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This article notes that most of the Portuguese nobility actually sided with King Juan I of Castile. (Juan had married the daughter of King Fernao of Portugal; when Fernao died without a son, Juan claimed the throne of Portugal on the basis of his marriage to Fernao's daughter.) So it seems likely that King Joao of Portugal -- whose base of support was ...


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Certainly, social and economic conditions in England are responsible for this. Wikipedia says this shortly: By the early 17th century, England was a centralized state, in which much of the feudal order of Medieval Europe had been swept away. (the article Capitalism). Similar process went on in Holland, Germany and France, but Germany was not a ...


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It was clearly a remarkable period for English scientific thought, but historians of science bicker about why. One very good reason might be the work of Sir Francis Bacon, essentialy the founding father of British 'natural philosophy. By the 1640's he had followers, described by Robert Boyle as the 'invisible college', which may refer to a group of early ...


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I doubt that William could write. In the Saxon Chronicle, the coronation is listed as one of the events of "An. MLXVI." This is what it says exactly: Translated from Saxon, what this says: Then, on midwinter's day Aeldred blessed him as king at Westminster... In medieval manuscripts everything is dated relative to feasts or specific days, so it ...



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