1
vote
0answers
23 views

What sort(s) of identification were used before driver's licenses were issued in the US?

In the United States, before driver's licenses became a nearly universal means of identification (i.e., before autos), what form of identification was routinely used? For example if one was arrested, ...
-1
votes
2answers
44 views

At what point in time did Judaism become popular? [Pre Christianity]

When did Judaism become popular in the ancient world, and what caused it to spread faster at that point in time? (ex: Christianity had its spread assisted by Emperor Constantine in the Roman Empire)
1
vote
0answers
27 views

Design : nostalgia of the past during the interwar period?

While studying the history of design, I have found a document (FR) that states that during the interwar period, people were both attracted by technology and nostalgic of the past, but I can't find any ...
2
votes
0answers
16 views

Why did Uesugi Kenshin never marry? Was it common practice for Japanese Buddhists of the time?

It seems that the famed Sengoku-era lord Uesugi Kenshin never married anybody in his life because he was a devout Buddhist. This seems highly unusual, considering Japanese Buddhists at that time seem ...
1
vote
0answers
70 views

Did Hitler really keep the blueprints of the current Nebraska state Capitol building in the drawer of his desk?

I recently stumbled upon an article in the now-defunct lit mag Black Table in which the author establishes the un-cited claim that Hitler had designs on making Lincoln, Nebraska the new headquarters ...
-5
votes
0answers
40 views

How involved are Jews involved in Multiculturalism and why? [on hold]

I was accused by white supremacists that my people (Jews) are to blame for multiculturalism and by extension white genocide. There are ugly articles like these and these that expound such ...
1
vote
1answer
40 views

Does written language change language more than oral tradition?

I'm not sure if this is a right forum, but I didn't find better from SE. I wonder if it is researched how much development of writing systems affects to language compared to languages that are not ...
3
votes
4answers
290 views

Did the Romans ever encounter the Vikings?

Did the Romans ever scout Scandinavia for possible conquest?Or was trade ever done between them?
3
votes
1answer
40 views

Place and/ or plane identification

I am trying to identify both the place and the type of plane in this photograph. My father is inthe centre middle row (William Bone), who as far as I know stayed around Leeds during the war - I ...
0
votes
0answers
34 views

Can anyone help Australian Actress ID her Grandfather? [on hold]

Australian actress Toni Collette is trying to identify her grandfather from a photograph of a man in a US Navy uniform. The US Dept Vet Affairs said: "An Australian TV show contacted us to see if we ...
6
votes
1answer
41 views

Were Korean and Tibetan rulers ever styled as 'sons of heaven'?

Chinese dynasts adopted the term "Son of Heaven" or "Son of [the god] Tian" (天子) during the early Zhou period around the turn of the 1st millennium BCE, and continued using it until the overthrow of ...
0
votes
2answers
47 views

British royal titles for regions not in Britain

Royal titles for the British aristocracy seem to be associated with regions within Britain, particularly England; such as the Duke of Cambridge or the Princess of York. Were there ever royal titles ...
-4
votes
0answers
16 views

Is this article on Leo Frank Accurate? [on hold]

Warning, long and antisemitic: http://theamericanmercury.org/2013/04/100-reasons-proving-leo-frank-is-guilty/
-1
votes
2answers
89 views

Why and how were the Mongols able to invade Russia successfully?

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mongol_invasion_of_Rus%27 The campaign was heralded by the Battle of the Kalka River in 1223, which resulted in a Mongol victory over the forces of several Rus' ...
2
votes
0answers
31 views

Did any Antarctic expeditions use coal? [on hold]

During the "Heroic Age" of Antarctic exploration (roughly 1890 to 1920), did any expeditions use coal as a fuel or heat source? Comparing the success and failure of different expeditions, methods of ...
0
votes
1answer
94 views

Has a government ever been elected with the full 100% of the votes?

In recent history, many Dictatorships have been elected with unbelievable results. For example Al Sisi in Egypt with 96,6 % of the votes, or Abd al-Rab Mansur al-Hadi in Yemen with 99,8%. I would ...
0
votes
2answers
97 views

When was the first secular society?

When was the first attempt to create a secular society? (a society that was intentionally separate from religion). Was the French Revolution the first to discard religion as an legitimizing force and ...
-2
votes
0answers
56 views

Which civilization is the first to know about the existence of the Arctic circle? [on hold]

Are there any ancient peoples who discovered the Arctic circle, similar to the discovery of the equator?
5
votes
2answers
109 views

Can a source be considered 'primary' if it is not written by an eyewitness and partly based on another source?

The example I have in mind is Luke's Gospel, but the question is not about that source in particular, I'm interested in the terms 'primary' and 'secondary' in the technical sense they would be used by ...
3
votes
1answer
113 views

Did a German Jew in the US Army save his home district from bombing?

While visiting the Old Town of Düsseldorf, the guide told us that this district (now one of the most expensive places in Germany) was saved from WW2 bombings by a Jewish man who used to live there. He ...
3
votes
2answers
180 views

Did anything come from Sparta, besides fitness and war?

I am telling my daughter nighttime stories, mostly from History, and recently talked about Athens and Sparta. In my tales Athenian turned out to be well-rounded people, great at many things, ranging ...
2
votes
1answer
124 views

How late where plumed helmets and muscle cuirasses used by Roman/Byzantine soldiers?

According to the osprey book Byzantine Imperial Guardsmen by Raffaele D’Amato, Byzantine imperial guardsmen where known to have worn muscle cuirasses and also plumed helmets. Its gotten me curious ...
4
votes
1answer
119 views

High-altitude naval bombing in World War II

When reading through Wikipedia's articles on naval battles of World War II, you'll often encounter sentences like the following: Also during this time, several U.S. B-17 heavy bombers attacked the ...
0
votes
0answers
22 views

The conquest of Constantinople in 1453 triggered the search for alternative trade routes thus the new world? [duplicate]

I once watched on the history channel that The conquest of Constantinople in 1453 by the Ottoman Empire triggered a search for alternatives routes for spice trade to india, thus triggering the ...
3
votes
2answers
126 views

How were blacks excluded from juries in the US southern states in the 1930s?

As I am in the process of re-reading Harper Lee's To Kill a Mocking Bird, I did a bit of elementary research on the subject of jury selection in Alabama. I discovered that in the Scottsboro boys case ...
-2
votes
0answers
42 views

Weapons of Mass Destruction [on hold]

I read in the book Prisoner's Dilemma by William Poundstone that the Atomic bomb was not the first weapon created with such fear of mass destruction. The book cites the example of the armor-piercing ...
-1
votes
0answers
53 views

The Oldest Joke: Which Source is True(r)? [on hold]

I wanted to find out what the oldest recorded joke is, so I did some searching. In the end, I found two sources: an article from the free online edition of Smithsonian Magazine from 2008 February, and ...
2
votes
2answers
149 views

Why was the arrival of the Hindenburg considered newsworthy?

Obviously, no one expected that the Hindenburg would explode during the mooring process, so it the expectation would have been that a passenger aircraft was going to arrive, the passengers would ...
-2
votes
0answers
44 views

What is the relationship between Feminism and the French Revolution? [closed]

Are feminism and the French revolution related to one another?
16
votes
5answers
4k views

Why didn't China assist in the Vietnam War like they did in Korea?

In the Korean War (1950 - 1953), China sent in about 1 million troops fairly quickly and actually fought the American and UN forces. In the Vietnam War (1950's - 1975), the only Chinese assistance I ...
13
votes
2answers
2k views

Korean DMZ Soldiers

The recent news about the Koreans got me intrigued so I looked up images of the DMZ and it got me wondering... Here's an image: Why do the South Koreans stand the way they do? Why do the North ...
5
votes
2answers
95 views

Getae, Dacians, and Goths

Are the Dacians and the Getae the same people? When Caesar and Trajan refer to their enemies above the Danube, do they refer to the same people or different people? Furthermore, how do Goths fit in? ...
4
votes
2answers
545 views

What evidence connects Aaron Kosminski to Jack the Ripper?

I realize that in 2014, a writer claimed to have solved the Jack the Ripper case naming Aaron Kosminski as the ripper. Although many seem to dispute the claim that DNA evidence linked Kosminski to ...
0
votes
1answer
63 views

Are there any shorter works approaching the breadth of Durant's “The Story of Civilization”? [closed]

Is there a survey of human history that approaches the breadth of Durant's "The Story of Civilization" that is less than 11,000 pages (i.e. that wouldn't require a lifetime of study)? I'm not a ...
1
vote
1answer
148 views

Oh the humanity!

I notice that during the legendary on-the-spot broadcast (and resulting newsreel) of the Hindenburg disaster in 1937 features the exclamation from the broadcaster "Oh, the humanity!". Is this the ...
-4
votes
1answer
77 views

According to game theory would Germany's post 1939 expansionism have provided the optimal economic benefits? [closed]

using Game theory only : Did implementation of economic polices pre 1939 reached a point that the optimal economical benefits would have been maintained/obtained by war? If no what were the game ...
15
votes
3answers
2k views

What was this small state in the south of France in 1789?

On wikipedia I came across the following rough political map of Europe in 1789: To my surprise there seems to be a small state enclaved in the south of France, circled in the picture. I have no ...
4
votes
2answers
409 views

Why wasn't the Free City of Lübeck ever restored?

There is a long history of free imperial cities having extra privileges within the Holy Roman Empire. Many cities in contemporary Germany, Switzerland, Austria and Italy were former free imperial ...
-1
votes
0answers
64 views

Why does this site not allow mythologies [closed]

Mythologies show a change in power and or a integration and/or assimilation and/or adoption of immigrant culture and/or religion especially in ancient civilizations, so why does this site not allow ...
1
vote
1answer
145 views

Is this true that the Russian economy was efficient during war II? [closed]

During the second world war (You remember, the one that America was briefly involved in), the USSR’s “russian system” recovered from being devastated by the advancing Germans, and using a ...
-6
votes
0answers
73 views

Was Germany's post 1939 expansionism necessitated by essentials needs? [closed]

Edit: Consider two countries colonizing continent C, when all the countries in continent C are colonized by A and B, there are 2 possible paths: Stop colonizing, this is the only possibility without ...
4
votes
2answers
251 views

Why did Argentina invade the Falkland when they did, rather than waiting for the pending sale of the UK aircraft carriers to complete first?

At the time of the Argentina invasion, the UK was the process of selling its aircraft carrier and reducing its naval capacity. If Argentina had waited a short time, it would have been much harder ...
0
votes
1answer
37 views

Why and how did the CIA/OSS support non-communist French trade unions after WWII?

Why and how did the CIA/OSS support non-communist French trade unions after the WWII?
10
votes
4answers
1k views

What benefits were there to the USA of developing both Uranium and Plutonium bombs in World War 2?

Clearly there was a large cost both in money and resources. Working on both very likely slowed down the production of the first nuclear bomb.
21
votes
6answers
3k views

By mid-1945, was Japan capable of maintaining the war even in the absence of further direct American attacks? [closed]

The USA went to a great effort to defeat Japan, but do historians regard it as necessary? For example if the USA had just kept the naval action going to the extent of cutting of all shipping to ...
1
vote
1answer
183 views

What did the Japanese believe about the USA capability of making/using additional atomic bombs?

Clearly the Japanese believed that if they did not surrender another atomic bomb would be used on them. However how soon did they believed this would happen? And how many atomic bombs did they ...
1
vote
2answers
113 views

Why and how did George V give titles to his generals over lands that he did not possess?

Edward Allenby was given the title Viscount Allenby, of Megiddo and of Felixstowe in the County of Suffolk. Megiddo lies in Israel, it was outside British possessions, although it was controlled by ...
-4
votes
0answers
32 views

Were Thomas Edison and Guglielmo Marconi either Freemasons themselves or involved in some way with Freemasonry?

I just watched a little documentary on Nikola Tesla, and it occurred to me that perhaps the Freemasons were involved with what happened to Mr. Tesla. It has already been proven that several ...
6
votes
1answer
222 views

Which Roman emperor destroyed a weaving machine?

A slave created a revolutionary weaving machine which needed many less slaves to produce fabrics. The machine was so amazing that it was presented to the Emperor of Rome himself. That emperor was very ...

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