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2

Despite what is claimed in wikipedia (see Rajib's comment), actually, drāviḍa – occurs already in the Mahabharata, as is mentioned by Turner: 6632 *drāmiḍa - , dramiḍa -- , drāviḍa -- MBh., draviḍa -- m. Mn. ʻ name of a people, Dravidian ʼ. [EWA ii 73] Pk. damila -- , daviḍa -- , davila -- m.; OSi. demeḷ ʻ Tamil ʼ, Si. demaḷā. ...


5

I believe some of the lists - at least fragmentary ones from epigraphic sources - can be found in Fornara's volume in the "Translated Documents of Greece and Rome" series: http://www.cambridge.org/us/academic/subjects/classical-studies/ancient-history/archaic-times-end-peloponnesian-war-2nd-edition


5

Well, try it out: Equipment of a Roman Soldier: Tunika (Tunica) Cloak (Paenula) Scarf (Focale) Military belt (Cingulum Militare) Sandal (Caligae) Helmet (Galea oder Cassis) Armor (Lorica) Sword (Gladius) Dagger (Pugio) Do not forget the shield (scutum) ... and a throwing spear (pilum) We need something to eat and equipment and something to carry ...


2

What they are: Aristocracy comes from Aristokratia, a Greek word meaning "rule of the best". In Aristocracy, the rich are deemed worthy of ruling the government and enjoyed special privileges, while the common people did not, and did not have any government power. Oligarchy is the rule of only the chosen, In an Oligarchy, people are chosen to rule the ...


25

It's worth noting that, while Greek and Roman soldiers wouldn't look like the characters in those movies, six-packs and large muscles were definitely in existence back then, and were considered as attractive (and as rare) as they are today. Just look at any number of statues of heroes and gods from the period, and you'll see the familiar musculature of a ...


13

A different take, one going from where the soldiers came from: Initially, the Roman army was made up mostly of farmers with no long military training. Go look at farm hands in any "primitive" society today (meaning a farm without major mechanisation) to see what such guys look like. No "six pack", which is pretty much a late 20th century US beauty ideal and ...


31

Yes and No. They did not have six-packs. They were endurance-builders, not body-builders. As a result, they were quite muscular, but they also had a good chunk of fat too. The reason they had this extra fat was because it could protect a little better. Romans knew that being overweight was unhealthy. In battle, the extra fat could help prevent major ...


2

Another example would be the central heating technology used by Minoans before 1500 BC, and also some Greeks and Romans. Also, flushing toilets are attested since 3000 BC in Indus civilisation (and Minoans had them before 1500 BC too), but also in neolithic villages in western Europe like Skara Brae (~3000 BC). This was mostly lost in western civilisation ...


2

A couple of fun and interesting inventions that haven't been mentioned yet is the Roman art of glassmaking. One technique which was lost was making glass vessels known as caged glass. It is a technique which even modern scholars have a hard time duplicating. It was also mentioned that the Romans were the first people to invent the 'hamburger'. Not only has ...


4

Certainly there are major religions in the East in ancient times that never believed in supreme creator/being. Two of these major religions still exist today. They are Buddhism and Jainism. The startling thing is they grew along side Hinduism in India which is a religion full of hundreds of gods! This was mainly because of sensible patronization from kings ...


5

I like to visit old castles and am lucky enough to live where there are quite a few. If the old gate is still there you can see it was often covered in sheet metal. Some castles has skins stretched over the gates and would wet them to stop them catching fire. The doors were often set back inside the doorway so it wasn't easy to shoot at them. Fire arrows ...


12

Short answer is, they weren't, not specifically. The siege of Sion (the castle in Bohemia) is thought to have been decided by the gatehouse being burned down, but there the entire gatehouse structure was wooden rather than just the gate itself, and it took several months of bombarding the entire castle with fire arrows. In general, protecting your gate from ...


9

This seems more like a technical question than a historical one, but anyway, "splash some oil and throw a torch" will not burn down a large door or any large piece of wood for that matter. Starting a fire requires a certain amount of heat, so you need a large mass of flammable tinder to get something started. The larger the door, the more tinder you will ...



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