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The 17th century was the century which lasted from January 1, 1301 to December 31, 1400 in the Gregorian calendar.

Some notable events from this time include:

  • The transition from the Medieval Warm Period to the Little Ice Age.
  • Beginning of the Ottoman Empire, early expansion into the Balkans.
  • The Avignon papacy transfers the seat of the Popes from Italy to France.
  • The Great Famine of 1315-1317 kills millions of people in Europe.
  • Forced out of previous locations, the Mexica found the city of Tenochtitlan in 1325.
  • The death of the Ilkhan Abu Said in 1335, causing the disintegration of the Mongol rule in Persia.
  • Battle of Kosovo in 1389 between Serbs and Ottoman Turks, Prince Lazar, sultan Murat I and Miloš Obilić were killed.
  • The Vijayanagara Empire is founded in South India by Harihara in 1336.
  • The Hundred Years' War begins when Edward III of England lays claim to the French throne in 1337.
  • Bulgarian-Ottoman Wars begin.
  • Black Death kills around a third of the population of Europe (1347–1351).
  • The Battle of Lake Poyang, a naval conflict between Chinese rebel groups led by Chen Youliang and Zhu Yuanzhang, took place in August to October of 1363, and was one of the largest naval battles in history.
  • The end of Mongol Yuan Dynasty in China and the beginning of the Ming Dynasty (1368).
  • The Lollardy movement rises in England.
  • The Great Schism of the West begins in 1378, eventually leading to 3 simultaneous popes.
  • Singapore emerges for the first time as a fortified city and trading centre of some importance.
  • Islam reaches Terengganu, on the Malay Peninsula.
  • The poet Petrarch coins the term Dark Ages to describe the preceding 900 years in Europe, beginning with the fall of the Western Roman Empire in 476 through to the renewal embodied in the Renaissance.
  • The Scots win the Scottish Wars of Independence.
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