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The Battle of Hastings was arguably the most important event in (modern) English history. Most prominent English families had men engaged in it on one side or the other. Not being "represented" in what as arguably the "creation" of modern England was a source of concern to lineage conscious English families. After he won, William the Conqueror compiled a ...


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Southerners are renowned for the recorded depth of their family trees. This statement is making the point, with tongue solidly in cheek, that the family had no ancestors worthy of the name to trace genealogy to. In practice it was much more common for Southern families to trace lineage to Civil War heroes, Revolutionary War heroes, or notable early ...


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The country has some mention in the era of Alexander the Great.


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Any medieval sources that mention "Macedonians" or a "Macedonian people" are doing so in a geographic context. You could have people who spoke Slavic, Vlach, Albanian or Greek in Byzantine Macedonia that could have been described as "Macedonian". In the middle ages and into the nineteenth century, the term Macedonian was used entirely in reference to a ...


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As mentioned by @Schwern, the treacherous conditions of the Bay of Biscay make the area difficult for even modern day shipping operations. I cite the recent trouble the car carrier Modern Express: "Winds blow from America to Europe and the waves grow all the way as they travel from west to east," says Prof Adrian New, from the National Oceanography ...


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Remember as well that Viking raids were devastatingly common for several hundred years. Coastal towns and cities were hit especially hard in Northern Europe. This raiding dissuaded coastal settlement for several hundred years ~800-1100- the time period which saw Europe crawl out of the Dark Ages. Since there were no competent state-level actors to protect ...


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Moreover, the aim of the coalition wars was not only to stop the revolution before and Napoleon after, but also to restore the monarchy in France, because the ideas of the revolution put at risk all the dinasty of Europe. The legitimate king of France and his supporter (mainly the nobility) were guests and allies of the members of the coalitions. An ...


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Short answer: There are few rivers in France flowing to the Atlantic in France, and few natural harbors on the Atlantic. In the case of Bordeaux and Nantes, there are rivers that flow into inland waterways. These are technically not on the Atlantic, which is the point of part of your question. In the case of America, there are several cities that are ...


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That time frame, from Sept. 8 to October 28 1944, corresponds to the time period in which Nazi forces were driven out of Bulgaria by the Red Army during the Jassy-Kishinev Offensive following the Destruction of Army Group Center in Operation Bagration. The consequent replacement of a pro-Nazi government by a pro-Soviet one would seem quite sufficient ...


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As French ports were well established on the channel and Mediterranean a long time before there was any real trade across the Atlantic. The French population therefore lived close to these channel and Mediterranean ports. So we then need to ask what is the benefit of a port on the Atlantic? The goods would still need to be transported to the population ...


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Cities in the USA were built quite recently. When the first cities were being founded, the major trading partners were Europe - all located East of the East coast. Cities in France were built a long time ago. When the first cities were being founded, the French could. Travel North and meet the English. Travel East and meet Belgium, Germany, Switzerland ...


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Bordeaux and Nantes are major cities and their proximity to the Atlantic coast was key to their development so there is nothing unusual about France in this respect, it does have some major port cities on the Atlantic coast. The question, then, is really one of local geography. Those cities are located a few tens of kilometres away from the actual ...


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First because most cities in France are much smaller than cities in the US. Compare a list of French cities by population with the same for the US. There are 11 cities in the US bigger than the 2nd largest in France (Marseille at ~855,000) and 34 bigger than the 3rd largest (Lyon at ~500,000). Second, it does have big Atlantic coastal cities... by French ...


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I came across this question today, and saw that JMVanPelt in his answer mentioned a Dutch book for which no English translation was available. I have translated the relevant parts of it below. I have tried to stay as close as possible to the original phrasing. Below, all emphasis is as in the original, comments between round brackets are also in the ...


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There are many different, what might be called, "pre-Caucasian" ethnic communities in Europe that have been identified by archaeology. This terminology refers to the 19th-century idea that peoples originating in the Caucasus Mountains invaded and overcame various ancient races of Europe and central Asia. In 20th-century retrospect it seems reasonable to ...


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There is a possibility that the pre Celtic inhabitants of Ireland at least, came from the Azov area of Ukraine, via Anatolia, Balkans, Sicily and Spain. The Old Irish Annals, which are oral histories written down in the medieval time, tell us that this is what happens. The latest archaeological data from the Balkans seems to be confirming that the Irish ...


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Europe was small and poor and were behind other civilization of the East the Arabs Muslim empire was stretched from Mauritania today to India. And far east it was the Arabs who control the Indian Ocean and Mediterranean at the time and the wall Sahara trade including the most advanced and civilized country in Europe (Spain) under Muslim it was for this ...


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Hat tip to @Anixx, who would deserve credit for the answer if his answer included references. In 2010 870,000 Europeans professed adherence to folk religions; just under 5 million professed a non-Abrahamic religion. It remains to prove that these are continuous; probably the Hindu and Buddhist respondents are immigrants, and I'd argue that they aren't ...


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According to modern statistics, In Kalmykia 37.6% of population is Buddhist (being the largest religious group there), another 3% belong to Tengrism and shamanism. In North Ossetia-Alania, 29% belong to Ossetian native faith (Ætsæg Din). In South Ossetia it is also practised. Ossetian hunt god Æfsati is pictured below. In Mari El 6% belong to Mari ...


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Pagan believers exist in Europe even now. But if you are asking of the last country which became officially Christian, this was the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, the grand duke Jogaila converted to Christianity (Catholicism) in 1387. (Some earlier grand dukes converted earlier but then relapsed). After the Grand Duke conversion, Christianity was forced on all ...


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I don't think it's possible that he's referring to Mohammed the prophet since he died In the seventh century. He might be referring to the Ottoman emperor Mohammed IV(Mehmed IV) the son of Ibrahim. Mehmed IV Ruled from 1648-1687. He died on 1693. For more: Mehmed IV


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I always thought the squire rode beside his knight to assist him. In the Battle of Lutzen in the 30 year's war (post medieval) King Gustav Adolphus of Sweden gradually became separated from his headquarters group until only his 18 year old German squire was with him and was mortally wounded when the king was killed.



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