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Herodotus' Histories is the primary source for the second Persian invasion of Greece, which started with the famous1 Battle of Thermopylae in 480 BC. Herodotus describes the battle in Book 7 (Polymnia) of the Histories, starting at paragraph 175: The Greeks, on their return to the Isthmus, took counsel together concerning the words of Alexander, and ...


Plato in the Timaeus attempts to give plausibility to the story by attributing it to Critias, who heard it from his grandfather Critias, who heard it from the legislator Solon, who heard it from an aged Egyptian priest during his travels. Benjamin Jowett's notes on Timaeus comment thus: Did Plato derive the legend of Atlantis from an Egyptian source? It ...


The Peloponnesian War (431 to 404 BC) was a testing time for the Athenian judicial system, every victory brought forth new heroes and every loss new scapegoats. The Athenians had lost their strongest asset, the leadership of Pericles, when the plague hit the city in the first year of the war, the lack of an experienced successor and the physical and mental ...


Here's a picture of the fallen columns at Olympia: Here's one from Ephesus: Those puppies look pretty solid to me.


I believe some of the lists - at least fragmentary ones from epigraphic sources - can be found in Fornara's volume in the "Translated Documents of Greece and Rome" series: http://www.cambridge.org/us/academic/subjects/classical-studies/ancient-history/archaic-times-end-peloponnesian-war-2nd-edition


It is probably a statue of Antinous. (Or Hermes) In fact it is probably this one here (notice the object behind his leg): It is located in the Capitoline musuem in Rome. It is supposed to be Antinous in the shape of the Greek god Hermes. See more here. (There is a debate on whether the statue is in fact a Roman copy of a Greek statue of Hermes)


The museum in the movie is "Galleria d'Arte di Roma", a museum that doesn't actually exist. The figure itself is a rather generic good-looking curly haired figure of renaissance Italy, and is in looks fairly similar to for example Michalengalo's David, although it's clearly not that statue, nor a copy of it. So the answer is most likely: It's not really ...


There were actually about 70 towns (by Plutarch's count) named after Alexander, but he didn't found and name all those places himself. He was the founder of the various Greek states (even if mostly by virtue of conquest), so it would be perfectly natural for the Greek ruling classes to want to pump up his reputation, including naming a lot of things after ...


While you phrased your question as "how did he know" I think your actual question is whether or not this happened, because there is no way to know where Plato got this information from, though I would assume it was verbal or some manuscript that is long since gone. Now in regards to whether or not this is true, I doubt it due to the fact that Athens is ...

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