20
votes
3answers
3k views

Why did Europe not see Roman-era numbers of men participating in battles until the 17th century?

Typical decisive battles in Roman times involve 4+ legions - around 20,000 men + auxiliaries giving a total of about 30,000 men, on the Roman side only. Battles in even the late middle ages and early ...
1
vote
2answers
34 views

Why is the snake or asp the primary logo of medicinal organisations?

As an Army Medic and now a workplace First Aider I see the asp used as a logo almost everywhere. Why was it chosen as the animal of choice for the medicinal profession and is there any animal or ...
-1
votes
0answers
23 views

Why would it be beneficial for a rich and technologically advanced country to attract foreign investors? [on hold]

I often find news stories about foreign investment in a country which is both rich and technologically very advanced. The media presents it as a Good Thing. why? Foreign investors expect to take a ...
8
votes
4answers
309 views

Mystery of the many-loaded muzzles

I recall, way back in high school, someone came to describe the American Civil War, show local artifacts, that sort of thing. I remember them mentioning that muzzle-loaded weapons had been found with ...
7
votes
2answers
273 views

Examples of censorship causing economic decline

I am writing a blog post about knowledge banning, either by state censorship or by self-imposed censorship, like the US Comics Code Authority of the 20th century. My focus is moral censorship, ...
0
votes
1answer
109 views

Why is the bishopric of canterbury located in london?

As far as I understand the seat used to be in Canterbury and then was transferred to London but kept the title. Is that true and when did this happen?
2
votes
3answers
92 views

What sovereign Jewish polities have existed outside of Palestine?

Which sovereign Jewish polities have existed outside of Palestine, and when did they exist? Off the top of my head, I can think of the Himyarites in Yemen, but I seem to recall there being others.
1
vote
1answer
74 views

Wendell Phillips Quote that “Revolutions Never Go Backwards”

What did Wendell Phillips mean when he said, "Revolutions never go backwards."? I believe that Abraham Lincoln also used this quote as a means of promoting the Republican Party and anti-slavery ...
17
votes
4answers
9k views

What events led to the fall of the Zhou Dynasty during the Warring States period?

The title above is fairly broad, so more specifically, what specific events led to the Warring States period experienced towards the end of the Western Zhou Dynasty in ancient China? As the lineage ...
14
votes
2answers
11k views

When did the American War of 1812 actually end?

My daughter was recently studying this in high school, and somehow I had always assumed that it had only lasted a year. Apparently it ran on for at least a couple of years, but her textbook only ...
0
votes
0answers
32 views

What type of ferry boats were used in England in the early 19th century?

In 1800-1820, what sort of ferry boats were used by the general public in England and how were they powered? In particular I am interested in ferries used to access the Isle of Wight, and also ...
1
vote
3answers
160 views

Was the Stock Market Crash of 1929 a cause or result of the Great Depression?

Did the Stock Market Crash of 1929 effectively cause the Great Depression, or were there economic factors already in place at that time such that the Greet Depression would have happened anyway, and ...
6
votes
1answer
1k views

What rank is S. SGT in the Army Air Force during WW2?

I am looking over my Grandfather's DD214 (Military Discharge Paperwork) from WW2. His grade says "S. SGT" I am trying to figure out his rank conclusively. Nowhere on the DD214 does it display an E-5 ...
4
votes
1answer
221 views

Archers laying on their back, was it real?

I have seen a movie the Hero from 2002. I know the movie has a lot of artistic scenes, and less to do with reality. In a scene many of chinese archers laid on the ground and used a big composite ...
1
vote
1answer
68 views

Chinese legendary figures with European appearance

I've been fascinated by discoveries of the mummies in the Tarim basin, and this artical says About the controversy Mair has stated that: The new finds are also forcing a reexamination of ...
14
votes
1answer
4k views

Who discovered first that the Moon does not have its own light?

Who (and when) discovered first that the Moon does not have its own light?
7
votes
0answers
105 views

What were the thoughts of the Celts, Romans and other ancient European people about the standing stones which survive from prehistoric times?

All over Europe, there are monuments of stone such as stonehenge, although many are not so grand as stonehenge is. Contra Asterix, the Celts didn't carve out menhirs and things like that. The stones ...
22
votes
11answers
10k views

Is history always written by the victors?

The famous "history is written by victors" saying argues that the victors overwhelmingly influence historical accounts. Are there any examples of history written by the(or THE) losers?
1
vote
1answer
163 views

How did ululation originate and spread?

Ulu or Ululation is the sound produced by throated "OOO' sound combined with moving the tongue rapidly sideways. This is done only by women (I think). Its done in Bengal (India), Morroco (Africa) and ...
1
vote
1answer
53 views

What percentage of the population in the Thirteen Colonies in 1776 were first/second generation immigrants?

And besides British immigration, did the thirteen colonies see alot of immigration from other European states?
0
votes
1answer
85 views

What happened to the French soldiers evacuated at Dunkirk and elsewhere in 1940?

How many of them fought on in the Free French Forces and how many of them simply repatriated back to France?
0
votes
1answer
28 views

Are these Houthi Rebels in Yemen the same lot of people who ran the Mutawakkilite Kingdom of Yemen?

I saw on the news that their area of control roughly corresponded to North Yemen, which was a kingdom overthrown with Nasser's help in 1962. Are these Houthis the same sort of people who were the ...
2
votes
1answer
85 views

Was the Battle of Trafalgar strategically pointless?

On a tactical level, the Battle of Trafalgar is one of the most analysed naval battles in history and there are many books and papers covering the battle itself. Most of the strategic analysis covers ...
0
votes
0answers
66 views

Where exactly was the Chernobyl reactor that exploded? [on hold]

Looking at the city of Pripyat and surrounding areas in Google Maps, I am trying to figure out exactly where the Chernobyl reactor four was located. This is where the biggest nuclear disaster ever ...
6
votes
2answers
499 views

What happened to those ethnic Greeks who converted to Islam during the Ottoman empire?

I got a little inspiration from a previous post on the History part: "Why were Albanians the only nation in the Balkans who converted to Islam during the Ottoman occupation?" Does anyone know ...
1
vote
1answer
86 views

Did Jaques Chirac say “Without Africa, France will slide down into the rank of a third [world] power”?

This article claims that Jaques Chirac stated in March 2008: “Without Africa, France will slide down into the rank of a third [world] power” This is significant because it implies France is ...
0
votes
0answers
36 views

Is the evidence for the thesis in SLA MArshall's Men Against Fire compelling?

SLA Marshall wrote that only a small percentage of infantry engaged with the enemy actually fired at their opponent. This has been denied by veterans and debated by others ever since. Is the ...
4
votes
1answer
63 views

How long did it take to repair wooden war ships after battle in the 1600's to 1800's? [on hold]

How long did it take to repair wooden war ships (like the galleon) in the 1600's to 1800's? I'm interested mainly in repairs needed due to cannon fire (hull damage, mast damage, etc), or even if it ...
2
votes
1answer
54 views

Who said, “Watch your thoughts, they your become words”

I saw the following quote: "Watch your thoughts, They become your words; Watch your words, They become your deeds; Watch your deeds, They become your habits; Watch your habits, They become your ...
0
votes
1answer
69 views

When did Phintys say “A woman's particular virtue is modesty . . .”? [on hold]

I recently came across an interesting quote in a book I was reading. Here's the excerpt from the book: "A woman's particular virtue is modesty (σωφοσυνη), for by it she is enabled to honor and ...
4
votes
1answer
63 views

What is the symbolism behind the Sauser family crest from Sigriswil, Switzerland?

I received a letter that included a photo copy of an old b&w photo of this medallion or sign with no explanation of what it is or what it was used. I understand it is of something in or ...
6
votes
0answers
31 views

Why were proconsular appointments so staggered under the Principate?

Ronald Mellor, in an article about the new Flavian elite (Mellor, Ronald. "The New Aristocracy of Power." In: Flavian Rome: culture, image, text (2003) edited by Boyle and Dominik: 69-91.) rather ...
5
votes
4answers
276 views

What happened to all the notable Roman families?

What happened to the numerous (patrician) families of Rome? Like the Gens Julia for example. There are no ancestors today leading back to them like for example the famous Medici family from ...
5
votes
0answers
73 views

Cultural history of Saudi Arabian rulers' uniform beard style?

Why is it that all Saudi Arabian rulers and prices both of the present and past generations apparently wear the same style of chin beards? (Yes, they wear the same styles of headdresses as well.) Is ...
-2
votes
0answers
40 views

Did Columbus ever try to come to India? [on hold]

Did Columbus ever try to come to India after he realized that what he discovered was a different continent (America)?
16
votes
4answers
2k views

Before the Land Bridge Theory, how was human presence in the Americas explained?

The Land Bridge Theory argues that humans crossed over to Alaska from Siberia, via a land bridge created by glaciation. The theory developed in the 1930s and became the popularly accepted explanation ...
0
votes
2answers
77 views

Evidence that Khe Sanh was a diversion for the Tet Offensive or vice versa? [closed]

The North Vietnamese launched the Battle of Khe Sanh on 21 January, 1968, against a remote US base. Nine days later, a general assault on South Vietname known as the Tet Offensive began. At the time, ...
13
votes
1answer
418 views

What were Argentina's intentions for the Falkland Islanders?

Argentina must have assumed in 1982 that its occupation of the Falkland Islands (Malvinas) would be successful and that Argentinian sovereignty over the territory would be accepted. What were the ...
3
votes
1answer
733 views

What is that gold plaque Scottish soldiers wore around their necks?

If you see pictures of Scottish officers in traditional dress, sometimes they are wearing a gold plaque hanging from a chain around their neck. It is usually kind of kidney shaped. Does anyone know ...
2
votes
0answers
59 views

What was the impact of utilitarianism upon the development of psychiatric care in 18th-19th century England?

I'm interested in the impact of utilitarianism upon English psychiatric care by way of the philosophy's influence on social reformers. More tenuously, I want to know whether and in what ways ...
1
vote
1answer
103 views

Why Nazism selected Hindu Symbol Swastika as their symbol? [on hold]

Why Nazism selected Hindu Symbol Swastika as their symbol? Actually Swastika is found above Lord Ganesha, so why Hitler elected Hindu Symbol Swastika for Nazism? What influenced him?
16
votes
6answers
1k views

Why were Albanians the only nation in the Balkans who converted to Islam during the Ottoman occupation?

The Ottoman Empire conquered the Balkans and occupied it for half a millennium. They managed to convert most of the Albanians to Islam, however, all the other nations in the area remained Christian. ...
8
votes
4answers
2k views

How compare the rights and conditions of the American slaves to those of Russian serfs?

How compare the rights and conditions of the 19-th century American slaves to those of the 19-th century Russian serfs?
2
votes
3answers
134 views

What would've been the outcome of the Yom Kippur War had the UN not intervened? [closed]

As a kid growing up in Egypt, we obviously had things in our official history textbooks that said that we "totally won that war", and I'm very sure that it's the exact opposite in Israel. So please, I ...
37
votes
8answers
23k views

Why did the Western Roman Empire collapse but not the Eastern Roman Empire?

There were several crises in the “late” Roman Empire. For once, the crisis of the Republic, which resulted in the creation of Principat and later Dominat. This crisis may be related to the fact that ...
8
votes
1answer
125 views

What did Native Americans know, or speculate, about the Old world?

When Columbus "discovered" the New World, the Old World had little to no knowledge of it. What little was known was perhaps Greenland, and - based on accurate knowledge of the size of the world - a ...
7
votes
1answer
302 views

Did Native Americans sabotage telegraph lines running through their territory?

In the 1800s in the Western US, there were a number of telegraph lines running through territory mostly inhabited by Indians. Did they ever sabotage the lines?
14
votes
4answers
445 views

What would be accurate illustrations of vikings and viking culture?

Vikings didn't have horned helmets as is often depicted. Where can I find accurate representations how vikings and viking society looked?
5
votes
1answer
88 views

Why was the Halifax death penalty reserved for thefts of at least 13½ pence?

Wikipedia's article on the Halifax Gibbet says, with several citations: …ancient custom and law gave the Lord of the Manor the authority to execute summarily by decapitation any thief caught with ...
10
votes
3answers
491 views

What sources or documentation exists to indicate Stalin's level of popularity in Russia today?

To what extent is Stalin still loved and/or respected by Russians (and for extra points former USSR states)? While articles like these news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europe/7802485.stm ...

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