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15

The inscription LEOPOLDUS II D·G·R·IMP·S·A·G·H·B·REX·A·A·B·L·D abbreviates the following: Leopoldus Secundus, Dei gratia Romanorum imperator semper augustus; Germaniae, Hungariae, Bohemiae rex; Archidux Austriae; Burgundiae et Lotharingiae dux These refer to, in order, his titles of: By Grace of God, Holy Roman Emperor, the always august King of Germany, ...


6

You have somewhat answered your own question. The Reeve and Bailiff were essentially the same job in Medieval England. The Reeve was a person that oversaw the land and crops and was in charge of the peasants. A reeve was basically an estate manager. A reeve is actually described in Geoffrey Chaucer's Canterbury Tales, describing the reeve as a highly ...


4

As far as I know, most if not all rulers in Christian Europe "conceded that the Emperor was the universal lord of Christendom, but only in high office, not in deed" (taken from The Prince and the Law, 1200-1600, which speaks specifically about the King of France). Thus, most were just concerned with obtaining and securing liberties for themselves and their ...


3

Frankfurt adopted the Gregorian calendar in 1700. When Frankfurt adopted the Gregorian calendar in 1700, the new date of the Frankfurt fair conflicted with the date of the Leipzig fair. - Carlbach, Elisheva. Palaces of Time. Harvard University Press, 2011. This is part of a general wave of adoption by protestant Germany in the same year. The ...


3

Polish hussars are not the same as Russian hussars, entirely! Polish winged hussars are a kind of (super)heavy cavalry, while Russian hussars and hussars in other countries (Hungary, Germany etc) are a kind of lignt cavalry. So your premise is wrong.


3

The Holy Roman Empire was a bit more unified during even its latest phase than many answers have said. After the thirty ears war many German sates rallied to support he Emperor in the period calling the Imperial reaction which lasted until the 1720s when Emperor Charles VI had to curry favor with the various states to get their support for his daughter's ...


1

Actually Papal consent was no longer required. No emperor since Charles V in 1530 had been crowned by the pope. Instead they took the title of Emperor elect upon being crowned in Germany. If Gustavus Adolphus wanted to make himself Emperor of the Romans he would have had to get a majority of the seven electors to declare Emperor Ferdinand II deposed and ...



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