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There is a large difference between bombing a military target and a civilian target. And that's true even if the "same" railroad can be either one or the other. In military bombing, the idea is not to destroy the target per se, but to "put it out of action" during a critical time period, say right before a battle. For instance, the Allies bombed a lot of ...


4

In regards to the first question: There were two main bombing techniques used in World War II: area bombing and precision bombing. Area bombing was carried out by large numbers of high-altitude bombers at a time (typically tens to hundreds of bombers). This could certainly destroy a rail line, but accuracy was abysmal: the Eighth Air Force considered any ...


11

There's (surprisingly to me) a rather extensive Wikipedia page on this subject. The main takeaway I got from it is that merely bombing the rail lines without bombing the camps themselves was not considered to be a particularly effective option. Bombing the camps was fairly extensively discussed at high levels (even consulting with Jewish community ...



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