0
votes
0answers
1 views

What were conditions like for Chinese men subject to recruitment by the army during the Second Sino-Japanese War and Chinese Civil War?

In several accounts, it is claimed that conditions of men being recruited by the Chinese army were comparable to those in Nazi death camps. Are such accounts hyperbolic or largely accurate? Thunder ...
5
votes
4answers
157 views

Why were Austria-Hungary's Slavic minorities put into multinational states?

From the perspective of the post-Cold War generation that saw Czechoslovakia and Yugoslavia break up over ethnic squabbles (peacefully in the case of the former, acrimoniously in the case of the ...
16
votes
4answers
7k views

What events led to the fall of the Zhou Dynasty during the Warring States period?

The title above is fairly broad, so more specifically, what specific events led to the Warring States period experienced towards the end of the Western Zhou Dynasty in ancient China? As the lineage ...
13
votes
3answers
202 views

How did the “Standard Model” physics theory get that name?

I want to know how the Standard Model theory got such "generic" name. (I've made this question in Physics StackExchange, but it was considered off-topic, and someone suggested to reask it here.)
1
vote
1answer
138 views

Did the cold war affect the development of the internet?

What were the influence of the Cold War in the internet origin or their development. Did DARPA's support of the creation of the internet explicitly address cold war fears? The cold war was the ...
1
vote
0answers
16 views

How close did the French come to digging a canal across the Isthmus of Kra in the 1880s?

Ferdinand de Lesseps is known to history as the man who pushed through the construction of the Suez Canal in the 1860s. Later (from 1880 onward) he led an attempt to dig a canal through Panama, but ...
8
votes
4answers
4k views

Lion in the european monarchies' flags

I recently found out that most of the European monarchies have the same kind of lion in their flag. As you can see it is a lion with a strange long tongue: Netherlands United Kingdom Prince of ...
1
vote
1answer
345 views

Origin of Khans?

I live in India where lots of Muslims are Khans. I know about Genghis Khan who was not a Muslim but a Khan. So is their any relation between Khans like Genghis Khan (or Mongols) and current Khans?
10
votes
3answers
132 views

What was the internal Soviet reaction to the moon landing?

The Soviet Union was a famously restrictive place when it came to news and ideological spin, and obviously their attitude toward the United States was less than supportive and warm. The Space Race ...
3
votes
1answer
51 views

Did Japan use reconnaissance balloons in WWII?

I have heard that Japan had used reconnaissance balloons in WWII, especially in China as the Chinese lacked air power and effective anti-air weaponry. I know that balloons - airships to be precise - ...
1
vote
1answer
24 views

Pre-WW2 location of Skalat

Was Skalat on the border between Poland and USSR before WW2? Is there a pre-WW2 map with Skalat? I am trying to confirm information from a 90-year old who reportedly crossed the former border between ...
12
votes
4answers
711 views

Was the Italian campaign a strategic mistake?

Background In September 1943, the Allied forces invaded Southern Italy in combined amphibious operations in Reggio di Calabria (Operation Baytown), Salerno (Operation Avalanche) and Taranto ...
-1
votes
0answers
16 views

A good pop-history book on the Wild West [on hold]

Good day. I hope I make sense, when I ask this, and that the subject is not too broad. I would like to ask for a good book (or another source) about the wild west. (The Froniter? I am not even sure ...
5
votes
3answers
276 views

Where was the Japanese surrender signed on Okinawa in June 1945?

On the 21st of June, Japanese defences on the southern fringe of Okinawa collapsed. The following day General Mitsuru Ushijima and chief of staff Isamu Chō committed suicide. Colonel Yahara was denied ...
0
votes
1answer
31 views

Semiactive large volcanos that regularly erupt in the middle of nowhere? [on hold]

Which volcanoes (not oceanic) are historically semi active and considered large and regularly erupt and are in the middle of areas with no population?
1
vote
0answers
30 views

Where were they ecoshapping and were condemned by the UN

I remember an article from some time in the past about an american/canadian indian tribe which sank an iron rich ship in their lake or inlet to the ocean in order to increase the amount of fish. I ...
2
votes
1answer
32 views

What computer was used in 1958 for handwriting recognition by Dimond?

I've just seen that the article Dimond, T. L. "Devices for Reading Handwritten Characters". Papers and Discussions. Presented at the December 9-13, 1957, Eastern Joint Computer Conference: ...
1
vote
0answers
19 views

Etymology of Pine Street in San Francisco

In San Francisco, California, what is Pine Street named after? Wikipedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Etymologies_of_place_names_in_San_Francisco and other internet sources about SF street naming do ...
0
votes
3answers
90 views

Besides Crecy and Poitiers, in what battle was the Longbow the decisive weapon?

I am looking for the Longbow itself being the decisive weapon, not the Longbow men, as was the case in Agincourt. This could mean some significant disadvantages to the enemy, including things like: ...
11
votes
6answers
1k views

What does it mean that the early supreme court “gave themselves” the power of judicial review?

I'm watching the "Crash Course: American History" youtube series, and I like, it, but it obviously skips over a ton because it's packing decades at a time into 10 minutes. So he just (briefly) ...
7
votes
2answers
873 views

What did the word 'unconstitutional' mean to Americans prior to the Revolution?

I'm reading about the Townshend Acts on Wikipedia, and it says that the American colonists rejected any taxation because it was unconstitutional. Were they referring to a specific document, like the ...
3
votes
2answers
516 views

Did syphilis, polio, hepatitis, and encephalitis come to general world from the Americas?

This site asserts that syphilis, polio, hepatitis, and encephalitis come to general world from the Americas but I am unable to prove that statement could someone confirm or deny it?
-1
votes
0answers
37 views

APUSH — Identities of Indigenous Peoples [on hold]

How did the identities of colonization and indigenous American societies change as a result of contact in the Americas?
1
vote
0answers
59 views

Have economic sanctions prevented or inhibited wars? [on hold]

The current escalation of armed conflicts and the complex geopolitical landscape keeps me thinking on how to avoid future wars. The only long term definitive solution I could think of is replacing ...
13
votes
3answers
953 views

Was the location of the 180° line of longitude coincidence or deliberately chosen?

This question on Politics.SE asks about the alignment of maps, and got two answers. The first (mine) says the split through the Bering Strait was chosen for practical reasons, the second says that ...
2
votes
1answer
65 views

Did Marco Polo write about or bring back fireworks from his travels?

I have read a lot of anecdotal accounts claiming that Marco Polo was "impressed" with fireworks he saw in Cathay, and other stories that he "brought back fire crackers" or "introduced gunpowder" to ...
1
vote
0answers
28 views

Why is the Stamp Act of 1765 known as a “direct tax?”

I'm not exactly sure where to put this question... I am trying to figure out the difference between "direct" and "indirect" taxes in the context of some historical taxes I'm learning about in an ...
2
votes
2answers
98 views

What was the official attitude to Cromwell after the Glorious Revolution?

Under the restored Stuarts, obviously, Cromwell was vilified. Actually, his exhumed head was publicly displayed on a pike for more than 20 years during their rule (wikipedia devotes a separate article ...
3
votes
1answer
196 views

How were middle ranking Nazis known to the allies before the end of the war?

According to Hanns and Rudolf by Thomas Harding near the end of WW2 the allies created a large database ... known as CROWCASS, of war criminals which they intended to target once victory was achieved. ...
9
votes
7answers
982 views

What legal or moral mechanism ensured Stalin's grip on power? [on hold]

TL;DR version: How tyrants hold power, in general, and how did Stalin? I mean, for example, Hitler was voted (the "enabling bill") as the absolute ruler of Germany and his will became legally law ...
4
votes
1answer
70 views

What were the Japanese defenses for an allied invasion of Kyushu?

At Iwo Jima, Okinawa, and other island bases of the Japanese forces, the Japanese created a network of deep tunnels and bunkers that made US attempts to evict Japanese forces extremely difficult, time ...
2
votes
2answers
117 views

Has feudalism been a programmed event for nations in the past?

I can't help but notice that when a kingdom/empire/nation reaches a certain level of development, they seem to change their administration to feudalism. Europe, Japan and China are examples of what I ...
2
votes
2answers
112 views

Why was the Battle of Noryang fought?

In the Battle of Noryang, the combined navy of Chosun (Korean kingdom) and Ming (China) tried to prevent the Japanese from making a safe retreat. But considering the fact that the Koreans or the ...
-7
votes
2answers
97 views

The Chronology Challenge: earliest verifiable date of a historical event? [on hold]

If we go backwards in time using verifiable dates, what is the earliest event which can be associated with a specific day without question? I am most interested in answers that actually show the ...
10
votes
4answers
374 views

Did the Roman Empire extend as far north as the Romans could grow wine?

I've heard (in an interview with German biologist Josef Reichholf) the argument that the Romans extended their empire as far north as they could grow their wine. A first glimpse at the map suggests ...
4
votes
4answers
335 views

At what point did Soviet armored units have qualitative parity with Wehrmacht armored units?

Was the T-26 a match for the Panzer II,III, and IV in the early stages of Barbarossa? The T-34 has been given a lot of credit as the tipping point where Soviet technology created a weapons platform ...
2
votes
3answers
345 views

Was Hitler hostile to anglo-saxons before he became hostile to Jews?

The German daily FAZ recently ran a positive review of Irish historian Brendan Simms' article Against a ,World of Enemies‘: The Impact of the First World War on the Development of Hitler’s Ideology in ...
8
votes
2answers
750 views

How much was the wealthy elite harmed by the Bolshevik revolution?

One of the stated benefits of communism is supposed to be that the property of the extremely wealthy will be seized and redistributed. However, a common criticism states that the extremely wealthy ...
2
votes
2answers
253 views

Is this Brzezinski quote real?

Various Russian websites attribute to Brzezinski the following quote: The new world order under U.S. hegemony was created against Russia at the expense of Russia and on the ruins of Russia. I ...
77
votes
27answers
15k views

Why did Hitler attack the Soviet Union when he was still busy fighting the United Kingdom?

This has always bothered me. Everyone knows that having to fight on two opposite fronts at once is bad... and it's also a well known fact that every European country which tried to invade Russia has ...
1
vote
1answer
192 views

How and Why Did the Soviet Union Collapse? [closed]

How did the Soviet Union collapse? (Collapse meaning loss of central power over its member states who declared their independence.) Was it economic, and to what extent? Was it Ronald Reagan and ...
7
votes
4answers
307 views

The practice of translating foreign monarch's or noble's name

In history texts, past foreign monarchs are normally referred to by the English version of their name, e.g. Francis I (not François), Charles V (not Carlos, Karel, or Karl), Phillip II (not Felipe). ...
-3
votes
1answer
109 views

He's whiter than you Hitler [closed]

Hitler famously looked alot like the Orthodox Jews which persecuting. He may have been related to some of them if DNA research done among his relatives is correct. My question is how did Hitler deal ...
1
vote
0answers
48 views

How did people from pre-industrialization era perceive “success in life”? [closed]

My assumption is that the industrial revolution had contributed to the current generally-held understanding of "success in life": go to prestigious university, get a good job, make good money. Now, ...
-1
votes
0answers
30 views

What where the causes and consequences of the Spanish armada [closed]

Why did it start? and what consequences did it have for both England and Spain?
21
votes
5answers
3k views

Where did Medieval Europe's gold come from?

Medieval Europe processed copious amounts of gold into religious artifacts, jewelry and of course gold coins, as evidenced by the large number of those that survive to this day. Given that today, no ...
-1
votes
1answer
87 views

What was the role of U.S. involvement in World War II? [closed]

I recently read the book 1945 by Newt Gingrich and Harry Turtledove, where the premise is that Hitler got injured, and his advisers chose to wait to attack Russia until winning on the western front, ...
3
votes
1answer
40 views

PANDA Source Analysis

In History at school we learnt the PANDA method to analyse sources, to test for bias and authenticity. P urpose - What is the purpose for which the source was created? Was it to convert people to a ...
1
vote
1answer
36 views

What is the difference between a typescript and manuscript? [closed]

I'm looking through a finding guide that uses a few abbreviations (Ts [typescript], Ms [manuscript], Tss [typescript signed], AMs [autographed (written by author) manuscript], AMss [autographed ...
4
votes
1answer
76 views

Once formed, could a Confederate militia company find replacements to remain an effective force? How?

As I understand it, Confederate militia companies were formed of 100 men recruited at the beginning of the war often from within the same county. Disease, battle losses and desertions obviously took ...

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