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6

It was a combination of both. Alexander the Great encouraged the spread of Greek culture as noted by Plutarch in his work On the Fortunes of Alexander: But if you examine the results of Alexander's instruction, you will see that he educated the Hyrcanians to respect the marriage bond, and taught the Arachosians to till the soil, and persuaded the ...


3

The east had much more money than the west. To the east lay large empires with huge cities teaming with people and gold. All the major trade routes led to these places. Egypt itself produced vast amounts of grain. Italy's cities were much smaller and their economies relatively tiny. It would have cost far more to invade Italy than any amount that could be ...


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It should also be noted that Macedonia was a relatively poor kingdom and the wealth of Persia was on a much higher level, especially for its aristocracy. The Greeks had been aware of this for at least two hundred years. The Persians were also hated by most Greeks. As it has been mentioned, it's easy to motivate people to go conquer a hated enemy AND get ...


2

Today I stumbled across Machiavelli's answer to this question (at least with reference to the Persian Empire) in chapter 4 of The Prince, where he writes, Considering the difficulties which men have had to hold to a newly acquired state, some might wonder how, seeing that Alexander the Great became the master of Asia in a few years, and died whilst ...


1

Alexander's route of invasion and conquest in Indian Subcontinent today exists in modern-day Pakistan. This is the map: As you can observe, Alexander mainly passed through Pakistani regions of Punjab, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Sindh & Baluchistan. Rajasthan is however on border of Sindh and Southern Punjab so it is entirely possible that he may or may not ...


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In my humble opinion no realm is an empire, and no ruler an emperor, unless the realm is a Roman Empire and the ruler a Roman Emperor. Before 800 AD, if someone claimed to be an emperor, and his realm was known as the (or a) Roman realm, he was claiming to be a Roman Emperor and thus MIGHT have been a Roman Emperor. In 800 AD Charlemagne was proclaimed ...



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