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It just a coincidence. I think what's misleading here is the similarity between those Greek words, Διος (Dios) meaning "of ZEUS" and Δύο (Dio) meaning the number two (2) and the fact that Diocletian did split the empire in two sections.


I'll try with an answer as well, trying to be Solomonic between @Tyler Durden and @fdb. TL;DR: Yes, it's a coincidence. As @Peter Diehr lists from Behind the Name entry for Diokles the meaning is given as Given Name DIOKLES GENDER: Masculine USAGE: Ancient Greek OTHER SCRIPTS: Διοκλης (Ancient Greek) Meaning & History Means ...


It is a Latin derivative of the Greek name Dioklēs, which is from dio- (the compositional stem of the divine name Zeus), plus –klēs (“fame”). So it means “with fame from Zeus”. It has nothing to do with di- “two”. Reference: Beekes, Etymological dictionary of Greek.

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