was meant to be "a gift", a token of ...
12
votes
5answers
4k views

What is the longest effective range artillery weapon ever built?

What is the longest effective range artillery weapon ever built, regardless of wether it was actually used in combat?
4
votes
1answer
86 views

Where in Basel was the first Zionist Congress held in 1897?

The Zionist Congresses were held in Basel from 1897 (the first congress) until 1899 (third congress), and many of the congresses after that were also held there. Where in Basel, exactly, was the ...
4
votes
2answers
593 views

When was the last time (if ever) an elector was faithless in US presidential elections?

With regards to the ongoing US presidential elections, I just read this on electoral-vote.com: Could There Be Faithless Electors? Presidential electors are supposed to vote for the person who ...
0
votes
2answers
100 views

At what point in time did Judaism become popular? [Pre Christianity]

When did Judaism become popular in the ancient world, and what caused it to spread faster at that point in time? (ex: Christianity had its spread assisted by Emperor Constantine in the Roman Empire)
-5
votes
0answers
65 views

How involved are Jews involved in Multiculturalism and why? [on hold]

I was accused by white supremacists that my people (Jews) are to blame for multiculturalism and by extension white genocide. There are ugly articles like these and these that expound such ...
7
votes
1answer
60 views

Were Korean and Tibetan rulers ever styled as 'sons of heaven'?

Chinese dynasts adopted the term "Son of Heaven" or "Son of [the god] Tian" (天子) during the early Zhou period around the turn of the 1st millennium BCE, and continued using it until the overthrow of ...
4
votes
3answers
249 views

Greek Revolution: Where did the Greeks look for descendants of the Byzantine dynasties?

I recall reading in a few books that during the early to mid 19th century, the Greeks where trying to find European nobles who had genealogies linked to the dynasties of the old Byzantine Empire ...
20
votes
1answer
297 views

Did Kim Jong-Il wrest away power (rather than inherit it) from Kim Il-Sung in a power struggle?

I know little about North Korean history, but their official narrative and what I had also believed is that - long story short - Kim Jong-Il basically just inherited his dictatorial powers from his ...
12
votes
7answers
624 views

Are there ancient historical sources which have been permanently lost?

I'm in a Year 11 Ancient history class studying Rome, and whenever I look over ancient sources on wikipedia, there is always a list of lost works, and occasionally a sentence describing how ...
11
votes
4answers
3k views

Was there human sacrifice in ancient Crete?

Excavations on the hill of Kydonia, near Chania in Crete, where the third largest palace of the Minoan civilization was, revealed a small area fenced by rocks in the yard, with many animal bones and ...
2
votes
4answers
356 views

Did the Romans ever encounter the Vikings?

Did the Romans ever scout Scandinavia for possible conquest?Or was trade ever done between them?

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