-2
votes
1answer
69 views

Is this tale of WW2 true?

I heard this interesting dialog in Season 1 of Mad Men. You know how Hitler got Neville Chamberlain to give him everything at Munich? He held the conference at an old palace that forbade smoking. ...
4
votes
8answers
18k views

What were the long-term effects of Reconstruction in the South?

After the American Civil War, the South was in ruins and there was doubt about how the Southern states would treat newly freed slaves. So the US government instituted a 15-year policy known as ...
17
votes
4answers
7k views

What were the Nazi racial views on Hungarians and the Japanese?

Hungary and Japan were Nazi Germany's allies during WWII, yet it could not possibly be argued that the Japanese belong to the "Aryan race", and Hungarians speak a non-Indo-European language, which ...
4
votes
3answers
409 views

Did anything come from Sparta, besides fitness and war?

I am telling my daughter nighttime stories, mostly from History, and recently talked about Athens and Sparta. In my tales Athenian turned out to be well-rounded people, great at many things, ranging ...
3
votes
3answers
161 views

What were the origins of democracy?

I realize that many people say that Athens is where democracy started, but is there any solid proof that it was the first? On Wikipedia, it is stated that: there is evidence to suggest that ...
12
votes
3answers
1k views

What factors contributed to earlier democratic states failing?

Conventional wisdom says that democracy is the superior form of government. If this is true, then factors might have contributed to earlier democratic states like Athens in 500 BCE and the Roman ...
2
votes
2answers
87 views

How did Japan successfully conquer Vietnam (Southeast Asia) in WW2?

I've read the obvious wiki article (which is rather small), but did not really find an answer. At the end of the article, it says: To prepare for an invasion of the Dutch East Indies, some 140,000 ...
-2
votes
2answers
142 views

Why did leaders not respect diseases in their campaigns?

During military campaigns in the 19th century many soldiers died of diseases. Why did the military leaders not respect this the same way they respected the importance of supply to the army? Let me ...
1
vote
1answer
237 views

Wendell Phillips Quote that “Revolutions Never Go Backwards”

What did Wendell Phillips mean when he said, "Revolutions never go backwards."? I believe that Abraham Lincoln also used this quote as a means of promoting the Republican Party and anti-slavery ...
12
votes
2answers
2k views

How were books published in Ancient Greece?

Suppose I'm a contemporary of Aristotle, living in Athens, and I want to write a book on, say, philosophy or mathematics. I suppose I would start by writing out a complete manuscript on some form of ...
14
votes
3answers
2k views

How long would the average sword last in the middle ages?

Assuming normal wear and tear, how long before a knight had to replace his sword?
0
votes
0answers
69 views

Why is old rope made in a way so that it is twisted? [on hold]

When I see rope it is mostly twisted and not braided. I assume that some old rope is made from hair. Why is twisting a good technique for rope?
-5
votes
1answer
48 views

Who was the greatest mastermind, strategiest and thinker the world has ever producted? [on hold]

Who was greatest tactician, mastermind, strategist, thinker, planner, politician and heavily knowledgeable the world has ever produced ? I want to know the person in the history, which have all these ...
0
votes
2answers
163 views

Why didn't America “rent” parts of China? [on hold]

After the Opium War, Britain and France signed treaties with China that said they could establish "spheres of influence" over parts of China. Britain and France went this way, but why didn't America? ...
8
votes
4answers
2k views

Why did the Protestants in Ireland in the 1800s not want Home Rule?

I know there was conflict between Protestants and Roman Catholic nationalists due to their difference of opinion on Home Rule, but why would the protestants in Ulster and conservative party want to ...
-3
votes
0answers
61 views

Is there a similarity between Hitlers Enabling act and the Patriot act? [on hold]

After the Reichstag was burnt to the ground, the nazis killed the Dutch (alleged) communist Marinus van der Lubbe. Nowadays many people think it was a set-up to make all communists terrorists and the ...
7
votes
2answers
184 views

Why was Northern Ireland mostly peaceful from the late 1920s to the mid 1960s?

After a bloody civil war and partition in the 20s,northern Ireland had about 40 years of peace. This was despite the many grievances the Catholics had at that time. This resulted in violence in the ...
0
votes
2answers
158 views

I am trying to debunk this article on the stab-in-the-back myth

http://www.dailystormer.com/the-german-revolution-of-1918-and-the-stab-in-the-back-myth/ Among claims that need contex and checking: The Jewish Lord Rothschild used his connections with American ...
4
votes
2answers
327 views

How did the German royal families lose power so quickly in 1918? What happened to them afterwards?

Before 1918, Germany was a federal empire. According to this Wikipedia article, The German Empire consisted of 27 constituent territories, with most being ruled by royal families. This included ...
4
votes
0answers
54 views

What other courts were similar to Louis XIV of France's court in Versailles?

After reading about feudalism in the middle ages it became apparent that lords lived on their lands far away from the king and provided military services themselves in exchange for said lands. ...
15
votes
2answers
1k views

What was the original process for becoming a US citizen?

So it's 1789 and the US constitution has just come into force. Who is now a citizen of this new government? Were some granted citizenship automatically, or were there also forms to fill out and ...
11
votes
1answer
952 views

Where did the money come from to build the Colosseum?

Where did the money come from to finance the building of the Colosseum?
2
votes
2answers
85 views

When studying about the history of, say, Philippines, is it generally better to prioritize the works of Filipino Historians than foreign historians?

Understanding the local culture and language is an essential part of studying a country's history. Does this mean that the works of local scholars, generally speaking, deserves more attention than ...
19
votes
5answers
6k views

Why did Sun Tzu believe you shouldn't wait besides a river when eager to fight?

In Sun Tzu's Art of War, Chapter 9 (The Army on the March), Verse 5, Tzu says If you are anxious to fight, you should not go to meet the invader near a river which he has to cross. My thinking ...
2
votes
1answer
142 views

Looking for the 20th century painters on this t-shirt

I bought this t-shirt for a friend who is really into arts, but actually I don't know all the painters that are pictured on this shirt. Clock-wise, I recognize: René Magritte Edvard Munch Salvador ...
6
votes
3answers
259 views

Has there ever been a war between members of a personal union?

A personal union occurs when two otherwise independent states (each with their own territories, governments, etc.) come to share the same monarch. Has it ever come to pass that two member states of a ...
2
votes
2answers
164 views

What kinds of documents were forged in the middle ages and how common was forgery?

For example I was reading about the Privilegium Maius, and was wondering what other instances of document forging were there in the middle ages ?
5
votes
2answers
166 views

How did India become a founding member of the UN?

I was looking at the list of founding members of the United Nations, and I was surprised to see that India is in that list. India was a part of the British Empire in 1945 and became independent only ...
3
votes
1answer
106 views

Nazi-Germany unemployment?

It's said that the unemployment was virtually non-existent in Nazi Germany. What factors led to such a drastic reduction of unemployment? Are there comparable examples of other industrial nations ...
13
votes
4answers
1k views

Why did Baldwin of Boulogne proclaim Edessa a County, not a Kingdom?

[Edessa was] ruled by Thoros, who was officially a vassal of the Turks but in reality acted independently. He did not expect that situation to continue for very much longer without help, so he ...
-4
votes
2answers
168 views

Is there an instance where Rome adopted a weapon to win a war?

I thought I had read that Roman soldiers had adopted crossbows to defeat the Pythagoreans. However after Google and Wikipedia, I can't find support for this. Or was there some other example where the ...
5
votes
1answer
99 views

Who fixed new year's day as 25th March in 1155 CE

I have read that New year's day was fixed at Lady Day 25th March from 1155 until the reform in 1752, but I can't find out who fixed it and why, can anybody help? Responding to the comment by C.G. ...
8
votes
2answers
1k views

What does this Samurai crest mean?

Some years ago I was given something that I believe is called, in Japanese, a jubako. It's a multi-layered box and on the inside of the lid it features this crest: When searching for information on ...
3
votes
1answer
87 views

What did 'regular' medieval people think about royalty? [on hold]

During the Medieval times what was the general consensus of the common-people in regards to the King and his close associates? From a number of documentaries i have watched recently it looks like the ...
1
vote
1answer
89 views

What are the height units of contours on this WW2 topographic map?

What are the units seen on the contours and spot heights of this WW2 topographic map? I'm not sure if the map is of Russian or German origin: I've seen the same style and map symbols on Russian army ...
4
votes
2answers
204 views

Are there any accounts of German junior enlisted soldiers surviving the siege of Stalingrad and subsequent captivity?

When the German Sixth Army was surrounded at Stalingrad, there were something like 330,000 soldiers. Perhaps 91,000 survived the siege to surrender two and half months later, and of these, about 5,000 ...
0
votes
0answers
38 views

Alchemy: Combining Water and Fire Elements [on hold]

I am writing a paper about a novel's use of symbols. I would like to analyze one passage where it could be inferred that the classic elements of water and fire are being combined to create an infused ...
19
votes
8answers
7k views

Why weren't aircraft carriers utilized during D-day?

Why were aircraft carriers not used during and following D-Day? They could have added a great deal of range to the air support operations.
4
votes
1answer
84 views

Why is Hue's “Purple Forbidden City” so called?

Within the Imperial City complex in Huế, Vietnam, is a secondary citadel called in English the "Purple Forbidden City". (Or, per some sources, the "Forbidden Purple City.") According to my guide ...
4
votes
4answers
519 views

Where, exactly, was the “Sudetenland?”

In an early version of my earlier Skoda Works question, I placed the works in the "Sudetenland." A European protested that they were 250 kms. away from the Sudetes mountains, which he considered the ...
6
votes
1answer
390 views

How stable was the Middle East under Ottoman rule?

Since the outbreak of WWI, the Middle East has been a strategic area; many powers have vied for control. How stable was the region under Ottoman rule? Stable is, for the purposes of this question, ...
7
votes
1answer
104 views

Could any Habsburg kings of Hungary speak Hungarian?

From 1526 to 1918, Hungary was ruled by the Habsburgs. Could any of the Habsburg kings speak Hungarian, and if so, to what degree? I know that Sissi, the consort of Franz Joseph I, was particularly ...
12
votes
4answers
1k views

What did Richlieu mean by his “six lines” quote?

Cardinal Richelieu is frequently quoted as saying, If you give me six lines written by the hand of the most honest of men, I will find something in them which will hang him. What I've never seen ...
0
votes
1answer
160 views

Death by candle [on hold]

Many sources state that candles have been heavily used for light and timekeeping starting as early as 3000 BCE. Until electric lighting took over starting in the 19th century, candles and oil lamps ...
0
votes
4answers
199 views

Why did Gen. Lee (Civil War) surrender to the U.S?

I am sure, from different sources, that his men were willing to fight to the death, even if they were surrounded. Also, if they were willing to fight in the first place, because the issue was so ...
2
votes
2answers
974 views

What were the German “general” ranks in World War II?

The Anglo-American armies share ranks up to "full" (or four star) general. (The German army has ranks equivalent to those armies for non-general officers). The American army deviated from the English ...
2
votes
1answer
115 views

Why did Bierut threaten to murder families of those who did not join him?

My knowledge is very small on this. Boleslaw Bierut was a Polish Communist leader who became the President of Poland after the Soviet takeover of the country, in the aftermath of WW2 as Wikipedia ...
5
votes
3answers
241 views

What treatment did Allied Jewish POWs get when captured by the Germans?

According to Wikipedia, there were about 500,000 American Jews serving in the US forces during World War II, and another 500,000 Jews served other Allied nations. Some of these servicemen would have ...
34
votes
5answers
10k views

Why was the Japanese Army's fatalities inflicted:suffered ratio so low in the Pacific theatre?

Leaving aside the naval battles of the Pacific, why did the Japanese army do so poorly against allied forces (specifically United states and Australian forces) when on the defensive. While logistics ...

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