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There was a referendum to restore the Albanian monarchy in 1997, following a period of severe unrest. The official results of the referendum had the motion failing by a 2-1 margin; the monarchists then claimed that the result was invalid, riots broke out, and the crown prince Leka fled the country and was tried in absentia for inciting rebellion. The ...


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Are you restricting your question to a certain time period? If not, then there are a number of examples, besides those already given in the other answers, which could qualify: France has vacillated between a republic and a monarchy several times; the First Republic was succeeded by the First Empire under Napoleon, after which the Bourbon kingdom was ...


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This is a list of all high-rise buildings (100m) in Europe (including the Asian part of Russia and Turkey, Azerbaijan and Georgia) Skyscrapercity - Number of 100m skyscrapers in Europe by country (complete, T / O, U / C) High-rise buildings 100m in Europe complete = 947 topped out = 85 under construction = 262 Complete list of all skyscraper (150m +) in ...


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I think you can talk about potential Moorish influences on Iberian nautical expansion in three areas. Wealth: By the 9th/10th Century, al-Andalus (Islamic Spain + Portugal) was by far the most advanced and wealthiest part of Western or Central Europe. When the northern Christian kingdoms expanded south, they were generally conquering places that were ...


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Both Romanesque and Gothic architecture were already coined by the timeframe specified. I'm not really sure what Baroque would've been called in the 1600s when it was still in its formative years. However, French architecture came to be named after her reigning monarchs. Thus, before the name Baroque was coined, the style of Versailles had been referred to ...


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"Some people believe that Renaissance started in Toledo". Who are these people? I think the prevailing opinion is that Renaissance started in Italy. By the way, Columbus came from Italy too. And notice that his first voyage started in exactly the same year when the Moors were finally expelled from Iberian peninsula. Speaking of the knowledge of antiquity. ...


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In a backhanded way, yes. First of all, the Arabs and Moors were driven out of Iberia 300 years before Columbus set sail, so at that point the effects from the occupation were of a historical nature. Columbus' family was from Genoa. In those days there were two maritime empires: Genoa and Venice. This is where the most advanced technology and culture was ...


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TL; DR: Yes, there is a relationship, but not of the kind you probably think. A lot has been written on how Columbus' journey of discovery was only made possible by the fact that he was hilariously wrong about his estimates of the size of the Earth. The man himself being Genovese, his estimate would have been based largely on Italian science which yes, was ...


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The territory of the Republic of Moldova is for more than 200 years under strong Russian influence - political, economical, cultural, linguistic etc. But up till now there is no sign of assimilation of the indigenous Romanian-speaking population. If compared with the antiquity over the last 200 years there were much more "channels" for promoting the ...


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Focusing on the very sentence of your question, one "simple" answer to give regarding the superiority of the steppe riders was the use of the humble stirrup. Their recorded use of the stirrup to stabilise the rider in the saddle, allowing them to twist and lean, gave them a huge mobility advantage. In "the West" the stirrup was just a mounting aid (the ...



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