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1

I'm not sure why you need a quote with these particular constraints, but a trivial search of wikipedia references Interpretatio romana, which is the core of what you want. Assimilation of foreign religions through mapping their gods to Roman gods wasn't something any individual did, it was a social practice. Asking who mapped Mercury to Hermes is like ...


0

You may want to look up the work of Andreski, in particular his book on this very topic.


2

Extremely rough approximates guestimates Ancient times 1%. Industrial 10% Industrial-Crisis maximum - 20% 20% is around ALL the military age males. Ancient period that gives 1 military age male in 20.


3

The only evidence I can find of actual practicing Buddhists is that a ruler from somewhere in Greater India sent an embassy to Rome sometime around the turn of the era (year 0ish). It did make quite an impression, due to one of its number self-immolating in Greece. There seems to be a bit more familiarity with people of that faith in Greek circles. ...


16

In terms of specific individuals, the Sramana gymnosophist known as Zarmarus or Zarmanochegas is usually identified as a Buddhist (though this is not definite - part of a greater confusion over whether the Sramana mentioned in classical sources referred to Buddhists or not). He was dispatched by an Indian ruler to meet with Augustus, and killed himself by ...


-2

The idea that there were "Buddhists" in ancient Rome is completely unattested except in the imagination of some revisionist philosophers bent on deprecating the importance of European culture. Ancient Rome certainly sponsored a vast variety of long-forgotten cults and strange foreign traditions, but there is no record of Buddhism as being one of them.


4

The situation of Rome at that time was entirely different than what you imagine. The first key thing to understand is that the western empire and eastern empire were split on political, ethnic and religious lines. The main power in the world (until 408) was Theodosius, the emperor in Constantinople. Constantinople was founded by the first Christian emperor, ...


7

The Western Empire did not use the army because they did not have an army to speak of. In 406, the Vandals passed over the frozen Rhine and rampaged through Gaul. Imperial forces in Britain joined a usurper and there was a three way combat under way. No help there. The Imperial Generalissmo, Stilicho, was working on and off with Alaric to regain the ...


1

Free speech is a modern concept. There were no laws in Rome giving a right to speak without being punished. Conversely, there were not too many laws against speech either. There appear to have been some civil remedies against defamation, but the evidence for it is slight and by all appearances it was difficult to sue someone for libel or defamation (see ...


7

The notion of "free speech", as we understand it today did not exist in the Roman empire. The authors you cite probably mean " crimen laesae majestatis", which English Wikipedia translates as "lese majeste". This was a law which was probably introduced under Augustus, and then revoked and re-introduced under various princepces. The first person who revoked ...


1

(Refer to map below) After the Battle of Cannae (2 August 216 BC), Hannibal went immediately to Compsa (1), where he set up a base and took some of forces and sent them on a mission to collect allies in that area. He then gathered his main army and went to Naples (2) where he was hoping to take control of a seaport. When he got to Naples he found it had ...


1

To answer the original question, let's set up a model of how the siege would have gone and compare it to a model of a field battle. Pretend for a minute that Hannibal had a 10 man Army in the field against a comparable Roman Force. That 10 man Army would be deployed in a contiguous formation with lateral lines of communication to all parts of the force (in ...


-1

There were actually two brothers, Tiberius and Gaius Gracchus, known as the "Gracchi". They were demagogues who promoted the interests of plebians and socii in Rome. Their movement signalled the downfall of the Roman Republic. When they could not overthrow the privileges of the long-born Romans (known as Optimates), they started efforts to overthrow the ...


2

According to the historical records of the Cornaro / Cornèr family of Venice, they have their ancestral ground from gens Cornelia, via the city of Rimini. Here are links for Wikipedia (Italian version is more informative) and The Art of Living Long from Louis Cornaro, William Temple the family can derive themselves back into Middle ages so Cornaro / Cornèr ...



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