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It would be interesting to make a list of principal ancient texts and how each of them reached us. And make a statistics. (Perhaps someone knows such a list?) Many of the texts that I know exist in both Arabic and Greek medieval versions. Before this list is made, I want to express my doubts about Tyler Durden answer. He only gives examples of literary work ...


The "Greco-Roman" culture did not depend on Arabs to preserve it. Relatively few Roman works of science and literature are known only from Arab sources/translations. The literature of Greece and Rome was transmitted, as you said by the Byzantines, but also by many other sources including the Irish, the churches of Asia Minor and the Levant, the Romans ...


Description English: Herma representing Herakles with a cornucopia. Pentelic marble, Roman artwork from the 2nd century BC after a Greek original of the 5th century. The worn surface of the statue is the result from long exposure to the elements. ...


The font of all that is true knowledge (Wikipedia) states: In ancient times, Tau was used as a symbol for life or resurrection, whereas the eighth letter of the Greek alphabet, theta, was considered the symbol of death.:


My understanding was that Theta was based on the Phoenician letter, Teth. According to the Wikipedia article on Teth, it is the symbol of a wheel. The word teth apparently means "wheel" in Phoenician.

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