-3
votes
1answer
73 views

What were the deities that existed in Mecca before Mohammed's time? [on hold]

There were hundreds of religious idols of various deities in Mecca before the time of Mohammed. During his time, these idols were all destroyed. The justification given for their destruction was that ...
0
votes
1answer
5 views

Was Hitler “really” responsible for starting Word War II?

I have seen a lot of documentaries about Hitler and World Wars. I'm just being curious to know whether Hitler was the real source behind the "havoc" initiation or it was just due to "dirty politics". ...
0
votes
1answer
50 views

Who is this person?

I came across with the following picture, which is a little blurry and unclear. Unfortunately I couldn't find anything about it. Can anybody help me ?
-1
votes
0answers
25 views

Which had a healthier economy, the Roman Republic or the Roman Empire?

I'm interested in whether the Roman Republic or the Roman Empire had a better economy in each of their golden ages with respect to the people at large. Say, between 400 and 300 BC for the Republic and ...
-1
votes
0answers
14 views

Was the government of the Roman Republic or the Roman Empire wealthier?

I'm interested in whether the government Roman Republic or the Roman Empire was wealthier in each of their golden ages (the times they were most prosperous). Say, between 400 and 300 BC for the ...
2
votes
1answer
44 views

What percent of Sparta's population were citizens in various centuries?

I've found sources saying that Sparta's population was about 3% citizens, but obviously that number fluxed over time, and given that at one point the Spartan Empire was about 80% helots, it makes me ...
0
votes
0answers
9 views

What kind of political institutions existed in Sakai, Japan in medieval times?

I'm especially interested in what government bodies were elected and by who. Dates and sources for extra points.
-1
votes
0answers
46 views

Did the Roman Republic or the Roman Empire have a healthier economy? [on hold]

I'm interested in whether the Roman Republic or the Roman Empire had a better economy in each of their golden ages. I'm also interested in comparisons between both each Roman government, each set of ...
-1
votes
0answers
38 views

indentification of world war military items [on hold]

I have obtained a few old military items and I need help identifying them. These items are holsters, and ammo clip holders.
18
votes
6answers
2k views

Why were troops with bayonets often effective against enemy cavalry even though the bayonet was a “secondary” weapon?

The bayonet was introduced in the late 17th century as a knife (later a short sword) attached to a musket, to enable the musketeer to protect himself when reloading their single-shot weapons. As such, ...
0
votes
0answers
35 views

How could Roman Empire conquer whole Mediterranean after 2nd punic war in just 200 years? [on hold]

I know that after the victory over Hannibal, Rome was suddenly in control of Western Mediterranean Sea. But despite of the fact that it has lost huge numbers of soldiers, peasants, farmers, civilians ...
0
votes
0answers
25 views

What percent of the Roman Republic's population were citizens in various centuries?

Does anyone have any sources mentioning the percentages of citizens at various times, or the populations of citizens and corresponding total populations so I can calculate percents? I looked at dozens ...
4
votes
1answer
132 views

Computer business in 1969

Mad Men, season 7, episode 4, describes the computer business in 1969 as follows. IBM would lease computers to businesses, but would do so only for short leases, and would replace them with newer ...
2
votes
2answers
160 views

Magic armies examples in history?

Are there any examples of attempting to use magic in history? Note that I don't mean magic is real. I mean that some crazy commanders could THINK it is real and try to utilize it in battle. For ...
3
votes
1answer
90 views

Did any of these artists ever meet?

Leonardo da Vinci, Michaelangelo, Raffaello Sanzio da Urbino (Raphael) and Donato Bardi (Donatello) are some of the most prominent and influential artists of the Renaissance period. Three of the four ...
2
votes
1answer
214 views

Am I imagining this or did I just found one of the oldest “hidden” erotic artworks ever?

I was just wiki-walking around my country's (Netherlands) history when I stumbled upon this topic: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ger%C3%B0r She is the wife of the god Freyr, whom apparently the ...
1
vote
1answer
42 views

When was the first pentecostal church created?

When and where was the first pentecostal church created?
0
votes
0answers
30 views

Historical information about dustmen in Edwardian England

I'm helping a middle schooler who was assigned Shaw's Pygmalion. I found a nice write-up about flower girls but now I need something about dustmen. For example, why does Alfred Doolittle, dustman, ...
-1
votes
3answers
108 views

What does 'a long train' mean in the Declaration of Independence

As a child I always imagined a bunch railroad cars, yet from my understanding the railway system didn't really appear until the 1800's. And, if there was no steam engine to pull the cars, the only ...
0
votes
1answer
76 views

What was the first regular airline service to pass low over urban areas?

These days, living in a big city, it's a complete non-event to look up into the sky and see a plane passing overhead. It happens several times every day. Therefore it's quite amazing to thing that at ...
7
votes
1answer
195 views

How many citizens were in each of century of the Roman electoral system?

The Centuriate assembly (Comicia centuriata) was arguably the most important assembly of the Roman republic. It was in charge of electing consuls, praetors and censors, of voting laws, declaring war ...
0
votes
2answers
106 views

System of Government where the Same Family Cannot Inherit

I have been trying to find evidence of a system of government where one of the principles it works on would be to hinder the creation of effective political families (thereby allowing people to ...
12
votes
4answers
4k views

What prevented the Mongolian Empire from expanding into Europe?

The Mongolian Empire reached quite a vast extent according to the map below and leaders such as Genghis Khan seemed to defeat all their enemies consistently. Yet, the empire never extended into ...
4
votes
2answers
107 views

What was the first map of Antarctica having a shape based on real evidence?

Antarctica was the last continent to be discovered, and the first confirmed landfall was on January 24, 1895. However, most discussions of "early" world maps seem to peter out well before that, such ...
8
votes
4answers
452 views

I'm reading The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich. What should I watch out for?

I am currently reading William L. Shirer's The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich. I find it an interesting take on Nazi Germany, particularly with its emphasis on the viewpoints afforded by the Foreign ...
7
votes
1answer
126 views

During the American Civil War, were cavalry units issued horses?

When a cavalry unit was raised during the Civil War, were the men issued with horses or did they use their personal horse? For example, 1st Arkansas cavalry (Union) was a western unit made up ...
2
votes
2answers
172 views

Did von Manstein push for mass production of late models PzKpfw IV over Panther or Tiger?

I read this claim somewhere, but cannot possibly find the source of it - did Erich von Manstein prefer large numbers of medium tanks PzKpfw IV over small numbers of heavy tanks?
1
vote
1answer
95 views

How did ancient Dravidians tell the time?

Before the invention of clocks people used devices such as sundials, sandclock etc to know the time. Wikipedia gives you the measurements once used by south Indians (time,area, weight). My doubt is ...
3
votes
3answers
170 views

How Effective Were German SS Units Compared to Non-SS Heer Units?

As World War Two progressed, Hitler ordered the formation of more and more "SS" or "Schutzstaffel" divisions. I am aware that these units often had priority for reinforcements and supplies, but how ...
-1
votes
1answer
105 views

Which Union General identified the defensive value of Cemetery Hill?

Who was the first Union general to realize the significance of Cemetery Hill during the battle of Gettysburg (1863) as a defensive position: Buford, Reynolds, Howard, or Hancock? They each claim to be ...
-3
votes
0answers
155 views
6
votes
3answers
229 views

Why is there a statue of Francis Drake in Coquimbo, Chile?

The English buccaneer Sir Francis Drake had a rather hostile relationship with the Spanish Empire and its colonies, including Chile. As quoted in Wikipedia, [Francis Drake] sacked the port of ...
44
votes
11answers
12k views

Did the Soviets excel in one area of weaponry during World War II?

The Germans had some of the best machine guns and tanks during World War II. Likewise, the Americans had a big advantage with the M1 Garand (which Patton famously called "The greatest battle implement ...
1
vote
1answer
89 views

Did cakes exist before the discovery of sodium bicarbonate?

I recently learned that baking soda (sodium bicarbonate) was only discovered in the 19th century, which made me wonder - did cakes as we think of them exist before that?
1
vote
1answer
98 views

What was the motivation behind prohibiting hunting in King's forests?

One of the typical pop culture motifs surrounding the Merry Men stories is the concept of them poaching the game and being hunted by the Law (or at least, Wardens) for that. This seems rather ...
12
votes
2answers
2k views

When was France fully liberated?

Speaking of metropolitan France (the 'Hexagone' + Corsica), when was France fully liberated of German occupying forces at the end of World War II? We all know of the D-Day landings in Normandy in ...
13
votes
5answers
9k views

Which Confederate State provided the most troops in the American Civil War?

Of all the states that elected to secede during the American Civil War, which one had the largest number of citizens who actually fought for the Confederacy? I would also be interested if anyone could ...
6
votes
0answers
92 views

How much would votes sell for in early America?

I am reading an essay by Alfred F. Young right now in which the author mentions that Gouverneur Morris said of enfranchising those without property: Give the vote to people who have no property ...
67
votes
9answers
41k views

Why was Poland spared from the Black Death?

The featured image of the Wikipedia page for the Black Death is a gif showing the spread of the bubonic plague throughout Europe. There are a few places where the plague never spread to, including the ...
-3
votes
0answers
36 views

Struggling Icons and their dogs [on hold]

Is there a story of famous historical icons of the 20th Century that overcame immense struggle and adversity while owning a dog that may have helped them. Has anyone ever heard a story like that.
4
votes
1answer
440 views

PANDA Source Analysis

In History at school we learnt the PANDA method to analyse sources, to test for bias and authenticity. Purpose - What is the purpose for which the source was created? Was it to convert people to a ...
12
votes
9answers
1k views

Given Hitler's Austrian ancestry, why did he develop German nationalism rather than Austrian nationalism?

Hitler's parents were Austrians, and Hitler had spent his childhood in Austria. However, Hitler expressed loyalty only to Germany but not Austria. This seems strange to me. Why did Hitler develop ...
2
votes
1answer
73 views

Is the name of Askandra Village, Rajasthan related to Alexander the Great?

I did a wiki walk and ended up on this site: http://www.livius.org/articles/place/alexandria-on-the-acesines/ Which contains this line: "The town flourished; in Buddhist texts, it is called ...
0
votes
0answers
69 views

What gift did Saladin send to Richard when he was ill?

What gift did Saladin send to Richard when he was ill? This is a question I got asked in m H|W and I didn't find it. Please, can anyone help me?
11
votes
5answers
7k views

How widespread was the practice of chaining slave rowers to the ships?

In many historical paintings one can see slave rowers chained to the ships. I wonder whether this practice was indeed widespread? Were the chains permanent or allowed quick disconnection? Were the ...
-6
votes
0answers
29 views

Kipling's the white man's burden/Lin Zexu's Letter of Advice to Queen Elizabeth on Colonialism [on hold]

In which ways do Kipling’s The White Man’s Burden and Lin Zexu’s Letter of Advice to Queen Elizabeth relate to the problem of colonialism?
6
votes
3answers
767 views

Why did silver gain prominence in trade over gold in Early Medieval Europe?

After the Roman Empire's slow decline, and its withdrawal from much of northern Europe (France, Germany, Britain), gold coin use seems to have declined to the point where it would be a rare to see ...
-4
votes
1answer
110 views

Is it fair to say Napoleon was the most powerful man on earth? [on hold]

In 1805 when Napoleon Bonaparte was Emperor of France is it fair to say that he was the most powerful man in the world? I believe United Kingdom had the largest economy and fleet but not the greatest ...
4
votes
1answer
7k views

What evidence supports the claim that Shivaji's father was Muslim?

Professor James Laine wrote a biography of an Indian historical figure named Shivaji. The book was outlawed for a number of years but later the Supreme Court of India unbanned it. There are various ...
4
votes
0answers
72 views

Who where the firefighters in Muslim North Africa in the 18th/19th Century and how were they organized?

As we know that the Romans already had some forces for keeping their cities secured and safe: The Vigiles who were what we now may call police and firefighters together! And as I failed to find some ...

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