-2
votes
0answers
10 views

Undemocratic systems that came out of democratic systems without violence

Thinking about the rising power which multinational corporations gain over national governments, I've been debating with a friend on how democratic systems like in the US or most EU nations could be ...
0
votes
0answers
27 views

How did people categorize each other in the middle ages, how did racism work?

I'm interested in the european high middle ages, about the 12th-13th century. I'm trying to understand how people sorted each other. Nowadays, some overlapping categories people use would be: ...
1
vote
0answers
26 views

What were common reasons people attended executions in mid 1930s.?

In The Green Mile movie (1999) the main character is a guardian in jail and performs death penalty executions. One can see that on such executions some external people come to watch (as "external" I ...
3
votes
1answer
280 views

How did historians sync up historical dates of different cultures?

How do people know, say, that some specific event happened in China 1200 BC? Or the Mayans did something in AD 150? Back then, didn't they all use a different calendar system?
1
vote
1answer
41 views

Was hitchhiking common in Ancient Rome?

I am writing a story about a soldier who survived from an ambush and he hide several days.then he walked to a village, While he is on the way(walking on a road) he saw a caravan ... so my question is ...
0
votes
0answers
33 views

Were students punished for mocking the Japanese national anthem? [on hold]

During the Japanese occupation of Singapore, are there any records of students being punished for mocking the Japanese national anthem? Was there any law/regulation/policy that penalized such an act? ...
0
votes
0answers
42 views

Are there reports of Nazi scientists vomiting at the sight of Japanese medical experiments? [on hold]

Michael Oh, a missionary to Japan who I just wrote about in an answer on SE, has claimed on multiple occasions that: Nazi scientists who visited Japanese medical experimentation facilities vomited ...
2
votes
0answers
56 views

When did lecherousness, in Western Culture, become a primarily male quality, instead of a female one? Or is that not true? [on hold]

When did lecherousness, in Western Culture, become a primarily male quality, instead of a female one? According to TvTropes: I'm a Man, I Can't Help It: Very much Newer Than They Think. In ...
-1
votes
0answers
22 views

trying to find info about us army pw stockade rodheim germany

My wife has pictures from a relative that was stationed in Rodheim, Germany in 1947. I would like to know his unit or any anything that will give me insight on what that base was all about. I have ...
4
votes
1answer
62 views

Why was Northern Ireland mostly peaceful from the late 1920s to the mid 1960s?

After a bloody civil war and partition in the 20s,northern Ireland had about 40 years of peace. This was despite the many grievances the Catholics had at that time. This resulted in violence in the ...
22
votes
4answers
2k views

When and why did having long hair become associated with women, and short hair with men?

It's obvious that having short or long hair is an identity sign for men and women respectively, more or less worldwide. I wonder why something like this happened, though. Maybe it was a way to ...
4
votes
0answers
66 views

Does the reversal of the ribbon on a military medal (South Africa / UK; WWII) carry meaning or is it simply an error?

My father was showing me his father's WWII medals for service in the South African military. Having found images depicting the official order of wear I noticed that some had reversed ribbons. I ...
-1
votes
0answers
39 views

When did Jews achieve total emancipation in Britain? [on hold]

I have read something which says that despite the Relief Acts in 1846 and 1858 Jews did not obtain full emancipation until 1890. Even though this opened up all positions to British Jews except ...
-3
votes
2answers
82 views

Why didn't the ancient Egyptians conquer an empire? [on hold]

If we look for example to Romans and Greeks we will find that they had great empires, they invaded a lot of countries and established civilizations outside their countries. Why didn't ancient ...
-3
votes
0answers
48 views

What is the difference between SAM, ASM, AAM and SSM missiles? [on hold]

Aside from where it's launched from and where it's going, of course. I mean, they're all missiles. Why don't just use the same missile to attack surface and air? Perhaps, their 'ingredients'? Thanks. ...
3
votes
0answers
55 views

What was the reaction to English monarchs using the title “King of France”?

After the Hundred Years War (or "wars") the English had been wiped off France, but English monarchs kept using their official title "King of France". As I understand, this was to legalize their claims ...
4
votes
1answer
84 views

Need help interpreting “silver” hallmark - 1706?

I'm looking for some assistance in interpreting the silver hallmark in the image below. EPNS tells us it's not real silver, could 1706 really be the true date with that in mind? What does the ...
0
votes
0answers
78 views

What is known about the censuses taken by Augustus? [on hold]

What is known of census' taken in Imperial Rome? Are there any remaining records of them? How were they conducted and for what purpose? Wikipedia refers to the Census of Quirinius, although it ...
1
vote
2answers
147 views

How did Napoleon I succeed in France despite his shortcomings in French?

TL;DR. My question: The following sources onfirm that despite Napoleon's industry and perseverance, he never refined his French to the level of a native fluent speaker. So how did he succeed in ...
0
votes
0answers
56 views

Which gender had the words for social roles in ancient gaulish? [on hold]

I would like to know which gender had the words for social roles in ancient celtic languages. To give a very specific example, I would be very interested by knowing how to refer: to a female and to ...
-3
votes
0answers
65 views

Who are some preferably American “Great People” who were born to rich parents? [closed]

I need to know the names of three Great Americans (Ie, George Washington, Benjamin Franklin, Henry Ford, the Wright Brothers, etc) who were born to rich parents who lived between the 1800's to 1950's. ...
1
vote
2answers
135 views

Why weren't Baden, Würtemberg and Bavaria independent states ever restored? [closed]

The southern german states of Baden, Würtemberg and Bavaria were independent states until 1871. Their historical background is quite different from the northern Germany which was dominated by Prussia ...
-1
votes
3answers
97 views

What is the reason of Mongol Empire success conquering that huge territory?

I found out that Mongol Empire had around 100,000 soldiers on the field. Most of them were cavalries and they had great battle tactics. Isn't that figure however a bit low to conquer and control ...
7
votes
2answers
525 views

How did galleys battle?

Until the late 16th century, galleys were the main battleships. They were then started to be replaced by larger galleons, as the galleons could carry much bigger cannons with the developed technology. ...
2
votes
2answers
88 views

Was there a battle were Russians forces rallied around a religious icon to achieve victory?

I remember on my last visit to Moscow, there was an incredible art piece where a group of priests carrying orthodox icons are surrounded by soldiers with spears and swords. I remember the legend ...
0
votes
1answer
43 views

What event best represents the long struggle for equality for African Americans? [closed]

I'm thinking about writing a short book about the civil rights movement in the U.S. I want the first chapter of the book to recount some event (between when the first African slaves arrived in America ...
1
vote
2answers
92 views

Who was the highest ranking spy ever? [closed]

I wonder who was the highest ranking government official working knowingly and clandestinely for a foreign government. Two nominations are possible: Traitors A citizen of country X working ...
2
votes
0answers
25 views

Presidents of the French Tribunate from 1799 to 1807

who were the presidents of the French Tribunate from 1799 to 1807? the French wiki only has an undated list of names (http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tribunat): Pierre Daunou Jean-Nicolas Démeunier ...
7
votes
1answer
99 views

Who were the Deer Touchers?

About 20 years ago I read an article in a periodical (can't remember which periodical) about a tribe of natives (I believe they were North American) who had a tradition of touching live deer. They ...
3
votes
1answer
137 views

Usage of German camoflage during World War II

Although most do not know this, Germans used camouflage during the war. The grey uniform was only ceremonial. However, they are pictured without the camo 99% of the time so I'd like to ask, during ...
-1
votes
0answers
53 views

Historical reform that we can relate to today [closed]

My main question: Are there some reforms in the period 1500 - 1877, in America, that are (commonly) used as examples for major problems today, to extrapolate from the past and adapt their solutions? ...
2
votes
0answers
41 views

What is the status of Weber's protestant ethic thesis? [on hold]

Max Weber in his famous book The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism elaborates a thesis that relates the development of the capitalistic system is a result of the work ethic that emerged ...
2
votes
0answers
59 views

Everyday Life in Vichy France [closed]

How did the war happening on either side affect life, until it finally rolled over them? What happened to cafes when coffee was in short supply? Would a cigarette butt on the sidewalk set off a little ...
5
votes
2answers
256 views

How many soldiers did Ghengis Khan field?

I'm looking for the number of soldiers the Mongol Empire had at the time of Genghis Khan. What percentage of them were ethnically Mongolians?
8
votes
1answer
119 views

How were Muslim Turks treated in Byzantine Empire?

While reading about the Palaiologan Renaissance on Wikipedia, I was intrigued to find that a mosque was rebuilt in Constantinople, which was destroyed during the fourth crusade(read about it here). I ...
1
vote
1answer
89 views

Why did the jews leave Israel and spread out through the world? [closed]

When and what lead jews to leave Israel after the Roman conquest and spread out through out the world?
3
votes
0answers
30 views

Employment statistics in Germany since mid-19th century

What is the most reliable source of employment statistics in Germany? I am interested in the time period starting from mid-19th century all the way to present days.
6
votes
1answer
74 views

How did the Alien and Sedition acts pass?

The Alien and Sedition acts, passed in 1798, are said to have been an attempt by the Federalist Party to suppress opposition. In Chapter 74 Section 2, the law seems to put restrictions on freedom of ...
17
votes
5answers
2k views

Why do so many national flags contain the color red?

I was doing some riddles with my daughter today and mentioned some nations. She had to 'calculate' how many of those nations' flags had the color red in them. As it happened, all of them did. In ...
-1
votes
1answer
87 views

How did Americans' hatred of taxes shape the country up through the Gilded Age? [closed]

It is clear that many Americans hated taxes and that it was one of the causes of the Revolutionary War. However, the effect of taxes shaping America after Independence up until the Gilded Age is not ...
1
vote
1answer
81 views

Outdoors Survival Knowledge for Samurai?

Did any era's Samurai know Outdoors Survival Knowledge? If so, which eras, which country (or however Japan separated its land at that time), and how much did they know?
14
votes
3answers
726 views

Why did the French nobility adopt Calvinism?

The Wikipedia article on the French Wars of Religion) says that the Calvinist form of Protestantism, in particular, spread into the nobility. Now, I'd like to know why is that, and not Lutheranism for ...
6
votes
4answers
158 views

Did native Mexicans prefer Spanish rulers to the Aztecs?

In his letter to Charles V, Hernan Cortes states that "it was only necessary to threaten to return them [the natives] to their native masters in order to make them serve the Spaniards very willingly." ...
0
votes
2answers
59 views

Other than coffee and tobacco what major product became Cuba's source of wealth in the 18th century?

How did the Industrial Revolution affect the production of this commodity? What, if any, affect did the Great Depression have on the industry?
3
votes
1answer
148 views

How were snipers used on the western front during WW2?

When the topic of snipers in WWII comes up, it's almost always about Soviet snipers and the eastern front. What about the western front? I'm specifically interested in how or if the British, American, ...
2
votes
1answer
31 views

What distinguished the Republican Party of Liberia from the True Whig Party?

What was the difference between the two parties? Wikipedia says that the Republican Party was made up primarily of Americo-Liberians who had mixed African and European ancestry. I assume the TWP was ...
4
votes
3answers
122 views

Use of lead sheets in reconstruction of late medieval tower?

I guess it's more of an archaeology question, but this is the closest forum I could find. So, we stopped at Gardiki Castle, Corfu, Greece, built in the late Byzantine era in the 13th century, and ...
4
votes
0answers
66 views

Did Socrates earn money (get paid) for philosophy? [closed]

I have only read Platos Apology, so I was rather surprised when a recent comment said he "was paid". A quick look at Wikipedia find this In The Clouds Aristophanes portrays Socrates as ...
0
votes
0answers
70 views

What method did the Dravidian people of South India utilize to make fire? [closed]

I would like to know the method Dravidians used to make fire. Does any of the literature or poems written by them mention the method they adopted?
8
votes
1answer
3k views

Did Hongwu Emperor flay 5000 women, and why?

On Wikipedia, there is a snippet that reads: The Hongwu Emperor flayed many servants, officials and rebels.[5][6] In 1396 he ordered the flaying of 5000 women.[7] The problem is that the second ...

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