Tag Info

Hot answers tagged

20

Because this question has been edited many times I have to clarify that I am answering the version that asks: What caused the Iranian 1979 revolution to become Islamic? Short Answer (more suited for causal conversations in bars): It was easier to portray the Shah as anti Islamic ruler in league with the Western powers bent on destroying Islam in an Islamic ...


19

The name comes from the Alemanni, a Germanic tribe. Germany is known by a variety of names throughout the world, you can find a comprehensive list on Wikipedia: Names of Germany. See also: Is there a reason why Germany (Deutschland) is called so many different things in other European languages? (German Language Stack Exchange)


13

This seemed to have come from Persia's freedom from the Qajars and some nationalism on the part of Germany during WWII influencing the Shah's decisions. So it was originally changed in 1935 and not 1979, unless you are only referring to the Islamic Republic addition, which was done at the Ayatollah's will, more than likely. The name of the country in ...


11

Khomeini was in France because he had been expelled from Iran and then Iraq, and his aides had advised him to go to Europe, and because France granted him political asylum. He was at the time an aged and relatively obscure religious figure, a target of political persecution who had not been to his home country in well over a decade. They probably saw him as ...


9

There is a Wikipedia article on the topic, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Names_of_Germany Because of Germany's geographic position in the centre of Europe, as well as its long history as a non-united region of distinct tribes and states, there are many widely varying names of Germany in different languages, perhaps more so than for any other European ...


9

According to Wikipedia it was the Alvids who started it: They were descendants of the second Shi'a Imam (Imam Hasan ibn Ali) and brought Islam to the south Caspian Sea region of Iran. Their reign was ended when they were defeated by the Samanid empire in 928 AD. According to this Wikipedia link Safavids were the ones who imposed it: Although ...


8

One of the recurring themes in history I find fascinating is the spread of sects. You'll often find that when a group wants to separate itself from a foreign power structure, it will embrace a fashionable herecy. For this reason, the old views generally are kept toward the religous culture's central seat of secular power, and the new ones become popular ...


8

There is a notion that superpowers have, well, super powers, and can bend history to their will. There is never a shortage of conspiracy theories involving foreign agents. The reality of course is that even great powers are constrained, and the idea that Carter's appearance in Iran sparked a revolution is at the very least too Carlylian for my taste. If ...


7

The Invasion of Iran was carried out by British and Commonwealth forces in the south, and Soviet forces in the north. The Shah of Iran was forced to abdicate, and the new Iranian government under his son was obliged to adopt a pro-Allied stance. For the remainder of the war, Iran was occupied by Soviets in the north and British forces in the south. The ...


7

Iran was never a British colony. British actions may have inadvertently aided the Islamization of Iran, though the most critical time period appears to me to be the Mossadegh government ('51-'53), not the Second World War or prior. Also, you say I am sure that the Islamization of today's Iran is the result of Great Britain's policy on Iran before the ...


6

There are only approximately 20,000 Zoroastrians in Iran, which is about 0.026% of the total population. I would not say Zoroastrianism is strong in Iran in terms of the total population. The only way Zoroastrianism can be said to be strong in Iran is because it has the second-largest Zoroastrian population after India (~69,000). See List of countries by ...


6

The two situations were completely different: in 1943 Iran was largely occupied by the Allies (British and Russian) who thus had the final say in everything. Whereas in 1979 the Shah was toppled by a genuine revolution; at that stage there was nothing the US could have done for him. Perhaps if he had abdicated himself a few years before 1979 in favour of, ...


5

The Iranian Revolution was in 1979. Before this time, the US and Iran were close friends when the nation was run by the Shah. The Vietnam War ended in 1975. I assume that Iran supported the US in Vietnam, because the governments were still very close. The modern Iranian government did not like Sadaam Hussien. The Iran-Iraq War of 1980-1988 was likely fresh ...


5

Flu is caused by a virus. A virus is too small for an optical microscope. The 1918 flu pandemic was neither caused nor spread by humans intentionally (although some nations uses quarantine to good effect). Humans still have no effective flu treatment. Blaming the British for Iranian deaths from the pandemic is preposterous. The British did not quarantine ...


4

I haven't found a lot of numbers specifically for British Persia, but it is amost certianly the case that far more subjects of that area died from the Spanish Flu (50-100 million killed world-wide) rather than WWI (about 16 million killed, mostly in Europe and Africa). Even among the heaviest combatants, the the numbers were close (eg: UK 1 mil for war, 250K ...


3

There was indeed fighting in what is today Iran during WWI. It is hard to say exactly how many died in that fighting, most sources just list casualties for the Ottoman Empire as a whole, which is below 3 million, and that includes around half a million war dead and 1 to 1.5 million that died in the Armenian genocide. (sources) But I can't find any sources ...


3

Wilayat al Faqih is traditionally not a position, but a principle, or theory. The principle says that an Islamic Jurist as a guardian of people. There has been several different views on what this means, and if the Islamic Jurist is a guardian in all things, including secular, or only a guardian in religious matters. Ruhollah Khomeini expanded on this ...


3

The U.S. and Iran were originally allies when the shah they supported was in power. the Iran hostage crisis and subsequent revolution changed this by removing the shah from power and installing the Ayatollah as the new leader of Iran who was fiercely anti American. Iraq was supported by the Soviets, however the Iran-Iraq War was taking place during the ...


3

It is not true. The name Iran is old enough and comes from Ayran which means the land of Aryans but Reza shah suspected westerners' motives in using the name Persia instead of Iran and tried to change the name to Iran again. Reza shah had extreme nationalist ideas and Nazi regime cheated him and abused these feelings in the second world war. Westerners ...


3

To add to @Yannis Rizos's post, what has come down to us as the Germanic tribal name Alemanni is actually the Latin name for what that tribe called itself. The tribe called itself the High Germanic equivalent of the modern German "alle männer", or "all men"/"all mankind", because they themselves were all the people they usually referred to. The Romans ...


2

The Safavid dynasty, which continuously ruled Iran from 1501 to 1722, made Shi'a Islam the official state religion. Over this period most Iranians converted to Shi'a Islam. Ismail I, the founder of the Safavid dynasty, made conversion mandatory.


2

Like virtually every other country, Iran values having a culture that is not simply defined by its predominant religion. Iran, therefore, has a close attachment to its pre-Islamic (or better, non-Islamic) civilisation. Besides being a source of pride in its own right, this heritage also serves to differentiate the country and people from its surrounding ...


2

As a young foreign woman married to a Iranian in 1979 I agree with the statement below. I never wore Hijab anywhere in Iran till the Ayatollah' demanded we foreign woman who were NOT raised as moslems had to comply. Our freedoms were restricted not by choice and even when we supported the revolution at that time every Iranian no matter what he believed ...


2

The wikipedia article you reference mentions the international sanctions, double digit unemployment and inflation. Each of these constrain economic performance. Due to increasingly stringent sanctions imposed by the international community as a result of the country's nuclear program,....


2

The 1964 speech was arguably a turning point in Khomeini's campaign against the Shah. The speech was against the Shah's giving U.S. servicemen "extraterritorial" privileges, the right to be tried for crimes in Iran in American, rather than Irani courts. It cut pretty close to home and upset the Shah. The Shah didn't try to kill him, but did arrest and ...


2

To a large extent both Alexander and his father were inspired by the Ten THousand, as well as the Greeks' dramatic victories against the invasions by Darius and Xerxes. In these campaigns the Greek heavy hoplite infantry had proved itself more than a match for the best that the Persians could muster. Once united under the Macedonian mantle, a force of ...


2

The Governor of the Jurisprudence is the Supreme Religious Leader of Iran. He is more powerful than the President, and is to the President, what a medieval Pope was to a medieval king. This role was created in Iran as a result of the 1979 revolution against the Shah. No other Islamic country ever had such a violently anti-secularist revolution or the ...


2

The answer to your question is that both the CIA and Canadians were responsible for the escape of the American diplomats. The Canadian Broadcasting Corporation, Central Intelligence Agency, Al Jazeera, Ottawa Citizen, New York Times, Montreal Gazette, and many other sources confirm the story. Once the crisis started the CIA contacted the Canadians in ...


1

In Portugal it is called "Alemanha", not "Alman". It is that way because of the tribe living in that region of Europe, "Álamos" Source: I'm Portuguese.


1

Don't know about the planes themselves but the composition doesn't arouse any suspicions in me - it looks like a typical "flight officers conferring before mission" photo op set piece. Also the guy in the middle in the top picture looks like a very authentic Iranian officer. To sum up, the pictures seem like the straight dope to me.



Only top voted, non community-wiki answers of a minimum length are eligible