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1

No. The attack at Mers-el-Kebir was done by Britain to France, an ALLY. The breaching of the Henan dykes was done by the Chinese to themselves. It was a "scorched earth" policy like that practiced by the Russians against Napoleon (and Hitler). And the goal was to "sacrifice the plum tree to save the peach tree," to save (unsuccessfully) industrialized ...


2

In addition to realpolitik and defensive considerations mentioned above, here are two more reasons: Gibraltar has been under British rule for significantly longer than Hong Kong was, both in absolute terms and (more significantly) in relative terms. Hong Kong was British for 100-150 years and Chinese for 2000, while Gibraltar has now been British for 310 ...


3

I find interesting that many answers just belong to "armchair generals" that point only to the military power, logistics, *1 but forget to mention the issues that could lead to a war in the first place. Remember, war is the continuation of politics.... First of all, I would point the main issue would be noticing how these issues affect the internal ...


3

Another viewpoint, different from the other answers of "Britain could defend Gibraltar but not Hong Kong" is, who would we return it to? Hong Kong was / is by and large made up a Chinese or cultural Chinese populace, with no real ties / history to the UK. Gibraltarians on the other hand, whether the Spanish agree or not, see themselves as British, not ...


4

One other aspect to this discussion is water. Once the UK had returned the leased territories (as they would have had to do), all China needed to do was turn off the tap supplying water to the rest of HK. (Where do you think it came from?) It is unlikely that the rest of HK would have lasted more than a few days - no tanks (yes, I did see the pun) needed. ...


14

Gibraltar was defensible, but Hong Kong was not. In the 1990s, the distance from the UK would have made Hong Hong impossible to defend. Also, Hong Kong is primarily occupied by Chinese, unlike Gibraltar, which is occupied by UK citizens, many of whom are soldiers. Gibraltar is a fortress, and it is relatively close to the UK and hence easily suppliable. ...


57

Despite common misconception, both Hong Kong Island and the Kowloon Peninsula were ceded to the United Kingdom in perpetuity, via the Treaty of Nanking and the Convention of Peking, respectively. London was under no legal obligation to return them to China. However, most of the Crown Colony of Hong Kong actually consists of the New Territories. That was ...


4

Silk, being a fragile fabric, is going to be lost in virtually any archaeological context. THIS article says: SE′RICUM (σερικόν), silk, also called bombycinum. The first ancient author who affords any evidence respecting the use of silk, is Aristotle (H.A. V.19).a After a description, partially correct, of the metamorphoses of the silkworm (bombyx, ...


2

It is very difficult to know. To a similar question a few months ago, I weighed in and got rewarded with -8 votes (Chinese do not like having their history questioned), so the question to you is, do you want to know (A) What the official Chinese position is? (B) What the contrarian Chinese position is? (C) What Western scholars think? (D) What unaffiliated ...


1

Yes, the response was called "Nixon goes to China." (Republican) President Nixon was a "cold warrior," but he was always looking for a "reversal of alliances.' On the domestic front, he was hoping that the Republicans could "crack" and ultimately win the "solid" (and formerly Democratic) South, following Lyndon B. Johnson's institution of the Civil Rights ...


3

Common view certainly is that the US supported China. The mainstream press has just come out with a Chinese expose that has informed an undoubtedly surprised world that in 1969 the USSR wished to settle its historical score with China and launch a nuclear attack. The USSR merely wanted an assurance of U.S. neutrality. Far from the USA welcoming ...


9

There's a PHD thesis and book chapter, both by Elizabeth McGuire on this matter. Soviet reaction was mixed, confused and ambiguous. The Cultural Revolution contained deeply anti-Soviet elements, and accused them of revisionism and deviation from Marxism-Leninism, but it came at a very inopportune time for USSR, which hampered any clear, official response. ...


5

They usually called them "Maoists" and made comparisons to fascism. But overall I would say there was no extensive coverage of the events in the press and propaganda. The majority of the people just did not know anything about the events. The things were not reported as very much important in the USSR, they were covered more like something happening far ...


2

Fundamentally, the core purpose of silk is to be be made into clothing (or later, writing material, and perhaps bedding). In this sense, what is probably the earliest silk remains, dating to about 2700 B.C., were excavated from the Qianshanyang Historical Site (錢山漾遺址) in modern Wuxing, Zheijang. At least some of those silk would have been made to be worn. ...


3

Rice is three to five times more productive than wheat. The land can sustain two or three crops of rice annually, while wheat is limited to one. So, all factors combined, rice can be up to 15 times more productive. The same quantity of land can produce up to 15 times more rice than wheat. It is worth remembering that in early China, the available primitive ...



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