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Before Copernicus, Bishop Nicole Oresme (d. 1382) advanced the hypothesis that the earth, not the heavens, rotates diurnally. He was not condemned because he did not reinterpret Holy Scripture to support his scientific view. Galileo was condemned because he ventured into Scriptural exegesis—in, e.g., his 1615 Letter to the Grand Duchess Madame Christina ...


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You can read the condemnation of Copernicus' theories yourself on the following link. I am sure others might have a better answer, but from my knowledge, there were three big centers of inquisitions in Europe: Spanish Inquisition Portuguese Inquisition Roman Inquisition The Roman Inquisition had it's influence on Polish Kingdom, but for most of ...


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To add my interpretation. Political and ecclesiastical ranks in the later Roman Empire: A civitas or city state - usually based on a earlier tribe - was ruled by elected magistrates. In the fifth century an imperial official with the rank of comes "count" was appointed to supervise each civitas in the western Empire. A bishop was in charge of the parish ...



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