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95

In age-of-sail fleet actions, the primary use of frigates (and smaller vessels) was to relay messages (usually in the form of flag signals) between the flagships and the rest of the fleet. They usually set themselves some distance from the main 'line' of battle where they could see and be seen by the ships of the line. A secondary purpose was to act as ...


21

The boats of a Napoleonic warship were a very important part of the ship's equipment. They were the main means (and often the only means) of moving men, goods and communications to and from the ship. The number of boats carried and their size would be dependent on the rate of warship. A ship-of-the-line could have as many as 7 boats, while an unrated ...


16

That would the Battle of Navarino fought during the Greek War for Independence in 1827. It was the last battle feature entirely sail fleets. Navarino is known as Pylos now. Sailing ships have come back into vogue recently so who knows how long they will be around and what was they might be involved in. The last active sailing warship appears to have been the ...


15

Battle of Sinop between Ottoman and Russian empires during Crimean war seems to be the last major naval battle with sail-powered ships. There were three steamboats in Russian fleet, and one steam boat in Ottoman fleet, but their firepower was negligible compared to sail-powered ships involed in the battle. It was in 1853, Russian fleet destroyed Ottoman ...


14

Using Aubrey/Maturin, beefed up with "Naval life in the time of Aubrey and Maturin" type texts: Shock and Awe. Few men died in most naval battles in the age of sail. Morale failure was a key structure in battle. Broadsides significantly reduced the numbers of boarders in a single wave. Three fast broadsides and board was an ideal to secure a prize by ...


13

Beat to quarters is what has become General Quarters in the modern navies. It was the call to ship's company to prepare for action/battle. All crew would prepare for action, depending on the reason for BtQ. (BtQ would be called during storm preparation as well as battle prep, for instance) The cannon crew would ensure their cannon were properly tied for the ...


7

TL;DR: Multiple factors conspired to make big sailing ships impractical. There is a multitude of factors that, put together, caused the American cultures not to develop significant seafaring capability. If I were to point out the most important ones, they would be: Lack of exploitable sea routes Lack of metal tools No large-scale cultural interchange ...


6

Long story short, yes, he did. He was for a brief time military counsellor for the sultan of Ternate (around 1512). Ternate lies on longitude 127 East.


6

It is perhaps not strictly accurate to say warrant officers were appointed by the Board of Admiralty. In general, they actually received their warrants from the Navy Board, which was the Royal Navy's administrative body until it was merged into the Admiralty in 1832. The Navy Board kept records of candidates for a warrant. When a vacancy opens up on a ship, ...


6

Go to the bow. Pass the line under the bowsprit and let out line on both ends until it is in the water. Walk back to midships. When done, let go of one end and haul away.


6

The simple answer is that there is no direct or meaningful way of converting burthen tonnage to displacement. As the article you linked to notes, burthen tonnage was a rough calculation based on the length and beam of a vessel. This calculation varied over time and from country to country. When it was devised, it was intended as a measure of a ship's ...


5

In addition to the above in engagements boats on deck would have been vulnerable to damage by enemy cannon fire. The splinters would have been more lethal than the missile, hence they were lowered to avoid that risk.


4

It wasn't much of a battle, but according to Morison's history of the US Navy in WWII, the last engagement was between a couple of Chinese junks, and was settled by boarding. The bazooka did make it seem less like a 19th Century battle.


3

I agree that the battle of Sinop was the last significant battle with sailing ships on both sides. However, if we are talking of a military use of sailing ships, the last one was probably the German commerce raider Seeadler. It sank or captured 16 Entente ships in WW I. See Wikipedia, and references there.


2

"Guns firing on their own" may be a better tactic, particularly at the beginning of the battle, when what matters is the total rate of fire. Broadsides are better when the order of the day is for concentrated fire. That usually happens later in the battle, when the idea is to do something decisive, or achieve "critical mass." A broadside is better when the ...


2

I think the real answer to your question is when navigation became effective. The Greeks and Romans had not invented the compass and as such were not known to navigate outside the sight of land. Grain shipments from what is now Tunisia and Libya would travel eastwards to Egypt and north to Turkey and then westwards towards Italy. Someone with a compass would ...


1

At the time of discovery of America, the Europeans also did not have especially large sailing ships. The epoch of large sailing ships starts only in 17s century. In general the American civilizations when discovered by the Europeans were very far behind of the Europeans (ans Asians) in technology. They did not use wheels or iron on large scale, the things ...


1

You just throw the line over the side. Normally the line would be anchored at a yardarm. On a big ship the lower yardarms would have big rings at either end. So, you run the line through one, bring it around the stern, then you tie it to the guy, then loop it through the other ring on the same yardarm. The punishment was more often a threat than a reality. ...


1

In the Philippines, some of my teachers have already settled this fact. Ferdinand Magellan circumnavigated the world in two trips. He was the second do it in two trips. (first, his ventures in Ternate and second trip, the expedition from 1519 to his death in 1521). Sebastian de Cano circumnavigated the world in one trip. Enrique of Malacca (Magellan's ...


1

Archeologists have found the first "picture" of a sailing vessel in a prehistoric period of Mesopotamia, called the Ubaid period (ca. 6500 to 3800 BC). Somewhere to be carbon dated between 5500 and 5000 BC. An actual image of this picture as well as more information can be seen in Antique: "Boat remains and maritime trade in the Persian Gulf during the ...



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