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7

There's very little concrete evidence about how command and control of the Spanish Armada worked, or indeed, how naval tactical control was exerted during that period, which pre-dates what we now call the Age of Sail. Most of the documentation that has survived from the Armada is correspondence that is essentially at the political level, i.e. between the ...


4

For battle plans and such, they used dispatch boats (which they then called "Aviso" or "Adviso", as in advice boat). These would carry orders from shore to ship and from ship to ship. For maneuvers, like Pieter said: flags and horns. Lanterns at night for guiding purposes - as seen here, resulting in a scattered English fleet when Drake snuffed it for more ...



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