0
votes
0answers
4 views

What is the altitude record for manned unpressurised balloon flight without oxygen?

On 5th September 1862 James Glaisher, a meteorologist, and Henry Coxwell, a balloonist, ascended to about seven miles, and came close to dying from frostbite and asphyxiation, in an open wicker basket,...
0
votes
2answers
83 views

Why didn't Hitler invade Middle East for resources first before invading Soviet Union?

Why didn't Hitler invade Middle East for resources instead of Soviet Union? Or at least invade Middle East first to secure the resources needed for sustained military operation? I understand Hitler ...
0
votes
0answers
36 views

Which behavior, in the evolution of human species, came first: organized sports or organized religion?

In Brazil, and I believe that also in other countries, people will change their religion, but won't change their sports team. Would it have any root in biology? Perhaps because sports represent a much ...
1
vote
4answers
191 views

Were there many “co-headed” commands where the senior member was younger than the junior?

When one thinks of "partnership" commands, one may think of the Duke of Marlborough and Prince Eugene. Perhaps Hindenburg and Ludendorf in World War I Or Robert E. Lee and "Stonewall" Jackson. In each ...
10
votes
5answers
3k views

Is there any research explicitly contradicting facts in Suvorov's “Icebreaker” book series claiming that Stalin intended to attack Hitler in 1941?

Viktor Suvorov is a somewhat famous ex-GRU spy who defected and wrote a series of books. The most (in)famous and sensational were a series of books on World War II, starting with "Icebreaker", which ...
0
votes
0answers
21 views

How were Aksumite ships constructed?

The Kingdom of Aksum is known for its trading prowess, with trade partners as far away as India. Do we know what kinds of ships they built and used? Ethiopian freshwater tankwas are made of papyrus, ...
9
votes
3answers
1k views

Was slave labor used in rebuilding the White House?

Michelle Obama recently gave a graduation address in which she said. every single day ... I wake up in a house that was built by slaves While slave labor was used in building the white house, ...
4
votes
2answers
79 views

Location where Vasco Núñez de Balboa first saw South Ocean

Do we know the exact place in Panama where Vasco Núñez de Balboa first saw the South Ocean? (If yes, do we have a picture of this place where he saw the two oceans in the same time?) In "Decisive ...
-7
votes
0answers
48 views

Was the holocaust the only genocide that used gas chambers? [on hold]

What is the official rationalization for this? What do history majors think?
6
votes
1answer
79 views

History of “False Flag” Coups

There has been speculation that a coup attempt that occurred recently was staged or a "false flag" operation undertaken by the ruling party in order to allow the dominant ruler greater power. My ...
12
votes
4answers
2k views

Is there evidence Muslim soldiers fought in the Continental Army?

It is said that Muslims fought for the American Revolution, by serving in the Continental Army. Wikipedia cites a few names: Records from the American Revolutionary War indicate that at least a ...
8
votes
3answers
717 views

How did Germany claim self-defense in WW1?

WW1 broke out after a series of ultimatums and warnings against each other. However, I understand that every power claimed that the other powers were acting against its interests, and it was ...
5
votes
1answer
162 views

blowpipe vs machine gun and rifle in world war 2

If you check this documentary, you'll see that Borneo natives used blow pipes vs Japanese during 1944-1945. I find this sort of engagement fascinating, since the poison used in the blowpipe dart must ...
18
votes
17answers
13k views

Why does Europe have so few skyscrapers compared to East Asia?

The European Union has virtually no skyscrapers except the newly built 'The Shard' in London. There are also a series of newly-built state-funded skyscrapers in Moscow. On the other hand if you look ...
6
votes
1answer
327 views

Did genocide occur in the Football War?

In the Football War between El Salvador and Honduras, the El Salvador claimed that genocide had occurred in Honduras. However, was anybody actually prosecuted for these actions, or were these claims ...
2
votes
1answer
125 views

Was Charles V of France opposed to commoners learning?

Was Charles V opposed to commoners learning? If so, why? I read in the acknowledgement section of this book that "The Bibliothèque Nationale was extremely kind in allowing me to use its marvelous ...
3
votes
2answers
189 views

Which of Hitler's peers had no more education than him?

By "peers," I mean contemporary heads of state. By "no more education than him," I mean "no more than secondary education." (He dropped out of secondary school at a young age, but later finished). Two ...
9
votes
3answers
697 views

How many people were affected by the Golodomor [Famine-Genocide in Ukraine]

How many people were affected during the famine? Are there any sources for Soviet records on the Golodomor?
0
votes
2answers
136 views

What activity would convey the Burma railway & Hanoi Hilton POW project?

I am a junior in high school, and I have to give a large history exhibition at the end of the year. As my topic, I chose to compare the POW camps following the construction of the Burma railway during ...
1
vote
0answers
70 views

Historical Human Fecundity info?

I'm looking for information about the number of children a woman has over their life time. I get an average to be 5-7 or 10-12 with 1-2 or ~50% dying pre-puberty. What I'm looking for now is how ...
14
votes
3answers
643 views

Why were the Normans such good builders?

The Normans are a bunch of Vikings that settled in northern France, and within a century they were Christians speaking French. By 1066 they had become very experienced at fighting wars between ...
-2
votes
0answers
108 views

Aryan Invasion Theory propaganda or reality? [on hold]

I have recently viewed the video "Dr. P. Priyadarshi at IITK- History of Ancient India over last 1 lakh years" In it, he attempts to disprove the Aryan Invasion Theory, as well as show other ...
2
votes
4answers
11k views

Did the Romans ever encounter the Vikings?

Did the Romans ever scout Scandinavia for possible conquest? Or was trade ever done between them?
-4
votes
1answer
304 views

Question closed [closed]

Question was closed & was still receiving downvotes so i decided to delete it:)
-4
votes
0answers
35 views

Were/Is there any groups against the big stick ideology? [on hold]

Were there any notable groups against the big stick ideology popularized by Theodore Roosevelt.
3
votes
2answers
177 views

Did any Native Americans adopt a script from Europe (before being assimilated)?

As far as I know, no Native Americans developed their own written language. (Correct me if I'm wrong. There may have been some numeral systems, but that's all I'm aware of.) So now I'm wondering if ...
6
votes
2answers
568 views

John the Fearless: John I or John II? Can the French and the English agree?

I am comparing the English and French wikipedia articles about John the Fearless: The English article has him as "John II of Burgundy" while the French article says he's John I of Burgundy: https:/...
7
votes
2answers
334 views

Why did England and Portugal cheap out on the Battle of Aljubarrota?

One of the most important and famous battles in the Iberian Peninsula took place in Aljubarrota. There were two main parties: Castille (With Aragonian, French and Italian support) Portugal (With ...
10
votes
2answers
667 views

What was the third best-selling book in the antebellum US?

Uncle Tom's Cabin was the best-selling novel in antebellum America and the second best-selling book overall. The Bible, of course, was number one. Here's an insanely detailed rundown of UTC's sales ...
9
votes
6answers
423 views

Has a book ever caused the ousting of a dictator?

The new book, The Man Without a Face, by Masha Gessen is at least partially intended to humanize Russian leader Vladimir Putin in hopes that it will eliminate the power he appreciates by maintaining a ...
64
votes
7answers
18k views

Why didn't Germany blockade the Strait of Gibraltar during WW2?

The Strait of Gibraltar, at its narrowest point, is about 14 km wide. Why didn't Germany blockade it during WW2? It seems to me that only a handful of submarines and destroyers could do the job. Wasn'...
1
vote
3answers
214 views

What role (if any) did lend-lease equipment play in the Second Battle of El-Alamein?

I'm specifically thinking military materiel and its significance in the outcome of the Allied victory.
3
votes
1answer
137 views

What were the dimensions of the Lahitolle 95 mm cannon?

What were the dimensions of this gun? Specifically, I need to know the height, the width, and the length of the entire piece, not just the barrel.
5
votes
3answers
342 views

Why did Sweden and Norway become the vassals of Denmark?

In what area was Denmark more superior to those countries, so that it dominated them, such as military, trade, dynastic matters, political culture? How strong was the leadership of Denmark, and was it ...
8
votes
4answers
4k views

Why was spice trade so profitable in the 15th century?

During the 16th century, Portuguese captured Melaka to dominate the lucrative spice trade; other city states such as Aceh, Banten, Brunei and Pegu also sprung up by exporting and trading spices. ...
14
votes
2answers
631 views

What do historians do when there are no sources?

Historians rapidly come up against absence sources: the documentary record of the past is by its nature fragmentary, selective, partial and obtuse. What strategies do historians use when there are ...
20
votes
2answers
346 views

When did the use of fabricated speeches in historical works go out of fashion?

In his History of the Peloponnesian War, Thucydides includes a number of made up speeches based upon "what was called for in each situation". While this is frowned upon in modern histories, it seems ...
2
votes
2answers
166 views

How do numbered names work in history?

How do numbered names work, e.g. the "II" in William II? How come there are several people named William II? How come William II is also William III and William IV? What is the official name of this ...
0
votes
1answer
157 views

Who are reputable historians who study ancient Greece? [closed]

I was wanting to know reputable historians who specialize in Ancient Greek Civilization? For example, Bettany Hughes is one, but I would like to know some more.
17
votes
4answers
7k views

Why did some people need to pay a bond in the 1700s in order to get married?

This is more a genealogy question than a historical event but I couldnt think of anywhere else to ask it. (I hope it not off topic) In 1787 my Great (x6) Grandfather paid a bond of £200 the ...
-5
votes
0answers
51 views

Were there woman who gain success using man behind? [on hold]

My Question is quite opposite to this famous quote: There is always a woman behind every man's success Were there woman who gain success using man behind ?
13
votes
2answers
980 views

The value of spice trade during the age of exploration?

One of the initial motivations for the Europeans in sending exploration voyages was to find cheap spices. To be worth such expensive and risky mission, spices must have been worth a lot and must have ...
89
votes
9answers
18k views

Were there women who were against giving women the right to vote?

The TV show Sherlock prompted an interesting question about the historical role of women during the United Kingdom's road to women's suffrage. In the episode "The Abominable Bride" (set in Victorian ...
4
votes
4answers
1k views

How did British queens get power over kings despite a male-dominant society?

I am not a history guy. But, from what I have collected from movies, TV shows and people, I see that old British society was male-dominant and there were female rights issues too. But, I also see some ...
6
votes
1answer
167 views

What was the actual cause of the disaster for the Royal Navy’s battlecruisers in the Battle of Jutland?

During the Battle of Jutland (31 May 1916), the battlecruisers Invincible, Queen Mary, and Indefatigable exploded with only a few survivors; Lion was almost lost in a similar manner. This provoked the ...
3
votes
0answers
115 views

Is there a record of the times the nuclear brief case or it's russian counterpart have ever been actually opened?

So, it's a pretty simple question. When, and how many times has the nuclear brief-case or it's Russian counterpart ever been opened? Are there records of such things? Obviously, they've never been ...
3
votes
1answer
113 views

How harmful was the Tea Act of 1773 to the American colonies?

The Tea Act of 1773 was passed by the Parliament to rescue the East India Company. However, I read somewhere that it would have actually made tea cheaper everywhere in the Empire1. By this argument, ...
11
votes
3answers
868 views

Why did Russia inherit the USSR status as a permanent member of the UN Security Council with veto power?

Russian Federation was certainly the biggest component after the collapse of USSR. However, I don't quite understand why the very valuable geopolitical position as a permanent member of UN Security ...
5
votes
1answer
118 views

What was the role of Konstantin Rokossovsky during WW1?

The Wikipedia article is very poor in this subject: On joining the Kargopolsky 5th Dragoon Regiment, Rokossovsky soon showed himself a talented soldier and leader; he ended the war with the rank ...
2
votes
1answer
148 views

Were the English behind the creation of Belgium? [duplicate]

The other day I read an article in a printed newspaper which explained that the British had a tradition of trying to break any continental power (links to recent news is not a coincidence). Among the ...

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