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33

The actual year would be in prehistory, when the human population were more concentrated. In terms of recorded history, the initial outbreak of the Plague of Justinian in 541 had an estimated death toll of 25 million. Most estimates of world population gives about ~200 million for the 6th century. The plague thus killed roughly 10-13% of the global ...


22

A bit of quick research tells me the worst in absolute terms almost has to be 1918. There was a worldwide influenza epidemic that killed about 40 million people that year. That's the single biggest recorded death toll for a global pandemic in a single year in human history1. There also happened to be one of the bloodiest wars in human history (in terms of ...


21

70,000 BC Analysis of the human genome has suggested that there was a choke-point in human history where the number of humans was drastically reduced. Some believe that this was due to a single volcanic eruption occurring 70,000 years ago give or take. According to this theory human population may have been reduced to just a few thousand breeding pairs. ...


4

Although the Lewis and Clark expedition ended on September 23, 1806, Meriwether Lewis and William Clark remained close both personally and professionally up until the death of Meriwether Lewis on October 11, 1809. Lewis, Clark and Clark's wife Julia actually lived together for a short time (ca. 1808) in St. Louis, Missouri. Julia Clark gave birth to a son ...


3

Yes indeed. As early as 1346, corpses with symptoms of the Black Death seem to have been catapulted by the Mongols into the city of Caffa, Crimea during a siege. Reference: Wheelis M., Biological warfare at the 1346 siege of Caffa. Emerg Infect Dis, Sep 2002. Available here It may be noted that this use was not very effective, since knowledge of the ...


1

According to Quora the, "most devastating war in human lives, adjusted for world population," was the An Lushan revolt during the 8th century, with a 20th century death toll equivalent of 429 million people (36m, actual). The 13th century "Mongol conquest" is a close second at ~278m (40m, actual). For comparison, WWII ranks 9th on their list, at 55m ...


1

I believe that the ax part of a fasces was symbolic of the magistrate's authority to order executions. The Romans are alleged to have also beheaded people with devices similar to guillotines. Any source on the history of the guillotine should mention some earlier devices similar to the guillotine used in various times and places. Thus if you read simply ...



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