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@Felix's answer is the key, but there is also the secondary fact that medieval warfare tended to be more highly specialized than the classical. The increased emphasis on heavy cavalry meant a lot more emphasis on a very 'expensive' form of soldiers: ones who needed more training, supplies and support staff than either barbarian tribal levies or big masses of ...


2

Herodotus and other ancient writers claimed the Etruscans were immigrants from Asia minor, possibly from the area of Lydia. It's sometimes asserted that they came west in search of metal: they were famous in antiquity for their metalworking skills and (the theory goes) they came from a much more technoiogically advanced area to exploit the resources of the ...


5

I believe some of the lists - at least fragmentary ones from epigraphic sources - can be found in Fornara's volume in the "Translated Documents of Greece and Rome" series: http://www.cambridge.org/us/academic/subjects/classical-studies/ancient-history/archaic-times-end-peloponnesian-war-2nd-edition


2

Another example would be the central heating technology used by Minoans before 1500 BC, and also some Greeks and Romans. Also, flushing toilets are attested since 3000 BC in Indus civilisation (and Minoans had them before 1500 BC too), but also in neolithic villages in western Europe like Skara Brae (~3000 BC). This was mostly lost in western civilisation ...


2

A couple of fun and interesting inventions that haven't been mentioned yet is the Roman art of glassmaking. One technique which was lost was making glass vessels known as caged glass. It is a technique which even modern scholars have a hard time duplicating. It was also mentioned that the Romans were the first people to invent the 'hamburger'. Not only has ...



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