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9

Not really. Generally speaking, most European women since married in their early to mid twenties, to men in their mid to late twenties. The age gap for the commoners, i.e. the vast majority of the population, were typically not large. Unfortunately the question declined to define how much younger is "much younger" supposed to mean, but most Europeans ...


-1

Asian philosophy is inherently more about personal freedom, Buddhism, The Veda's Taoism, all stress personal freedom. The lack of religious tolerance was and is much more political or economic in nature. When some find the means to control others with a particular religious belief then intolerance sets in as a way to maintain that control. Even ...


8

They weren't trying to find India, they were trying to find a way to India that didn't require ships to travel along the African coast, which was Portuguese territory and hostile to Spanish and a lot of other shipping. So Columbus, having an idea that the world was a lot smaller than it really is, and not knowing the Americas exist, set out on a westerly ...


4

The answer is very clearly yes. Images of European monarchs were commonly reproduced on coinage, in newspapers, and in public art. Not only sovereigns but princes and minor royalty were also usually recognizable to common people. Also, most monarchs in 19th C. Europe were (or hoped to be) considered military leaders. If you're talking about "early 19th C. ...


-4

Not likely. The Church was the principal source if "news" then. They would have known about the actions of the priests, bishops, cardinals and the Pope... but rarely was there ant goid reason to involve illiterate commoners in secular government. What would have been the point?


2

"Race" and "racism" are modern inventions. I have never seen any ancient or medieval writer identifying anybody by race. Actually we can only conjecture to which race some of their personages belonged. The common identifications were by place of birth, religion, social class. And gender, of course (I am not sure what you mean by "sexual identity"). ...


3

I will address race in the west European middle ages, since identity is just too broad to be answered. First of all it is very important to put yourself in the position of a medieval villein, which is what most people were. They usually did not leave the village where they were born. They would know their immediate family, some of the seigneur's officials, ...



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