The first European colonists were Norwegian vikings, however their settlements did not last until discoveries of Giovanni Caboto (John Cabot) and Jacques Cartier. Both French and England colonies were settled.
Having won wars with France in 18th-century Great Britain acquired all Canada, but there still live many people who are French-speaking. Following treaties and agreements with the United States confirmed boundaries that have not changed since 19th-century.
In 1867 Canada was created a British dominion, by the Statute of Westminster of 1931 she acquired self-governing.
Questions tagged with canada should cover any aspect of history of Canadian internal and foreign policies.