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6

The Angus Maddison Project provides the following GDP per capita (in 1990 GK international dollars) estimates for regions within the Roman Empire in the year 1 CE: Population-weighted average is probably somewhere around 700*. There were around 45.5 million people in the Roman Empire in the year 14 CE. So 45,500,000 * $700 = $31,850,000,000. * Note ...


8

No, not even close. Alan T Nolan lists this as one of the components of the Lost Cause Myth in his essay "The Anatomy of the Myth", collected in the book The Myth of the Lost Cause and Civil War History (ed by Gary Gallagher and Nolan). McPherson says in Battle Cry that slavery was more firmly entrenched in 1860 than it had been in 1820. By 1860 the ...


3

This will be a poor answer because I cannot locate my sources. Several years ago the Colonial Williamsburg podcast did a series of episodes on slavery and indentured servitude. One of the inflection points was Bacon's rebellion; after Bacon's rebellion there was a shift away from indentured servitude and towards stricter forms of slavery. Cultural, legal ...


0

It's true that slavery and indentured servitude were somewhat competitive, but it was NOT true that slavery was always preferred to indentured servitude. One major exception was the establishment of Georgia, by James Oglethorpe. It was founded on the indentured servitude of British prisoners (usually debtors), but Oglethorpe was actually against slavery. ...


5

There can be little doubt that indentured servitude decreased as reliance on slave labor increased. However, the dwindling supply of indentured European labor must be considered as at least one of the reasons American planters increasingly turned to an enslaved African labor force. Nonetheless, without the increased availability of enslaved Africans, ...


2

Several counterexamples to this general statement can be given. Spanish colonies in Central and South America are divided, and they are less advanced than the United States which united. Roman empire in the first 2 centuries AD was the largest united state in the world, and also the most advanced.


3

Based on that argument, the 57 countries comprising Africa should be more prosperous than they are. The division of Germany into East Germany & West Germany after World War II didn't make East Germany prosperous as West Germany became, prior to reunification of the two Germanies and likewise for North Korea after the division of Korea following the ...


6

Ridley's argument as presented above is very simplistic. Fragmentation may sometimes lead to prosperity, but only if a number of other conditions are fulfilled. To my mind, these other conditions are more important and more interesting than the number of countries in the world, which seems incidental and arbitrary. Does Ridley think more fragmentation is ...


-2

Deflation is when a given coin buys more and more goods over time. Inflation is the reverse: more and more coins are needed to buy the same thing. If an economy grows, but the money supply (the total amount of gold and silver available) stays the same, then the money will get more valuable over time (deflation). For example, if the country has 1000 pounds ...



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