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Building something as massive as the Colosseum would have required a wide range of types of labor, from unskilled slaves quarrying materials to highly skilled craftsmen and thus would encompass a range of workers and pay scales. Some slaves would have been more or less worked hard just for room and board, while others would have been well-paid for their ...


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There are some great pages on roman coinage, e.g. the formidable Roman Coins Database with more than 500 entries for roman early imperial coins. Additionally, Doug Smith's page on ancient coins has some info on roman coins from the early empire.


5

During the Punic Wars, the Macedonians allied themselves with the Carthaginians with the expectation they would be the victors of the war and therefore be on good terms with them in the future. In order to cement this, the Macedonian–Carthaginian Treaty was signed in 215 BC as recorded by Livy. On this contest, between the two most powerful people in the ...


3

The three Greek philosophers were: Carneades ex Academia (Cyrene 214/3–129/8 BC), Critolaus Peripateticus (Phaselis c.200-c.118 BC) and Diogenes Stoicus (Seleucia c.230 – c. 150/140 BC). Some sources are listed in Wiki: Plutarch, Cato Maj. 22; Aulus Gellius, VII. 14; Macrobius Saturnalia i. 5; Cicero, de Orat. ii. 37, 38.


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Case for Italy and/or Vatican Italy was the place where Roman Empire originated and Rome is located. They still speak a language descendant from Latin. Rome was the most important city throughout Middle Ages and the Pope usually was the one with monopoly on conferring the imperial title. Also to become an emperor it was usually required to become king of ...


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At their peak, the slaves numbered approximately 100,000 men, more than Hannibal's Carthaginians. Having enjoyed over a century of freedom from invasion, the Romans could not conceive of such a large force on their soil, never mind one built of slaves. Crassus was one of Rome's most capable commanders, who had trained under a famous Roman general, Sulla. He ...


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The first issue is that the "loose barbarians", the Celts, weren't uncivilized. They built impressive oppidas and fortresses. Their society was organized and complex. Also, Germany had thick woods, while places like Gaul had wide pastures, ideal for Roman tactics. Another thing is that Caesar did struggle against the Gauls and he nearly lost. This issue of ...


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Except for those legati created by the lex Gabinia and similar laws, all legati were appointed by the Senate. The governor couldn't just appoint them by himself - although it appears that, in practice, he nominated who he wanted and the Senate confirmed it. The wikipedia quote is wrong in the sense that a legatus pro praetore only held delegated imperium. I ...



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