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In order to attack China, "European" powers had to send armies "halfway" around the world. That is a difficult way to "project" power even today, let alone in the 19th or early 20th centuries. It's fairly easy to send a "punitive" expedition, but much harder to conquer and control a country under those circumstances even with a large technological advantage. ...


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The truth is that more Spaniards colonized america after their independence than before. Between XV-XVIII Spain colonized those lands with 750.000 Spaniards in overpopulated lands. Majority of them men were soldiers, marines and low-class class Spaniards and of course the nobility that occupied the elite. The majority of the population were "mestizos" the ...


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The (British) East India company was formed in 1600 under Queen Elizabeth I to operate a trade monopoly.By about 1770, it was also tasked with keeping order in India. So far, rights and responsibilities were in reasonable balance. By the Government of India Act of 1813, and again in 1833, the East India Company was stripped of most of its monopoly ...


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Put simply, the British planted the seeds for colonial control in the early 1800s, needed about 50 more years to fully exploit the Chinese people. The advent of the Soviet Union, WWII, the UN, and the end of colonialism in the 1960s precluded formal colonial control of china. It is noteworthy, however, that Tibet, Hong Kong, Shanghai, Manchuria, Mongolia, ...


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This newspaper clipping from 1895 gives more information to the whereabouts of the Europeans in Khartoum. It states that "in 1887, the prisoners include four Italian sisters, 2 priests and 2 laymen".



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