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The simple answer is Pan-Arabism is not opposed to nationalism. It is opposed to national borders established by the West, but not the idea that they were one people and should have one united nation - the definition of nationalism. Communism is opposed to all division - class, national, ethnic, religious, the whole nine yards, and thus it would naturally be ...


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I am afraid that this might only be a legend. From historical sources, we know that Zoos existed since ancient times as Menageries. First such instance would be in Heirakonpolis, Egypt which existed roughly around 3500 BC. (Which is several thousand years before establishment of Umayyad Caliphate of Damascus or Abbasid Caliphate of Baghdad). In Levant, ...


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Not sure if this is what you're wondering about, but from Will Durant's The Age of Faith (1950), page 161: In the belief of orthodox Moslems, the Kaaba was built or rebuilt ten times. The first was erected at the dawn of history by angels from heaven; the second by Adam; the third by his son Seth; the fourth by Abraham and his son Ishmael by Hagar...the ...


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Pan-Arabism is an ideology espousing the unification of the countries of North Africa and West Asia from the Atlantic Ocean to the Arabian Sea, referred to as the Arab world. It is closely connected to Arab nationalism, which asserts that the Arabs constitute a single nation. wikipedia on Pan-Arabism In political and social sciences, communism (from ...


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Hijaz Hijaz only a small part of Arabian Peninsula situated on Eastern bank of the Red sea. Arab groups understandably varied in their laws and customs throughout the region. Who was the Power in Hijaz In Hijaz, main power was the City state of Mecca. In fact, Meccans were the most prominent people among the Arabs due to being custodians of Kaaba. Meccan ...


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Communism sets to replace religion as well as national identity with itself. Pan-Arabism sets to establish religion (Islam) and a single regional (if not necessarily national) identity, Arab culture. Thus the two are like fire and water, they can't possibly coexist in the same sphere of influence and not be at odds. Of course either can and will use ...



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