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I think that @Anixx is onto something here, although I would phrase it rather differently. I'm not comfortable using the term "political party" prior to the 19th century. The meaning of the term changes around that time. I agree that the obstacle is not logistics. Secret Ballots can be carried out even in great adversity. The obstacle is that the ...


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The main obstacle to universal election is not logistics as such. The most difficult problem is to keep a country where there are rivalling political parties united, avoid secessions and strong in the face of the enemies who can try to utilize the conflict for their purpose. I refer you to this answer of mine. In short, the means of control (the weapons) ...


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First of all, I don't really buy the premise that elections were often limited to city states mainly because of logistical problems. I would rather argue that it was because the polis was the primary societal identification for most freemen in the Mediterranean lands, and therefore it was natural for the people of each city-state to want to govern their own ...


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Update - I forgot one of the most significant dissolutions by voluntary decision of the citizens. The Articles of Confederation were replaced by the United States of America after a plebiscite. Don't forget voluntary incorporation. Texas decided to dissolve the Republic of Texas and join the United States. Texas became an independent nation, the ...


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(Note: "Collapse" should be taken to mean a loss of complexity. "Dissolve" means an increase of complexity. My definitions don't make great sense, but I feel we need some) The number one reason states collapse or peacefully dissolve and are added to other states, including military reasons is: The inability to adapt and react to change, or more commonly ...


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A choice made by the people of the state, usually via the mechanism of an election or a referendum, has caused states and governements to dissolve. The first, and most potent answer is the parting of Czechoslovakia into the Czech Republic and the Slovak Republic in 1993. This was done by means of an act of the elected parliament the previous year, and ...


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Climate Change and Natural Disasters A strong factor in the dissolution of states, which can be observed all across history, is environmental change and disasters. A few caveats: I can't think of any examples in which environmental factors have brought about the direct and extremely rapid demise of a state (although local polities have certainly been ...


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Hmm. That's a tricky one for many reasons, which I'll hope to elucidate: One bit of "low hanging fruit" you may want to explore first is taking a look at publications such as Time, Life, and Newsweek at your local library. While you're unlikely to find every gubernatorial, Senate, or House candidate there, you'll likely find pictures of some of the major ...



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