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12

FDR was not the first president to come to power during a financial "panic" (aka: Recession or Depression). However, he was the first one after the advent of modern economics, and he was listening to the new economists. Economically, banning private holding of gold had the effect of propping up the US currency. Normally in hard times (and I think 1933 ...


11

As always, the uniform would differ from one school to another school. But in the Showa period (1920s-1985) school uniforms is highly characterized by a strong influence from the military - especially the navy. Japan had been in rigorous military transformation since the start of Meiji period (1868), and it is reflected in the education system it produced - ...


10

This question has had me curious for the longest time. It seems I have finally dug something up. I site this document which is a UCLA 1935-1936 Student Catalog From Page 59 The College of Letters and Science , with a curriculum leading to the degree of Bachelor of Arts It seems the curriculum for a BA was divided into three parts (quoted from page ...


9

Of course. It wasn't much of a secret. Some 85% of the Soviet military's top positions were removed; the scale alone makes it rather impossible to hide. In fact, knowledge that Stalin had decapitated his own army's backbone was one of the factors motivating Nazi Germany to invade. But not only did [the Great Purges] do incalculable damage to the future ...


7

Did the Stock Market Crash of 1929 effectively cause the Great Depression? No. The stock market crash was most likely a serious contributory factor in the onset of the Great Depression. However, it did not "effectively cause" the economy to implode - there were serious pre-existing weaknesses in the late 1920s economy. In fact a recession was already ...


5

It is a politically charged issue and it really depends on the economic and political side of the fence you're on (T.E.D gave the Keynesian view). As someone who's libertarian on most financial/economic policies, I see it as detrimental and that we're still feeling the negative effects of it today. As Alan Greenspan put it in Gold and Economic Freedom... ...


3

Art competitions at the Olympics were always controversial, largely because of the professional standing of many of the participants, when the Olympics was supposed to be all amateur. Music was not the only discipline in which only some - or no - medals were awarded see:- http://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Art_competitions_at_the_Olympic_Games


3

The S.A. was "downsized" in several ways. 1) Many of their leaders were killed by other Nazis in the night of the Long Knives. 2) After this "purge," of their leaders, many S.A. members simply "retired" or found new jobs. This was because the S.A. was largely composed of older men recruited in the 1920s, who were no longer "military age" by 1934. (It was ...


3

I am not a Marxist Political Economist. I am a Marxist labour historian. When I relate to economic history, I can only really talk about the way in which capitalism actually functions (with reference to the truth systems of academia) from a "firm level" or "proletarian" perspective. This question would require a Marxist political economist to answer it in ...


3

According to the official internal Soviet statistics, the number of excessive mortality in Ukraine in 1932-1933 was 1,532,700 people, of which 1 million 385 thousand in 1933. A paradoxical fact of this is that in 1933 the total harvest for the USSR was 69 million tonnes (some think this number is overestimation due to the counting method used in the USSR ...


2

Yes, it is a common practice to sell daughters [and sometimes, wives]. It is widely practiced at least until the mid of Showa period (1950s) so I think it is safe to make it as a major plot line in 1930s-1940s Japan. In the Edo period (1603-1868) the practice is extremely rampant both in urban and rural areas, and it is considered normal as it is the ...


2

From Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Holodomor#Death_toll A 2002 study by Vallin et al. utilizing some similar primary sources to Kulchytsky, and performing an analysis with more sophisticated demographic tools with forward projection of expected growth from the 1926 census and backward projection from the 1939 census estimate the amount of ...


2

Raymond H. Geist, former American Counsel and First Secretary of the Embassy in Berlin, Germany 1929-1939, has stated: My vigorous relations with the Gestapo began in March, 1933. In fact I knew the organization of the secret police and dealt with that organization before the Nazis came to power. It was then the Politische Abtailung des ...


2

Yes there were many trials. The extent was not nesscarily known but the removal of many senior officers was well known. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Moscow_Trials


2

I am writing as the author of "A Modern Approach to Graham and Dodd Investing. Published in 2004, the book discussed the 1929 crash and predicted another one (which occurred in 2008-2009). It also provided a road map of how "other events" caused the fallout from the 1929 crash to turn into the Great Depression, and why the absence of such events have (so ...


2

The Western authorities on this are Robert Conquest (Harvest of Sorrow) and Timothy Snyder, already mentioned. Robert Conquest gives an estimate of 4 millions. Snyder is somewhat more conservative. But we will never know the exact number: the earliest census after this was forged, and those who did it exterminated.


2

See PBS.org's section on the show American Experience for this article: The Works Progress Administration (WPA). Under the direction of Harry Hopkins, an enthusiastic ex-social worker who had come from modest means, the WPA would spend more than $11 million in employment relief before it was canceled in 1943. The work relief program was more ...


1

As you know, the Federal Art Project was a part of the WPA during the Great Depression. Quoting Wikipedia: The FAP's primary goals were to employ out-of-work artists and to provide art for non-federal government buildings: schools, hospitals, libraries, etc. The work was divided into art production, art instruction and art research. The primary output of ...


1

Sayo Masuda was sold to a geisha house to be an onsen geisha to pay for her father's medical treatment. Geishas are not the same as prostitutes, but her job was a sexualized one. I haven't read her book, but the Wikipedia summary mentions that her virginity was sold off five times while she was an onsen geisha.



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