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13

The first one says USSR (right below the star) The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics is a socialist state of workers and peasants See http://www.departments.bucknell.edu/russian/const/36cons01.html (constitution of the USSR), Article 1. The second one says "VKP(b)" in the top-right corner meaning All-Russian Communist Party (bolsheviks) or All-Union ...


9

The USSR was created in 1922 so the first one for sure cannot be from 1918. The cited first article of the constitution belongs to the constitution of 1936. The image clearly attributes it to the constitution (by small font below the phrase it says "from the constitution of the Soviet Union" and the entire phrase is in the quotes. So my guess is that the ...


9

It's the same statue, the armour is removable. The statue is today kept at the Museo Nacional Del Prado: The Emperor stands over a nude figure representing Fury, which takes the form of a mature man in chains with an angry and hateful expression. Fury holds a lit torch in his right hand. The group rests on a base covered with arms and military ...


9

I have dealt with this question in my article, "Nudity as a Costume in Classical Art," in American Journal of Archaeology 1989, which can be accessed either through JSTOR or through Academia.com, under my name. I am also editing a multi-author book, Nudity as a Costume in the Ancient Mediterranean, where I take up the subject of Greek nudity again. The ...


7

Who is the person whose face is painted in the top-right corner? Why does this person is so important that has deserved to be showed on that cover? José Martí, a Cuban national hero. Castro quoted Martí's works both as an inspiration and as justification for the revolution in his 1953 trial and called Martí the "apostle of the revolution". ...


6

It is a bronze lasanum, a very expensive piece of equipment. The way it works is you put charcoal and some oil/wood in it and light it which makes a hot fire (as you can see flames are coming out of it). You then spit meat and put it in the lasanum to roast the meat. This particular lasanum seems to have a arch allowing it to be hung and the man is hanging ...


6

The Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York has a great page on this exact topic. The key ideas why there is so much male nudity are two-fold: the Greek reverence for athletic competitions, and the athletic male as the pinnacle of those athletic competitions. Because the Greeks felt that sport was such an important part of what was good about humanity, ...


6

Found it! The painting is of Perseus freeing Andromeda by Piero di Cosimo painted in 1510 or 1513.


6

Since this during a morning levée I assume it's a negligé cap. The purpose of this is to cover the head (which was typically shaved) when you did not have a wig.


5

Although Euclid is renowned for his compilation of the axioms and theorems of plane geometry, most if not all of this material had been known for centuries. With these mathematical tools, and the use of strings and simple pedometers and protractors, remarkably accurate maps could be drawn by the ancients for territories that were relatively level and ...


5

It is probably a statue of Antinous. (Or Hermes) In fact it is probably this one here (notice the object behind his leg): It is located in the Capitoline musuem in Rome. It is supposed to be Antinous in the shape of the Greek god Hermes. See more here. (There is a debate on whether the statue is in fact a Roman copy of a Greek statue of Hermes)


4

Razie’s answer is somewhat too simplistic. People in the Roman Empire greatly admired artefacts from Greek antiquity. Roman aristocrats filled their villas with Greek vases which were then already 400 years or more old, and treasured them as works of art, not as practical objects. There is a long tradition of collecting ancient works of art in China too.


4

The man in the top right corner is Philip II of Macedon. According to legend, Zeus took to the serpent form and seduced and had coitus with his wife Olimpias and fathered Alexander the Great (or Alessandro Magno in Italian). This is why Zeus is shown in the half serpent form. The legend also says that Philip caught a glimpse of this and hence one day would ...


3

Reason 1 The Dark Ages was a period in which all of society revolved around self-contained agriculture, with the land being owned by the three upper classes (the nobility, the clergy, and, so to speak, the "Crown"). It was based upon a very strict hierarchy, with mobility reduced to a minimum. Those at the top could not maintain this de facto state without ...


3

"Anthropocentrism" is a bit more than portraying humans in art: it's considering humans central to Life and Universe, to the point of believing that Universe was created with humans in mind. From that point of view Medieval times were pretty much anthropocentric, with Earth located in the centre of the Universe that was created by a human-looking God that ...


3

The museum in the movie is "Galleria d'Arte di Roma", a museum that doesn't actually exist. The figure itself is a rather generic good-looking curly haired figure of renaissance Italy, and is in looks fairly similar to for example Michalengalo's David, although it's clearly not that statue, nor a copy of it. So the answer is most likely: It's not really ...


3

After going through every Roman Emperor, I found only six who served over a year and did not have a bust or statue in known existence. Here is the list: Glycerius Anthemius Majorian Julius Nepos Libius Severus Aurelian My basic methodology for finding this list was Open every emperor Wiki page who served over one year and hope Chrome doesn't crash ...


3

World does not know much about this topic, but we for sure know that Nazi flag was created by Adolf Hitler himself: In 1920, Adolf Hitler decided that the Nazi Party needed its own insignia and flag. For Hitler, the new flag had to be "a symbol of our own struggle" as well as "highly effective as a poster." (Mein Kampf, pg. 495). Nazi Germany flag that was ...


2

This is the best I could find on this type of profane theatre. I found a lot on religious theatre, so I get the impression (rightly or wrongly) that much of the theatre was religious at the time and consequently (I'm assuming) not very erotic. If you start reading from p200 it talks about nudity in Byzantine media. It seems that "nude images were associated ...


2

As for the Roman Military they used a gladius you suggested as their main fighting tool. To back up my answer this site has pictures and summaries of roman weapons etc (None of which seem to resemble a scimitar). There are two types of these: The first being the original shorter Gladius Hispaniensis. The second being the more pointier Gladius Pompeianus ...


2

There is yet another reason why the male nude was common in Greece. The Greeks were obsessed with perfect proportions in all of their art, for they saw these proportions as a sign of the divine cosmos. Perhaps the most notable of these monuments is the Parthenon and it's Golden Mean ratios, a temple dedicated to Athena, which very clearly links perfect ...


1

I think it is a bee smoker. You can see the man on the far left stripping the hive.


1

In addition to the other answers, here's a psychological bit: People today, especially Americans, live in a faster age, with much shorter time scale of things. We build houses in 1 year and don't count on them to survive beyond 20 years. We use gadgets designed to survive 2-3 years before being replaced. This greatly amplifies our appreciation for the ...


1

There's really a few questions being asked and it would be better to separate them. Why didn't Europeans in the Middle Ages appreciate "antiquities?" First, because archeology hadn't been invented yet and two because it was the Dark Ages. Now, the Coliseum was scavenged because so much knowledge was lost after the collapse of the Roman Empire, the people ...


1

The Catholic Encyclopedia (not the most unbiased of sources) states: He appeared before the tribunal of the Inquisition at Toledo in 1582, as interpreter for one of his compatriots who was accused of being a Moor El Greco, by Michael Scholz-Hänsel, goes into rather more detail, saying Between May and December 1582, El Greco served as an ...


1

You may wish to consult GERMANY'S NAKED TRUTH Quick summary (Quoted from the website) GERMANY'S NAKED TRUTH German socialists saw nudism as a weapon of class struggle. George Hull investigates how nudist movements grew out of the crowded, dirty cities of the late 19th century before being co-opted by the Nazis in their quest for racial purity


1

This definitely is descending from the ancient Greek tradition. You should consider the following: The Germans claimed that they are heirs to the European ancestry and as such their art should resemble and surpass the art of ancient epochs. As the ancient Greek and Roman art were considered the highest examples of art, the Germans tried to simulate them. ...


1

Please see this. Solothurn seems to be the best fit.



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