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1

There is a book that goes into it: Marriage, A History: How Love Conquered Marriage. Sadly, I haven't had a chance to read it yet. I heard the author interviewed at length about it, but it was years ago when it came out, so bear with me here (hopefully someone who has a copy for reference will answer). From what I remember of the discussions of it, ...


3

The idea of romantic love has a long history, but whether or not actual family formation is affected by that idea is a different question. A historiographical tradition in the 1970s tied the rise of romantic love in practice to the rise of modern capitalism and individualism. However, historians now largely believe that romantic love influenced many medieval ...


2

I think the question is a bit too broad. Mesoamerican cultures may have made this transition at a different time than South Pacific Islanders. Update: although I lack the scholarship to provide evidence, I strongly suspect that marriage among the lower classes was more about love and less about political advantage. Political advantage wouldn't have been ...


2

At least 3000 years ago, if you want to interpret Greek mythology and the Iliad from a 21st century perspective. Paris of Troy was given the job to judge which of three goddesses (Aphrodite, Athena, Hera) was the most beautiful. He chose Aphrodite because she bribed him, promising the love of Helen of Sparta. Ultimately this led to Paris ...


2

Have you looked up C.S.Lewis' "Allegory of Love: A Study in Medieval Tradition"? I started reading it, and right at the beginning he explains that most of the idea of "love" in medieval times is a result of at least one famous writing being misunderstood: Ovid's 'The Art of Love.' Instead of being taken satirically, as it should have been, -says Lewis,- ...


2

There are more than one interpretations of the world. When you say: Why would countries obsessed with the supposed virtue of virginity and who believed that those who had sex outside of wedlock were likely or certain to go to hell, make brothels legal? But this is only half the story. The other half of the world was obsessed with death, violence,sex ...


4

Currently in the world prostitution is legal in the majority of Europe, and European colonies, the largest exception being the US, where it is only legal in a few localized places. prostitution Europe never had the same christian ideals revival that the United States had, examples of what i mean, the prohibition, which was predominantly at the hands of ...


0

The first cannon the Chinese had, according to the Portuguese were three (3) cannons, presumably ship cannon, manned by Portuguese crews which the emperor specifically requested of them in 1621. Three cannons are not enough to affect a war in which there are many thousands fighting over vast distances. Also, ship cannons use carriages which are not effective ...


0

It's a fireman. If FD is for "fire department", he was a fireman probably somewhere in the US. Is the 2016 his badge ID?


1

There is an element of truth to what your friend told you. Civilization, so to speak, as manifested by the Italian Renaissance was sparked by a Spanish influence, however, the transfer was largely Christian in character. In other words, what kind of happened is that the Arabs invaded Spain and instituted a culture, then the Europeans defeated them, absorbed ...


0

You may want to read the following related question: Were there Gifts on the Days Leading Up to Christmas? To paraphrase what it says there: In Scotland, the twelve days of the Yule festival, called Da latha dheug na Nollaig, were celebrated according to the traditions of the viking invaders and they had the custom of giving gifts on all twelve days from ...


1

It is probably somewhat, but not entirely coincidental. We aren't 100% sure exactly why Christmas is celebrated when it is. The leading theory is that the date of Christmas was set to match (or rather, co-opt) a pagan Winter Solstice festival. The specific festival most point to was Sol Invictus. Historians going as far back as the 12th century were ...


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"Islam influence"? "Italian Renaissance was caused by Islamic influence?" Of course these statements are incorrect. There was some influence of SCIENCE which was cultivated by scholars living in Islamic countries. Not the influence of Islam itself. More precisely, this influence was the following: During the Dark Age in Europe, most of the writing of ...


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The two claims are not incompatible. There was certainly a very large Islamic influence on the Italian Renaissance. Many classical texts are largely known to us through transmission via the Islamic world. For example, see Wikipedia's article on the Transmission of the Greek Classics. Interpretations of the classical texts, like those of Aristotle, were ...


2

Having searched around the suggestions above, I eventually found this badge that is listed as a Imperial Russian Fire Society badge. As you can see, there are several similarities between it and the badge in your picture; the helmet and crossed axes mainly. So, I'd agree with the others when saying that it appears to be the uniform of a Russian ...


4

I just watched a report on TV in Germany about a book recently published "Als die Soldaten kamen" (When the soldiers came). The author researched the subject and interviewed numerous survivors all around Germany. She conservatively estimates some 860.000 women and children were being raped by the allies, the dark figure perhaps twice to three times as much ...



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